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Venetoclax, Carmustine, Etoposide, Cytarabine, and Melphalan Before Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Participants With Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT03583424
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 11, 2018
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2020
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Basem William, MD, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:
This phase I/II trial studies the side effects and best dose of venetoclax when given together with carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan before stem cell transplant in treating participants with non-Hodgkin lymphoma that has come back or does not respond to treatment. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as venetoclax, carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy before a stem cell transplant helps kill any cancer cells that are in the body and helps make room in the patient?s bone marrow for new blood-forming cells (stem cells) to grow.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Recipient Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Refractory Follicular Lymphoma Refractory Marginal Zone Lymphoma Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Refractory Transformed Indolent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Drug: Carmustine Drug: Cytarabine Drug: Etoposide Procedure: Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Drug: Melphalan Drug: Venetoclax Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:


I. Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of venetoclax that can be safely combined with carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, and melphalan (BEAM) prior to autologous stem cell transplant which will the recommended phase II dose (RP2D).

II. Determine the safety and efficacy of venetoclax as measured by overall response rate (ORR) at day 100, 12-month survival and freedom from relapse (FFR-12).


I. Long term effects (progression-free survival [PFS] and overall survival [OS]) of addition of venetoclax to BEAM.

II. Correlation of response and survival with expression of BCL-2, BCL-XL, and MCL-1 as measured by immunohistochemistry (IHC).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of venetoclax.

Participants receive venetoclax orally (PO) once daily (QD) on days -10 to -1, carmustine intravenously (IV) on day -6, etoposide IV twice daily (BID) on days -5 to -2, cytarabine IV BID on days -5 to -2, and melphalan IV on day -1. Participants then undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation on day 0.

After completion of study treatment, participants are followed up for 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 19 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Trial of Venetoclax and BEAM Conditioning Followed by Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Patients With Primary Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Actual Study Start Date : July 9, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2021

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Treatment (venetoclax, BEAM)
Participants receive venetoclax PO QD on days -10 to -1, carmustine IV on day -6, etoposide IV BID on days -5 to -2, cytarabine IV BID on days -5 to -2, and melphalan IV on day -1. Participants then undergo hematopoietic cell transplantation on day 0.
Drug: Carmustine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • BCNU
  • Becenum
  • Becenun
  • BiCNU
  • Bis(chloroethyl) Nitrosourea
  • Bis-Chloronitrosourea
  • Carmubris
  • Carmustin
  • Carmustinum
  • FDA 0345
  • Gliadel
  • N,N'-Bis(2-chloroethyl)-N-nitrosourea
  • Nitrourean
  • Nitrumon
  • SK 27702
  • SRI 1720
  • WR-139021

Drug: Cytarabine
Given IV
Other Names:
  • .beta.-Cytosine arabinoside
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-4-amino-2(1H)pyrimidinone
  • 1-Beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 1.beta.-D-Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-Amino-1-beta-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • 2(1H)-Pyrimidinone, 4-amino-1.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl-
  • Alexan
  • Ara-C
  • ARA-cell
  • Arabine
  • Arabinofuranosylcytosine
  • Arabinosylcytosine
  • Aracytidine
  • Aracytin
  • Aracytine
  • Beta-cytosine Arabinoside
  • CHX-3311
  • Cytarabinum
  • Cytarbel
  • Cytosar
  • Cytosine Arabinoside
  • Cytosine-.beta.-arabinoside
  • Cytosine-beta-arabinoside
  • Erpalfa
  • Starasid
  • Tarabine PFS
  • U 19920
  • U-19920
  • Udicil
  • WR-28453

Drug: Etoposide
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Demethyl Epipodophyllotoxin Ethylidine Glucoside
  • EPEG
  • Lastet
  • Toposar
  • Vepesid
  • VP 16-213
  • VP-16
  • VP-16-213

Procedure: Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation
Undergo hematopoietic cell transplantation
Other Names:
  • HCT
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
  • HSCT
  • stem cell transplantation

Drug: Melphalan
Given IV
Other Names:
  • Alanine Nitrogen Mustard
  • CB-3025
  • L-PAM
  • L-Phenylalanine Mustard
  • L-sarcolysin
  • L-Sarcolysin Phenylalanine mustard
  • L-Sarcolysine
  • Melphalanum
  • Phenylalanine Mustard
  • Phenylalanine nitrogen mustard
  • Sarcoclorin
  • Sarkolysin
  • WR-19813

Drug: Venetoclax
Given PO
Other Names:
  • ABT-0199
  • ABT-199
  • ABT199
  • GDC-0199
  • RG7601
  • Venclexta

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Maximum tolerated dose of venetoclax defined to be the dose cohort below which 3 out of 6 patients experience dose limiting toxicities or the highest dose cohort of 1200 mg, if 2 dose limiting toxicities are not observed at any dose cohort [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
  2. Overall response rate [ Time Frame: At day 100 ]
    Will be estimated as the proportions of patients who achieve a complete response or partial response divided by the number of evaluable patients. Each will be reported with their associated 95% confidence interval.

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Incidence of progression [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Estimated using Kaplan-Meier method.

  2. Incidence of freedom from relapse [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Estimated using Kaplan-Meier method.

  3. Overall survival [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years ]
    Estimated using Kaplan-Meier method.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects must have histologically confirmed diagnosis of non-Hodgkin?s lymphoma that has relapsed, or is refractory, after upfront induction therapy. Excluded histologies are T-cell lymphomas, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder, Burkitt lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. All other histologies are eligible that include but not limited to: diffuse-large B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma (grades I, II, and III), marginal zone lymphoma, transformed indolent lymphoma, grey zone lymphoma, and undifferentiated B-cell lymphoma. Patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) who are at high risk of relapse can be enrolled in sustained partial response (PR) after induction chemotherapy (PR1)
  • Expected survival of more than six months
  • Karnofsky performance status >= 80%
  • Within 1 week prior to initiation of treatment: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) < 3 x upper limits of normal (ULN) unless due to disease
  • Within 1 week prior to initiation of treatment: Total bilirubin < 2 x ULN unless due to disease
  • Within 1 week prior to initiation of treatment: Calculated glomerular filtration rate (GFR) 30 ml/min
  • Within 1 week prior to initiation of treatment: Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 500 cells/mm^3
  • Within 1 week prior to initiation of treatment: Platelet count > 50 mm^3
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction >= 40%
  • Diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) >= 50% predicted
  • Ability to collect 2 x 10^6/kg CD34+ cells for transplantation
  • Patient must be otherwise eligible for autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) per local institutional guidelines
  • No serious disease, or condition, that, in the opinion of the investigator, would compromise the patient?s ability to participate in the study
  • Subjects must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects who sustained a complete metabolic response (CMR) by positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT) (Deauville score of =< 3) after salvage chemotherapy unless lymphoma relapsed less than 12 months from the first day of last cycle of induction chemotherapy OR patient required more than 2 lines of salvage chemotherapy to sustain a CMR
  • Subjects receiving any other investigational agents
  • Prior treatment with venetoclax
  • Patients with central nervous system (CNS) involved by lymphoma can be included if CNS disease is deemed controlled prior to enrollment as determined by the investigator. Patients with uncontrolled CNS disease will be excluded
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to venetoclax or other agents used in this study
  • Subjects with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Patients who are human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive and receiving combination antiretroviral therapy will be excluded; because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with venetoclax
  • Female patients who are pregnant or breast-feeding. Confirmation that the subject is not pregnant must be established by a negative serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) pregnancy test result obtained during screening. Pregnancy testing is not required for post-menopausal or surgically sterilized women. Male or female patients, who are sexually active and of the child bearing age, must be willing to practice accepted birth control measures

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT03583424

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United States, Ohio
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Basem William, MD Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: Basem William, MD, Principal Investigator, Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Identifier: NCT03583424    
Other Study ID Numbers: OSU-17225
NCI-2018-01039 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
OSU-17225 ( Other Identifier: Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center )
P30CA016058 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: July 11, 2018    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 16, 2020
Last Verified: September 2020
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma, Follicular
Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Lymphoma, B-Cell
Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone
Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Etoposide phosphate
Nitrogen Mustard Compounds
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antiviral Agents