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The Effect of Natrox® Oxygen Wound Therapy on the Healing Rate of Chronic Diabetic Foot Ulcers

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03905863
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 5, 2019
Results First Posted : November 22, 2021
Last Update Posted : November 22, 2021
SerenaGroup, Inc.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Inotec AMD Limited

Brief Summary:
A Multicentre Randomized Controlled Trial to Investigate the Effect of Natrox Topical Oxygen Wound Therapy on the Healing rates of Diabetic Foot Ulcers.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diabetic Foot Ulcer Surgical Wound Device: Natrox® Oxygen Wound Therapy Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Patients with diabetic foot ulcers will be enrolled into the trial at multiple wound care centers and hospital research centers across the United States of America. After qualifying per protocol, patients will be randomized to receive standard wound care or standard wound care plus Topical Oxygen Wound Therapy for their wounds. Patients will be monitored for 12 weeks. The primary comparator between the groups will be complete wound healing at 12 weeks, but other parameters will be assessed, such as pain, wound size reduction and infection status.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 145 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Controlled Multicentre Trial, Examining the Effect of Natrox® Oxygen Wound Therapy on the Healing Rate of Chronic Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Actual Study Start Date : June 4, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 18, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : October 18, 2020

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: Standard of care arm
SOC was defined to include wound cleansing with sterile water or saline solution, and gentle irrigation of the study ulcer with warm tap water; sharp debridement using a standardised protocol based on TIME principles for wound bed preparation; offloading with a TCC twice in the first week and weekly thereafter (all exceptions had to be agreed by the lead investigator; a fixed ankle walker boot or similar device was acceptable as an alternative, but shoe inserts were not deemed to provide sufficient offloading); moisture balance was provided using a hydrofibre or alginate dressing. In addition, patients were instructed on adherence to the protocol and given instructions to call their clinic if they suspected any signs of an infection.
Active Comparator: Intervention arm
Same protocol as SOC only but were also provided with a Natrox® Oxygen Wound Therapy System, consisting of two elements: the Natrox® OG and the Natrox® ODS. The OG is a multi-use battery powered device which generates oxygen though water electrolysis at a rate of 15mL/hr. The ODS is a sterile, single use device that allows wound exudate to pass through to the secondary dressing while allowing the diffusion of oxygen across the wound bed. It connects directly to the OG via a thin flexible fine-bore tube. While the ODS can remain in situ for 7 days, it should be changed at each dressing change, based on exudate level or clinical judgement. This is a battery-operated system with a 30-hour battery life; the kit includes two interchangeable, rechargeable batteries. Each participant was advised to charge one battery while the other was in use, as the battery required changing daily. The oxygen generator is worn in a holster so that patients can remain ambulatory.
Device: Natrox® Oxygen Wound Therapy
A battery-operated device which delivers pure humidified oxygen to the wound bed through water electrolysis via a sterile oxygen delivery system.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants That Achieve Complete Wound Closure During the Twelve Week Study and the Percentage Change in Participant Ulcer Size at 12 Weeks From Baseline. [ Time Frame: Twelve (12) weeks from Time 0 ]
    Photographic wound evaluation and measurements were conducted utilizing an AI-driven computerized planimetry imaging system (Tissue Analytics, Inc., Baltimore, MD USA).15 This system obtained both 2D and 3D assessments of the wound at each visit through a standardized mobile device; in addition, the lead investigator reviewed all digital images.

  2. Percentage Reduction in Ulcer Area (cm^2). [ Time Frame: Twelve (12) weeks from Time 0 ]
    Wound size change over time using a wound imaging measurement system. Percentage change in ulcer area was calculated on the basis of area change from the start of the study to the final recorded value. Any healed ulcer was recorded as having achieved 100% reduction in area; positive values indicate a reduction in size over the 12-week period while negative values indicate that the ulcer increased in size.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Level of Pain of the Wound [ Time Frame: Up to twelve (12) weeks from Time 0 ]

    Does pain associated with the wound change over time using a Visual Analogue Scale Pain intensity of the reference DFU is to be assessed before any dressing changes or other ulcer manipulations at all screening and treatment visits.

    Subject will be asked to indicate a numerical value that best represents the pain intensity at ulcer site on a scale of 0 to 10 anchored by word descriptors at each end, as "no pain" on the left side and "worst possible pain" on the right side of the number line. The number 0 represent "no pain", the number 5 represents "moderate pain" and the number 10 represents the "worst possible pain". The subject indicates the level of pain intensity by selecting a number on the line that represents their perception of their current state.

  2. Number of Adverse Events [ Time Frame: Up to twelve (12) weeks from time 0 ]
    Number of adverse events, such as infections, that are found associated with the study wound

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  1. Subjects are male or female, 18 years of age or older. At least 50% of the enrolled population must be ≥ 65 years of age.
  2. Subjects with one of the following wounds:

    A. Diabetic foot ulcer present for greater than 4 weeks (documented in the medical record) but less than 12 months duration if being treated with active SOC.

    B. Minor amputation wound sites

  3. Subject has clinical documentation of no visible wound improvement in the after 4 weeks of standard of care. Objectively, less than 40% healing in the past four weeks from the first treatment visit.
  4. Study ulcer is a minimum of 0.5 cm2 and a maximum of 25 cm2 at first treatment visit
  5. Subjects' wound score on ISDA tool is Grade 1 or 2.
  6. The subject is able and willing to follow the protocol requirements
  7. Subject has signed informed consent
  8. Adequate circulation to the affected foot as demonstrated by a dorsum transcutaneous oxygen measurement (TCOM) or a skin perfusion pressure (SPP) measurement of ≥ 30 mmHg; an ABI between 0.7 and ≤ 1.3, or TBI of >6 within 3 months of the first Screening Visit.
  9. Females of childbearing potential must be willing to use acceptable methods of contraception (birth control pills, barriers, or abstinence).
  10. The target ulcer has been offloaded for at least 14 days prior to randomization.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Subject has a known life expectancy of < 1 year
  2. Subject or caregiver is unable to manage the Natrox® device (charge and change batteries daily)
  3. Subject has ulcers that are completely necrotic or if the clinician feels it is clinically necessary to cover the wound surface in gel or creams that would prevent the transmission of oxygen to the wound surface.
  4. Subject has major uncontrolled medical disorders such as serious cardiovascular, renal, liver or pulmonary disease, lupus, palliative care or sickle cell anemia.
  5. Subject currently being treated for an active malignant disease or subjects with history of malignancy within the wound.
  6. The Subject has other concurrent conditions that in the opinion of the Investigator may compromise subject safety
  7. Known contraindications for the Natrox system
  8. Known allergies to any of the Natrox system components
  9. Concurrent participation in another clinical trial that involves an investigational drug or device that would interfere with this study.
  10. Index ulcer has reduced in area by 20% or more after 2 weeks of standard of care from the first screening visit (S1) to the TV1/randomization visit.
  11. Subject is pregnant or breast feeding.
  12. Subjects with a history of more than two weeks treatment with immunosuppressants (including systemic corticosteroids >10mg daily dose), cytotoxic chemotherapy, or application of topical steroids to the ulcer surface within one month prior to first Screening Visit, or who receive such medications during the screening period, or who are anticipated to require such medications during the course of the study.
  13. Index ulcer has been previously treated with tissue engineered materials (e.g. Apligraf® or Dermagraft®) or other scaffold materials (e.g. Oasis, Matristem) within the last 30 days preceding the first treatment visit.
  14. Affected extremity requiring hyperbaric oxygen during the trial or within 2 weeks of treatment visit 1.
  15. Known HbA1C >12%
  16. An ulcer that has visible signs of improvement in the four weeks prior to randomization defined objectively as a 40% reduction in surface area in the four weeks prior to enrollment.
  17. An ulcer that has healed by more than 20% in the 2 weeks prior to screening: "historical" run-in period.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03905863

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Inotec AMD Limited
SerenaGroup, Inc.
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Study Director: Thomas Serena SerenaGroup, Inc.
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Inotec AMD Limited:
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Responsible Party: Inotec AMD Limited
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03905863    
Other Study ID Numbers: 1
First Posted: April 5, 2019    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: November 22, 2021
Last Update Posted: November 22, 2021
Last Verified: November 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: Yes
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Keywords provided by Inotec AMD Limited:
topical oxygen
topical oxygen treatment
diabetic foot ulcer
non-healing wound
surgical site
wound size
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Diabetic Foot
Foot Ulcer
Wounds and Injuries
Surgical Wound
Pathologic Processes
Diabetic Angiopathies
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Leg Ulcer
Skin Ulcer
Skin Diseases
Diabetes Complications
Diabetes Mellitus
Endocrine System Diseases
Diabetic Neuropathies
Foot Diseases