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Short-Term Music Training and Auditory Processing in Older Adults

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03999606
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : June 26, 2019
Last Update Posted : September 27, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assal Habibi, University of Southern California

Brief Summary:

Most adults experience some degree of hearing loss by age 60. Hearing aids can improve some aspects of peripheral hearing but the loss of the ability to clearly perceive speech in noisy environments remains to be a significant deficit and often reduces life quality in older adults. Long-term music training has been shown to enhance auditory processing and specifically benefit speech-in-noise perception. It is not clear however whether short-term participation in a musically engaged activity can benefit such abilities in older adults. The proposed study aims to investigate whether short-term participation in a weekly community choir can improve speech in noise perception and its neural substrates as measured by sensory auditory evoked potentials (ERPs) to speech stimuli in older adults with mild to moderate subjective hearing loss. Sixty participants, ages 50-65, will be recruited to partake in this study and will be randomly assigned to two groups:

participants in the experimental group will join a weekly choir, for fifteen weeks, directed by a professionally trained conductor from USC Department of Choral Music. The group practice will be accompanied by individual singing lessons (online or CDs) for home practice. Participants in the control group will be provided with weekly playlists to passively listen to. The playlists will be curated by a music therapist to reflect the music that older participants can connect to and would enjoy listening to. All participants will be assessed pre and post intervention, with behavioral and electrophysiological measures of speech in noise perception and probes assessing emotional well-being and life satisfaction. Changes in auditory measures and their neural correlates and overall quality of life will be compared between the groups. The findings from this study can provide preliminary data to support a larger study on the impact of music engagement in improving the lives of older adults.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Music Education Behavioral: Music Training - Choir participation Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Single (Participant)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Hort-Term Music Training and Auditory Processing in Older Adults
Estimated Study Start Date : October 1, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 30, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Noise


Intervention Details:
  • Behavioral: Music Training - Choir participation

    Sixty participants, ages 50-65, will be recruited to partake in this study and will be randomly assigned to two groups:

    participants in the experimental group will join a weekly choir, for fifteen weeks, directed by a professionally trained conductor from USC Department of Choral Music. The group practice will be accompanied by individual singing lessons (online or CDs) for home practice. Participants in the control group will be provided with weekly playlists to passively listen to. The playlists will be curated by a music therapist to reflect the music that older participants can connect to and would enjoy listening to.



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Enhanced speech in noise perception [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
    The effects of age on participants' ability to detect speech in noise will be assessed using the QuickSIN test (Speech-In-Noise; Version 1.3).

  2. Enhanced speech in noise perception [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
    EEG data will be collected using the speech syllable /da/, spoken in isolation by an American female. The stimulus will be presented in four conditions, in quiet and in presence of an 8-talker babble noise at three SNRs (10, 5 and 0 dB), presented in a random order for each participant, with an inter-stimulus interval of 1000 ms.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Psychological Well-Being [ Time Frame: 15 weeks ]
    Ryff's Psychological Well-Being Scale (2007) will be used to measure six aspects of wellbeing and happiness including autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations, purpose in life, and self-acceptance



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Gender Based Eligibility:   Yes
Gender Eligibility Description:   self-representation of gender identity
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Native English speaker with experience of subjective hearing loss;
  • Normal IQs (standard score of >85) as measured by the two-subtest Abbreviated Wechsler's Adult Scale of Intelligence.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Use of prescribed hearing aids;
  • Sever hearing loss (thresholds of 60 and 95 dB)
  • Current diagnosis of neurological or psychiatric disorders
  • Impaired cognitive function (all participants will be screened with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Battery)

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Responsible Party: Assal Habibi, Assistant Research Professor of Psychology, University of Southern California
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03999606     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UP-19-00350
First Posted: June 26, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 27, 2019
Last Verified: September 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No