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A Study of Nivolumab and Intrapleural Talimogene Laherparepvec for Malignant Pleural Effusion

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03597009
Recruitment Status : Terminated (due to slow accrual and withdrawal of funding)
First Posted : July 24, 2018
Results First Posted : April 20, 2021
Last Update Posted : April 20, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
CareFusion
Amgen
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This is a Phase Ib/II clinical trial to evaluate the feasibility of administering talimogene laherparepvec into the intrapleural space of subjects with malignant pleural effusion through a pleurX catheter.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Malignant Pleural Effusion Stage IV Metastatic Cancer Lung Cancer Drug: Talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC) Drug: Nivolumab Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

This is a phase 1b/II clinical trial that includes a safety run-in cohort to investigate the novel approach of administering intrapleural talimogene laherparepvec via a pleurX catheter in patients with known malignant pleural effusion (MPE).

In Phase Ib of this study, the safety of infusing talimogene laherparepvec directly into the pleural cavity of subjects diagnosed with MPE, through pleurX catheter, will be tested.

In Phase II of this study, after establishing the safety of the above mentioned approach, 24 subjects will enrolled and treated with intrapleural talimogene laherparepvec and IV nivolumab.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Intervention Model Description: We will conduct a Phase Ib/II trial that includes a safety run-in period using 3 +3 dose escalation rules to evaluate the feasibility of administering talimogene laherparepvec into the intrapleural space of subjects with malignant pleural effusion (MPE) via a pleurX catheter.
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib/II Study of IV Nivolumab and Intrapleural Talimogene Laherparepvec for Patients With Malignant Pleural Effusion
Actual Study Start Date : March 6, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 7, 2020
Actual Study Completion Date : February 12, 2020

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Open-label, single-arm Phase I
Talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC) administered into the intrapleural space of subjects with malignant pleural effusion (MPE) via a pleurX catheter with or without nivolumab
Drug: Talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC)
Talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC) (4ml of 108 pfu/ml) for up to 9 cycles, with or without nivolumab
Other Names:
  • Imlygic
  • OncoVex

Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab (240 mg IV) will be co-administered with talimogene laherparepvec (TVEC) (4ml of 108 pfu/ml) for up to 9 cycles in the Dose Level 2 cohort
Other Name: Opdivo




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Phase I Number of Participants With Treatment-related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: from day 1 of treatment to 30 days after the last dose of study medication (approximately 11 weeks) ]
    Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events which is a descriptive terminology which can be utilized for Adverse Event (AE) reporting. A grading (severity) scale is provided for each AE term. Grade 1 Mild; asymptomatic or mild symptoms; clinical or diagnostic observations only; intervention not indicated. Grade 2 Moderate; minimal, local or noninvasive intervention indicated; limiting age-appropriate instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ADL). Grade 3 Severe or medically significant but not immediately life-threatening; hospitalization or prolongation of hospitalization indicated; disabling; limiting self care ADL. Grade 4 Life-threatening consequences; urgent intervention indicated. Grade 5 Death related to AE.

  2. Phase II Resolution of MPE [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ]
    The rate of resolution of malignant pleural effusion following IV nivolumab combined with intrapleural injection of talimogene laherparepvec


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Median Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Progression free survival from day 1 of treatment until death or progression. Per immune-related Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (irRECIST), immune-related Progressive Disease (irPD)is defined as at least 20% and minimum 5 mm absolute increase in total measured tumor burden compared to nadir, or irPD for non-target or new un-measurable lesions.

  2. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Overall survival from day 1 of treatment until death

  3. Response Rate [ Time Frame: up to 2 years ]
    Response rate after treatment per Immune-Related Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (irRECIST) defined as the proportion of patients with reduction in tumor (immune-related Complete Response (irCR) or immune-related Partial Response (irPR)). irCR is a complete disappearance of all lesions (whether measurable or not) and no new lesions. Lymph nodes must decrease to <10mm in short axis. irPR is a decrease in tumor burden ≥ 30%, in total measured tumor burden relative to baseline, non-target lesions are not in complete response (disappearance of all lesions) and not unequivocal progression or new non-measurable lesions.

  4. Phase II Number of Participants With Treatment-related Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ]
    Number of participants with treatment-related adverse events as assessed by the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events which is a descriptive terminology which can be utilized for Adverse Event (AE) reporting. A grading (severity) scale is provided for each AE term. Grade 1 Mild; asymptomatic or mild symptoms; clinical or diagnostic observations only; intervention not indicated. Grade 2 Moderate; minimal, local or noninvasive intervention indicated; limiting age-appropriate instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ADL). Grade 3 Severe or medically significant but not immediately life-threatening; hospitalization or prolongation of hospitalization indicated; disabling; limiting self care ADL. Grade 4 Life-threatening consequences; urgent intervention indicated. Grade 5 Death related to AE.

  5. Average Dyspnea Score [ Time Frame: 13 weeks ]
    Results from patient reports of the Modified Borg Scale of Perceived Dyspnea, measuring change in scale over time. The scale evaluates perceived level of shortness of breath ranging from 0 to 10, where 0 indicates the greatest success of the treatment.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 99 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Patients must meet the following inclusion criteria to participate in this study:

  1. Be ≥ 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent.
  2. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status ≤ 2
  3. Histologically or cytologically confirmed stage IV metastatic cancer.
  4. Confirmation of malignant pleural effusion via imaging (Computer tomography (CT) scan, chest x-ray (CXR), MRI, ultrasound, Positron Emission Tomography (PET)/CT), and cytology for which pleurX catheter placement is standard of care
  5. Recovered from all reversible toxicities related to their previous treatment (other than alopecia) to ≤grade 1 or baseline; exceptions to this criterion may be allowed following review by the principal investigator for toxicities that are not expected to be exacerbated by nivolumab or talimogene laherparepvec. Grade 2 peripheral neuropathy will not result in exclusion as neither study agent would be expected to exacerbate it.
  6. No history of untreated brain metastasis. Treated brain metastases must not be known to be progressive, symptomatic, or currently requiring > 10 mg of prednisone or prednisone equivalents within two weeks prior to study drug administration.
  7. Females of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. Females of childbearing potential must agree to use 2 methods of effective contraception or abstain from heterosexual sex throughout the treatment period and for 5 months after the last dose of study treatment. Females of childbearing potential are women who have not been surgically sterilized (have undergone a hysterectomy, bilateral tubal ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or have not been free of menses for >1 year.
  8. Male patients with female partners must have had a prior vasectomy or agree to use an adequate method of contraception (i.e. double barrier method: condom plus spermicidal agent) starting with the first dose of study therapy through 7 months after the last dose of study treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients meeting any of the following exclusion criteria will not be able to participate in this study:

  1. Receiving any investigational agent, or using an investigational device, currently or within 28 days or 5 half-lives of Day 1 of treatment on this study, whichever is longer.
  2. Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study Day 1
  3. Has had a prior monoclonal antibody within 4 weeks prior to study Day 1, or who has not recovered to, ≤ Grade 1 toxicity at baselines from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier. Exceptions to these criteria may be allowed at the discretion of the investigator for toxicities that are not expected to be exacerbated by nivolumab or talimogene laherparepvec (e.g., alopecia, peripheral neuropathy, etc).
  4. Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death receptor (PD)-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CD137, or anti-Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) antibody (including ipilimumab or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways).
  5. Any concurrent chemotherapy, intraperitoneal (IP), biologic or hormonal therapy for cancer treatment. Concurrent use of hormonal therapy for non-cancer-related conditions (e.g., hormone replacement therapy) is acceptable.
  6. Major surgery within 28 days prior to day 1 of study treatment from which the patient has not completely recovered.
  7. Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of trial treatment.
  8. Has a known secondary malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, or in situ cervical cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy.
  9. Has a history of non-infectious pneumonitis that required steroids; currently active non-infectious pneumonitis; or evidence of interstitial lung disease.
  10. Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy or history of uncontrolled infection.
  11. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator. This includes known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial. This also includes unstable angina, serious uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia, uncontrolled infection, or myocardial infarction ≤ 6 months prior to study entry.
  12. Has inadequate home environment or social support to safely complete the trial procedures
  13. Is pregnant or breastfeeding
  14. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) or evidence of active hepatitis B virus (HBV).
  15. Has a multi-loculated pleural effusion that would not lead to relief of dyspnea from drainage of a single loculation.
  16. Current active hepatic or biliary disease (with exception of patients with Gilbert's syndrome, asymptomatic gallstones, or stable chronic liver disease per investigator assessment).
  17. Active herpetic skin lesions or prior complications of herpetic infection or requires intermittent or chronic systemic (intravenous or oral) treatment with an antiherpetic drug (e.g., acyclovir), other than intermittent topical use.
  18. Has an active autoimmune disease requiring systemic treatment within the past 3 months or a documented history of clinically severe autoimmune disease, or a syndrome that requires systemic steroids or immunosuppressive agents; subjects with resolved childhood asthma/atopy would be an exception to this rule. Subjects that require intermittent use of bronchodilators or local steroid injections would not be excluded from the study. Subjects with hypothyroidism stable on hormone replacement or Sjorgen's syndrome will not be excluded from the study. Replacement therapy (e.g., thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment. Subjects with vitiligo, Grave's disease, or psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment (within the past 2 years) are not excluded.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03597009


Locations
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United States, North Carolina
Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 27599
Sponsors and Collaborators
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
CareFusion
Amgen
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Jared Weiss, MD UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03597009    
Other Study ID Numbers: LCCC 1626
First Posted: July 24, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: April 20, 2021
Last Update Posted: April 20, 2021
Last Verified: March 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center:
talimogene laherparepvec
Nivolumab
PleurX
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pleural Effusion, Malignant
Pleural Effusion
Neoplasms
Pleural Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Pleural Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Nivolumab
Talimogene laherparepvec
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action