Diagnosis of RSTS: Identification of the Acetylation Profiles as Epigenetic Markers for Assessing Causality of CREBBP Variants. (GENEPI)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04122742|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 10, 2019
Last Update Posted : January 9, 2020
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a rare and severe congenital developmental disorder characterized by congenital anomalies and intellectual disability with a long term memory deficit. The main challenge is to improve the intellectual and memory efficiency of these patients. CREBBP and EP300 are the two genes known to cause RSTS. Both paralogs play a major role in chromatin remodeling and encode for transcriptional co-activators interacting with many proteins.
The aim of this pilot study is to characterize the histone acetylation profiles in order to identify specific acetylation markers during normal and pathological neuronal differentiation of cortical and pyramidal neurons in RSTS.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Rubinstein-Taybi Syndrome||Procedure: skin biopsy for the primary fibroblast culture and a 15 ml blood sample (3 unnamed samples of 5ml) in each of the 4 SRT patients included. Other: Generation of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC) from fibroblasts obtained by skin biopsy Other: Histone acetylation profiles of cells of SRT patients with CREBBP mutations Other: Functional involvement of identified epigenetic alterations Biological: Culture of lymphoblastoid line from blood sample|
CREBBP and EP300 are the two paralog genes associated with RSTS determinism and code for CBP and p300, respectively. These proteins are transcriptional coactivators that possess a catalytic lysine acetyl transferase (KAT) domain involved in the acetylation of lysine residues of histones but also other proteins. CBP and p300 promote transcription by creating a chromatin environment that is favorable for gene expression and by linking different transcription factors to each other. They thus orchestrate the regulation of the transcription machinery, from the basal promoter to the enhancers of the target genes.
RSTS is considered a genetic model of neurodevelopmental anomaly with an epigenetic component.
Histone acetylation is one of the major post-translational modifications (PTMs) of these proteins that provide for the formation and control of chromatin structure. When differentiating embryonic cells, this modification plays a key role in transcriptional activation.
The mouse models of RSTS have made the link between the modulation of histone acetylation and the formation of memory by showing their key role in neuronal plasticity. However no data exists on the acetylation of histones in the neurons of RSTS patients. Furthermore, in humans, the molecular pathways impacted by these alterations during neurodevelopment are not specified, especially in the pyramidal neurons which are the precursors of hippocampal neurons involved in the encoding and storage of memory.
In RSTS a loss of CBP function results in a deficit in KAT activity, which is responsible for altering histone acetylation, leading to inappropriate changes in chromatin structure. The consequence of a mutation is a result of a deregulation of the activity of genes involved in development. No neuronal level studies are currently available on the functional link between histone acetylation and deregulated genes in the RSTS.
In this project, investigators will identify target genes whose epigenetic regulation is mediated by histone acetylation. More specifically, the study will focus on chromatin dynamics during normal and pathological neuronal differentiation of cortical and pyramidal neurons. Investigators will determine among the CBP-dependent histone markers, those that are modified in RSTS patients cells and the loci they control. In parallel, investigators will define genes whose neuronal expression is altered in RSTS patients.
The integration of all these data will allow us to specify which genes are deregulated during neuronal differentiation as a consequence of CBP lysine acetyltransferase function loss.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||4 participants|
|Official Title:||Diagnosis of RSTS: Identification of the Acetylation Profiles as Epigenetic Markers for Assessing Causality of CREBBP Variants.|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 8, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||November 2020|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||November 2020|
|Patients with RSTS||
Procedure: skin biopsy for the primary fibroblast culture and a 15 ml blood sample (3 unnamed samples of 5ml) in each of the 4 SRT patients included.
Performed with a 3 mm diameter punch under local anesthesia. The procedure can be done in a consultation office respecting a strict asepsis.
Other: Generation of Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC) from fibroblasts obtained by skin biopsy
induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSC) production of patients with CREBBP mutation and differentiation into cortical neurons and pyramidal neurons
Other: Histone acetylation profiles of cells of SRT patients with CREBBP mutations
Study of acetylome by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS / MS) Validation of specific acetylation targets by ChIP-Sequencing
Other: Functional involvement of identified epigenetic alterations
Transcriptome analysis with RNA-Seq Generation of isogenic iPSC clones by correction of CREBBP mutations in SRT patients by CrispR-Cas9.
Biological: Culture of lymphoblastoid line from blood sample
Achievement of a ficoll Culture of lymphoblasts and conservation Establishment of lymphoblastoid line and conservation
- Identification of a specific acetylation profile of RSTS [ Time Frame: Inclusion visit ]
From skin biopsy sample collected at inclusion visit :
- No assumptions about the number of histone marks needed to define the profile
- Will be retained as the specific mark of the disease if it is 100% present in the cases and 100% absent in the controls
- The specific profile can be defined in one or more stages of cell differentiation: iPSC - neuronal progenitor - cortical and pyramidal neurons
- Identification of different target genes between SRT patients and controls [ Time Frame: Inclusion visit ]SRT patients will be compared to 4 control cell cultures from healthy volunteers matched for age and sex already available
- Evidence of a significantly different level of expression for common target genes for RSTS patients and controls [ Time Frame: Inclusion visit ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04122742
|Contact: Julien VAN-GILS||+33 5 57 82 03 firstname.lastname@example.org|
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