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Influence of Dental Occlusion on the Performance of High Level Rowers (IODPR) (IODPR)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03648125
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Limited time between the beginning and the end of the inclusions, only 7 high level rowers available within the time compatible with research realization)
First Posted : August 27, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 27, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rennes University Hospital

Brief Summary:
Monocentric, prospective, randomized, open-label, cross-over study.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Dental Occlusion, Traumatic Device: with artificial occlusal disturbance Device: without artificial occlusal disturbance Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Current literature data suggest that dental occlusion has an influence on postural control in the general population, and more markedly in high-level athletes. The link between dental occlusion and the postural stability of top athletes has been studied in several disciplines such as basketball, shooting, golf and running. There is currently no data in the field of rowing. But this sport requires optimal postural control for synchronous and symmetrical muscle solicitation.

The present study aims to evaluate the influence of dental occlusion on postural stability and the performance of high level rowers.

Our assumptions are as follows:

  • Occlusal disturbance alters the muscular power developed by high level rowers
  • occlusal disturbance alters the static postural stability of high level rowers

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 7 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Sequential Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Prospective, monocentric, randomized, open-label, cross-over study. Randomization applies on the order of the training sessions "with" or "without" occlusal disturbance.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: Influence of Dental Occlusion on the Performance of High Level Rowers (IODPR)
Actual Study Start Date : October 27, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 22, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : November 22, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Rowing training session

Power tests, balance and tonicity tests are performed eyes opened and eyes closed :

  • with artificial occlusal disturbance and
  • without artificial occlusal disturbance
Device: with artificial occlusal disturbance

A silicon artificial occlusal disturbance is made from a mould of the rowers mouth and placed in the mouth during the training session.

With artificial occlusal disturbance : Maximal Intercuspal Occlusion (MIO) with silicone splint increases the vertical dimension of occlusion of 1, 2 and 4 mm.


Device: without artificial occlusal disturbance
The training session is performed without occlusal disturbance




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Muscular power [ Time Frame: At the time of inclusion ]
    Muscular power (in Watts) developed by the high level rowers with the "leg press" test on a "Dyno concept 2" machine, with and without artificial occlusal disturbance. Each test lasts 30 seconds. The sequence consists in 2 tests and is performed twice with a resting period of 1 min between each recording.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Surface of the pressure center of the rower's feet [ Time Frame: At the time of inclusion ]

    Each test lasts 51.2 seconds. The sequence consists in 10 tests and is performed twice with a resting period of 1 min between each recording.

    During each test, the projected sway area (in mm², the area of the confidence ellipse containing 90% of the sampled positions of the foot pressure center on the statokinesigram) is extracted from the stabilometric platform


  2. Velocity of the pressure center of the rower's feet [ Time Frame: At the time of inclusion ]

    Each test lasts 51.2 seconds. The sequence consists in 10 tests and is performed twice with a resting period of 1 min between each recording.

    During each test, the sway velocity (in mm/s) is calculated as the speed of displacement of the center of pressure of the foot as a function of the average position on the antero-posterior axis of the statokinesigram.


  3. Tonicity of the para-vertebral muscles [ Time Frame: At the time of inclusion ]

    Tonicity of the para-vertebral muscles is evaluated with the postural test of Posterior-superior iliac spines (PSIS) with and without artificial occlusal disturbance. This PSIS test is performed eyes opened, in MIO position with and without artificial occlusal disturbance,

    The sequence of two tests is performed twice. During this test, the endpoint is qualitative: operator asymmetric thumbs' ascension reflecting asymmetric contraction of paravertebral muscles (abnormal response) or not (normal response).




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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • High level rower, part of the Lille Rowing Hope Pole;
  • At least 15 years old;
  • Training at the Centre de Ressources, d'Expertise et de Performance Sportive (CREPS) de Wattignies during the period from 01/09/2017 to 31/10/2017;
  • Having at least 28 natural or prosthetic teeth in occlusion;
  • Not having consumed alcohol in the last 24 hours before the recordings;
  • whose parents have given free, informed and written consent for minors;
  • Having given free and informed consent, in writing supplemented by the consent of at least one holder of parental authority, if he is a minor;
  • Affiliated, himself or through his parents if he is a minor, to a social security scheme.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current antecedent(s) or pathology(s) likely to disturb the balance: neurological, ear nose and throat, ophthalmological, orthopedic;
  • Temporomandibular joint disorder (s) (pain and / or noise);
  • Orofacial symptoms (headache, tinnitus, facial myalgia, bruxism);
  • Dental and / or periodontal care in progress;
  • Chronic pain requiring daily use of analgesics for more than three months;
  • Pregnant or lactating woman;
  • Concurrent participation in another study;
  • Major persons subject to legal protection (safeguard of justice, guardianship, tutorship) and persons deprived of their liberty.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03648125


Locations
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France
CREPS de Wattignies
Wattignies, Hauts-de-France, France, 59139
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rennes University Hospital
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Xavier MD RAVALEC Rennes University Hospital
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Responsible Party: Rennes University Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03648125    
Other Study ID Numbers: 35RC17_8823_IODPR
First Posted: August 27, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 27, 2018
Last Verified: August 2018

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Rennes University Hospital:
young elite rowers
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Dental Occlusion, Traumatic
Malocclusion
Tooth Diseases
Stomatognathic Diseases
Salicylic Acid
Anti-Infective Agents
Antifungal Agents
Keratolytic Agents
Dermatologic Agents