Personalized Surveillance Protocol for Serrated Polyposis Syndrome
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03450889|
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : March 1, 2018
Last Update Posted : March 6, 2018
Serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS) is a condition characterized by the presence of multiple serrated polyps (SPs) spread throughout the colorectum and is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). SPS is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the presence of at least 5 SPs proximal to the sigmoid colon, of which 2 ≥10 mm in size (WHO criterion 1), the presence of at least 1 SP proximal to the sigmoid and a first degree relative with SPS (WHO criterion 2), or more than 20 SPs spread throughout the colon (WHO-criterion-3). In practice only WHO 1 and WHO 3 criteria are used.
The condition seems rather common and more prevalent than other polyposis syndromes such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) (1:13.000).
Several retrospective studies have shown that patients with SPS have an increased risk of developing CRC during endoscopic surveillance. Close endoscopic surveillance to prevent malignant progression of polyps has therefore been advised by several expert groups. However, due to a shortage of prospective data the optimal treatment and surveillance approach is largely unknown.
The current study aims to prospectively evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of a personalized surveillance protocol for patients with SPS to prevent CRC that is being used in several Dutch and Spanish hospitals. Furthermore, the polyp burden, colonoscopy complication risk and rate of conversion from endoscopic surveillance to colorectal surgery will be examined.
For this purpose, all eligible SPS patients are prospectively enrolled 2013 onwards, and surveyed according to the study protocol. Based on the amount and characteristics of the polyps encountered during surveillance colonoscopy, the next colonoscopy will be scheduled after either 1 year or 2 years.
Patients will undergo surveillance after 1 year in case of:
- Advanced adenoma (≥ 10 mm and/or high-grade dysplasia and/or 25% villous component)
- Serrated polyp ≥ 10mm and/or SP containing dysplasia
- Cumulative ≥5 sessile serrated polyps (SSPs) (irrespective of size), adenomas (irrespective of size) and/or hyperplastic polyps (HPs) ≥5mm
- Surgery needed during previous (clearing or surveillance) endoscopy
Patients will undergo surveillance after 2 years in case none of above is reached
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment|
|Serrated Polyposis Syndrome Colorectal Cancer||Procedure: Colonoscopy|
This study has an international multi-centre prospective cohort design. The study will be directed by the Academic Medical Centre (AMC), Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Population base All patients treated at one of the participating centres will be eligible for this study.
Protocol violations Incomplete endoscopic excision of polyps without proper re-colonoscopy Prolonged interval within surveillance colonoscopies (Exceeding protocol with >1 year)
Sample size calculation No sample size calculation is performed, because of the observational design of this study. All eligible patients will be included, unless an exclusion criterion is met. The envisioned number of patients to be included is around 500.
Institutional review board This study is conducted in accordance with the research code of our Institutional Review Board (IRB) on human experimentation as well as in agreement with the Helsinki Declaration. The IRB decided that the study did not apply to the requirements of the Medical Research Involving Human Subjects Act (WMO), as data were collected during routine care and no additional patient interventions will be undertaken. Therefore also no informed consent is needed for this study. The study protocol will be registered on a publicly accessible website register.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||500 participants|
|Official Title:||Effectiveness of a Personalized Endoscopic Surveillance Protocol for Patients With Serrated Polyposis Syndrome|
|Actual Study Start Date :||January 1, 2013|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||April 14, 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||April 14, 2018|
This study uses only one arm. All patients in this intervention arm will be surveyed using the aforementioned study protocol, which means patients will undergo a colonoscopy (or sigmoidoscopy in patients with previous subtotal colectomy) with surveillance intervals of either 1 or 2 years, depending on the amount and type of polyps resected during previous surveillance.
Patients will undergo surveillance colonoscopies, with intervals of 1 or 2 years depending on the amount and type of polyps resected during last colonoscopy.
In case patients underwent subtotal colectomy, the term 'colonoscopy' should be replaced with 'sigmoidoscopy'.
- Incidence of colorectal cancer during protocolled endoscopic surveillance [ Time Frame: Up to five years ]Incidence of colorectal cancer after complete clearing of all relevant polyps, during protocolled surveillance phase.
- Incidence of advanced neoplasia during protocolled surveillance phase [ Time Frame: Up to five years ]
Advanced neoplasia is defined as: (tubulo)villous adenomas, adenomas with high-grade dysplasia or diameter of at least 10mm; serrated polyp with dysplasia, traditional serrated adenomas or serrated polyps with a diameter of at least 10mm.
CRC is not included in this definition, since CRC is the primary outcome measure in this study.
- Incidence of non-advanced relevant neoplasia during protocolled surveillance phase [ Time Frame: Up to five years ]Non-advanced relevant neoplasia is defined as tubular adenomas <10mm, sessile serrated lesions <10mm, hyperplastic polyps of 5-9mm.
- the ratio of annual and biennial surveillance advise [ Time Frame: Up to five years ]Patients will undergo surveillance colonoscopies with intervals of 1 or 2 years. This outcome measure expresses the relative frequency of these surveillance intervals.
- Incidence of conversion to preventive colorectal surgery [ Time Frame: Up to five years ]How often is preventive colorectal surgery needed during surveillance, for example because of unresectable polyps. This does not include colorectal surgery due to colorectal cancer.
- Incidence of post-colonoscopy complications [ Time Frame: Up to five years ]Incidence of complications after colonoscopy (this does not include complications that are effectively solved during the procedure). Severity expressed using Clavien Dindo classification.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03450889
|Principal Investigator:||Evelien Dekker, MD PhD||Academisch Medisch Centrum - Universiteit van Amsterdam (AMC-UvA)|