Prospective Study of Adjuvant Radiotherapy in High Risk Bladder Cancer. (Bladder-Aid)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03718741|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 24, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 15, 2019
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Bladder Cancer||Radiation: Radiotherapy +/- CT||Phase 2|
Bladder cancer represents the ninth neoplasm in the world, with approximately 430,000 new cases diagnosed in 2012. Of them, around 118,000 were diagnosed in Europe, and 52,000 had died from this disease.
Patients with advanced bladder cancer (stage ≥pT3) have a five-year overall survival of ~50% after cystectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy +/− chemotherapy with approximately half of recurrences in the pelvis, either as isolated failures or synchronous with distant metastases. In fact, radical cystectomy with or without chemotherapy has a 5-year overall survival of approximately 60% for patients with pathologic T2 disease confined to the bladder but only 10-40% for stage ≥pT3 when disease extends into the extravesicular tissues.
Pelvic failures after radical cystectomy are common, especially for ≥pT3 urothelial carcinoma with a cumulative incidence of locoregional failure of 32% at 5 years in the SWOG 8710 cohort. Adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) can reduce locoregional failure and may even improve overall survival, but currently has no defined role, in part because of toxicity reported in older series using 1980s radiation techniques.
An externally validated risk stratification to identify patients at highest risk for local-regional failure who are most likely to benefit from adjuvant RT has been developed based on pathologic T-stage, surgical margin status, and extent of the lymph node dissection.
Local-regional recurrence following radical cystectomy for patients with locally advanced urothelial carcinoma is common. The risk of local-regional recurrence is not diminished with chemotherapy, and salvage treatment is rarely successful. Adjuvant RT can reduce locoregional failure and may even improve overall survival, but currently has no defined role, in part because of toxicity reported in older series using 1980s radiation techniques. Several lines of evidence support the hypothesis that improved local control may lead to improved disease-free and overall survival.
This prospective interventional study aims at evaluating the safety and efficacy of an adjuvant radiation treatment in cases of muscle-invasive bladder cancer, submitted to radical cystectomy and presenting clinic-pathological characteristics of high risk of recurrence.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||80 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Adiuvant Radiotherapy +/- CT|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Prospective Study of Adjuvant Radiotherapy in High Risk Bladder Cancer.|
|Actual Study Start Date :||February 5, 2019|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||November 1, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||November 1, 2023|
Experimental: Adiuvant Radiotherapy +/- CT
The radiation treatment will be delivered with two possible schedules, according to the presence of positive margins on the pathology specimen:
Considering an alfa/beta of 10 for bladder tumor and 3 for healthy tissues the equivalent doses will be respectively:
BED10: 60/67.1; EQD2: 50/55.92 Gy BED3: 83.33/95.33; EQD2: 50/57.20 Gy
Patients with ECOG PS<2, good haematological, hepatic and renal function (haemoglobin, neutrophil count, platelets, creatinine, glycaemia, Bilirubin, AST, ALT values within the limits of normal), will be submitted to concurrent cisplatin based weekly chemotherapy, 20-30 mg/m2, if they have not received neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery.
Radiation: Radiotherapy +/- CT
Adiuvant Radiotherapy +/- weekly cisplatin
- Local Control Rate [ Time Frame: 2 year ]This prospective interventional study aims at evaluating the safety and efficacy of an adjuvant radiation treatment in cases of muscle-invasive bladder cancer, submitted to radical cystectomy and presenting clinic-pathological characteristics of high risk of recurrence.
- PFS [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Progression Free Survival
- OS [ Time Frame: 2 years ]Overall survival
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03718741
|Contact: Giuseppe D'Agostino, MD||+39 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Lucia Di Brina, MD||+39 email@example.com|
|Istituto Clinico Humanitas||Recruiting|
|Rozzano, Milano, Italy, 20089|
|Contact: Giuseppe D'Agostino, MD|