A Study of the Safety and Antitumoral Efficacy of Nivolumab After SIRT for the Treatment of Patients With HCC (NASIR-HCC)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03380130|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 20, 2017
Last Update Posted : November 4, 2020
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) agent nivolumab following selective internal radiation therapy (SIRT) for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
SIRT using yttrium90-loaded microspheres is increasingly used to treat patients with HCC, particularly those that are not good candidates for transarterial chemoembolization or TACE. SIRT induces disease control (objective tumor remission or stabilization) in most patients while progression usually results from the growth of new lesions. SIR-Spheres are resin-made microspheres used for SIRT.
On the other hand, nivolumab is under clinical development for the treatment of more advanced HCC. Available data in patients that mostly had progression to other therapies and vascular involvement or metastatic disease show significant systemic antitumor activity that results in durable objective remissions and disease stabilizations.
Therefore, in patients with HCC that has not spread beyond the liver, the systemic action of nivolumab may improve the anti-tumor effect of SIRT. Furthermore, by inducing immunogenic tumor cell death, SIRT may have a synergistic effect with nivolumab.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Hepatocellular Carcinoma||Drug: Nivolumab Device: SIR-Spheres||Phase 2|
Worldwide, intra-arterial therapies are the mainstay of the treatment of patients with HCC in the intermediate stage or in the advanced stage because of portal vein invasion. While transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the most widely applied intra-arterial therapy, not all patients in the intermediate stage are good candidates for this procedure and TACE is formally contraindicated in the presence of portal vein invasion. Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT) using yttrium90-loaded microspheres is increasingly used to treat such patients that are not good candidates for TACE. SIR-Spheres are resin-made microspheres extensively used for SIRT and there is consistent level 2 evidence of its activity in HCC. SIRT induces disease control (partial objective remission or tumor stabilization) in the majority of patients while progression usually results from the growth of new lesions.
Nivolumab is under clinical development for the treatment of advanced stage HCC. Preliminary data in a population that mostly had progression to other therapies, vascular involvement or metastatic disease suggest significant systemic antitumor activity that results in durable objective remissions and disease stabilizations. In patients with HCC that has not spread beyond the liver, the systemic action of nivolumab may improve the anti-tumor effect of SIRT by providing eradication or sustained tumor growth control of residual disease in treated lesions and other locations (intrahepatic or extrahepatic micrometastasis). Furthermore, by inducing immunogenic tumor cell death, SIRT may have a synergistic effect with immune checkpoint inhibitors including nivolumab. Besides, SIRT and nivolumab are by and large well tolerated. The sequential use of SIRT and nivolumab could have strong antitumor activity and a favorable safety profile and therefore deserves to be tested in patients with intermediate to advanced tumor stages.
The primary objective of the study is therefore to evaluate the safety of nivolumab in combination with SIRT using SIR-Spheres. The secondary objective is to evaluate the anti-tumor activity of nivolumab in combination with SIRT using SIR-Spheres. Exploratory objectives are to evaluate the role of blood and tissue biomarkers in determining the anti-tumor activity of nivolumab in combination with SIRT using SIR-Spheres; to evaluate the utility of baseline or on-treatment soluble markers that may serve as surrogate markers of efficacy; and to explore the role of the ALBI score in predicting patient outcomes.
SIRT will be performed as a single-day treatment using SIR-Spheres resin microspheres as detailed in Gil-Alzugaray et al. 2013. Three weeks after SIRT, patients will start receiving nivolumab every 2 weeks until completion of 8 courses of 3 bi-weekly nivolumab doses, toxicity, or tumor progression defined using RECIST 1.1 criteria. Patients will be allowed to continue nivolumab treatment beyond progression under strict protocol-defined circumstances. All subjects will undergo tumor assessments at every q6 week for the first year, and then q12 week thereafter until radiographic progression. Patients will complete a follow-up Visit 100 days from the last dose of nivolumab and will then be followed for overall survival.
Patients with all etiologies could be recruited. Those with chronic hepatitis B will be on antiviral therapy per regional standard of care guidelines. Patients with chronic hepatitis C may receive treatment for this condition with direct antiviral agents during the treatment period as per local practice guidelines.
A tumor sample obtained before SIRT and blood samples obtained before SIRT and before and after nivolumab will be used for correlative biomarker studies.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||41 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||A Multicenter, Open-label, Single-arm Study of the Safety and Antitumoral Efficacy of Nivolumab After SIRT Using SIR-Spheres for the Treatment of Patients With HepatoCellular Carcinoma That Are Candidates for Locoregional Therapies|
|Actual Study Start Date :||September 11, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 1, 2020|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||November 4, 2020|
Experimental: SIRT and Nivolumab
SIRT (selective internal radiation therapy) will be performed in a single session using SIR-Spheres resin microspheres. After 3 weeks, nivolumab 240 mg every 2 weeks will be initiated
An anti-programmed death 1 monoclonal antibody
Other Name: Opdivo
Resin microspheres labeled with the radioactive isotope yttrium 90 that serves as a source of beta radiation
Other Name: radioembolization, transarterial radioembolization (TARE)
- Rate and type of adverse events, liver decompensation, and transient and permanent drug discontinuations due to toxicity. [ Time Frame: Two years ]The incidence of observed adverse events (AE) will be evaluated according to NCI CTCAE version 4.03. Particular attention will be given to adverse events that may follow enhanced T cell activation (hepatitis, dermatitis, colitis, pneumonitis, endocrinopathy or other immune-mediated AEs) and radiation damage to non-target organs (REILD, radiation pneumonitis and GI ulcers).
- Response rate [ Time Frame: Two years ]
- Disease control rate [ Time Frame: Two years ]
- Duration of response [ Time Frame: From date of complete or partial response to the date of progression, assessed up to 36 months. ]
- Time to progression [ Time Frame: From date of SIRT to the date of progression, assessed up to 36 months. ]
- Progression-free survival [ Time Frame: From date of SIRT to the date of progression or death, whichever came first, assessed up to 36 months. ]
- Overall survival [ Time Frame: From date of SIRT to the date of death, assessed up to 36 months ]
- Pattern of progression according to RECIST 1.1 criteria. [ Time Frame: Two years ]Event that trigers the evaluation of tumor assessment as progressive disease according to RECIST 1.1 criteria, subclassified as 1) growth of existing tumor lesions only; 2) occurrence of new lesions inside the liver irrespective of previous criterion; and 3) occurrence of new lesions outside the liver irrespective of the two prior criteria.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03380130
|Hospital Universitario de Cruces|
|Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre|
|Hospital Universitario Gregorio Marañon|
|Hospital Universitario Ramon y Cajal|
|Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias|
|Clinica Universidad de Navarra|
|Pamplona, Spain, 31008|
|Hospital Universitario Donostia|
|San Sebastián, Spain|
|Hospital Universitario Lozano Blesa|
|Principal Investigator:||Bruno Sangro, MD||Liver Unit, Clínica Universidad de Navarra|