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Prospective RCT Comparing Perioperative Pain

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03253198
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 17, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 22, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rothman Institute Orthopaedics

Brief Summary:
This study is a non-blinded randomized controlled trial comparing the use of a preoperative "mini" block plus postoperative local infiltration of Exparel (liposomal form of bupivacaine) versus a partial single shot nerve block in subjects undergoing primary reverse or total shoulder arthroplasty to see which is more effective in controlling surgery related pain. To do so, we will utilize the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) to measure pain intensity. Opioid consumption will be recorded on a Pain Monitoring Sheet.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Arthroplasty Shoulder Drug: Saline Drug: Bupivacaine liposome Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 156 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Preoperative Interscalene Nerve Block Plus Postoperative Local Intra-operative Analgesic Injection vs Preoperative Interscalene Nerve Block Plus Postoperative Saline Injection in Patients Undergoing Shoulder Arthroplasty: a Randomized Trial
Actual Study Start Date : August 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : July 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Preoperative block plus saline
Preoperative interscalene brachial plexus single-shot block using 25ml of 0.5% Ropivicaine plus postoperative 40cc local infiltration of saline
Drug: Saline
A preoperative interscalene brachial plexus single-shot block using 25 ml of 0.5% Ropivicaine plus saline injection postoperative

Active Comparator: Preoperative block plus Bupivacaine extended-release liposome
Interscalene brachial plexus single shot block preoperatively (25 ml of 0.5% ropivicaine) + Postoperative Infiltration of local anesthetic/analgesic (20 cc Bupivacaine extended-release liposome injection (Exparel) + Diluted in 20cc of Saline into the capsule, subscapularis, deltoid, pectoralis major and subcutaneous tissues)
Drug: Bupivacaine liposome
an interscalene brachial plexus single shot block preoperatively (25 ml of 0.5% ropivicaine) + Postoperative Infiltration of local anesthetic/analgesic (20 cc Bupivacaine extended-release liposome injection (Exparel) + Diluted in 20cc of Saline into the capsule, subscapularis, deltoid, pectoralis major and subcutaneous tissues)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. morphine and morphine equivalent consumption [ Time Frame: 24 hours post surgery ]


Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • All individuals undergoing primary reverse and total shoulder arthroplasty by the shoulder service at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Methodist Hospital or Rothman Specialty Hospital.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Psychiatric illness as defined by co-morbid diagnosis of bipolar disorder or schizophrenia
  • Revision arthroplasty or arthroplasty for fracture
  • Unable/unwilling to consent for enrollment
  • Unable to complete postoperative pain survey
  • Known adverse drug reaction or allergy to the medications used
  • Chronic pain syndromes (including reflex sympathetic dystrophy, fibromyalgia, chronic diffuse musculoskeletal pain)
  • Patients taking long acting opioid pain medications (including extended release opioid pain medications and methadone)
  • Patients under the age of 18 years
  • Patients with history of hepatic disease
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03253198


Locations
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United States, Pennsylvania
Rothman Institute
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19107
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rothman Institute Orthopaedics
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Surena Namdari, MD Rothman Institute
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Responsible Party: Rothman Institute Orthopaedics
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03253198    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2017SNam
First Posted: August 17, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 22, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Bupivacaine
Anesthetics, Local
Anesthetics
Central Nervous System Depressants
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents