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Self-modulated Functional Electrical Stimulation in Chronic Stroke Patients With Severe and Moderate Upper Limb Paresis (SM-FES)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04014270
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 10, 2019
Last Update Posted : November 13, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
University Hospital, Geneva
KLINIK BETHESDA Tschugg
University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
University of Bern
Innosuisse - Suisse Innovation Agency
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Intento SA

Brief Summary:

The study aims at demonstrating the efficacy of self-modulated functional electrical stimulation (SM-FES) in promoting upper-limb (UL) motor recovery in chronic stroke patients with severe and severe-moderate paralysis.

The effect of such experimental therapy will be compared to dose-matched, goal-oriented standard care (SC).

SM-FES consists of intensive, goal-oriented, repetitive functional exercises assisted by electrical stimulation. The patient actively self-administers the electrical stimulation on the impaired limb by controlling the electrical stimulation device with the non-impaired hand.

The duration of the intervention is 90 min per day, 5 days per week, for 2 weeks.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stroke Rehabilitation Device: Self-modulated functional electrical stimulation (SM-FES) Other: Standard Care Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

After the informed consent process, each centre will screen potential participants according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Each recruited participant will be randomly assigned to one group:

  • experimental group - patients will receive self-modulated functional electrical stimulation SM-FES;
  • control group - patients will receive standard care SC.

This first main phase of the study includes 10 days intervention delivered to the two groups and assessments pre-intervention, post-intervention and after 3 months (follow-up).

After the follow-up, participants initially recruited in the control group will be able to enter a secondary exploratory phase and receive further 10 days of treatment with SM-FES.


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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 80 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: As the two interventions (SM-FES and SC) are different in appearance for both the participant and the therapist providing the therapy session, only the assessor (i.e., person administering the outcome tests) will be kept blinded to treatment condition.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Self-modulated Functional Electrical Stimulation in Chronic Stroke Patients With Severe and Moderate Upper Limb Paresis: A Multi-Centre, Single-Blind, Randomized Parallel Study
Actual Study Start Date : November 8, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 31, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 30, 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Self modulated functional electrical stimulation (SM-FES)
Patients will receive self-modulated functional electrical stimulation SM-FES
Device: Self-modulated functional electrical stimulation (SM-FES)

The patient actively self-administers the electrical stimulation on the impaired limb by controlling the electrical stimulation device with the non-impaired hand. A device called the Intento PRO will be used to deliver the experimental treatment.

Duration: 90 min per day, 5 days per week, for 2 weeks.


Active Comparator: Standard care (SC)
Patients will receive standard care, dose matched to the experimental group therapy
Other: Standard Care

The patient performs intensive, goal-oriented, repetitive functional exercises.

Duration: 90 min per day, 5 days per week, for 2 weeks.





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in the motor part of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment of the Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) scale, calculated from baseline to post-intervention (2 weeks) [ Time Frame: From baseline to post-intervention (2 weeks) ]
    The FMA-UE measures the upper limb motor impairment. FMA-UE consists of 33 items. Each item is scored on a 3-point ordinal scale (0, 1, and 2) with 0 generally corresponding to no function, 1 to partial function, and 2 to perfect function. The items are summed to the final maximal score of 66 (no impairment).The FMA may also be divided into shoulder/elbow and wrist/hand sub-scores consisting of 18 and 15 tasks, with a maximum score of 36 and 30, respectively. Higher scores indicate less impairment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment of the Upper Extremity (FMA-UE) scale at 3 months (T3) compared to baseline (T0) [ Time Frame: At 3 months (T3) compared to baseline (T0) ]
    The FMA-UE measures the upper limb motor impairment. FMA-UE consists of 33 items. Each item is scored on a 3-point ordinal scale (0, 1, and 2) with 0 generally corresponding to no function, 1 to partial function, and 2 to perfect function. The items are summed to the final maximal score of 66 (no impairment). The FMA may also be divided into shoulder/elbow and wrist/hand sub-scores consisting of 18 and 15 tasks, with a maximum score of 36 and 30, respectively. Higher scores indicate less impairment.

  2. Number and proportion of patients with change of at least 5 FMA-UE points from baseline (T0) to 2 weeks (T2) post-intervention and 3 months (T3) follow-up [ Time Frame: From baseline (T0) to 2 weeks (T2) post-intervention and 3 months (T3) follow-up ]
    Fugl-Meyer Assessment of the Upper Extremity (FMA-UE).

  3. Change of upper limb function measured by the Action Research Arm test (ARAT) from baseline to post-intervention (2 weeks) and to 3 months follow-up [ Time Frame: From baseline to post-intervention (2 weeks) and to 3 months follow-up ]
    The ARAT measures of the upper limb function. It contains 19 items grouped into 4 subscales: grasp, grip, pinch and gross motor. In the first 3 subscales, the scale assessed the ability to grasp, move, and release objects of differing size, weight, and shapes. The last subtest evaluates 3 gross movements (place hand behind head, place hand on top of head, and move hand to mouth). Each item is graded on an ordinal scale from 0-3, all of which are summed to yield a score of 0 to 57. Higher scores indicate less impairment.

  4. Change of perceived upper limb function measured by the Motor Activity Log (MAL) from baseline to post-intervention (2 weeks) and to 3 months follow-up [ Time Frame: From baseline to post-intervention (2 weeks) and to 3 months follow-up ]

    The MAL is a measure of perceived upper limb disability in activities of daily living.

    The MAL-14 includes 14 items, scored on an 11-point amount of use (AOU) scale (range 0-5) to rate how much the arm is used and an 11-point quality of movement (QOM) scale (range 0-5) to rate how well patients are using their affected upper extremity.


  5. Change of hand and arm spasticity measured by the REsistance to PASsive movement (REPAS) from baseline to post-intervention (2 weeks) and to 3 months follow-up [ Time Frame: From baseline to post-intervention (2 weeks) and to 3 months follow-up ]
    The REPAS consists of several items across different defined joints, each of which are rated according to the Modified Ashworth Scale (MAS) (0 = no increase in muscle tone to 4 = limb rigid in flexion or extension), and includes assessments of the shoulder, elbow, forearm, wrist, finger. A higher score indicates more severe impairment, with a maximum upper limb score of 64.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • diagnosis of one, first-ever ischemic stroke verified by brain imaging (i.e. computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging);
  • chronic impairment after stroke, i.e. time since event ≥ 6months;
  • severe and severe-moderate upper limb impairment, i.e. FMA-UE score ≤ 34;
  • 18 ≤ age < 80;
  • ability to give consent, understand the device use and follow instructions.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • an unstable recovery stage, measured as a difference between screening and baseline examinations of more than 3 points in the motor part of the FMA-UE scale;
  • contraindications and risk factors to neuromuscular electrical stimulation;
  • severe hemi-spatial neglect or anosognosia involving the affected arm, as determined by the Bells tests (> 6 errors);
  • severe impairment of proprioception, as evaluated from the blinded detection and discrimination of imposed passive movements (≥ 20° extension or flexion) of the finger proximal joint (>3 errors out of 6 mobilisations);
  • severe impairment of tactile sensing in the hand, as assessed by Semmes-Weinstein monofilament test (no detection of the 5.88 size evaluator);
  • excessive spasticity, as indicated by a score > 2 in any of the items of the REsistance to PASsive movement (REPAS) arm subtest;
  • recurrent, moderate to high upper limb pain limiting delivery of rehabilitation dose, i.e. pain at rest and in correspondence of a passive range of motion lower than 50%;
  • botulinum toxin injection into affected upper extremity during 3 months before the study or during the study;
  • history of physical / medical conditions interfering with study procedure, for example shoulder subluxation, upper extremity injury that limits the function of the hand or arm, skin lesion/rash/open wound on the affected upper extremity, or similar;
  • history of neurological condition interfering with study procedure, e.g. Parkinson's disease, progressive brain diseases like dementia and tumours;
  • use of antipsychotic medications;
  • enrolled in the past six months in another study involving drugs, biologics, upper limb experimental therapy, or similar.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT04014270


Contacts
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Contact: Alice Tonazzini +41215520485 research@intento.ch

Locations
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Switzerland
Centre hospitalier universitaire vaudois Recruiting
Lausanne, Vaud, Switzerland, 1005
Contact: Stefano Carda    +41 (0) 213143996    stefano.carda@chuv.ch   
Principal Investigator: Stefano Carda         
Inselspital Not yet recruiting
Bern, Switzerland, 3010
Contact: Roland Wiest    +41 (0) 316323673    roland.wiest@insel.ch   
Contact: Mauricio Reyes    +41 (0) 31 631 5950    mauricio.reyes@med.unibe.ch   
Principal Investigator: Roland Wiest         
Sub-Investigator: Mauricio Reyes         
Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève Not yet recruiting
Genève, Switzerland, 1205
Contact: Adrian Guggisberg    +41 (0) 22 372 35 21    adrian.guggisberg@hcuge.ch   
Principal Investigator: Adrian Guggisberg         
Klinik Bethesda Tschugg Not yet recruiting
Tschugg, Switzerland, 3233
Contact: Martinus Hauf    +41 (0) 32 3384125    hauf.m@klinik-bethesda.ch   
Principal Investigator: Martinus Hauf         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Intento SA
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois
University Hospital, Geneva
KLINIK BETHESDA Tschugg
University Hospital Inselspital, Berne
University of Bern
Innosuisse - Suisse Innovation Agency

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Responsible Party: Intento SA
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04014270     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2018-02402
10000465 ( Other Identifier: Swissmedic )
CIV-CH-19-02-027064 ( Other Identifier: EUDAMED )
First Posted: July 10, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 13, 2019
Last Verified: November 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Intento SA:
Electrical stimulation
Upper limb rehabilitation
Hemiplegia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Stroke
Paresis
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Neurologic Manifestations
Signs and Symptoms