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Perioperative Eltrombopag in Patients With Inherited Thrombocytopenia (ELPOT)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03638817
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : August 20, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 20, 2019
French network for inherited hemorragic diseases
National Reference Centre for Platelet Pathologies
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Hospital, Toulouse

Brief Summary:
The objective of the study is to estimate the response to eltrombopag based on platelet count increase above a safety level of 80 G/L and lack of requirement for pre-, per- and post-operative administration of platelet concentrates (PC) for performing elective invasive acts at mild or high bleeding risk,in selected patients with inherited thrombocytopenia (IT).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Thrombocytopenia Drug: Eltrombopag Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The hypothesis of the trial is that preoperative treatment by a thrombopoietin mimetic (eltrombopag) will be effective and safe and will avoid requirement of PC administration in a majority of IT patients Eltrombopag is a thrombopoietin mimetic available orally, not licenced for the treatment of IT. Preliminary data in short series of IT patients indicate that eltrombopag, at the doses used in primary immune thrombocytopenia, increases the platelet counts after 2-4 weeks of treatment and reduces spontaneous bleeding in a significant proportion of subjects. The tolerance of short-term treatment is good. The experience of eltrombopag for the management of perioperative thrombocytopenia in IT is anecdotic. Avoiding the administration of platelet concentrates in these patients, especially children, would represent a direct benefit by preventing adverse reactions to transfusion of blood products and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) immunisation.

Eltrombopag will be prescribed after the inclusion visit at the standard dose of 50 mg/day with dose adjustment on the platelet count (+/- 25 mg) after 2 weeks, for a maximum of 4 weeks before the invasive procedure. If the predefined safety level of platelet count required for the procedure is reached, the treatment will be discontinued and the patient operated without prophylactic administration of PC. In case of bleeding of undetermined cause per-and post-operatively, rescue PC will be given.

Clinical and biological follow-up will be performed until the end-of-study visit, 4 weeks after the intake of the last tablet of eltrombopag.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Perioperative Eltrombopag for the Management of Elective Surgery and Invasive Acts in Patients With Inherited Thrombocytopenia
Actual Study Start Date : August 2, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : August 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : August 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Eltrombopag

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Eltrombopag Drug: Eltrombopag

Eltrombopag will be prescribed at doses recommended in primary immune thrombocytopenia (50, 25 or 75 mg), starting 4 weeks before the procedure and stopped 2 days before. PC will be administrated prophylactically if the platelet count is < 80 G/L or per/post-operatively in case of bleeding of undetermined cause.

Antifibrinolytics will be authorized and low molecular weight heparin prescribed if indicated for the prophylaxis of postoperative venous thrombosis according to the standard dose and duration, , irrespective of the platelet count

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Perioperative management by eltrombopag in inherited thrombocytopenia [ Time Frame: up to 4 weeks after completion of treatment ]
    The response to Eltrombopag is a composite criteria including the level of platelet count 2 days before the procedure and the requirement of PC administration at any time in the study period. The "study period" is running from the start of treatment (inclusion visit) to 4 weeks after completion of treatment. A platelet count remaining below 80 G/L preoperatively, whether or not eltrombopag was taken, is a criterion of failure of treatment.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adverse events [ Time Frame: up to 4 weeks after completion of treatment ]
    Adverse events and adverse reactions occurring at any time during the study period will be collected. Adverse events may be clinical and biological (especially liver function tests).

  2. Excessive bleeding [ Time Frame: up to 4 weeks after completion of treatment ]
    Excessive or unusual bleeding occurring at any time during the study period are major adverse events. An independent event adjudication committee (EAC) will review all bleeding events.

  3. Vascular thrombosis [ Time Frame: up to 4 weeks after completion of treatment ]
    Symptomatic thrombosis (venous or arterial) occurring at any time during the study period will be diagnosed by appropriate objective methods and reviewed by the EAC.

  4. Doses of eltrombopag on-treatment [ Time Frame: 2 and 4 weeks after the beginning of the treatment ]
    The total doses of eltrombopag given in the preoperative period will be recorded, as the dose and duration of treatment required to obtained the safety level

  5. Platelet kinetics [ Time Frame: up to 4 weeks after completion of treatment ]
    Serial blood sampling during the study period will be performed for measuring the rise of platelet count on-treatment and its decline after completion of treatment.

  6. Platelet size [ Time Frame: Inclusion and before the procedure ]
    Mean platelet volume will be measured by flow cytometry.on blood samples obtained for platelet counts at inclusion, during hospitalisation and end-of study visit

  7. Baseline of Serum Thrombopoietin [ Time Frame: Inclusion visit ]
    Serum thrombopoietin will be measured once, at the inclusion visit.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Years to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Symptomatic patients with bleeding history and chronic thrombocytopenia with strong presumption of constitutional origin on the basis of

    • the identified mutation and/or
    • a combination of the following criteria: familial antecedent with Mendelian transmission, duration of thrombocytopenia, suggestive syndromic presentation, and evidence against primary or secondary immune thrombocytopenia, especially absence of immunologic markers and failure of previous conventional or immunosuppressive therapies.
  • Averaged platelet counts during the last five years below the safety level required for the procedure.
  • Scheduled (>4 weeks) surgery or invasive procedure with anticipated risk of bleeding: e.g. needle biopsy of solid organ (liver, kidney….etc.), interventional endoscopy, major surgeries, or surgery without possibility of mechanical control of haemostasis (e.g. tonsillectomy). Written informed consent of the patient or his (her) parents or tutors (patients < 18 yrs).

Patients included in the French national registry of rare platelet disorders

  • Patient with social insurance coverage

Exclusion Criteria:

  • questionable constitutional origin;
  • definite platelet dysfunction associated to thrombocytopenia (eg: gray platelet syndrome, NBEAL2 and related gene mutations, homozygous Bernard-Soulier Syndrome);
  • thrombocytopenia with predisposition to hematologic malignancies (e.g; RUNX1, ETV6 or ANKRD26 gene mutations).
  • amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia resulting from mutations in the thrombopoietin (TPO) TPO-Mpl receptor, supposed, by definition, to be hardly responsive to receptor agonists.
  • questionable requirement of prophylactic PC transfusions;
  • procedure usually associated with platelet consumption requiring transfusions of PC (e.g.: cardiac surgery), making difficult the evaluation of success or failure;
  • procedures at risk of bleeding with immediate vital or functional consequences (e.g.: intra cranial surgery);
  • personal history of arterial or venous thromboembolic events or known familial thrombophilia;
  • association with another acquired or constitutional hemorrhagic diathesis;
  • chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, with moderate to severe liver failure (Child-Pugh score ≥5);
  • previous or concurrent myeloid malignancy, including myelodysplastic syndrome;
  • alanine aminotransferase (ALT) or bilirubin levels 2 times the upper limit of normal (ULN);
  • altered renal function (creatinin clearance <30 ml/min);
  • pregnancy (negative test required before inclusion in fertile women) or lactating women;
  • refusal of safe contraception;
  • ocular lenses opacity;
  • hypersensitivity to eltrombopag or one of excipients;
  • previous participation to the present study;
  • current treatment with antiplatelet drugs, anticoagulants or direct acting antiviral agents approved for treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection;
  • psychiatric, social or behavioral condition judged to be non-compatible with the respect of the protocol, including good observance of treatment and compliance to follow-up;
  • adult protected by the law.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03638817

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Contact: Pierre SIE, Prof. 561322289 ext 33

Show Show 25 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Toulouse
French network for inherited hemorragic diseases
National Reference Centre for Platelet Pathologies
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Principal Investigator: Pierre SIE, Prof. University Hospital, Toulouse

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Responsible Party: University Hospital, Toulouse Identifier: NCT03638817    
Other Study ID Numbers: RC31/16/8913
2017-004489-88 ( Other Identifier: EudraCT Number )
First Posted: August 20, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 20, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by University Hospital, Toulouse:
Inherited thrombocytopenias (IT)
Platelet concentrates (PC)
Invasive acts
Rare disease
Thrombopoietin mimetic
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Blood Platelet Disorders
Hematologic Diseases