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Emotion and Symptom-Focused Engagement Trial for Individuals With Acute Leukemia (EASE)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04224974
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : January 13, 2020
Last Update Posted : January 25, 2022
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Canadian Cancer Society (CCS)
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Canadian Cancer Trials Group

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to find out whether a novel manualized intervention, called Emotion and Symptom-focused Engagement (EASE), that combines psychological support with symptom screening plus triggered referral to early palliative care for symptom control, reduces psychological distress and physical symptom burden in individuals newly diagnosed with acute leukemia. To do this, half of the participants in this study will receive the usual care offered to patients with acute leukemia and half of the participants will receive usual care plus the EASE intervention.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Acute Leukemia Other: Usual Care Behavioral: EASE-psy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

The standard or usual care treatment for patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia involves admission to hospital for treatment (e.g. induction chemotherapy). Additional support services may be delivered if requested or if a doctor thinks it is necessary.

Little research has been done looking at the psychological and physical consequences of being diagnosed with and treated for acute leukemia, but our research team has found that a significant number of these individuals experience symptoms of traumatic stress and severe physical symptoms. Even less research has been done looking at ways to help alleviate this psychological and physical distress. Emotion and Symptom-focused Engagement (EASE) is an integrated psychosocial and early palliative care (symptom control) intervention designed to reduce psychological distress and physical symptom burden in patients newly diagnosed with acute leukemia. The EASE intervention provides i) tailored supportive psychotherapy (called EASE-psy) during the initial weeks of treatment to reduce symptoms of traumatic stress, and ii) symptom screening during the initial inpatient treatment period with triggered referral to early palliative care (symptom control) to help manage moderate to severe physical symptoms (called EASE-phys).

A phase II trial of EASE in patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia demonstrated feasibility and preliminary evidence that it reduces psychological distress and physical symptom severity compared to usual care. This new trial is a definitive phase III, multi-site randomized controlled trial to test the effectiveness of EASE at reducing psychological distress and physical burden.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 266 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Emotion and Symptom-Focused Engagement (EASE): A Multi-Site Randomized Controlled Trial of an Intervention for Individuals With Acute Leukemia
Actual Study Start Date : December 23, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Leukemia

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Other: Usual Care Other: Usual Care
The usual care group will receive usual care of their acute leukemia at their centre but no formal psychological or palliative care intervention as part of this trial

Experimental: Behavioral: Usual Care + EASE Intervention-psy
EASE Intervention = EASE-psy + EASE-phys
Behavioral: EASE-psy

All patients randomized to EASE will receive tailored supportive psychotherapy over the initial 8 weeks following the diagnosis of acute leukemia. The psychotherapy will be delivered by trained therapists and combines elements of relational support, affect regulation, and trauma-informed cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).

-EASE-phys: All patients randomized to EASE will receive weekly symptom screening during the initial inpatient treatment period (typically 4 weeks) with triggered referral to early palliative care (symptom control) to help manage moderate to severe physical symptoms based on a philosophy of multidisciplinary care and comprehensive assessment of symptoms.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assess the effect of the EASE intervention compared to usual care to reduce traumatic stress symptoms using the Stanford Acute Stress Reaction questionnaire (SASRQ) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    This 30-item measure assesses severity of traumatic stress symptoms over the past four weeks; it has been updated to be Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)-concordant [American Psychiatric Association 2013] for acute stress disorder (ASD). Mean severity of traumatic stress symptoms at 4 weeks will be the first primary outcome

  2. Assess the effect of the EASE intervention compared to usual care to reduce physical symptom severity using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS) [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]
    This reliable and valid instrument assesses symptom prevalence, severity and distress associated with 26 common physical and 6 psychological symptoms of cancer. Mean physical symptom severity at 4 weeks will be the second primary outcome


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Assess the effect of the EASE intervention compared to usual care to reduce traumatic stress symptoms using the SASRQ [ Time Frame: 8 weeks, 12 weeks & 26 weeks ]
  2. Assess the effect of the EASE intervention to usual care to reduce physical symptom severity using the MSAS [ Time Frame: 8 weeks, 12 weeks & 26 weeks ]
  3. Assess the effect of the EASE intervention compared to usual care on the number of participants meeting criteria consistent with a diagnosis of ASD and threshold ASD based on DSM-5 criteria using the SASRQ [ Time Frame: 4, 8, 12 and 26 weeks ]
  4. Assess the effect of the EASE intervention compared to usual care on Quality of Life using The Functional Assessment of chronic Illness Therapy-Spiritual Well-being Scale [ Time Frame: 4, 8, 12, 26 and 52 weeks ]
    Individual subscales of the FACIT-Sp provide scores for physical, social/family, emotional, functional spiritual well-being

  5. Assess the effect of the EASE intervention compared to usual care on depressive symptoms using The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) [ Time Frame: 4, 8 ,12 and 26 weeks ]
    This valid 9-item measure of depression has been widely used with patients with advanced cancer. Two additional items assessing intent to cause self-harm and interference with daily activities were included in the measure to ensure patients' safety but are not considered for data analysis.

  6. Assess the effect of the EASE intervention compared to usual care on the number of physical symptoms of cancer and the associated symptom-related distress as measured by the (MSAS) [ Time Frame: 4, 8, 12 & 26 weeks ]
  7. Assess the effect of the EASE intervention compared to usual care on patient satisfaction with care using the 16-item FAMCAR-P16 [ Time Frame: 4, 8, 12 and 26 weeks ]
  8. Assess the effect of the EASE intervention compared to usual care on pain using the modified Brief Pain Inventory-Sort Form (BPI) [ Time Frame: 4, 8 12 and 26 weeks ]
    The BPI is a widely used measure to rapidly assess the severity of pain and its impact on functioning and will be assessed as part of the secondary outcomes

  9. The modified brief Experiences in Close Relationships Scale (ECR-M16) is an instrument to measure attachment security or the ability to rely on close others for support when distressed. [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    It provides subscale scores assessing attachment anxiety (i.e. fear of abandonment) and attachment avoidance (i.e. defensive independence). The ECR-M16 will only be administered at baseline in both arms of the study.

  10. 10) The EQ-5D-5L will be used to measure generic health status so that it can be used to compute quality-adjusted life years (QALY) in an economic evaluation that compares the benefit and cost of the EASE intervention [ Time Frame: 4, 8, 12, 26 and 52 weeks ]
  11. To compare progression-free survival between treatment arms [ Time Frame: 1 year ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Newly diagnosed AL (acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)) and is recruited within 2 weeks of hospital admission. For patients diagnosed with a mixed phenotype AL, the dominant sub-type must be identified for stratification purposes.
  • Receiving or expected to receive induction chemotherapy with curative intent at the time of recruitment.
  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • Ability to pass the cognitive screening test at the time of recruitment (Short Orientation-Memory-Concentration Test (SOMC) score ≥ 20), unless deemed suitable at the CRA's discretion (e.g. in extenuating circumstances such as interruptions during the administration of the measure or when patients report a learning disability that can influence the results).
  • Patient is fluent in English and is able (i.e. sufficiently literate and competent) and willing to complete the baseline questionnaires in English. Ability but unwillingness to complete the baseline questionnaires will make the patient ineligible.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Major communication difficulties at the time of recruitment, as assessed by the research team (e.g. severe hearing impairment or inability to speak).
  • Receiving on-site (in hospital) psychological/psychiatric counseling at the time of recruitment.
  • Receiving on-site (in hospital) palliative care services at the time of recruitment.
  • A diagnosis of acute promyelocytic leukemia and acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04224974


Contacts
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Contact: Harriet Richardson 613-533-6430 hrichardson@ctg.queensu.ca
Contact: Lois Shepherd 613-533-6430 lshepherd@ctg.queensu.ca

Locations
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Canada, Ontario
Kingston Health Sciences Centre Not yet recruiting
Kingston, Ontario, Canada, K7L 2V7
Contact: Annette Hay    613 533-6430 ext 77094      
University Health Network Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Contact: Gary Rodin    416 946-4504      
Sponsors and Collaborators
Canadian Cancer Trials Group
Canadian Cancer Society (CCS)
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network
Investigators
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Study Chair: Gary Rodin Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network
Study Chair: Camilla Zimmerman Princess Margaret Hospital, University Health Network
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Responsible Party: Canadian Cancer Trials Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04224974    
Other Study ID Numbers: SC26
First Posted: January 13, 2020    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 25, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Plan Description: Subject to CCTG policy

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia
Acute Disease
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes