Physiotherapeutic Rehabilitation in Patients After Orthognathic Surgery
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03398499|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 12, 2018
Last Update Posted : January 16, 2018
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|TMJ Pain||Device: VIOFOR (Med & Life)||Not Applicable|
Patients with dental-facial deformity require orthognathic surgery to improve face profile and asymmetry, and to correct malocclusion. Positional changes in the mandible, jaw or both jaws during can affect the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), chewing muscles, surrounding soft tis-sue and symptoms of joint dysfunction (TMD). Pain is a natural response of the body to injury and at the same time one of the symptoms defining the inflammatory reaction. Orthognathic surgery procedures are often used to correct skeletal deformation II and III of the skeletal class, dental-facial-maxillary deformation, mandibular laterognathion and maximal-facial asymmetry. After-care care of the patient aims to minimize the risk of complications and therapy of existing ones. Regardless of intensity, the fight against pain is one of the basic activities in post-operative care of the patient. Some studies have shown that patients undergo-ing physiotherapeutic care immediately recover from the surgery much more quickly. The use of physical treatments allows to obtain a significant faster improvement in the pain and associated swelling after surgery.
The motivating factors for patients undergoing orthognathic surgery are: improvement of chewing, speech and swallowing as well as aesthetic and psychosocial factors. Correction of occlusal defects requires a group orthodontic, surgical and rehabilitation treatment. Surgical techniques that have evolved over the last decades now allow for almost any displacement within the bony structures of the jaw and mandible. The pain after orthogonal surgery occurs almost always, although the degree of its severity is the subjective sensation of each patient. Patients above all experience pain from mild to severe. His post-operative treatment is very important to reduce the stress caused the occurrence itself pain. Postoperative pain is often controlled by the use of opioids, which are often used in the United States. Cold compresses are also used in the stimulus treatment to reduce pain related associated with the occurrence of edema. Regardless of intensity, the fight against pain is one of the basic activities in post-operative care of the patient. Pharmacotherapy often necessary also causes a number of adverse effects harmful to the whole organism. In order to restore the physical and psychological comfort of patients after orthognathic procedures, physiotherapeutic methods as well as physiotherapeutic devices can be used.
The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of the combined physiotherapeutic method, which uses a slow-changing electromagnetic(ELF EMF) field and light energy, emitted from high-energy LEDs, in reducing pain in patients after orthognathic surgery.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||16 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Rehabilitation of patients after orthognathic procedures was performed, in which orthognathic surgery was performed - Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy (BSSO). In the study it was used treatments a combination physicotherapies that combines two therapeutic physical factors - the electromagnetic field and the electromagnetic wave of red and infrared light in the form of led light therapy generated by the Viofor JPS device (Med&Life, Poland). Treatments with a slow-changing electromagnetic field were carried out using ring and elliptic applicators. Treatments with magnetoledotherapy using elliptical magnetic applicators combined with light. For physiotherapeutic purposes, led lighttherapy was used, which is a combined use of Extremely Low Frequency Magnetic Field (ELF-MF) and light coming from high energy LEDs (Light Emitting Diode) in the range of red (R) and infrared (IR). Therapies were used once a day, doing three described applications for a period of 10 days.|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Physiotherapeutic Rehabilitation to Eliminate Temporomandibular Joint Pain in Patients After Orthognathic Surgeries|
|Actual Study Start Date :||March 30, 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 15, 2017|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||October 30, 2017|
Active ELF EMF Participants will receive active transcranial low frequency elec-tromagnetic field and magnetic induction (ELF EMF) and high energy LED light were used stimulation,Using the Viofor JPS device (Med & Live)
Device: VIOFOR (Med & Life)
Device: VIOFOR (Med & Life) Magnetic-light applicators, generating a slow-changing electromagnetic field and light ener-gy (830 nm and 640 nm), emitted from LEDs during a physiotherapeutic treatment application parameters: frequency of basic field pulses: 180-195 Hz frequency of packet the field pulses: 12.5 Hz-29 Hz magnetic induction: 15 μT wavelength of light: 830 nm and 640 nm Duration: 10 min number of treatments: 10
- 1. Change from baseline in Visual Analogic Scale [ Time Frame: 14 days ]The visual analogic scale allows us to convert subjective sensations as pain on nu-merical data. A 10cm scale where 0cm is no pain and 10cm the worse imaginable pain, will be used and the subjects will be asked to mark a point on the scale repre-senting their pain. This instrument was used to compare VAS values on days 1, 5 and 10.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03398499
|Study Director:||Edward Kijak, DSc||Pomeranian Medical University|