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Feasibility Study of Microbial Ecosystem Therapeutics (MET-4) to Evaluate Effects of Fecal Microbiome in Patients on ImmunOtherapy (MET4-IO)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03686202
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : September 26, 2018
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
NuBiyota
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Health Network, Toronto

Brief Summary:
This study is designed to assess the safety, tolerability and engraftment (cumulative relative abundance) of MET-4 strains when given in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). There will be a safety cohort (group A) of 5 subjects which will receive MET-4 in addition to standard of care (SOC) ICI. After the safety cohort, 40 patients will be enrolled in group B which will be randomized to MET4 with SOC ICI vs. control group with SOC ICI only. Group C will enroll 20 patients who have already started on SOC ICI and have had first unconfirmed progression of disease and expected to continue with standard ICI treatment. These patients will be randomized to continue receiving standard ICI alone, or SOC ICI with MET4.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
All Solid Tumors Biological: MET-4 Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Human associated microorganisms (the microbiota) inhabit virtually all surfaces of the human body. The gut is densely colonized by the microbiota which aids in the digestion. Animal and human observational and experimental evidence show a link between gut microbiota and the activation, regulation and function of the immune system. Pre-clinical studies in mouse models have linked the gut microbiota to efficacy of anticancer therapies. Microbial Ecosystem Therapeutics (MET) is a new treatment approach developed as an alternative to fecal transplantation. MET consists of a defined mixture of pure live cultures of intestinal bacteria isolated from a stool sample of a healthy donor.

This study is designed to assess the safety, tolerability and engraftment (cumulative relative abundance) of MET-4 strains when given in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 65 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Feasibility Study of Microbial Ecosystem Therapeutics (MET-4) to Evaluate Effects of Fecal Microbiome in Patients on ImmunOtherapy (MET4-IO)
Actual Study Start Date : November 30, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 1, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 1, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Bowel Movement
Drug Information available for: Coal Tar

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group A: Safety Cohort
Subjects with advanced solid tumors already on ICI will receive treatment with MET-4 in addition to SOC ICI. MET-4 is administered orally as an initial daily loading dose (5g) of MET-4 over 2 days followed by a daily maintenance dose (1.5g) of MET-4 and will be continued until unacceptable toxicity, progression of disease
Biological: MET-4
Microbial Ecosystem Therapeutics (MET) is a new treatment approach developed as an alternative to fecal transplantation. Unlike donor stool used in fecal transplants, which are incompletely characterised complex communities of microbes and associated metabolites and fecal material, MET consists of a defined mixture of pure live cultures of intestinal bacteria isolated from a stool sample of a healthy donor.

Experimental: Group B
Eligible subjects with advanced solid tumors starting ICI will be randomised in a 3:1 ratio stratifying for prior IO exposure, to receive MET-4 together with any approved PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor as per SOC or control group. There will be a run-in period for subjects in the MET-4 treatment group. Following the run-in period of ICI therapy, subjects will be administered the same MET-4 dose as subjects in group A.
Biological: MET-4
Microbial Ecosystem Therapeutics (MET) is a new treatment approach developed as an alternative to fecal transplantation. Unlike donor stool used in fecal transplants, which are incompletely characterised complex communities of microbes and associated metabolites and fecal material, MET consists of a defined mixture of pure live cultures of intestinal bacteria isolated from a stool sample of a healthy donor.

Experimental: Group C
In group C, eligible subjects with advanced solid tumors whom are already on ICI with first unconfirmed PD on evaluation scans per investigator's assessment, will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio to receive MET-4 in addition to the PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor as per SOC or control group. These subjects must be clinically stable and are to be continued on ICI at the discretion of the investigator. There will be no run-in period for this cohort. Subjects will be administered the same MET-4 dose as subjects in groups A and B.
Biological: MET-4
Microbial Ecosystem Therapeutics (MET) is a new treatment approach developed as an alternative to fecal transplantation. Unlike donor stool used in fecal transplants, which are incompletely characterised complex communities of microbes and associated metabolites and fecal material, MET consists of a defined mixture of pure live cultures of intestinal bacteria isolated from a stool sample of a healthy donor.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cumulative relative abundance of immunotherapy-responsiveness associated species at day 12 of MET-4 [ Time Frame: Approximately 12 days ]
    Fecal microbial abundance measured via qPCR and Nanostring analysis of stool at approximately day 12

  2. Changes in relative abundance of immunotherapy-responsiveness associated MET-4 strains between baseline and approximately day 12 [ Time Frame: Approximately 12 days ]
    Microbiome gene sequencing of stool at baseline and approximately day 12 post first dose

  3. Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events assessed by CTCAE v.5.0 [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Related toxicities and severity collected as per CTCAE version 5.0


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Cumulative relative abundance of immunotherapy-responsiveness associated species at later MET-4 or control time points (approximately 24 weeks and/or 1-2 weeks following the end of treatment). [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Fecal microbial abundance measured via qPCR and Nanostring analysis of stool at baseline and week 24 after first dose and EOT.

  2. Changes in relative abundance of immunotherapy-responsiveness associated MET-4 strains between baseline and later MET-4 or control timepoints (approximately 24 weeks and/or 1-2 weeks following the end of treatment) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Microbiome gene sequencing of stool at baseline and week 24 after first dose and EOT.

  3. Bacterial taxonomic diversity between baseline and follow-up samples [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Microbiome gene sequencing of stool at baseline, day 10-16 post first dose, week 3-4 post first dose, and week 24 after first dose and EOT.


Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Response [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Objective response rates of ICI when given in combination with MET-4 as measured per RECIST v1.1 and iRECIST

  2. Progression free survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Time from randomization until disease progression or death as measured per RECIST v.1.1 and iRECIST

  3. Changes in immune cell subsets in the systemic circulation in response to MET-4 through serial blood sampling. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Flow cytometry/CyTOF of blood at baseline, 6-8 weeks post first dose of MET, 24 weeks post first dose

  4. Characterization of tumor microenvironment of archived tumor samples [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Standard immunohistochemistry (IHC) of baseline archival tumor

  5. Dynamic measures of microbiome as correlates of blood immune profiling [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Flow cytometry/CyTOF of blood at baseline, week 3-4 post first dose of MET, and week 24 post first dose, and stool microbiome gene profiling at baseline, 10-16 days first dose of MET, week 3-4 post first dose, week 24 post first dose and end of treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed written and voluntary informed consent
  • Age >=18 years, male or female
  • Histologically or cytological documented locally-advanced or metastatic solid malignancy which is incurable.
  • Group A: Is already on treatment with monotherapy anti-PD-1 or PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitor, not in the context of a therapeutic clinical trial.

Group B: Is intended to start on treatment with monotherapy anti-PD-1 or PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitors as considered appropriate by treatment physician, and not in the context of a therapeutic clinical trial.

Group C: Is already on treatment with monotherapy anti-PD-1 or PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitor, not in the context of a therapeutic clinical trial with first unconfirmed PD on evaluation scan per investigator's assessment.

  • Be willing to provide 10-15 unstained slides of archival tissue sample. Subjects who decline or have not sufficient archived tissue samples may still enroll if all other criteria are eligible.
  • Be willing and able to provide stool and blood specimen for analyses at protocol specified time points.
  • Have measurable disease based on RECIST 1.1
  • Performance status of 0-2 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scale.
  • Prior therapy with any immunotherapy allowed.
  • Not pregnant for females of child bearing potential as indicated by negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 72 hours of study start.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects unable to swallow orally administered medications or any subjects with gastrointestinal disorders likely to interfere with absorption (e.g. bowel obstruction, short gut syndrome, blind loop syndrome, ileostomy etc). Subjects with colostomies may be enrolled.
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would interfere with subject safety, or evaluation of the collected specimen and interpretation of study result.
  • Pregnant or planning to get pregnant in the next 6 months.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03686202


Contacts
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Contact: Lillian Siu, MD 416-946-4501 ext 2911 tip@uhn.ca

Locations
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Canada, Ontario
Princess Margaret Cancer Centre Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G 2M9
Contact: Tumor Immunotherapy Program       tip@uhn.ca   
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto
NuBiyota
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Lillian Siu, MD Princess Margaret Cancer Centre
Principal Investigator: Anna Spreafico, MD Princess Margaret Cancer Centre

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Responsible Party: University Health Network, Toronto
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03686202    
Other Study ID Numbers: MET4-IO-001
First Posted: September 26, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Coal Tar
Keratolytic Agents
Dermatologic Agents