Prevalence of Constitutional Mismatch-repair Deficiency Among Suspected Neurofibromatosis Type 1/Legius Syndrome Children Without a Malignancy and Without a NF1 or SPRED1 Mutation (CMMRD in NF1)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03757247|
Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting
First Posted : November 28, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 28, 2018
Frequency of constitutional mismatch-repair deficiency among suspected neurofibromatosis type 1 patients without a NF1 mutation Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) is a rare inherited condition. Individuals with CMMRD have an extraordinarily high risk to develop a malignant tumor in childhood or adolescence. Nearly all known CMMRD patients developed a malignancy within the first three decades of life and most often in (early) childhood. Since early cancer detection improves the chances to survive, these patients should be included from early childhood on in intensive cancer surveillance protocols. Typically patients are diagnosed with CMMRD only when they develop their first malignant tumor.
Many children with CMMRD show already before the onset of the first malignant tumor clinical signs that may serve as a signpost of this severe condition. Often CMMRD patient show skin patches of milk coffee-like color, termed café au lait maculae (CALM), which are very typical for a different inherited condition named neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). NF1, which is much more frequent than CMMRD, also leads to tumor development. But NF1 tumors are usually benign and NF1 children need different, less rigorous, tumor surveillance programs than CMMRD patients. A child with >5 CALM is suspected of having NF1. However, if this diagnosis cannot be confirmed by identification of the causative genetic alteration (NF1-mutation), CMMRD is one possible, but presumably rare, alternative (= differential) diagnosis. Therefore, human geneticists and pediatricians discuss internationally, whether these children should be tested for CMMRD. Diagnosing CMMRD in this situation would allow offering appropriate cancer surveillance protocols to these patients before they develop their first malignant tumor. However, CMMRD testing in this situation may also cause difficulties. Genetic testing may for instance render an ambiguous result, which can neither confirm nor rule out CMMRD. Such a result would create great uncertainty of the appropriate management of the patient. It would be not clear whether intensive cancer surveillance, that may be very stressful for the patient and the family, should be applied or not. Such potential disadvantages of (with respect to tumor development) predictive CMMRD testing argue more against testing when the chances to identify CMMRD in a patient and consequently achieving a benefit for the patient are low. But currently the frequency of CMMRD patients among suspected NF1 patients without a causative NF1 mutation is unknown.
It is the aim of this project to get a reliable estimation on the frequency of the differential diagnosis CMMRD in children with NF1 signs in whom the diagnosis NF1 cannot be confirmed. This information is needed to evaluate and weight the benefits and potential disadvantage of CMMRD testing in these children. To know this frequency is also important for appropriate genetic counseling of at risk children and their parents.
|Condition or disease|
|Neurofibromatosis Type 1|
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||670 participants|
|Official Title:||Prevalence of Constitutional Mismatch-repair Deficiency Among Suspected Neurofibromatosis Type 1/Legius Syndrome Children Without a Malignancy and Without a NF1 or SPRED1 Mutation|
|Estimated Study Start Date :||January 1, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||January 1, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||January 1, 2021|
- Diagnosis CMMRD [ Time Frame: day1 ]yes/no
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03757247
|Contact: Katharina Wimmer, Prof. Dr.||+43512900370 ext email@example.com|