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A Study of sEphB4-HSA in Kaposi Sarcoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03993106
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 20, 2019
Last Update Posted : October 5, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vasgene Therapeutics, Inc

Brief Summary:
sEphB-HSA may prevent tumor cells from multiplying and blocks several compounds that promote the growth of blood vessels that bring nutrients to the tumor. The purpose of this study is to learn if sEphB4-HSA will decrease the number or size of Kaposi sarcoma lesions in people.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Kaposi Sarcoma Drug: sEphB4-HSA Phase 2

Detailed Description:

sEphB4-HSA will be given through an intravenous infusion (into a vein). Each cycle of sEphB4-HSA will be 28 days (4 weeks). Each cycle of the study drug includes administration of 2 doses of sEphB4-HSA given on Days 1 and 15 of each cycle.

Participants may continue on study protocol as long as their KS is continuing to respond or is clinically stable on study medication.

Patients may come off treatment for the following reasons:

  • Disease progression.
  • Need for more than 2 dose reductions for toxicity.
  • Dose delay more than 28 days.
  • Patient withdraws consent.
  • Study termination by the Sponsor.
  • Participants who are noncompliant with respect to taking drugs, keeping appointments, or having tests required for the evaluation of drug safety and efficacy.
  • Participant's condition renders them unacceptable for further treatment in the judgment of the investigator.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 65 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of sEphB4-HSA in Kaposi Sarcoma
Actual Study Start Date : September 17, 2020
Estimated Primary Completion Date : June 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : June 2022


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Study Drug
All study participants will receive sEphB4-HSA through a needle in a vein in their arm for an hour in an outpatient clinic. All study participants will receive two doses of study drug on Days 1 and 15 of each 4 week cycle.
Drug: sEphB4-HSA
sEphB-HSA may prevent tumor cells from multiplying and blocks several compounds that promote the growth of blood vessels that bring nutrients to the tumor.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluate the change in clinical response and toxicity of sEphB4-HSA at 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks in participants with KS. [ Time Frame: Every 4 weeks until study completion (average 6 months). ]
    The observed proportions of participants experiencing clinical response and unacceptable toxicity will be calculated with 95% confidence intervals. For clinical response, the Kaplan-Meier method will be used to estimate the distribution for time to death assessed for up to 1 month after treatment completion; for time to progression assessed from chemotherapy initiation to first documented progression up to 1 month after treatment completion; and for time to response assessed from the first dose until first documented response up to 1 month after completion of treatment. The Kaplan-Meier method will then be used to estimate the distribution of time to response, time to relapse, and time to death. Adverse events will be tabulated according to type and severity.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Effects of sEphB4-HSA on tumor cell apoptosis and proliferation. [ Time Frame: Optional skin biopsies at study entry and any Day Cycle 3 (one cycle is 28 days). ]
    Immunohistochemistry will be performed on biopsy samples and levels will be determine pre and post sEphB4-HSA.

  2. Effects of sEphB4-HSA on immune response as measured in blood [ Time Frame: Blood draws at baseline, Cycle 1 Days 1 & 15 (one cycle is 28 days) and Day 1 of Cycles 4, 7, 10 and at study completion (average of 6 months) ]
    Peripheral blood samples will be used for flow cytometric analysis, cytokine measurements, and in vitro studies of T cells. Biopsy samples will be used to perform cytokine assays and evaluate for tumor regression and immune infiltration.

  3. Effects of sEphB4-HSA on immune response as measured in tissue [ Time Frame: Optional skin biopsies at study entry and any Day Cycle 3 (one cycle is 28 days). ]
    Biopsy samples will be used to perform cytokine assays and evaluate for tumor regression and immune infiltration.

  4. Effects of sEphB4-HSA on viral replication and gene expression of human herpes virus-8 (HHV-8). [ Time Frame: Baseline, Cycle 1, Day 1, Day 1 of every third cycle (one cycle is 28 days) thereafter and at study completion (average of 6 months). ]
    HHV-8 copy number in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and plasma will be assessed by real-time quantitative RT-PCR. The same assay will also investigate a set of known endothelial-specific mRNAs (targeted array).

  5. Changes in the VEGF-Notch-EphrinB2 angiogenic pathway [ Time Frame: At study entry and week 8-12 of study drug. ]
    Optional biopsies will be taken and immunohistochemistry will be performed to determine expression for genes in the VEGF-Notch-EphrinB2 pathway.

  6. Trough levels of recombinant sEphB4-HSA fusion protein [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 15 of cycles 1 and 2 (one cycle is 28 days) ]
    Trough levels (lowest concentration of sEphB4-HSA in the participant's bloodstream). sEphB4-HSA levels will be measured from blood draws on which ELISA will be run.

  7. Cmax levels of recombinant sEphB4-HSA fusion protein [ Time Frame: Days 1 and 15 of cycles 1 and 2 (one cycle is 28 days) ]
    Cmax levels (highest concentration of sEphB4-HSA in the participant's bloodstream). sEphB4-HSA levels will be measured from blood draws on which ELISA will be run.

  8. Quality of Life Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline, day 1 of study drug, day 1 of Cycle 4 (one cycle is 28 days), at study completion (average of 6 months) ]
    Five measures of overall quality of life will be scored: physical well-being, emotional well-being, functional and global well-being, social well-being, and cognitive functioning. Changes in these measures will be assessed over time.

  9. Samples for banking [ Time Frame: Optional skin biopsies at baseline, Cycle 1 Day 1 and any Day Cycle 3 (one cycle is 28 days). Blood draws at baseline, Cycle 1 Days 1 & 15 and Day 1 of Cycles 4, 7, 10 and at study completion (average of 6 months) ]
    Archive peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and tissue samples to be used in conjunction with samples collected in subsequent trials of sEphB4-HSA for future studies including identification of biomarkers predictive of response

  10. Effects of sEphB4-HSA on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) plasma viral loads in participants with HIV [ Time Frame: Baseline, Cycle 1, Day 1, Day 1 of every third cycle thereafter (one cycle is 28 days) and at study completion (average of 6 months). ]
    Peripheral blood will be drawn and viral loads and T-cell counts will be performed.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants may be treatment naïve, refractory to, or intolerant of one or more prior therapies, or treated with prior systemic treatment including but not limited to liposomal doxorubicin.
  • Participants must have biopsy-proven KS involving skin, with or without visceral involvement.
  • If HIV-positive, any CD4 count will be allowed on study.
  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • ECOG performance status ≤ 2 or Karnofsky performance score (KPS) ≥ 50%
  • Life expectancy of greater than 3 months.
  • Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,000/mcL
  • Platelets ≥ 75,000/mcL
  • Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN
  • AST (SGOT) / ALT (SGPT) ≤ 2.5 X ULN
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limit for the reference lab OR creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 as calculated by Cockcroft-Gault formula for participants with creatinine levels above institutional normal.
  • Participants taking part in the optional biopsies must have cutaneous lesion(s) amenable to two (2) 5-mm tumor biopsy at study entry and optional second biopsy on therapy at week 8-12. Patients must have at least five additional lesions measurable for assessment with no improvement over the past month.
  • Females of childbearing potential (FCBP)† must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test with a sensitivity of at least 25 mIU/mL within 14 days prior to enrollment and again within 24 hours prior to starting Cycle 1 of sEphB4-HSA. Further, they must either commit to continued abstinence from heterosexual intercourse or begin TWO acceptable methods of birth control: one highly effective method and one additional effective method AT THE SAME TIME during receipt of sEphB4-HSA, and 12 weeks after discontinuation of sEphB4-HSA. FCBP must also agree to ongoing pregnancy testing. Men must agree to use a latex condom during sexual contact with a FCBP even if they have had a successful vasectomy.

    • A female of childbearing potential is a sexually mature woman who: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months).
  • Documentation of HIV status. If participant is HIV positive, HIV-1 infection, as documented by any federally approved, licensed HIV rapid test performed in conjunction with screening (or ELISA test kit, and confirmed by Western blot or other approved test, or HIV rapid multispot antibody differentiation assay). Alternatively, this documentation may include a record demonstrating that another physician has documented the participant's HIV status based on either: 1) approved diagnostic tests, or 2) the referring physician's written record that HIV infection was documented, with supporting information on the participant's relevant medical history and/or current management of HIV infection.

    • If the participant is HIV negative, documentation of a negative result for any federally approved, licensed HIV rapid test within 4 weeks prior to study enrollment will suffice. If the initial rapid test is positive, further approved confirmatory test results must be present to document the subject's HIV status.
    • If participant is HIV positive, participant must be on a stable antiretroviral regimen for at least 12 weeks prior to study enrollment.
  • There should be no evidence for improvement in Kaposi Sarcoma in the 3 months prior to study enrollment, unless there is evidence for progression of Kaposi Sarcoma in the 4 weeks immediately prior to study enrollment.
  • Participants must, in the opinion of the investigator, be capable of complying with the protocol.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Inability to understand and inability to provide informed consent.
  • Participants who are receiving any other investigational agents.
  • Participants who have had anti-neoplastic treatment for KS (including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, local treatment including topical 5-FU, biological therapy or investigational therapy) within 4 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) prior to entering the study OR those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  • Participants with known brain metastases should be excluded from this clinical trial because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to sEphB4-HSA or other agents used in study.
  • Concurrent, acute, active infection, or treatment for infection, other than oral thrush or genital herpes, within 14 days of enrollment. Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) that is undergoing treatment is allowed.
  • Participants for whom front-line cytotoxic therapy is indicated (i.e. symptomatic visceral or pulmonary Kaposi Sarcoma or symptomatic Kaposi Sarcoma impairing functional status).
  • Concurrent neoplasia requiring cytotoxic therapy.
  • Participant is ≤ 2 years free of another primary malignancy. Exceptions include the following:

    • Basal cell skin cancer
    • Cervical carcinoma in situ
    • Anal carcinoma in situ
  • Any steroid treatment except for that required for replacement therapy in adrenal insufficiency, topical or injected testosterone for hypogonadism, or inhaled steroids for the treatment of asthma.
  • Previous local therapy of any KS-indicator lesion unless the lesion has clearly progressed since that local treatment. Any prior local treatment to indicator lesions regardless of the elapsed time should not be allowed unless there is evidence of clear-cut progression of said lesion.
  • Female participants who are pregnant, lactating, or breast-feeding.
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because sEphB4-HSA has not been tested in pregnant women and it could have potential teratogenic or abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with sEphB4-HSA, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with sEphB4-HSA.
  • Participants with a recent history (< 6 months) of a major infarct including but not inclusive to bowel ischemia, cerebral vascular accident, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, limb ischemia, or skin necrosis.
  • Participants with a QTcF (Fridericia Correction Formula) > 480 ms on 2 out of 3 EKGs (if first EKG is < 480, no need to repeat, if first EKG is > 480 repeat twice for a total of 3 EKGs).
  • Participants with systolic blood pressure >120 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure >80 mm Hg who are unwilling to start antihypertensives (see Section 5.4 uncontrolled sustained for recommendations for management of hypertension which will be defined as during the study), or participants with systolic blood pressure > 140, and mm Hg, or diastolic blood pressure > 90, even mm Hg, with or without use of anti-hypertensive medications. (participants may not enroll onto the study until BP is ≤ 140/90 mm Hg with or without antihypertensives).
  • Participants with a recent history (< 6 months) of a major bleed which will be defined as a symptomatic bleeding in a critical area or organ, such as intracranial, intraspinal, intraocular, retroperitoneal, intraarticular or pericardial, or intramuscular with compartment syndrome, and/or bleeding causing a fall in hemoglobin level 2 grams/dL or more, or leading to transfusion of two or more units of whole blood or packed red cells.
  • Participants on any dose of warfarin or are on full dose anticoagulation with other agents including low molecular weight heparin, antithrombin agents, antiplatelet agents and full dose aspirin within 7 days prior to study enrollment; participants on prophylactic doses of low molecular weight heparin are allowed.
  • Cardiac related illnesses including, but not limited to:

    • Symptomatic congestive heart failure including participants with Grade III/IV cardiac disease as defined by the New York Heart Association functional criteria
    • Unstable angina pectoris
    • Cardiac arrhythmia
  • Physical or psychiatric illness/social situations that in the estimation of the investigator would limit compliance with study requirements or place the participant at high risk of toxicity or non-compliance.
  • Patients with a history of CVA or TIA in the past 12 months

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03993106


Contacts
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Contact: Sarah E. Cole, M.S. 626-840-7756 scoleemail@gmail.com

Locations
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United States, California
AIDS Healthcare Foundation Recruiting
Beverly Hills, California, United States, 90211
Contact: Werner De LaFayette, B.S.    323-913-1033    Werner.DeLafayette@aidshealth.org   
Principal Investigator: Carl Millner, M.D.         
United States, Florida
CAN (Community AIDS Network) Community Health Recruiting
Sarasota, Florida, United States, 34237
Contact: Prerak Shukla    941-366-0134 ext 11102    pshukla@cancommunityhealth.org   
Principal Investigator: Corklin Steinhart, MD         
United States, Texas
UT Southwestern Medical Center Recruiting
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390
Contact: Tianna Petersen    214-590-0611    Tianna.petersen@utsouthwestern.edu   
Principal Investigator: Mamta Jain, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vasgene Therapeutics, Inc
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Carl Millner, M.D. AIDS Healthcare Foundation
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Responsible Party: Vasgene Therapeutics, Inc
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03993106    
Other Study ID Numbers: 101
First Posted: June 20, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 5, 2021
Last Verified: October 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sarcoma, Kaposi
Sarcoma
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Infections
Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue