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Onapristone as Preoperative Treatment for Postmenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor + and HER2- Breast Cancer (ONAWA)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT04142892
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 29, 2019
Last Update Posted : April 1, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
SOLTI Breast Cancer Research Group

Brief Summary:
ONAWA is a window of opportunity, prospective, multicenter, phase 0 trial which evaluates the effect of onapristone (ONA) on proliferation after 3 weeks of treatment in postmenopausal women with ER+/PgR+ and HER2-negative early breast cancer amenable to pre-operative endocrine therapy and surgery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Drug: Onapristone Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:
The main hypothesis is that onapristone, an antiprogestin will induce a significant proliferative arrest in HR+/HER2-negative breast cancer. The primary endpoint is chosen based on reports which related the 2.7% Ki67 value (natural log of 1) both after a 15 days1 or 3-4 months of neoadjuvant endocrine treatment with favorable breast cancer relapse free and overall survival2,3. Hence, this Ki67 cut-off (Complete Cell Cycle Arrest, or CCCA) has been consistently used in recent trials as an acceptable surrogate marker of clinical and biological efficacy, even though the achievement of a pathological complete response is very unusual in luminal tumors after preoperative endocrine therapy. Trials with biological endpoint, including the so-called window of opportunity trials such as the ONAWA study provide tumor tissue before and after a short course of a given therapy for biomarker analyses of response and resistance. The aim of these studies is to improve the investigator's understanding regarding the biologic effect of a given drug, in order to better define its target population early in its development without interfering with the standard treatment pattern of the patient.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: window of opportunity, prospective, multicenter, phase 0 trial
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Window of Opportunity Trial of Onapristone as Preoperative Treatment for Postmenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor-Positive and HER2-negative Breast Cancer
Actual Study Start Date : November 6, 2020
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 30, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : April 30, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Onapristone
50 mg given orally (PO), twice a day (BID), in a continuous schedule (QD). 3 weeks of (+/-3 days) of ONA treatment
Drug: Onapristone
50 mg given orally (PO), twice a day (BID), in a continuous schedule (QD) during 3 weeks (+/-3 days)

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Complete Cell Cycle Arrest (CCCA) [ Time Frame: after 3 weeks of ONA therapy ]
    CCCA rate determined by Ki67 < 2.7%

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. IHC of tumor expression [ Time Frame: after 3 weeks of ONA therapy ]
    IHC of tumor expression of ER, PgR, CD24, CD44, ALDH1, Ser294-PgR, Ki67

  2. PAM50 (Prediction Analysis of Microarray 50) subtype change [ Time Frame: after 3 weeks of ONA therapy ]
    PAM50 subtype changes upon ONA therapy

  3. antiproliferative effect [ Time Frame: after 3 weeks of ONA therapy ]
    Suppression of PAM50 11-gene proliferation signature according to PAM50 subtypes upon treatment.. These changes will be analyzed according to the formula: Mean suppression = 100 - [geometric mean (post-treatment / pretreatment · 100)].

  4. proliferation score [ Time Frame: after 3 weeks of ONA therapy ]
    mean suppression of PAM50 11-gene proliferation signature according to PAM50 subtypes

  5. gene expression changes [ Time Frame: after 3 weeks of ONA therapy ]
    • expression of 770 genes across of 23 categories of BC tumor biology
    • changes in the expression of the 16-PgR target genes

  6. molecular markers in blood [ Time Frame: after 3 weeks of ONA therapy ]
    Estradiol and progesterone levels

  7. identification putative prognostic and predictive biomarkers [ Time Frame: after 3 weeks of ONA therapy ]
    • Development of a gene signature of response to ONA based on changes in the expression of 770 genes by the nCounter Breast 360TM panel in the tumor.
    • Analysis of the presence of ctDNA and its dynamics after ONA treatment.

  8. Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: after 3 weeks of ONA therapy ]
    Incidence, duration and severity of Adverse Events (AEs) assessed by the NCI Common Terminology for Classification of Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0, including treatment discontinuations.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written and signed informed consent for all study procedures according to local regulatory requirements prior to beginning specific protocol procedures.
  2. Age ≥ 18 years.
  3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1.
  4. Postmenopausal women defined either by:

    1. Age ≥60 or
    2. Age < 60 and amenorrhea for ≥ 12 months and FSH and E2 plasmatic levels in the post-menopausal range per local standards or
    3. Prior bilateral oophorectomy (28 days before Day 1 of the study treatment).
  5. Histologically confirmed invasive breast carcinoma eligible for surgery with all the following characteristics:

    1. Primary tumor diameter of at least 15 mm (cT1c-3) as measured by ultrasound (US).
    2. No regional lymph node metastases by imaging or clinical examination (cN0).
    3. ER-positive and PgR-positivity (ER+/PgR+), as assessed locally, defined by American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP) clinical practice guidelines.
    4. HER2-negative status, as assessed locally, defined by American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists (ASCO/CAP)
    5. In case of multifocal tumors (defined as the presence of two or more foci of cancer within the same breast quadrant), the largest lesion must be measured in at least one dimension of minimal 15 mm per US. This lesion will be designated as 'target' lesion for all subsequent evaluations. ER+/PgR+ and HER2-negative status must be documented in all the tumor foci. Site markers should be placed in each accessible lesion, even if mastectomy is planned, to facilitate correct tumor assessment by the pathologist.
    6. Cells staining positive for Ki67 ≥ 15% as locally assessed.
    7. Available pre-treatment formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tumor specimen or possibility to obtain one. Minimal sample requirements are: at least 2 tumor cylinders with a minimal tissue surface of 10 mm2, containing ≥10% tumor cells, enough to obtain at least 2 cuts of 10 µm each. Tumor cylinder will be mandatory.
  6. No clinical or radiographic evidence of distant metastases (M0).
  7. Adequate hematologic and organ function within 14 days before the first study treatment on Day 1, defined by the following:

    1. Neutrophils (ANC ≥1500/μL).
    2. Hemoglobin ≥9 g/dL (with no need for transfusions).
    3. Platelet count ≥100000/μL.
    4. Serum albumin ≥3 g/dL.
    5. Calculated creatinine clearance of ≥ 60 mL/min based on the Cockcroft-Gault glomerular filtration rate estimation:

      (140 - age) x (weight in kg) x 0.85 72 x (serum creatinine in mg/dL).

    6. International normalized ratio (INR) or prothrombin time (PT) ≤1.5 × ULN and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) within therapeutic range.
    7. Potassium, total Calcium (corrected for serum albumin), Magnesium and Natrium with institutional normal limits or corrected with normal limits with supplement before first dose of study medication.
  8. Ability to swallow study drug and comply with study requirements.
  9. Absence of any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule; those conditions should be discussed with the patient before registration in the trial.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Inoperable locally advanced or inflammatory (i.e., Stage III) breast cancer.
  2. Metastatic (Stage IV) breast cancer.
  3. Invasive bilateral o multicentric breast cancer.
  4. Patients requiring neoadjuvant chemotherapy or immediate surgical intervention.
  5. Patients who have undergone sentinel lymph node biopsy or tumor excisional biopsy prior to study treatment.
  6. Prior malignancy within 3 years prior to randomization, except curatively treated non-melanoma skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer or adequately treated Stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission or other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for 2 years.
  7. Congenital long QT syndrome or screening QT interval corrected using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) > 480 milliseconds or any clinically significant cardiac rhythm abnormalities.
  8. Liver function tests documented within the screening period and on Day 1 of treatment period:

    d. Total bilirubin >1.5x the upper limit of normal (ULN) unless the patient has documented non-malignant disease (e.g. Gilbert´s syndrome) for whom conjugated bilirubin must be under ULN.

    e. AST and ALT >2.5x ULN. f. Alkaline phosphatase ALP >2x ULN.

  9. Concurrent, serious, uncontrolled infections or current known infection with HIV (testing is not mandatory).
  10. Known hypersensitivity to any of the study drugs, including excipients.
  11. History or clinical evidence of any liver or biliary pathology including cirrhosis, infectious disease, inflammatory conditions, steatosis, or cholangitis (including ascending cholangitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, obstruction, perforation, fistula of biliary tract, spasm of sphincter of Oddi, biliary cyst or biliary atresia).
  12. Known clinically significant history active viral or other hepatitis (e.g., positive for hepatitis B surface antigen [HBsAg] or hepatitis C virus [HCV] antibody at screening), current drug or alcohol abuse, or cirrhosis.

    • Patients with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as having a negative HBsAg test and a positive antibody to hepatitis B core antigen [HBcAg] antibody test) are eligible.
    • Patients positive for HCV antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is negative for HCV RNA.
  13. Chronic adrenal failure or is receiving concurrent long-term corticosteroid therapy. The following corticosteroid uses are permitted: single doses, topical applications (e.g. for rash), inhaled sprays (e.g. for obstructive airway diseases), eye drops or local injections (e.g. intra-articular).
  14. Lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract, malabsorption syndrome, or inability to swallow pills.
  15. History of or clinical evidence of significant co-morbidities that, in the judgment of the investigator, may interfere with the conduction of the study, the evaluation of response, or with informed consent.
  16. Received an investigational product or been treated with an investigational device within 30 days prior to first drug administration or plans to start any other investigational product or device study within 30 days after last drug administration.
  17. Hormonal treatments for other indications such as osteoporosis, breast cancer prevention, hormonal substitutive therapy, such as raloxifene, tamoxifen, estrogen, progestins. If a patient is on natural products known to contain progestins, they must be stopped 14 days prior to beginning study treatment.
  18. Used any prescription medication during the prior 1 month that the investigator judges is likely to interfere with the study or to pose an additional risk to the patient in participating, specifically inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome P450 (CYP)3A4.
  19. Major surgical procedure or significant traumatic injury within 30 days prior to enrollment.
  20. Assessment by the investigator to be unable or unwilling to comply with the requirements of the protocol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT04142892

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Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron
Barcelona, Spain, 08035
Hospital Clínic de Barcelona
Barcelona, Spain
Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova de Lleida
Lleida, Spain, 25198
Hospital Universitario Sant Joan de Reus
Tarragona, Spain
Sponsors and Collaborators
SOLTI Breast Cancer Research Group
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Responsible Party: SOLTI Breast Cancer Research Group Identifier: NCT04142892    
Other Study ID Numbers: ONAWA (SOLTI-1802)
2019-001433-13 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: October 29, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 1, 2022
Last Verified: March 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Fertility Agents, Female
Fertility Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists