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A Study of Brigatinib in Participants With Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive (ALK+), Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Progressed on Alectinib or Ceritinib (ALTA-2)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03535740
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : May 24, 2018
Results First Posted : October 25, 2021
Last Update Posted : October 25, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Takeda
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda ( Ariad Pharmaceuticals )

Brief Summary:
The primary purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of brigatinib by confirmed objective response rate (ORR) by response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST]), in participants with ALK+ locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC whose disease has progressed on therapy with alectinib or ceritinib.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
ALK-positive Advanced NSCLC Drug: Brigatinib Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The drug being tested in this study is called brigatinib (AP26113). Brigatinib is being tested to treat people who have anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive (ALK+), advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

The study will enroll approximately 103 patients. Participants will be assigned to the treatment group:

• Brigatinib

All participants will be asked to take brigatinib 90 mg tablet in lead-in period for 7 days, followed by brigatinib 180 mg at the same time each day throughout the study. Participants with progressive disease had an option to receive an escalated dose of brigatinib 240 mg as per investigator's discretion in case no toxicities (greater than grade 2) are experienced.

This multicenter trial will be conducted worldwide. The overall time to participate in this study is approximately 3 years. Participants will make multiple visits to the clinic, and 30 days after last dose of study drug for a follow-up assessment.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 103 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Brigatinib in Patients With Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase-Positive (ALK+), Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) Progressed on Alectinib or Ceritinib
Actual Study Start Date : January 31, 2019
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 30, 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Brigatinib

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Brigatinib 90 mg/180 mg with Optional Dose Escalation to 240 mg
Brigatinib 90 mg, tablets, orally, once daily for 7 days, followed by Brigatinib 180 mg, tablets, orally, once daily for until objective disease progression per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1, as assessed by the investigator, or intolerable toxicity. Participants who experienced progression on the 180 mg dose and had not experienced toxicities greater than Grade 2 had the option to receive brigatinib 240 mg QD based on investigator's discretion, up to 20 months from start of enrollment until data cut-off: 30 September 2020. Participants who experienced progression on any doses but judged as still benefiting from the study treatment by the investigator may continue to use the current dose, up to study end.
Drug: Brigatinib
Brigatinib Tablets
Other Name: AP26113




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Confirmed Objective Response Rate (ORR) Using RECIST v1.1 as Assessed by the Independent Review Committee (IRC) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 20 months from start of enrollment till data cut-off: 30 September 2020 ]
    Confirmed ORR is defined as the percentage of the participants who are confirmed to have achieved complete response (CR) or partial response (PR), per RECIST version 1.1 (confirmed ≥4 weeks after initial response), after the initiation of study treatment. CR: disappearance of all extranodal target lesions and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis and PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameters (SLD) of target lesions taking as reference the Baseline sum diameters.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Confirmed ORR Using RECIST v1.1 as Assessed by the Investigator [ Time Frame: Until the radiological disease progression or study end (approximately 3 years) ]
    Confirmed ORR is defined as the percentage of the participants who are confirmed to have achieved CR or PR, per RECIST version 1.1 (confirmed ≥4 weeks after initial response), after the initiation of study treatment. CR: disappearance of all extranodal target lesions and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis and PR: at least a 30% decrease in the SLD of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

  2. Duration of Response (DOR) as Assessed by the Investigator and IRC [ Time Frame: Until the radiological disease progression or study end (approximately 3 years) ]
    DOR is defined as the time interval from the time that the measurement criteria are first met for CR or PR until the first date that the progressive disease (PD) is objectively documented, or death. CR: disappearance of all extranodal target lesions and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. PR: at least a 30% decrease in the SLD of target lesions taking as reference the Baseline sum diameters. PD: SLD increased by at least 20% from the smallest value on study (including Baseline, if that is the smallest). SLD must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm (2 lesions increasing from, for example, 2 mm to 3 mm, does not qualify).

  3. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) as Assessed by the Investigator and IRC [ Time Frame: Until the radiological disease progression or study end (approximately 3 years) ]
    PFS is defined as the time interval from the date of the first dose of the study treatment until the first date at which disease progression is objectively documented, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. PFS will be censored for participants without documented disease progression or death.

  4. Disease Control Rate (DCR) as Assessed by the Investigator and IRC [ Time Frame: Until the radiological disease progression or study end (approximately 3 years) ]
    DCR is defined as the percentage of participants who have achieved CR, PR or stable disease (SD) (in the case of SD, measurements must have met the SD criteria at least once after study entry at a minimum interval of 6 weeks) after the initiation of study treatment. CR: disappearance of all extranodal target lesions and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. PR: at least a 30% decrease in the SLD of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum diameters. SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD.

  5. Time to Response as Assessed by the Investigator and IRC [ Time Frame: Until the radiological disease progression or study end (approximately 3 years) ]
    Time to response is defined as the time interval from the date of the first dose of the study treatment until the initial observation of CR or PR. CR: disappearance of all extranodal target lesions and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. PR: at least a 30% decrease in the SLD of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

  6. Confirmed Intracranial Objective Response Rate (iORR) in Participants With Brain Metastases at Baseline, as Assessed by the IRC [ Time Frame: Until the radiological disease progression or study end (approximately 3 years) ]
    Confirmed iORR is defined as the proportion of the participants who have achieved CR or PR in the brain per a modification of RECIST version 1.1, after the initiation of study treatment, in participants with intracranial brain metastases at baseline. CR: disappearance of all extranodal target lesions and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. or partial response or PR: at least a 30% decrease in the SLD of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum diameters.

  7. Duration of Intracranial Response in Participants With Brain Metastases at Baseline, as Assessed by the IRC [ Time Frame: Until the radiological disease progression or study end (approximately 3 years) ]
    Duration of intracranial response is defined as the time interval from the time that the measurement criteria are first met for CR or PR until the first date that PD (including baseline, if that is the smallest). SLD must also demonstrate an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. (2 lesions increasing from, for example, 2 mm to 3 mm, does not qualify) in the brain is objectively documented or death, in participants with intracranial metastases at baseline. CR: disappearance of all extranodal target lesions and all pathological lymph nodes must have decreased to <10 mm in short axis. or partial response or PR: at least a 30% decrease in the SLD of target lesions taking as reference the baseline sum diameters in the brain. PD: SLD increased by at least 20% from the smallest value on study.

  8. Intracranial Progression-Free Survival (iPFS) in Participants With Brain Metastases at Baseline, as Assessed by the IRC [ Time Frame: Until the radiological disease progression or study end (approximately 3 years) ]
    iPFS is defined as the time interval from the date of the first dose of the study treatment until the first date at which intracranial brain disease progression is objectively documented, or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first, in participants with intracranial metastases at enrollment. iPFS will be censored for participants without documented intracranial disease progression or death.

  9. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Until the radiological disease progression or study end (approximately 3 years) ]
    OS is defined as the time interval from the date of the first dose of the study treatment until death due to any cause. It will be censored on the date of last contact for those participants who are alive.

  10. Number of Participants With One or More Treatment-emergent Adverse Event (TEAE) [ Time Frame: First dose of study drug up to 30 days after last dose (approximately 3 years) ]
    An adverse event (AE) means any untoward medical occurrence in a participant administered a pharmaceutical product; the untoward medical occurrence does not necessarily have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal (investigational) product whether or not it is related to the medicinal product. This includes any newly occurring event, or a previous condition that has increased in severity or frequency since the administration of study drug.

  11. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) From European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) Score [ Time Frame: First dose of study drug up to 30 days after last dose (approximately 3 years) ]
    EORTC QLQ-C30 incorporates 5 functional scales (physical functioning, role functioning, emotional functioning, cognitive functioning, and social functioning), 1 global health status scale, 3 symptom scales (fatigue, nausea and vomiting, and pain), and 6 single items (dyspnea, insomnia, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea, and financial difficulties). EORTC QLQ-C30 contains 28 questions (4-point scale where 1=Not at all [best] to 4=Very Much [worst]) and 2 questions (7-point scale where 1=Very poor [worst] to 7= Excellent [best]). Raw scores are converted into scale scores ranging from 0 to 100. For the functional scales and the global health status scale, higher scores represent better quality of life (QOL); for the symptom scales, lower scores represent better QOL.

  12. HRQOL From EORTC QLQ- Lung Cancer (LC) 13 [ Time Frame: First dose of study drug up to 30 days after last dose (approximately 3 years) ]
    HRQOL scores will be assessed with EORTC, its lung cancer module QLQ-LC13. QLQ-LC13 contains 13 questions assessing lung cancer-associated symptoms (cough, hemoptysis, dyspnea, and site-specific pain), treatment-related side effects (sore mouth, dysphagia, peripheral neuropathy, and alopecia), and use of pain medication. Scale score range: 0 to 100. Higher symptom score = greater degree of symptom severity.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Have histologically or cytologically confirmed stage IIIB (locally advanced or recurrent and not a participant for curative therapy) or stage IV non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
  2. Must meet both of the following 2 criteria:

    1. Have documentation of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement by a positive result from any laboratory test® approved by the food and drug administration (FDA) or Have documented ALK rearrangement by a different test (non-FDA-approved local lab tests) and have provided tumor sample to the central laboratory. (Note: Central laboratory ALK rearrangement testing results are not required to be obtained before randomization.)
    2. Had been on any one of the ALK tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKIs) (alectinib, ceritinib, crizotinib) for at least 12 weeks before progression.
  3. Had progressive disease (PD) while on alectinib or ceritinib
  4. Had alectinib or ceritinib as the most recent ALK inhibitor therapy.
  5. Have at least 1 measurable lesion per response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 as assessed by the investigator.
  6. Had recovered from toxicities related to prior anticancer therapy to national cancer institute common terminology criteria for adverse events (NCI CTCAE), version 4.03, Grade <=1. (Note: Treatment-related alopecia or peripheral neuropathy that are Grade >1 are allowed if deemed irreversible.) and have adequate major organ functions.
  7. Have a life expectancy of ≥3 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Had received any prior ALK-targeted TKI other than crizotinib, alectinib, or ceritinib.
  2. Had received both alectinib and ceritinib.
  3. Had previously received more than 3 regimens of systemic anticancer therapy for locally advanced or metastatic disease.
  4. Had symptomatic brain metastasis (parenchymal or leptomeningeal). Participants with asymptomatic brain metastasis or who have stable symptoms that did not require an increased dose of corticosteroids to control symptoms in the past 7 days before the first dose of brigatinib may be enrolled.
  5. Had current spinal cord compression (symptomatic or asymptomatic and detected by radiographic imaging). Participants with leptomeningeal disease and without cord compression are allowed.
  6. Had a cerebrovascular accident or transient ischemic attack within 6 months before first dose of brigatinib.
  7. Had an ongoing or active infection, including, but not limited to, the requirement for intravenous antibiotics.
  8. Had malabsorption syndrome or other gastrointestinal (GI) illness that could affect oral absorption of brigatinib.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03535740


Locations
Show Show 80 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ariad Pharmaceuticals
Takeda
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Takeda
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Takeda ( Ariad Pharmaceuticals ):
Study Protocol  [PDF] September 24, 2020
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] June 5, 2020

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Ariad Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03535740    
Other Study ID Numbers: Brigatinib-2002
2018-000635-27 ( EudraCT Number )
NL66462.078.18 ( Registry Identifier: CCMO )
JapicCTI-194915 ( Registry Identifier: JapicCTI )
First Posted: May 24, 2018    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 25, 2021
Last Update Posted: October 25, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: Takeda provides access to the de-identified individual participant data (IPD) for eligible studies to aid qualified researchers in addressing legitimate scientific objectives (Takeda's data sharing commitment is available on https://clinicaltrials.takeda.com/takedas-commitment?commitment=5). These IPDs will be provided in a secure research environment following approval of a data sharing request, and under the terms of a data sharing agreement.
Supporting Materials: Study Protocol
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Access Criteria: IPD from eligible studies will be shared with qualified researchers according to the criteria and process described on https://vivli.org/ourmember/takeda/. For approved requests, the researchers will be provided access to anonymized data (to respect patient privacy in line with applicable laws and regulations) and with information necessary to address the research objectives under the terms of a data sharing agreement.
URL: https://vivli.org/ourmember/takeda/

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: Yes
Keywords provided by Takeda ( Ariad Pharmaceuticals ):
Drug Therapy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Lung Neoplasms
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases