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Nivolumab +/- Ipilimumab in Patients With Advanced, Refractory Pulmonary or Gastroenteropancreatic Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumors (NECs) (NIPINEC)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03591731
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : July 26, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive
GERCOR - Multidisciplinary Oncology Cooperative Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Intergroupe Francophone de Cancerologie Thoracique

Brief Summary:

Neuroendocrine tumors of the lung include the small cell carcinoma (SCLC), and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (LCNEC) and represent 20% of lung cancer. One of the only studies reported to date is reporting on a progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of 5.2 months and 7.7 months, respectively.

Poorly differentiated gastroentero-pancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas (GEP-NEC) represent a small sub-group of digestive NENs, according to the studies, 7 to 21% of patients. However, their prognosis is more negative, with the 5-year survival at less than 20%.

Many Phase III trials showed superiority in terms of efficacy and tolerance of nivolumab+/-ipilimumab versus standard chemotherapy in second-line treatment in metastatic solid tumors. Neuroendocrine tumors are considered as rare disease without therapeutic guidelines in this setting. The French academic oncology groups (IFCT, FFCD and GERCOR) have the opportunity to recruit a sufficient number of patients, in a reasonable period of time, to provide a proof-of-concept of the safety and efficacy of nivolumab+/-ipilimumab in this population.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Drug: Nivolumab Drug: Ipilimumab Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 180 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A GCO Trial Exploring the Efficacy and Safety of Nivolumab Monotherapy or Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Pre-treated Patients With Advanced, Refractory Pulmonary or Gastroenteropancreatic Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Tumors (NECs)
Actual Study Start Date : January 2, 2019
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : September 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Arm A : monotherapy arm
Nivolumab administered IV
Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks

Experimental: Arm B : combination arm
Nivolumab administered IV followed by ipilimumab administered IV
Drug: Nivolumab
Nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks

Drug: Ipilimumab
Ipilimumab 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after randomization ]
    Number of patients with a best overall response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) assessed by investigators using validated criteria (i.e. RECIST 1.1) divided by the number of eligible patients.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Objective response rate assessed by independent central review [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after randomization ]
    Number of patients with a best overall response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) assessed by independent central review using validated criteria (i.e. RECIST 1.1) divided by the number of eligible patients.

  2. Disease control rate assessed by independent central review [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after randomization ]
    Percentage of patients who will achieve complete response, partial response or stable disease

  3. Objective response rate using iRECIST criteria [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after randomization ]
    Percentage of patients with a best overall response of complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) using criteria iRECIST

  4. Disease control rate using iRECIST criteria [ Time Frame: 8 weeks after randomization ]
    Percentage of patients who will achieve complete response, partial response or stable disease using criteria iRECIST

  5. Response duration [ Time Frame: 24 months after randomization of the last subject ]
    Time between the date of the best overall response of partial or complete response until the date of progressive disease or death due to any cause.

  6. Time to symptom deterioration [ Time Frame: 24 months after randomization of the last subject ]
    Time between the date of treatment start and the date of event defined as the first documented symptom deterioration

  7. Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: 24 months after randomization of the last subject ]
    Time between the date of treatment start and the date of event defined as the first documented disease progression or death from any cause.

  8. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 24 months after randomization of the last subject ]
    Time between the date of treatment start and the date of death from any cause.

  9. Frequency of adverse events [ Time Frame: 24 months after randomization of the last subject ]


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age ≥ 18 years.
  2. WHO Performance status 0 - 2
  3. Life expectancy > 12 weeks
  4. Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC): large and small cells for gastroenteropancreatic NEC (WHO 2010 classification) and only large cells for lung NEC (WHO 2015 classification), independently from PD-L1 expression status by tumor cells; mixed tumors with a prominent (>70%) NEC component are eligible
  5. Tumor progression after one or two lines of treatment, including at least one line of platin-based chemotherapy
  6. Unresectable locally advanced or metastatic stage
  7. Measurable disease according to RECIST 1.1 guidelines for solid tumors
  8. Patients must have adequate organ function: creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min (Cockcroft formula), Neutrophiles count ≥ 1500/mm3; Platelets > 100 000/mm3 ; Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL; hepatic enzymes < 3 x ULN (upper limit of normal) with total bilirubin ≤ 2 × ULN except subjects with documented Gilbert's syndrome (≤ 5 × ULN) or liver metastasis, who must have a baseline total bilirubin ≤ 3.0 mg/dL
  9. Patients must have recovered from all toxicities associated with prior treatment, to acceptable baseline status, or a National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events(NCI CTCAE v4.0) Grade of 0 or 1, except for toxicities not considered a safety risk, such as alopecia or vitiligo
  10. Availability of tumor material for central review processes and translational research projects
  11. Absence of any unstable systemic disease and any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical factors potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule.
  12. Before patient inclusion, written informed consent must be given according to ICH/GCP, and national/local regulations.
  13. Females of childbearing potential who are sexually active with a non-sterilized male partner must use a highly effective method of contraception for 28 days prior to the first dose of investigational product, and must agree to continue using such precautions for 6 months after the final dose of investigational product; cessation of contraception after this point should be discussed with a responsible physician. Periodic abstinence, the rhythm method, and the withdrawal method are not acceptable methods of contraception. They must also refrain from egg cell donation for 6 months after the final dose of investigational product. Men receiving nivolumab and who are sexually active with women of childbearing potential will be instructed to adhere to contraception for a period of 31 weeks after the last dose of nivolumab.
  14. Patient must be affiliated to or a beneficiary of social security insurance.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients <18 years old
  2. Well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor (NET G1 and G2 according to digestive WHO 2010 classification or typical/atypical carcinoid tumor according to lung WHO 2015 classification)
  3. Small cell lung NEC (except as a minor <30% component in mixed tumors)
  4. Known EGFR activating mutation or ALK or ROS1 rearrangement for lung NEC
  5. Brain metastasis, except if surgically resected or treated with stereotaxic radiotherapy with no evolution within the 3 months before inclusion, and asymptomatic patient
  6. Patients with a recent history of other malignancies except adequately treated non-melanoma skin cancer, and curatively treated in-situ cancer. Patients with history of solid tumors, including adenocarcinoma, treated in a curative way with or without chemotherapy and without any evidence of disease >2 years before randomisation can be included as well.
  7. History of primary immunodeficiency, history of organ transplant that requires therapeutic immunosuppression and the use of immunosuppressive agents within 28 days of randomization or a prior history of severe (grade 3 or 4) immune mediated toxicity from other immune therapy.
  8. Subjects with a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medications within 14 days of randomization. Intranasal/inhaled or topical steroids, and adrenal replacement steroid doses ≤ 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent, are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
  9. Live attenuated vaccination administered within 30 days prior to randomization.
  10. Known history of interstitial lung disease or CT-scan signs of interstitial lung disease.
  11. Subjects with an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease, including systemic lupus erythematosis or Wegener's granulomatosis. Subjects with type I diabetes mellitis, or hypothyroidism only requiring hormone replacement, or skin disorders (such as vitiligo, psoriasis, or alopecia) not requiring systemic treatment, are permitted to enroll.
  12. Active or history of inflammatory or irritable bowel disease (eg, diverticulitis, colitis, Crohn's), irritable bowel disease, celiac disease or other serious gastrointestinal chronic conditions associated with diarrhea. Note that diverticulosis is permitted.
  13. Patients with active or uncontrolled infections or with serious illnesses or medical conditions which would not permit the patient to be managed according to the protocol. This includes but is not limited to:

    • known prior history of active tuberculosis-disease;
    • known acute or chronic B or C hepatitis by serological evaluation. Patients with serological sequelae of hepatitis (antibodies test serologically positive for virus) without hepatitis could be included.
    • known Human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  14. Concurrent administration of any anti-cancer therapies (e.g., chemotherapy, other targeted therapy, experimental drug, etc.) other than those administered in this study
  15. Prior treatment with an anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1, anti-PD-L2, anti-CTLA-4 antibody, or any other antibody or drug specifically targeting T-cell co-stimulation or checkpoint pathways
  16. The last dose of prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy (with the exception of palliative radiotherapy) was received less than 3 weeks prior to randomization;
  17. Patients with a psychiatric history that hinders the comprehension of the information leaflet
  18. Individual deprived of liberty or placed under the authority of a tutor.
  19. Unwillingness to practice effective birth control. Pregnant or lactating women.
  20. Patients with other concurrent severe and/or uncontrolled medical disease which could compromise participation in the study

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03591731


Locations
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France
Centre Hospitalier du Pays d'Aix Recruiting
Aix-en-Provence, France
Contact: Marie BERNARDI       contact@ifct.fr   
CHU d'Amiens-Picardie Recruiting
Amiens, France
Contact: Claire POULET, Dr       contact@ifct.fr   
CHU d'Angers Recruiting
Angers, France
Contact: José HUREAUX, Dr       contact@ifct.fr   
Auxerre - CH Recruiting
Auxerre, France, 89011
Contact: Anne-Laure VILLING, Dr       contact@ifct.fr   
Avignon - CH Recruiting
Avignon, France
Contact: Thibault BROTELLE, Dr       contact@ifct.fr   
Lyon - Hôpital Edouard Herriot Recruiting
Lyon, France
Contact: Thomas WALTER, Pr       contact@ifct.fr   
Paris - Curie Recruiting
Paris, France
Contact: Nicolas GIRARD, Pr       contact@ifct.fr   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Intergroupe Francophone de Cancerologie Thoracique
Federation Francophone de Cancerologie Digestive
GERCOR - Multidisciplinary Oncology Cooperative Group
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Nicolas GIRARD, Pr Institut Curie Paris
Principal Investigator: Thomas WALTER, Pr Hôpital Herriot

Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Intergroupe Francophone de Cancerologie Thoracique
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03591731     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: GCO-001
First Posted: July 19, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 26, 2019
Last Verified: July 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Intergroupe Francophone de Cancerologie Thoracique:
IFCT
NIPINEC
Neuroendocrine
FFCD
GERCOR
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neuroendocrine Tumors
Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Nivolumab
Ipilimumab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents