RCT of the Effectiveness of the WfWI Intervention in Afghanistan
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03236948|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified July 2017 by Rachel Jewkes, Medical Research Council, South Africa.
Recruitment status was: Active, not recruiting
First Posted : August 2, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 2, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Domestic Violence Depressive Symptoms Livelihoods||Behavioral: Women for Women International Intervention||Phase 3|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||1461 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||Individual level randomised trial, with intervention and control group|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Individually Randomised Control Trial Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the Women for Women International (WfWI) Intervention in Afghanistan for Intimate Partner Violence Prevention Among Married Women|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||November 2018|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||November 2018|
Experimental: WfWI Intervention
Women receive the WfWI intervention. This comprises of three main components. First, a social empowerment and health intervention. Second a livelihood strengthening intervention, including numeracy training, and vocational training. Third, a cash transfer conditional on attendance at the intervention to cover costs of attendance and provide start-up capital. The intervention is delivered over 12 months.
Behavioral: Women for Women International Intervention
|No Intervention: Control|
- Any past year physical intimate partner violence experienced amongst currently married women [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]Physical intimate partner violence is assessed using five items based on the WHO VAW scale. A positive response to any item leads to a person being classified as experiencing in the past year.
- Past year severe physical intimate partner violence experience amongst currently married women [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]Severe physical intimate partner violence experience is assessed using 5 items. Past year severe physical IPV is assessed as positive if a person responds to two (or more) items as once, or one item as few (or more), essentially creating a more than once categorization.
- Depressive symptomology [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]Past week depressive symptomology is assessed by the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CESD) scale, with the full twenty items. A mean score will be calculated.
- Household food insecurity in past four weeks [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]Three items ask about household level food insecurity in the past 4 weeks. A mean score is calculated.
- Financial shock resilience [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]One item assesses ability to mobilise cash in an emergency.
- Monthly earnings [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]A single item assesses women's past month earnings
- Total savings [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]A single item assesses women's total savings
- Life satisfaction [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]Life satisfaction is assessed using four-items derived from the Satisfaction With Life Scale. A mean score is produced.
- Suicidal ideation in past 4 weeks [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]A single item assesses thoughts about suicide in past week.
- Gender attitudes [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]11 questions assess women's gender attitudes. A mean score is created.
- Married women's participation in household decision-making [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]Five items are asked about women's ability to participate in household decisions. A mean score is created.
- Any emotional abuse in the past year amongst currently married women [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]Seven items assess emotional abuse in the past year. A mean score is calculated.
- Perceptions of husband cruelty amongst currently married women [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]Five items ask about married women's perceptions of her husband and his attitudes and relationship towards her. A mean score is created
- Mother-in-law or abuse in the past 12 months amongst currently married women [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]A single item assesses whether mother-in-laws have hit the woman in the past 12 months and another item assesses whether siblings have hit the woman in the past 12 months, an affirmative response to either item would indicate abuse.
- Perceptions of mother-in-law cruelty amongst currently married women [ Time Frame: 22 months post baseline ]For married women, six items ask about their relationship and the mother-in-laws attitudes towards her
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03236948
|Principal Investigator:||Rachel Jewkes, PhD||Director Gender and Health Research Unit|