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Biomarker Analysis of Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer Undergoing Treatment With Docetaxel Followed by Enzalutamide

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03700099
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : October 9, 2018
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Astellas Pharma Inc
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Instituto do Cancer do Estado de São Paulo

Brief Summary:
This is a prospective biomarker study of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) undergoing sequential treatment with docetaxel and enzalutamide. The participants will undergo serial pre- and post-therapy blood collection for biomarker analysis as part of the primary objective of the study. The primary goal of this study is to evaluate the association of the AR-V7 status and androgen receptor (AR) gene alterations with PSA response to docetaxel and enzalutamide.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Prostate Cancer Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer Drug: Docetaxel Drug: Enzalutamide Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This study is a prospective biomarker study of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) undergoing sequential treatment with docetaxel followed by enzalutamide. In this study, all participants will receive standard of care treatment with docetaxel 75 mg/m2 every 3 weeks up to 10 cycles and after progression, patients will receive enzalutamide 160 mg daily until limiting toxicity or disease progression. The participants will undergo serial pre- and post-therapy blood collection for biomarker analysis as part of the primary objective of the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 30 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective Biomarker Analysis of Patients With Metastatic Castration-resistant Prostate Cancer (mCRPC) Undergoing Sequential Treatment With Docetaxel and Enzalutamide
Actual Study Start Date : September 3, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Prostate Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Study cohort
Docetaxel 75 mg/m2 i.v. every 3 weeks for 6-10 cycles. Upon disease progression after docetaxel, participants will receive enzalutamide 160 mg p.o. daily until limiting toxicity or disease progression.
Drug: Docetaxel
Docetaxel 75 mg/m2 IV every 3 weeks, for 6-10 cycles.
Other Name: Chemotherapy

Drug: Enzalutamide
Upon disease progression after treatment with docetaxel, patients will receive Enzalutamide 160 mg P.O. daily until disease progression or limiting toxicity.
Other Name: Xtandi




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Correlate AR-V7 status in circulating tumor cells (positive versus negative) and PSA response decline > 50% after therapy with docetaxel [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  2. Correlate AR-V7 status in circulating tumor cells (positive versus negative) and PSA decline > 50% after therapy with enzalutamide [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  3. Correlate AR mutations (present versus absent) and PSA response decline > 50% after therapy with docetaxel. [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
  4. Correlate AR mutations (present versus absent) and PSA response decline > 50% after therapy with enzalutamide. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Correlate AR-V7 status in circulating tumor cells (positive versus negative) and time to PSA progression after docetaxel. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  2. Correlate AR-V7 status in circulating tumor cells (positive versus negative) and time to PSA progression after enzalutamide. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  3. Correlate AR mutations (present versus absent) and time to PSA progression after docetaxel. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  4. Correlate AR mutations (present versus absent) and time to PSA progression after enzalutamide. [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
  5. Correlate AR-V7 status in circulating tumor cells (positive versus negative) and overall survival. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]
  6. Correlate AR mutations (present versus absent) and median overall survival. [ Time Frame: 24 months ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Men diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer, with at least one metastatic lesion on CT or bone scan.
  • Documentation of castrate levels of testosterone (< 50 ng per deciliter), and continued androgen deprivation therapy or surgical castration.
  • Progressive disease at study entry defined as one or more of the following three criteria that occurred while the patient was on androgen deprivation therapy:

    • PSA progression defined by a minimum of two rising PSA levels with an interval of ≥

      1 week between each determination. Patients who received an anti-androgen must have progression after withdrawal (≥ 4 weeks since last flutamide, bicalutamide or nilutamide). The PSA value at the Screening visit should be ≥ 2 μg/L (2 ng/mL);

    • Soft tissue disease progression defined by RECIST 1.1;
    • Bone disease progression defined by PCWG2 with two or more new lesions on bone scan.
  • No prior chemotherapy for mCRPC.
  • Patients previously treated with bicalutamide, ketoconazole, or estrogens will be eligible. These patients must have discontinued therapy ≥ 4 weeks prior to enrollment.
  • Patients previously treated with steroids or receiving prednisone or dexamethasone will be eligible. In this case, continuing therapy will be at the discretion of the attending physician.
  • Patients who are candidates for therapy with docetaxel and enzalutamide.
  • Patients must agree to undergo pre- and post-therapy blood collection.
  • Patients must understand and be willing to sign the written informed consent form of this study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with CRPC previously treated with chemotherapy.
  • Non-castrate levels of testosterone (> 50 ng per deciliter) or inability to continue androgen deprivation therapy during the study period.
  • Absence of detectable metastasis on imaging studies.
  • Prior therapy with abiraterone, enzalutamide or any investigational AR-directed agent.
  • Contra-indication for therapy with docetaxel or enzalutamide.
  • History of seizure or any condition that may predispose to seizure (e.g., prior cortical stroke or significant brain trauma). History of loss of consciousness or transient ischemic attack within 12 months of enrollment.
  • Known or suspected brain metastasis or active leptomeningeal disease.
  • Severe concurrent disease, infection, or co-morbidity that, in the judgment of the Investigator, would make the patient inappropriate for enrollment;
  • History of another malignancy within the previous 5 years other than curatively treated non-melanomatous skin cancer;
  • Absolute neutrophil count < 1,500/μL, or platelet count < 100,000/μL, or hemoglobin < 9 g/dL at the Screening visit;
  • Total bilirubin, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) > 2.5 times the upper limit of normal at the screening visit (for Docetaxel phase only);
  • Creatinine > 2 mg/dL at the Screening visit (for Docetaxel phase only);
  • Albumin < 3.0 g/dL at the Screening visit (for Docetaxel phase only);
  • Clinically significant cardiovascular disease including:

    • Myocardial infarction within 6 months;
    • Uncontrolled angina within 3 months;
    • Congestive heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) class 3 or 4, or patients with history of congestive heart failure NYHA class 3 or 4 in the past, unless a screening echocardiogram or multi-gated acquisition scan performed within three months results in a left ventricular ejection fraction that is ≥ 45%;
  • History of clinically significant ventricular arrhythmias (e.g., ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, torsades de pointes);
  • History of Mobitz II second degree or third degree heart block without a permanent pacemaker in place;
  • Hypotension as indicated by systolic blood pressure < 86 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) at the screening visit;
  • Bradycardia as indicated by a heart rate of < 50 beats per minute on the Screening ECG;
  • Uncontrolled hypertension as indicated by systolic blood pressure > 170 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > 105 mmHg at the Screening visit;
  • Gastrointestinal disorder affecting absorption (e.g., gastrectomy, active peptic ulcer disease within last 3 months);
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 Visit);
  • Radiation therapy for treatment of the primary tumor within 3 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  • Treatment with flutamide, bicalutamide or nilutamide within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  • Treatment with 5-α reductase inhibitors (finasteride, dutasteride), estrogens, cytproterone within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit)
  • Treatment with systemic biologic therapy for prostate cancer (other than approved bone targeted agents and GnRH analogue therapy) or other agents with anti-tumor activity within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  • Prior use, or participation in a clinical trial, of an investigational agent that blocks androgen synthesis (e.g., abiraterone acetate, TAK-700) or targets the androgen receptor, including enzalutamide.
  • Use of an investigational agent within 4 weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  • Use of herbal products that may have hormonal anti-prostate cancer activity and/or are known to decrease PSA levels (e.g., saw palmetto) or systemic corticosteroids greater than the equivalent of 10 mg of prednisone per day within four weeks of enrollment (Day 1 visit);
  • Any condition or reason that, in the opinion of the Investigator, interferes with the ability of the patient to participate in the trial, which places the patient at undue risk, or complicates the interpretation of safety data;
  • Participation in a previous clinical trial of enzalutamide or an investigational agent that inhibits the androgen receptor or androgen synthesis.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03700099


Contacts
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Contact: Ingrid Barbosa +55 11 3893-3535 ingrid.barbosa@hc.fm.usp.br

Locations
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Brazil
Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo Recruiting
São Paulo, SP, Brazil
Contact: Ingrid Barbosa    +55 11 3893-3535    ingrid.barbosa@hc.fm.usp.br   
Principal Investigator: Diogo Assed Bastos, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Instituto do Cancer do Estado de São Paulo
Astellas Pharma Inc
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Diogo Bastos Instituto do Cancer do Estado de São Paulo

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Responsible Party: Instituto do Cancer do Estado de São Paulo
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03700099     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NP 1082/17
First Posted: October 9, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 9, 2019
Last Verified: October 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Docetaxel
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action