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A Study of an Intratumoral Oncolytic Virus in Patients With Advanced Metastatic Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03954067
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : May 17, 2019
Last Update Posted : August 10, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Astellas Pharma Inc ( Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc. )

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of ASP9801 and to determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D). The study will also evaluate antitumor activity, objective response rate, pharmacokinetics and virus shedding of ASP9801 as a single agent, as well as in combination with pembrolizumab, an anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) checkpoint inhibitor.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Metastatic Cancer Solid Tumors Advanced Cancer Biological: ASP9801 Combination Product: Pembrolizumab Phase 1

Detailed Description:
The study consists of two parts: dose escalation and recommended phase 2 dose expansion. Each part of the study will include two separate groups of participants. Group A will include participants who will have cutaneous/subcutaneous tumors injected, and group B will include participants who will have visceral tumors injected. In dose escalation part only ASP9801 will be assessed. In dose expansion part along with ASP9801 (monotherapy) ASP9801 + Pembrolizumab (combination therapy) will be assessed. The study will consist of the following periods: screening, initial treatment period (two 28 day cycles), optional extended treatment period (continued 28 day cycles) and a follow up period (safety and survival follow up).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 260 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 1, Open-label Study of ASP9801, an Oncolytic Virus, Administered by Intratumoral Injection as a Single Agent and in Combination With Pembrolizumab in Subjects With Advanced/Metastatic Solid Tumors
Actual Study Start Date : August 8, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 31, 2024
Estimated Study Completion Date : October 31, 2024

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Viral Infections

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Dose Escalation - cutaneous or subcutaneous lesions
Participants will receive ASP9801 on days 1 and 15 of 28 day cycles to determine the recommended phase 2 dose. After cycle 2, participants who have not met any discontinuation criteria and receiving clinical benefit may be treated on continuous cycles until treatment discontinuation criteria are met.
Biological: ASP9801
Administered by intratumoral injection

Experimental: Dose Escalation - visceral lesions
Participants will receive ASP9801 on days 1 and 15 of 28 day cycles to determine the recommended phase 2 dose. After cycle 2, participants who have not met any discontinuation criteria and receiving clinical benefit may be treated on continuous cycles until treatment discontinuation criteria are met.
Biological: ASP9801
Administered by intratumoral injection

Experimental: Dose Expansion (Monotherapy) - cutaneous or subcutaneous lesions
Participants will receive ASP9801 on days 1 and 15 of 28 day cycles at the dose recommended by the dose escalation phase. After cycle 2, participants who have not met any discontinuation criteria and receiving clinical benefit may be treated on continuous cycles until treatment discontinuation criteria are met.
Biological: ASP9801
Administered by intratumoral injection

Experimental: Dose Expansion (Monotherapy) - visceral lesions
Participants will receive ASP9801 on days 1 and 15 of 28 day cycles at the dose recommended by the dose escalation phase. After cycle 2, participants who have not met any discontinuation criteria and receiving clinical benefit may be treated on continuous cycles until treatment discontinuation criteria are met.
Biological: ASP9801
Administered by intratumoral injection

Experimental: Dose Expansion (Monotherapy Induction) - cutaneous or subcutaneous lesions
Participants will receive ASP9801 on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 of the first 28 day cycle. Participants will receive ASP9801 on days 1 and 15 on the second 28 day cycle at the dose recommended by the dose escalation phase. After cycle 2, participants who have not met any discontinuation criteria and receiving clinical benefit may be treated on continuous cycles until treatment discontinuation criteria are met.
Biological: ASP9801
Administered by intratumoral injection

Experimental: Dose Expansion (Combination Therapy) - cutaneous or subcutaneous lesions
Participants will receive ASP9801 on days 1 and 15 of 28 day cycles at the dose recommended by the dose escalation phase. Participants will also receive pembrolizumab starting on day 1 and once every 6 weeks. After cycle 2, participants who have not met any discontinuation criteria and receiving clinical benefit may be treated on continuous cycles until treatment discontinuation criteria are met.
Combination Product: Pembrolizumab
Administered by Intravenous Infusion

Experimental: Dose Expansion (Combination Induction Therapy) - cutaneous or subcutaneous lesions
Participants will receive ASP9801 on days 1, 8, 15 and 22 of first 28 day cycle at the dose recommended by the dose escalation phase. Participants will also receive pembrolizumab starting on day 1 and once every 6 weeks. Participants will receive ASP9801 on days 1 and 15 on the second 28 day cycle at the dose recommended by the dose escalation phase. After cycle 2, participants who have not met any discontinuation criteria and receiving clinical benefit may be treated on continuous cycles until treatment discontinuation criteria are met.
Combination Product: Pembrolizumab
Administered by Intravenous Infusion

Experimental: Dose Expansion (Combination Therapy) - visceral lesions
Participants will receive ASP9801 on days 1 and 15 of 28 day cycles at the dose recommended by the dose escalation phase. Participants will also receive pembrolizumab starting on day 1 and once every 6 weeks. After cycle 2, participants who have not met any discontinuation criteria and receiving clinical benefit may be treated on continuous cycles until treatment discontinuation criteria are met.
Combination Product: Pembrolizumab
Administered by Intravenous Infusion




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLT) - dose escalation part [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days ]
    Incidence of dose limiting toxicities

  2. Safety and tolerability assessed by Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a subject administered an investigational product (IP), and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease (new or exacerbated) temporally associated with the use of IP whether or not considered related to the IP.

  3. Number of participants with laboratory value abnormalities and/or adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Number of participants with potentially clinically significant laboratory values.

  4. Number of participants with vital sign abnormalities and /or adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Number of participants with potentially clinically significant vital sign values.

  5. Safety assessed by 12- lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) adverse events [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    12-lead ECGs will be read and assessed locally. Any clinically significant adverse changes on the ECG will be reported as Adverse Events.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percent change from baseline in antitumor activity of ASP9801 [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Percent change from baseline in sum of diameters of injected tumors per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v 1.1 and immune modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (imRECIST)

  2. Objective Response Rate per imRECIST [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Partial Response (PR) + Complete Response (CR) per imRECIST

  3. ASP9801 viral DNA in blood [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Viral DNA load will be summarized by cohort using descriptive statistics.

  4. Viral shedding of ASP9801 in saliva [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Viral DNA will be analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).

  5. Viral shedding of ASP9801 in urine [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Viral DNA will be analyzed by qPCR.

  6. Viral shedding of ASP9801 in skin (cutaneous/subcutaneous only) [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Viral DNA will be analyzed by qPCR.

  7. Objective Response Rate per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version (RECIST) 1.1 [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Partial Response (PR) + Complete Response (CR) per RECIST 1.1.

  8. Change in Programmed Cell Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Expression in Tumor [ Time Frame: Up to 12 months ]
    Changes in level of PDL1 expression in tumors will be reported.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subject must have histologically- or cytologically-confirmed diagnosis of advanced or metastatic solid tumor(s).
  • Subject has measurable disease as determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1. At least 1 lesion must be suitable for intratumoral (IT) injection. Lesions for injection must be ≥ 10 mm and ≤ 60 mm in longest diameter.
  • Subject has had disease progression after, been intolerant to, or has refused all available therapies that are known to confer clinical benefit. Note: There is no limit to the number of prior treatment regimens.
  • Subject has a predicted life expectancy ≥ 12 weeks.
  • Subject has at least 2 sites of disease suitable for biopsy and is willing and able to undergo required tumor biopsies according to the treating institution's guidelines at screening and during study treatment.
  • Subject has an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1.
  • A female subject is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant as documented by negative pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to treatment and at least 1 of the following conditions applies:

    • Not a woman of childbearing potential (WOCBP) OR
    • WOCBP who agrees to follow the contraceptive guidance throughout the treatment period and for at least 180 days after the final study investigational product (IP) administration.
  • Female subject must agree not to breastfeed starting at screening, and throughout the study period and 180 days after the final study IP administration.
  • Female subject must not donate ova starting at screening, and throughout the study period and for 180 days after the final study IP administration.
  • Male subject must agree to remain abstinent or use a condom throughout the study period and for 180 days after the final study IP administration.
  • Male subject with female partner(s) of childbearing potential must agree to use contraception during the treatment period and for at least 180 days after the final study IP administration.
  • Male subject must not donate sperm during the treatment period and for at least 180 days after the final study IP administration.
  • Subject must be willing and able to comply with the study requirements including prohibited concomitant medication restrictions.
  • Subject agrees not to participate in another interventional study while receiving study IP.
  • Subject has the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subject has ongoing toxicity ≥ National Cancer Institute's Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) grade 2 attributable to prior antineoplastic therapies considered clinically significant.
  • Subject who has had major surgery ≤ 4 weeks of screening. Subjects must have recovered from prior procedures and/or any complications from surgery prior to starting study treatment.
  • Subject is concurrently participating in another interventional study or has received an investigational product ≤ 30 days or 5 half-lives whichever is shorter, prior to first IP administration.
  • Subject with symptomatic or untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastases or leptomeningeal disease. Subjects with treated symptomatic brain metastases should be neurologically stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least 4 weeks prior to screening and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline) and off steroids for at least 2 weeks prior to first IP administration. Subjects with carcinomatous meningitis are excluded regardless of clinical stability.
  • Subject with active or prior autoimmune or inflammatory disorders requiring systemic therapy within past 2 years (including inflammatory skin conditions or severe eczema, inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., colitis or Crohn's disease), diverticulitis (with the exception of diverticulosis), celiac disease, systemic lupus erythematosus, Sarcoidosis syndrome, Wegener syndrome (granulomatosis with polyangiitis), Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc.

The following are exceptions to this criterion:

  • Subject with vitiligo or alopecia
  • Subject with hypothyroidism (e.g., following Hashimoto syndrome) stable on hormone replacement
  • Any chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy

    • Subject with another malignancy that currently requires treatment.
    • Subject with only tumors encasing major vascular structures such as the carotid artery, tumors adjacent to vital neurovascular structures or tumors in locations that are at high risk for adverse events (AEs) or otherwise not considered appropriate for IT injection. Subjects with such tumors that have other injectable tumors would be eligible.
    • Subject with inadequate organ and marrow functions meeting any of the below criteria:
  • Leukocytes < 3000/μL
  • Absolute neutrophil count < 1500/μL
  • Platelets < 100,000/μL
  • Hemoglobin (Hgb) < 9 g/dL (Criteria must be met without packed red blood cell transfusion within the prior 2 weeks. Subjects can be on stable dose of erythropoietin [≥ approximately 3 months])
  • International normalized ratio (INR) > 1.5 × ULN and/or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) > 1.5 × institutional normal limits, except for subjects in Group B (Visceral Lesions) escalation and expansion groups where INR and aPTT must be normal
  • Total Bilirubin (TBL) > 1.5 × institutional normal limits (subjects with known Gilbert syndrome who are excluded if TBL > 3.0 × institutional normal limits or direct bilirubin > 1.5 × institutional normal limits)
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and Alanine transaminase (ALT) > 2.5 × institutional normal limits. Subjects with tumors in the liver AST and ALT > 5 × institutional normal limits.
  • Albumin < 3.0 g/dL
  • Creatinine > 1.5 × institutional normal limits

    • Subject with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of first administration of study IP. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
    • Subject has an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, symptomatic congestive heart failure, any form of substance abuse or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study visits or requirements or a condition that could invalidate communication with the investigator.
    • Subject is positive for human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis B core immunoglobulin or immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody or hepatitis C (IgG or ribonucleic acid (RNA) test) indicating acute or chronic infection.
    • Subject has a history of moderate to severe ascites, clinically significant and/or rapidly accumulating ascites, bleeding esophageal varices, hepatic encephalopathy or pericardial and/or pleural effusions related to liver insufficiency within 6 months of screening. Mild ascites that does not preclude safe IT injection of ASP9801 is allowed.
    • Subject has a clinically significant abnormal electrocardiogram (ECG) at screening.
    • Subject has symptomatic cardiovascular disease within the preceding 12 months unless cardiology consultation and clearance has been obtained for study participation, including but not limited to the following: significant coronary artery disease (e.g., requiring angioplasty or stenting), acute myocardial infarction or unstable angina pectoris < 3 months prior to screening, uncontrolled hypertension, clinically significant arrhythmia or congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association grade ≥ 2).
    • Subject has medical conditions that predispose the subject to untoward medical risk in the event of volume loading (e.g., intravenous fluid bolus infusion), tachycardia or hypotension during or following treatment with ASP9801.
    • Subject has a known or suspected hypersensitivity to ASP9801 or any components of the formulation used, including prior adverse reaction to vaccinia (e.g., as smallpox vaccine).
    • Subject has had previous exposure with ASP9801.
    • Subject has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
    • Subject with known history of active Bacillus Tuberculosis.
    • Subject has received prior therapy with an anti-PD-1, anti-programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), or anti-programmed cell death ligand 2 (PD-L2) agent or with an agent directed to another stimulatory or co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (e.g., cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4, OX 40, CD137) and was discontinued from that treatment due to an immune-related adverse event.
    • Subject has received prior radiation therapy within 2 weeks of start of study treatment. Subject must have recovered from all radiation-related toxicities, not require corticosteroids, and not have had radiation pneumonitis. A 1-week washout is permitted for palliative radiation (≤ 2 weeks of radiotherapy) to non-CNS disease.
    • Subject has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study drug.

Examples of live vaccines include, but are not limited to, the following: measles, mumps, rubella, varicella/zoster (chicken pox), yellow fever, rabies, bacillus Calmette-Guérin and typhoid vaccine. Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally killed virus vaccines and are allowed; however, intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.

  • Subject has severe hypersensitivity (≥ grade 3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients, or history of ≥ grade 2 infusion reactions that were not prevented by adequate premedication.
  • Subject has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
  • Subject has had an allogeneic tissue/solid organ transplant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03954067


Contacts
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Contact: Astellas Pharma Global Development 800-888-7704 astellas.registration@astellas.com

Locations
Show Show 26 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc.
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc.
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Responsible Party: Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03954067    
Other Study ID Numbers: 9801-CL-0101
First Posted: May 17, 2019    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 10, 2022
Last Verified: August 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Access to anonymized individual participant level data collected during the study, in addition to study-related supporting documentation, is planned for studies conducted with approved product indications and formulations, as well as compounds terminated during development. Studies conducted with product indications or formulations that remain active in development are assessed after study completion to determine if Individual Participant Data can be shared. Conditions and exceptions are described under the Sponsor Specific Details for Astellas on www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Time Frame: Access to participant level data is offered to researchers after publication of the primary manuscript (if applicable) and is available as long as Astellas has legal authority to provide the data.
Access Criteria: Researchers must submit a proposal to conduct a scientifically relevant analysis of the study data. The research proposal is reviewed by an Independent Research Panel. If the proposal is approved, access to the study data is provided in a secure data sharing environment after receipt of a signed Data Sharing Agreement.
URL: https://www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com/

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Astellas Pharma Inc ( Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc. ):
immunotherapy
vaccinia virus
visceral lesions
cutaneous lesions
intratumoral injection
ASP9801
subcutaneous lesions
oncolytic virus
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Pembrolizumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents