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Brentuximab Vedotin and Nivolumab in Treating Patients With Early Stage Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03712202
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : June 11, 2020
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
City of Hope Medical Center

Brief Summary:
This phase II trial studies how well brentuximab vedotin and nivolumab work in treating patients with stage I-II classic Hodgkin lymphoma. Brentuximab vedotin is a monoclonal antibody, brentuximab, linked to a toxic agent called vedotin. Brentuximab attaches to CD30 positive cancer cells in a targeted way and delivers vedotin to kill them. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ann Arbor Stage I Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage I Mixed Cellularity Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage I Nodular Sclerosis Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IA Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IB Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage II Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IIA Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage IIB Hodgkin Lymphoma Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Lymphocyte-Rich Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma Ann Arbor Stage I Lymphocyte-Depleted Classic HL Ann Arbor Stage II Lymphocyte-Depleted Classic HL Ann Arbor Stage II Mixed Cellularity Classic HL Ann Arbor Stage II Nodular Sclerosis Classic HL Drug: Bleomycin Drug: Brentuximab Vedotin Drug: Dacarbazine Drug: Doxorubicin Biological: Nivolumab Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment Drug: Vinblastine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. Determine the 18-month progression free survival (PFS) for each arm of therapy stratified by positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT)-2 response.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Assess safety, tolerability, and quality of life (QOL) for each arm of therapy.

II. Measure PET/CT-2 negativity rate after 2 lead-in cycles of standard of care doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine (ABVD).

III. Evaluate the 3-year PFS and overall survival (OS) for each arm of treatment.

EXPLORATORY OBJECTIVES:

I. Evaluate if a baseline antitumor immune response, as assessed by a Nanostring gene panel, correlates with PFS.

II. Evaluate if minimal residual disease (MRD) status, as monitored by cancer personalized profiling by deep sequencing (CAPP-Seq) of circulating tumor (ct) deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), can be correlated with PFS.

OUTLINE: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 groups based on their PET/CT-2 scans.

GROUP I (PET/CT-2 NEGATIVE): Patients without bulky disease are randomized to either Arm A or B and patients with bulky disease are assigned to Arm B.

ARM A: Patients receive brentuximab vedotin intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes and nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

ARM B: Patients receive doxorubicin IV, bleomycin IV, vinblastine IV, dacarbazine IV on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment with nivolumab repeats every 14 days for up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

GROUP II (PET/CT-2 POSITIVE): Patients receive doxorubicin IV, vinblastine IV, dacarbazine, IV and brentuximab vedotin IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients that are PET/CT negative receive nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment with nivolumab repeats every 14 days for up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 6 months for 3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 264 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 2 Front-Line PET/CT-2 Response-Adapted Brentuximab Vedotin and Nivolumab Incorporated and Radiation-Free Management of Early Stage Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma (cHL)
Actual Study Start Date : October 15, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 23, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 23, 2020


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group I Arm A (brentuximab vedotin, nivolumab)
Patients receive brentuximab vedotin IV over 30 minutes and nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Brentuximab Vedotin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADC SGN-35
  • Adcetris
  • Anti-CD30 Antibody-Drug Conjugate SGN-35
  • Anti-CD30 Monoclonal Antibody-MMAE SGN-35
  • Anti-CD30 Monoclonal Antibody-Monomethylauristatin E SGN-35
  • cAC10-vcMMAE
  • SGN-35

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Experimental: Group I Arm B (ABVD, nivolumab)
Patients receive doxorubicin IV, bleomycin IV, vinblastine IV, dacarbazine IV on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then receive nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment with nivolumab repeats every 14 days for up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Bleomycin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BLEO
  • BLM

Drug: Dacarbazine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 4-(Dimethyltriazeno)imidazole-5-carboxamide
  • 5-(Dimethyltriazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide
  • Asercit
  • Biocarbazine
  • Dacarbazina
  • Dacarbazina Almirall
  • Dacarbazine - DTIC
  • Dacatic
  • Dakarbazin
  • Deticene
  • Detimedac
  • DIC
  • Dimethyl (triazeno) imidazolecarboxamide
  • Dimethyl Triazeno Imidazol Carboxamide
  • Dimethyl Triazeno Imidazole Carboxamide
  • dimethyl-triazeno-imidazole carboxamide
  • Dimethyl-triazeno-imidazole-carboximide
  • DTIC
  • DTIC-Dome
  • Fauldetic
  • Imidazole Carboxamide
  • Imidazole Carboxamide Dimethyltriazeno
  • WR-139007

Drug: Doxorubicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Adriablastin
  • Hydroxydaunomycin
  • Hydroxyl Daunorubicin
  • Hydroxyldaunorubicin

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Drug: Vinblastine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Vincaleucoblastine
  • VLB

Experimental: Group II (AVD, brentuximab vedotin, nivolumab)
Patients receive doxorubicin IV, vinblastine IV, dacarbazine, IV and brentuximab vedotin IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 4 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients that are PET/CT negative receive nivolumab IV over 60 minutes on day 1. Treatment with nivolumab repeats every 14 days for up to 6 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Drug: Brentuximab Vedotin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • ADC SGN-35
  • Adcetris
  • Anti-CD30 Antibody-Drug Conjugate SGN-35
  • Anti-CD30 Monoclonal Antibody-MMAE SGN-35
  • Anti-CD30 Monoclonal Antibody-Monomethylauristatin E SGN-35
  • cAC10-vcMMAE
  • SGN-35

Drug: Dacarbazine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • 4-(Dimethyltriazeno)imidazole-5-carboxamide
  • 5-(Dimethyltriazeno)imidazole-4-carboxamide
  • Asercit
  • Biocarbazine
  • Dacarbazina
  • Dacarbazina Almirall
  • Dacarbazine - DTIC
  • Dacatic
  • Dakarbazin
  • Deticene
  • Detimedac
  • DIC
  • Dimethyl (triazeno) imidazolecarboxamide
  • Dimethyl Triazeno Imidazol Carboxamide
  • Dimethyl Triazeno Imidazole Carboxamide
  • dimethyl-triazeno-imidazole carboxamide
  • Dimethyl-triazeno-imidazole-carboximide
  • DTIC
  • DTIC-Dome
  • Fauldetic
  • Imidazole Carboxamide
  • Imidazole Carboxamide Dimethyltriazeno
  • WR-139007

Drug: Doxorubicin
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Adriablastin
  • Hydroxydaunomycin
  • Hydroxyl Daunorubicin
  • Hydroxyldaunorubicin

Biological: Nivolumab
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BMS-936558
  • MDX-1106
  • NIVO
  • ONO-4538
  • Opdivo

Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment
Ancillary studies
Other Name: Quality of Life Assessment

Drug: Vinblastine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Vincaleucoblastine
  • VLB




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. 18-month Progression-free survival (PFS) for each arm of therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 18 months ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of adverse events evaluated according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 5.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Frequency tables will be used to summarize toxicity profile.

  2. Scores from European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life Questionnaire C30, version 3 (EORTC-C30) for each arm of therapy [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    All of the scales range in score from 0 to 100. A high score for a functional scale represents a high/healthy level of functioning whereas a high score for a symptom scale or item represents a high level of symptomatology or problems.

  3. Positron emission tomography/computed tomography-2 negativity rate [ Time Frame: After 2 courses of ABVD (each course is 28 days) ]
    Will be estimated using the Deauville 5-point score/2014 Lugano Classsification

  4. 3-year PFS for each arm of treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier.

  5. Overall survival for each arm of treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 3 years ]
    Will be estimated using the method of Kaplan and Meier.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Documented informed consent of the participant and/or legally authorized representative.

    • Assent, when appropriate, will be obtained per institutional guidelines.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) =< 2.
  • Histologically confirmed diagnosis of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) by current World Health Organization classification (nodular sclerosis, mixed cellularity, lymphocyte rich, lymphocyte depleted, or classical Hodgkin lymphoma, NOS [not otherwise specified]) at local enrolling center. Nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma is excluded
  • Stage IA, IB, IIA, or IIB cHL by Cotswold modified Ann Arbor staging done prior to any treatment with ABVD.
  • Must have prior to standard of care ABVD treatment at least one lesion that is > 1.5 cm in the longest diameter on cross-sectional imaging and measureable in two perpendicular dimensions on CT and fludeoxyglucose (FDG) avid by PET.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be naive in terms of any prior therapy for Hodgkin lymphoma (including immunotherapy, chemotherapy or radiation therapy) with the exception that they may have received up to 2 cycles of ABVD as standard of care therapy prior to enrollment, as long as they can start protocol therapy (therapy administered in Arms A, B1/B2, or C) within timelines specified by the trial.
  • Peripheral sensory neuropathy > grade 1 or any peripheral motor neuropathy.
  • History of another primary malignancy that has not been in remission for at least 3 years. (The following are exempt from the 3-year limit: nonmelanoma skin cancer, fully excised melanoma in situ [Stage 0], curatively treated localized prostate cancer, and cervical carcinoma in situ on biopsy or a squamous intraepithelial lesion on Papanicolau [PAP] smear)
  • Known cerebral/meningeal disease.
  • History of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML).
  • Known history of pancreatitis.
  • Documented history of a cerebral vascular event (stroke or transient ischemic attack), unstable angina, myocardial infarction, or cardiac symptoms consistent with New York Heart Association class III-IV within 6 months prior to enrollment
  • Uncontrolled cardiac disease including ventricular dysfunction, left ventricular ejection fraction < 45%, coronary artery disease, or arrhythmias.
  • Known hypersensitivity to recombinant proteins, murine proteins, or to any excipient contained in the drug formulation of brentuximab vedotin, nivolumab, or any component of ABVD.
  • Known active infection with hepatitis B or hepatitis C. Patients who are hepatitis B carriers can enroll if have a negative hepatitis B polymerase chain reaction (PCR) DNA test and are on hepatitis B suppressive medication management with entecavir or lamivudine. Patients with past active hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are eligible if they are PCR negative after curative therapy. Testing to be done only in patients suspected of having infections or exposures.
  • Known active infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Patients who are HIV positive can enroll if CD4 count is > 200/uL and have an undetectable or unquantifiable HIV viral load within 28 days of enrollment, have concurrent management with infectious disease specialists, and are on stable combination antiretroviral therapy. Participants are required to be on antiretroviral regimens that are in accordance with the current International acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) Society guidelines concurrently with chemotherapy. The specific agents are at the discretion of the Investigator and the use of investigational agents currently available on an expanded access basis is allowed. Use of experimental antiretroviral agents or those containing zidovudine (including Combivir and Trizivir) or ritonavir (includes Norvir or Kaletra), Cobicistat, Didanosine (Videx or Videx EC), or similar potent CYP3 inhibitors are prohibited. In order to be eligible, participants taking zidovudine or ritonavir, Cobicistat, Didanosine, or other CYP3 inhibitors must change to a different regimen 7 days prior to therapy initiation. Changes to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) therapy during the study may be made if medically necessary (toxicity, failure of regimen, etc.). Participants must be on HAART for at least 7 days prior to therapy. HIV testing to be done only in patients suspected of having infections or exposures
  • Subjects with active interstitial pneumonitis.
  • Subjects with active, known or suspected autoimmune disease. Subjects with vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger are permitted to enroll.
  • Females only: pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Any other condition that would, in the investigator's judgment, contraindicate the patient's participation in the clinical study due to safety concerns with clinical study procedures.
  • Prospective participants who, in the opinion of the investigator, may not be able to comply with all study procedures (including compliance issues related to feasibility/logistics).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03712202


Locations
Show Show 17 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
City of Hope Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alex F Herrera City of Hope Medical Center
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Responsible Party: City of Hope Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03712202    
Other Study ID Numbers: 18157
NCI-2018-01592 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
18157 ( Other Identifier: City of Hope Medical Center )
First Posted: October 19, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 11, 2020
Last Verified: November 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma
Hodgkin Disease
Sclerosis
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Nivolumab
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Daunorubicin
Bleomycin
Dacarbazine
Vinblastine
Antibodies
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies, Monoclonal
Immunoconjugates
Imidazole
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors