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Evaluation of Virtual Course to Increase Knowledge in Sexual Harassment,Prevention and Sanction Policies of a University

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04021849
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 16, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 12, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Mireya Reyna Martínez Ipanaqué, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

Brief Summary:
Sexual harassment is the behavior of sexual or sexist connotation unwanted by the affected person. Despite being considered as gender-based violence, victims of sexual harassment can be of both sexes. The university is the most frequent place where university students suffer sexual harassment. Law No. 27942 - "Ley de Prevención y Sanción del Hostigamiento Sexual" and its amendments, includes training and prevention in sexual harassment. The Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH) has a regulation for the prevention and punishment of sexual harassment. Education through the use of Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) is presented as an alternative to face-to-face classes, optimizing resources and achieving greater scope. The early, mandatory and massive dissemination at the university of a training in sexual harassment could be achieved through a virtual course. However, there is little research on the evaluation of the effectiveness of prevention programs in sexual violence in university students. The objective is to prove that taking a virtual course about sexual harassment, prevention and sanction policies of the UPCH can achieve a greater or same knowledge of the subject in the students of the UPCH, compared to a face-to-face course. The study design is a randomized controlled trial to assess the level of knowledge in this subject, whose control group is provided classes in face-to-face mode. Also, both modalities of the course will include a survey with Likert scale to measure the degree of satisfaction with the course taken. And finally, it includes a qualitative study through focus groups with the university students of the classroom and virtual classes to know their appreciations of both modalities of the course.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sexual Harassment Other: Face-to-face Class Other: Asynchronous Virtual Class Not Applicable

  Show Detailed Description

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 134 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Students will be randomly assigned to one of two groups until a total of 134 participants are recruited: 67 in the intervention group and 67 in the control group.
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: Evaluation of a Virtual Course to Increase Knowledge in Sexual Harassment, Prevention and Sanction Policies of Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University in Pupils of the Faculty of Public Health and Administration: a Randomized Controlled Trial
Actual Study Start Date : September 10, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : November 30, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 30, 2019

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Intervention
Participants will be gathered in a classroom with computers to receive an asynchronous virtual class of 45 minutes, 1 pre-test, 1 post-test and satisfaction surveys with Likert scale. This session will take 2 hours approximately. After a month, they will take a second post-test to measure retention of knowledge. The pre-test and post-tests are all the same and they all will be taken by using computer.
Other: Asynchronous Virtual Class
Every student will have the access to a platform with an Asynchronous Virtual Class that will use the same PowerPoint Presentation of the intervention with an audio recorded by the principal investigator

Sham Comparator: Control
Participants will be gathered in a classroom with computers to receive a face-to-face class of 45 minutes, 1 pre-test, 1 post-test and satisfaction surveys with Likert scale. This session will take 2 hours approximately. After a month, they will take a second post-test to measure retention of knowledge. The pre-test and post-tests are all the same and they all will be taken by using computer.
Other: Face-to-face Class
The principal investigator will dictate a course about Sexual Harassment, Prevention and Sanction Policies of Cayetano Heredia Peruvian University using PowerPoint Presentation




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Level of Knowledge about sexual harassment [ Time Frame: 3 months ]

    Measured by the automatic score the student get after taking the tests in a web platform.

    The instrument is a questionnaire made up of 20 multiple-choice questions about knowledge in sexual harassment, prevention and sanction policies of the university. Each correct question is worth 5 points so the scale range will be 0-100 points in total but then it will be converted to vigesimal score from 0 to 20 points, being the passing grade 11.00.



Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Satisfaction with the course measured by a Likert-scale survey [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    Number of positive responses / total number of questions. The instrument is a Likert-scale survey with 9 questions about how satisfied is the student with the class session, the trainer, the class duration, the web platform, the quality of the class and others. The possible answers are: "Nothing", "Something", "A lot" and "Totally". Being the positive responses "A lot" and "Totally".

  2. Satisfaction with the course described by a qualitative analysis of focal groups [ Time Frame: 3 months ]
    The focal groups will be carried out with the students of the 2 course modalities, separately. The instrument for this focus group is a questionnaire about the satisfaction with the modality of the course, the content of the course and the fulfillment of expectations of the students on the course, the trainer and the web platform.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   14 Years to 50 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Undergraduate university students enrolled in the 2019-II period of FASPA

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Students who have already taken a course on sexual harassment
  • Exchange students (foreigners)
  • Students who have not completed the pre-test and post-tests

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04021849


Contacts
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Contact: Mireya R Martínez Ipanaqué, B.E. +51 993 285 297 mireya.martinez@upch.pe
Contact: José E Pérez Lu, MD. MSc PhD +51 999 987 784 jose.perez.l@upch.pe

Locations
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Peru
Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia Recruiting
San Martín De Porres, Lima, Peru, 15102
Contact: José E Pérez Lu, MD. MSc PhD    +51 999 987 784    jose.perez.l@upch.pe   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Mireya R Martínez Ipanaqué, B.E. Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

Publications:
Banyard VL, Moynihan MM, Plante EG. Sexual violence prevention through bystander education: an experimental evaluation. J Community Psychol [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2019 Feb 20];35(4):463-481. Available from: http://www.ncdsv.org/images/Sex%20Violence%20Prevention%20through%20Bystander%20Education.pdf
Ley de Prevención y Sanción del Hostigamiento Sexual. Ley N° 27942. Publicado en el diario oficial El Peruano, (05 de Febrero de 2003).
Decreto legislativo que incorpora el delito de acoso, acoso sexual, chantaje sexual y difusión de imágenes, materiales audiovisuales o audios con contenido sexual al código penal, y modifica el procedimiento de sanción del hostigamiento sexual. Decreto Legislativo N° 1410. Publicado en el diario oficial El Peruano, (11 de Septiembre de 2018).
Bardales O, Ortiz Z. Hostigamiento sexual en mujeres y varones universitarios. Estudio exploratorio [Internet]. Lima: MIMP;2012 [cited 2019 Jan 14]. Available from: http://redin.pncvfs.gob.pe/images/publicacion2/hostigamiento-sexual-en-mujeres-y-varones-universitarios9.pdf
Sarmiento P, Marcelo Y, Revollar E. Aproximación a la problemática del hostigamiento sexual laboral contra mujeres. Supervisión a ministerios, gobiernos regionales y Poder Judicial [Internet]. Lima: Defensoría del Pueblo del Perú; 2018 [cited 2019 Jan 14] Serie Informe de Adjuntía - Informe N° 007 - 2018- DP/ADM. Available from: https://www.defensoria.gob.pe/wp-content/uploads/2018/07/Informe-de-Adjuntia-007-2018-DP-ADM-II.pdf
Loli S. La Prevención y Sanción del Hostigamiento Sexual. Módulo de asistencia técnica para el abordaje desde la perspectiva de género [Internet]. Lima: MIMDES; 2008 [cited 2019 Jan 20]. Available from: https://www.mimp.gob.pe/files/direcciones/dgignd/publicaciones/prevencion_sancion_hostigamiento_sexual_modulo_ACDI.pdf
Carvajal Z, Delvó P. Análisis comparativo de dos estudios sobre hostigamiento sexual en la población estudiantil de la universidad nacional. Rev Latinoam Derechos Humanos [Internet]. 2010 [cited 2019 Jan 22];21(2):83-104. Available from: http://www.revistas.una.ac.cr/index.php/derechoshumanos/article/view/1930/1832
Ministerio de Trabajo y Promoción del Empleo. Guía para prevenir el hostigamiento sexual en el ámbito laboral [Internet]. Lima: MTPE; 2011[cited 2019 Jan 20]. Available from: http://www.academia.edu/13809973/Ministerio_de_Trabajo_y_Promoción_del_Empleo

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Responsible Party: Mireya Reyna Martínez Ipanaqué, Principal Investigator, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04021849     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 103921
First Posted: July 16, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 12, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Mireya Reyna Martínez Ipanaqué, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia:
Sexual Harassment
Virtual Course
Training