Try the modernized beta website. Learn more about the modernization effort.
Working… Menu

Cabozantinib to Treat Recurrent Liver Cancer Post Transplant

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04204850
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 19, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 13, 2021
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Health Network, Toronto

Brief Summary:

This is a phase 2 study that will assess the investigational drug, cabozantinib, in patients with liver cancer (specifically hepatocellular carcinoma) and who had received a liver transplant as a part of curative care, but the cancer has come back (recurred). The purpose of this study is to see how useful cabozantinib is in controlling the disease of these patients.

Cabozantinib blocks the function of various proteins found on the surface of the body's cells (called receptor tyrosine kinases) that are important in the development of cancer tumors.

All participants will receive cabozantinib until they are no longer receiving benefit from the study drug or they experience an intolerable side effect.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatocellular Carcinoma Recurrent Cancer Liver Transplant Drug: Cabozantinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The study has three main parts:

Screening: Participants will have test, procedures, and assessments done for safety and eligibility. Some may be done for research purposes only. Several visits may be needed to complete the screening part of the study.

Study Drug Period: During this part, participants will take the study drug as prescribed by the study doctor. While on the study drug, participants will visit the clinic about once a week for tests, procedures, and assessments for safety, eligibility, and research only purposes.

End of Study Drug Visit and Follow-up: Participants will be asked to make an End of Study Drug visit about 30 days after the last dose of study drugs for safety, eligibility, and research only purposes. After this visit, participants will continue to have follow-up visits about every 8 weeks. If participants are experiencing side effects, they will be followed weekly for about 4 weeks, then monthly until resolution or stabilization.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Trial of Cabozantinib in the Treatment of Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma Post Liver Transplant
Actual Study Start Date : August 7, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 7, 2023
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 7, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Cabozantinib
Cabozantinib, at a dose of 60 mg orally (by mouth), once a day (at bedtime), continuously.
Drug: Cabozantinib
Cabozantinib is a multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor with activity against VEGFR 1,2,3, MET and AXL, as well as RET, KIT, ant FLT-3.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Disease control rate [ Time Frame: 4 months ]
    Proportion of patients with complete response + partial response + stable disease.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Duration of time from start of treatment to time of progression.

  2. Overall survival [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
    Duration of time from start of treatment to time of death.

  3. Number of Side Effects Reported [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Have histologically or cytologically confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma that has recurred.
  • Previously underwent a liver transplant as a curative treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
  • Not amenable to curative surgery or local treatment for recurrent disease.
  • Must have measurable disease.
  • No prior treatment with cabozantinib. May be systemic therapy naïve or have received up to 1 line of prior therapy for advanced HCC with sorafenib or lenvatinib.
  • Age ≥18 years.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 01.
  • Life expectancy of >3 months.
  • Normal organ and marrow function.
  • Adequate cardiac function.
  • No evidence of active uncontrolled infection.
  • Understand and willing to sign written informed consent document.
  • Recovered from prior toxicities to < grade 1.
  • Able to take oral medications.
  • Agree to use effective contraceptive methods until at least 30 days (for women) and 3 months (for men) after the last administration of study medication. Serum pregnancy test should be negative.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Had systemic therapy or radiotherapy <3 weeks.
  • Receiving any other investigational agents.
  • With known brain metastases unless stable for >3 months.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to cabozantinib.
  • Has uncontrolled, significant intercurrent or recent illness:
  • Cardiovascular disorders
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders including those associated with a high risk of perforation or fistula formation
  • Major surgery within 2 months before randomization
  • Cavitating pulmonary lesion(s) or endobronchial disease (untreated)
  • Lesion invading a major blood vessel
  • Clinically significant bleeding risk <3 months
  • Other clinically significant disorders:
  • Active infection requiring systemic treatment, known infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related illness
  • Serious non-healing wound/ulcer/bone fracture
  • Malabsorption syndrome
  • Uncompensated/symptomatic hypothyroidism
  • Requirement for hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis
  • Pregnant women.
  • Any other condition that would, in the Investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns or compliance with clinical study procedures
  • Active hepatitis B or C in liver graft
  • Patients with a grade >= 2 elevated liver enzymes who are suspected of cellular rejection will undergo biopsy. Patients diagnosed with cellular rejection in the biopsy sample using the Banff schema are ineligible.
  • Fibrolamellar carcinoma or mixed hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma
  • Moderate or severe ascites
  • Concomitant use of anticoagulants at therapeutic doses
  • Has a known history of prior invasive malignancy except if patient has undergone curative-intent therapy with no evidence of disease recurrence for 2 years prior to study entry.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04204850

Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Jennifer Knox, M.D. 416-946-2399

Layout table for location information
Canada, Ontario
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Contact: Jennifer Knox, M.D.    416-946-2399      
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Knox, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Jennifer Knox, M.D. Princess Margaret Cancer Centre
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: University Health Network, Toronto Identifier: NCT04204850    
Other Study ID Numbers: CaboTx
CAPCR 19-6312 ( Other Identifier: University Health Network )
First Posted: December 19, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 13, 2021
Last Verified: April 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Layout table for additional information
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Liver Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Liver Diseases
Disease Attributes
Pathologic Processes