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FRAIL-IMMUNE (GORTEC 2018-03) - Combination of Durvalumab With Carboplatin/Paclitaxel (FRAIL-IMMUNE)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03723967
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 30, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 26, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Centre Leon Berard

Brief Summary:
The primary objective of the phase II trial is to determine the efficacy and safety of a combination of Durvalumab with the Carboplatin/Paclitaxel as first line treatment in patients with recurrent/metastatic SCCHN not eligible to standard chemotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck Drug: Durvalumab with Carboplatin/Paclitaxel Phase 2

Detailed Description:

For recurrent or metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN), the standard first-line treatment is chemotherapy by cisplatin-fluorouracil and cetuximab which allows a median overall survival of 10.1 months. Due to its toxicity, this combination could be proposed only to patients younger than 70 years, good PS (ECOG PS0 or PS1) and adequate renal function.

In routine practice it is estimated that the proportion of eligible patients is about two third. One third of patients were ineligible to first-line chemotherapy by cisplatin-fluorouracil-cetuximab. Among them, 25% due to PS2 and the others for various reasons (older than 70 years, renal insufficiency….). For these ineligible patients, an alternative chemotherapy should be proposed. The carboplatin-paclitaxel scheme with weekly paclitaxel is safe for poor population and demonstrated efficacy in head and neck cancers with overall survival varying from 4.9 months to 12.8 months in first line. The response rate varies from 20% to 52% and is about 25% in our experience. Even for frail patients it should be a safe and active treatment.

Nivolumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting PD1 demonstrated survival benefit compared with chemotherapy in patients with SCCHN who progressed after platinum-based first line (median OS of 7.5 months versus 5.1 months and 12-month OS rate of 36.0% versus 16.6%). Safety data confirm these antibodies are of interest in a population of frail patients. Only 58.9% of patients experienced treatment-related adverse events with nivolumab arm and 13% of grade 3/4. Durvalumab, an anti-PDL1 antibody is currently tested in SCCHN with promising results.

Head and neck cancers are rapidly progressive and due to the delayed action of immunotherapy, and the recent demonstration that immunotherapy with anti-PD1 or anti-PDL1 can be responsible of hyperprogression, patients will probably benefit from addition of chemotherapy to immunotherapy, mostly for patients unfit for cisplatin-fluorouracil because their poor condition is often related to the cancer and a rapid response is needed.

This trial proposes to study the addition of Durvalumab to chemotherapy in first line treatment for frail patients with recurrent/metastatic SCCHN.

Prior to this evaluation, a run-in tolerance study in a limited number of patients to ensure that the experimental treatment combination is safe.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 102 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Multicenter, prospective, single arm phase II study (a run-in tolerance study will be first performed on a limited number of patients: maximum 9)
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Multicenter Prospective Single Arm Phase II Study Evaluating Efficacy & Safety of Durvalumab With Carboplatin/Paclitaxel as First Line Treatment in Patients With Recurrent/Metastatic SCCHN Not Eligible to Standard Chemotherapy
Actual Study Start Date : May 16, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : March 15, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : March 15, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Durvalumab with Carboplatin/Paclitaxel
Combination of Durvalumab with Carboplatin/Paclitaxel as first line treatment in patients with recurrent/metastatic SCCHN not eligible to standard chemotherapy
Drug: Durvalumab with Carboplatin/Paclitaxel
Durvalumab associated with Carboplatin / Paclitaxel as first line treatment in patients with recurrent/metastatic SCCHN not eligible to standard chemotherapy
Other Name: Combination of Durvalumab with Carboplatin/Paclitaxel




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Evaluation of efficacy and safety of Durvalumab with the Carboplatin/Paclitaxel as first line treatment in patients with recurrent/metastatic SCCHN not eligible to standard chemotherapy [ Time Frame: 12 months after study treatment initiation ]
    Number of patients still alive 12 months after the first study drug administration (overall survival)


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival [ Time Frame: 12 months after study treatment initiation ]
    Defined as the time from the date of the first study drug administration to the date of first documented progression or death due to any cause

  2. Time to Treatment Failure [ Time Frame: 12 months after study treatment initiation ]
    Defined as the time from the date of inclusion to the date of permanent study treatment discontinuation

  3. Objective Response Rate [ Time Frame: 12 months after study treatment initiation ]
    Defined as the proportion of patients with a best overall response of Complete or Partial Response

  4. Best Response Rate [ Time Frame: 12 months after study treatment initiation ]
    Defined as proportion of patients who achieve a best response of CR, PR, SD or PD

  5. Duration of response [ Time Frame: 12 months after study treatment initiation ]
    Defined as the time from the date of first documented response (CR or PR) to the date of the first documented subsequent progression or death due to any cause

  6. Quality of life using European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) questionnaire [ Time Frame: 12 months after study treatment initiation ]
    Using the EORTC QLQ-C30 (Quality of Life Questionnaire) - Scale range: 1 (better outcome) to 4 (worse outcome) for 28 variables and from 1 (better outcome) to 7 (worse outcome) for 2 variables

  7. Quality of life using European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) questionnaire [ Time Frame: 12 months after study treatment initiation ]
    Using the EORTC QLQ-H&N35 questionnaire (Quality of Life Questionnaire) - Scale range: 1 (better outcome) to 4 (worse outcome) for 30 variables and from 1 (better outcome) to 2 (worse outcome) for 5 variables

  8. Tolerance profile: Incidence of treatment emergent adverse events and serious adverse events [ Time Frame: 12 months after study treatment initiation ]
    Incidence of Treatment Emergent Adverse Events, Serious Adverse Events (SAE) and death assessed according to the NCI-CTC AE version 5


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Determination as predictive & prognostic factors of efficacy: Time to recurrence [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Time to recurrence in patients with localized disease at diagnosis.

  2. Determination as predictive & prognostic factors of efficacy : Site of recurrence [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Site of recurrence (in or outside a previous irradiation field for patients who have previously received radiation therapy)

  3. Determination as predictive & prognostic factors of efficacy: Level of expression of PD-L1 [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (eachy cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by immunohistochemistry (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  4. Determination as predictive & prognostic factors of efficacy: Level of expression of p16 [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by immunohistochemistry (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)embedded tumor sample)

  5. Determination as predictive & prognostic factors of efficacy: Level of HPV for patients presenting an oropharynx tumour and a tumor with a positive p16 [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by immunohistochemistry (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  6. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: CD3 analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  7. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: CD8 (T cells) analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  8. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: CD20 analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  9. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: CD38 analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  10. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: IgG analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  11. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: NKp46 analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  12. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: FOXP3 [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  13. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: CD4 analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  14. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: CD8 analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  15. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: Treg analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  16. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: NK analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  17. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: Monocytes analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  18. Optional outcome: Immune infiltrate assessment: DC analysis [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Determined by multiIF (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  19. Optional outcome: Mutation of genes [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Using PROFILER panel (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  20. Optional outcome: Transcriptome [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 cycle 2 (each cycle is 28 days), First documented radiological progression ]
    Using RNAseq if possible or HTG (archival formalin fixed paraffin embedded tumor sample)

  21. Optional outcome: PBMC (in selected sites only) [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 of cycles 2, 3, 4 and 5 (each cycle is 28 days), End of treatment plus 30 days ]
    Evaluation of PBMC (blood samples)

  22. Optional outcome: ctDNA for a panel of selected genes [ Time Frame: Inclusion, Day 1 of cycles 2, 3, 4 and 5 (each cycle is 28 days), End of treatment plus 30 days ]
    Evaluation of ctDNA (panel of genes to be selected at the time of analysis) (blood samples)



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥ 18 years at the time of study entry;
  2. Histological or cytological confirmation of the diagnosis of Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck;
  3. Primary tumor located in one of the following : oral cavity, larynx, oropharynx or hypopharynx (NB: sinuses and nasopharynx locations are not allowed; isolated cervical lymphnodes with unknown primary site may be discussed with the coordinating investigator on a case by case basis)
  4. Archival tumor sample available at the time of inclusion with sufficient material to achieve the translational research program. Archival material must have been collected 3 months before inclusion at the latest, unless a new tumor sample must be collected.
  5. Disease must be in metastatic (Stage IVc) or recurrent setting;
  6. Documented progression of measurable disease as per the RECIST (NB: in case of a single metastatic lesion, the tumor size must be > 20mm to allow tumor biopsy)
  7. Patients must fulfil at least one of the following frailty criteria:

    • Age > 70 years
    • Creatinine clearance (CrCl) : 40 < CrCl < 60ml/min
    • Any severe comorbidity rendering the patient ineligible to standard chemotherapy, as per investigator's judgment.
  8. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0, 1 or 2
  9. Must have a life expectancy of at least 12 weeks
  10. Body weight > 30Kg;
  11. Adequate organ and marrow function as defined below:

    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dl
    • Absolute Neutrophils Count (ANC) ≥ 1.0 x 109/L
    • Platelet count ≥ 100 x 109/L
    • Creatinine clearance ≥ 40 ml/min using the following appropriate formulae:

      • Cockroft-Gault formula for female : 0.85 x weight (Kg) x (140-age) / 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)
      • Cockroft-Gault formula for male : weight (Kg) x (140-age) / 72 x serum creatinine (mg/dL)
      • MDRD for patients older than 65 years: 186.3 x (serum creatinine (µmol/L / 88.4) -1.154 x Age -0.203 x (0.742 if female) x (1.212 if black patient [African origin]).
    • AST/ALT ≤2.5 x institutional upper limit of normal unless liver metastases are present, in which case it must be ≤5 x ULN
    • Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN (in the absence of Gilbert's syndrome)
    • Coagulation panel : INR or PT ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  12. Evidence of post-menopausal status or negative urinary or serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal patients. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. The following age-specific requirements apply:

    • Women <50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy).
    • Women ≥50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrheic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses >1 year ago, had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses >1 year ago, or underwent surgical sterilization (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or hysterectomy).
  13. Patient using a highly effective contraception as defined in appendix 9. Prior to dispensing study drugs, the investigator must confirm and document the patient's (and his/her partner) use of highly effective contraceptive methods, dates of negative pregnancy tests, and confirm the patient's understanding of the teratogenic potential of study drugs.
  14. Patient is willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations including follow up.
  15. Covered by a medical insurance.
  16. Signed and dated informed consent document indicating that the patient has been informed of all the pertinent aspects of the trial prior to enrolment

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. History of another primary malignancy except for - Malignancy treated with curative intent and with no known active disease ≥5 years before the first dose of IP and of low potential risk for recurrence

    • Adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer or lentigo maligna without evidence of disease
    • Adequately treated carcinoma in situ without evidence of disease
  2. Prior anticancer therapy in metastatic or recurrent setting In case patient received neoadjuvant or adjuvant anti-cancer treatment, it must have been completed for at least 6 months prior to study drugs initiation and patient must have no unresolved toxicity NCI CTCAE Grade ≥2 with the exception of alopecia, vitiligo and laboratory values defined as inclusion criteria.

    Patients with Grade ≥2 neuropathy will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis after consultation with the coordinating investigator.

    Patients with irreversible toxicity not reasonably expected to be exacerbated by treatment with durvalumab may be included only after consultation with the coordinating investigator.

  3. Any previous treatment with a PD1 or PD-L1 inhibitor, including durvalumab.
  4. Patient whom tumor lesion is hemorrhagic or at risk of bleeding
  5. Patient whom disease progressed within 6 months after the start date of the previous chemotherapy (faster progressors)
  6. Symptomatic or active leptomeningial or parenchymal brain metastases. Patients whose brain metastases have been treated may participate provided they show radiographic stability (defined as 2 brain images, both of which are obtained after treatment ot the brain metastases; these Imaging scans should both be obtained at least 4 weeks apart and show no evidence of intracranial progression). In addition, any neurologic symptoms that developed either as a result of the brain metastases or their treatment must have resolved or be stable either, without the use of steroids, or are stable on a steroid dose of <=10mg/day of prednisone or its equivalent and anticonvulsant for at least 14 days prior to the start of treatment.

    with previously treated brain metastases (either by surgery, radiotherapy or radiosurgery) may be enrolled if stable, off steroids, on imaging and clinically, for at least 4 weeks.

  7. Active or prior/history of disease/medical condition listed below:

    • Documented autoimmune or inflammatory disease (including inflammatory bowel disease [e.g., Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis], diverticulitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis syndrome or Wegener syndrome, granulomatosis with polyangitis, Grave's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, hypophysitis, uveitis, etc) within the past 2 years except for autoimmune hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid supplementation and patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus on a stable dose of insulin.

Note: Subjects with alopecia, vitiligo, Grave's disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the past 2 years) or chronic skin condition that does not require systemic therapy, are not excluded, as well as patients without active disease in the last 5 years (after consultation with the study physician) and patients with celiac disease controlled by diet alone.

  • Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) ≥470 ms using Fredericia's Correction.
  • Clinically significant cardiac disease or congestive heart failure > New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 2. Patients must not have unstable angina (anginal symptoms at rest) or new-onset angina within the last 3 months or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
  • History of primary immunodeficiency
  • Allogeneic organ transplantation
  • Documented hypersensitivity to the active substance or excipient of the study drugs
  • Any uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to:

    o Ongoing or active infection, including tuberculosis (clinical evaluation that includes clinical history, physical examination and radiographic findings, and tuberculosis testing in line with local practice), hepatitis B (known positive HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) result), hepatitis C, or human immunodeficiency virus (positive HIV 1/2 antibodies). Patients with a past or resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of hepatitis B core antibody [anti-HBc] and absence of HBsAg) are eligible. Patients positive for hepatitis C (HCV) antibody are eligible only if polymerase chain reaction is negative for HCV RNA.

    o Active peptic ulcer disease or gastritis,

    • Active bleeding diatheses including any subject known to have evidence of acute,
    • Serious chronic gastrointestinal conditions associated with diarrhea
  • Any psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements or compromise the ability of the subject to give written informed consent

    8. Current or prior use, or need for the following concomitant medications/interventions not permitted during the study treatment period :

  • Any concurrent chemotherapy or radiotherapy treatment to more than 30% of the bone marrow or with a wide field of radiation within 4 weeks of the first dose of study drug (except palliative radiotherapy on a non-target lesion after discussion with the coordinating investigator), immunotherapy, biologic or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment, other than any stated in the protocol (Note: concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g. hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable)).
  • Current or prior use of immunosuppressive medication within 14 days before the first dose of durvalumab including, but not limited to systemic corticosteroids at doses exceeding 10 mg/day of prednisone or equivalent, methotrexate, azathioprine, and TNF-α blockers. Use of immunosuppressive medications for the management of investigational product-related AEs or in subjects with contrast allergies is acceptable.
  • Receipt of live attenuated vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of IP (Note: Patients, if enrolled, should not receive live vaccine whilst receiving IP and up to 30 days after the last dose of IP).

    • Strong inhibitors and inducers of CYP3A4
    • Major surgical procedure (as defined by the Investigator) within 28 days prior to the first dose of IP. Note: Local surgery of isolated lesions for palliative intent is acceptable.

      8. Participation in another clinical study with an investigational product during the last 28 days prior to first study drug administration

      9. Concurrent enrolment in another clinical study, unless it is an observational (non-interventional) clinical study or during the follow-up period of an interventional study

      10. Pregnant or breastfeeding women (Women of childbearing potential are required to have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to study treatment start. A positive urine test must be confirmed by a serum pregnancy test).


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03723967


Contacts
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Contact: Julien GAUTIER +33 4.26.55.68.29 julien.gautier@lyon.unicancer.fr
Contact: Jérôme FAYETTE, MD +33 4.78.78.51.03 jerome.fayette@lyon.unicancer.fr

Locations
Show Show 20 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre Leon Berard
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jérôme FAYETTE, MD Centre Leon Berard
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Responsible Party: Centre Leon Berard
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03723967    
Other Study ID Numbers: ET18-023 FRAIL-IMMUNE
First Posted: October 30, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 26, 2021
Last Verified: February 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Centre Leon Berard:
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck
Recurrent / metastatic SCCHN
Frail patients
GORTEC
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Paclitaxel
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Carboplatin
Durvalumab
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs