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CDK4/6-inhibitor or Chemotherapy, in Combination With ENDOcrine Therapy, for Advanced Breast Cancer / KENDO (KENDO)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03227328
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 24, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 4, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori

Brief Summary:

Prospective, open label, multicenter, group sequential response adaptive randomized phase 2 study, comparing two treatments for locally advanced or metastatic luminal breast cancer:

  • Arm A: concomitant cyclin-dependent Kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor (palbociclib, ribociclib or abemaciclib) plus endocrine therapy (aromatase inhibitor [AI] or fulvestrant)
  • Arm B: chemotherapy plus endocrine therapy (AI or fulvestrant, administered either concomitantly from the beginning of chemotherapy or sequentially after 4-6 months of chemotherapy) Treatments will continue until disease progression or toxicity or patient refusal.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancer Metastatic Breast Cancer Hormone Receptor Negative Breast Cancer Drug: concomitant cyclin-dependent Kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor plus endocrine therapy Drug: chemotherapy plus endocrine therapy (administered either concomitantly or sequentially) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Group sequential response adaptive randomized clinical trial of concomitant chemotherapy plus endocrine therapy versus cyclin-dependent Kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor plus endocrine therapy for advanced hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer Primary Objective: To compare the efficacy of concomitant CDK4/6 inhibitor plus endocrine therapy versus chemotherapy plus endocrine therapy (administered either concomitantly from the beginning or sequentially) in terms of progression-free survival (PFS).

Secondary objectives: To compare between treatment arms:

  • quality of life (EORTC quality of life questionnaire(QLQ) QLQ -C30 and QLQ-BR23)
  • toxicity (CTCAE version 5.0)
  • time to treatment failure
  • best response rate
  • duration of response
  • clinical benefit rate
  • overall survival (OS)
  • PFS and clinical benefit with the subsequent line of treatment after cross-over: CDK4/6 inhibitors plus endocrine therapy in patients treated with chemotherapy plus endocrine therapy, chemotherapy (with or without endocrine therapy) in patients treated with CDK4/6 inhibitors plus endocrine therapy
  • correlative biomarkers of response to CDK4/6 inhibitors and chemotherapy:

    • tissue markers (on the primary tumor and / or metastatic tissue)
    • circulating markers (e.g. CTCs, ctDNA)

The patients will be allocated according to block randomization until two events are observed in each arm, and then according to the time-to-event adaptation of the group sequential Doubly-adaptive Biased Coin Design (DBCD) whose allocation probabilities are computed at the end of the block randomization and after around 70% and 85% of the 150 maximum patients are enrolled during a 23 month period. At these last two (i.e. after 105 and 128 patients, respectively), interim analysis on efficacy will be carried out allowing for early stopping. At the end of the 16-month follow up, administrative censoring is introduced. Therefore, the total study duration is 39 months.

Previous results on palbociclib and fulvestrant combination in second line and the characteristics of our target population lead us to assume a median PFS of 8 and 12 months for arm A and B, respectively. Under this scenario, for a sample size of at the most 150 patients, the proposed design strategy has led to a simulated power of 0.911 compared with a 0.717 one for the Complete Randomisation design.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 150 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: group sequential response adaptive Randomized, open label, multicenter,
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Group Sequential Response Adaptive Randomized Clinical Trial of Concomitant Chemotherapy Plus Endocrine Therapy Versus Cyclin-dependent Kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) Inhibitor Plus Endocrine Therapy for Advanced Hormone Receptor-positive, HER2-negative Breast Cancer.
Actual Study Start Date : August 2, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : February 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : July 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Treatment Arm A
concomitant cyclin-dependent Kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor plus endocrine therapy
Drug: concomitant cyclin-dependent Kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor plus endocrine therapy

CDK4/6 inhibitor:

  • palbociclib
  • ribociclib
  • abemaciclib

Endocrine therapy:

  • non-steroidal or steroidal AI
  • fulvestrant

Experimental: Treatment Arm B
chemotherapy plus endocrine therapy (administered either concomitantly or sequentially)
Drug: chemotherapy plus endocrine therapy (administered either concomitantly or sequentially)

Standard Chemotherapy regimens will be classified as:

  • anthracycline + taxane,
  • taxane,
  • anthracycline,
  • capecitabine / fluoropyrimidines,
  • others.

Endocrine therapy:

  • non-steroidal or steroidal AI
  • fulvestrant




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression Free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: up to 39 months ]
    time from randomization until first disease progression or death; disease progression is defined according to Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumours (RECIST) version 1.1


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. EORTC QLQ-C30 quality of life between the 2 arms [ Time Frame: up to 39 months ]
    evaluation of EORTC QLQ-C30 Version 3.0

  2. QLQ-BR23 quality of life between the 2 arms [ Time Frame: up to 39 months ]
    evaluation of QLQ-BR23 (breast cancer specific)

  3. toxicity [ Time Frame: up to 39 months ]
    evaluation of toxicity by Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 5.0

  4. time to treatment failure (TTF) [ Time Frame: up to 39 months ]
    the time from randomization to treatment discontinuation for any reason, including disease progression, treatment toxicity, patient refuse or death.

  5. best objective response rate [ Time Frame: up to 39 months ]
    best objective (partial or complete) response rate according to RECIST 1.1

  6. duration of response [ Time Frame: up to 39 months ]
    time from documentation of tumor response to disease progression

  7. clinical benefit rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: up to 39months ]
    the percentage of patients who achieved complete response, partial response or stable disease lasting longer than 24 weeks

  8. overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: up to 39 months ]
    time from randomization until death for any cause

  9. Progression free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: up to 39 months ]
    PFS and clinical benefit with the subsequent line of treatment after cross-overtime calculated from randomization until the date of start of the subsequent treatment line

  10. correlative biomarkers of response to chemotherapy and endocrine therapy [ Time Frame: up to 39 months ]
    correlative biomarkers assessed on baseline tumor specimens (from primary tumor or metastatic biopsies) and blood samples collected at baseline and at different timepoints until evidence of disease progression



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histological diagnosis of HR-positive (ER ≥10% of tumor cells), HER2-negative breast cancer, determined by local laboratory on most recent available tumor tissue.
  • Locally advanced (not susceptible to locoregional therapy) or metastatic disease (herein globally defined as "advanced breast cancer (ABC)").
  • At least one of the following signs of disease aggressiveness:

    • The main criteria are a low expression of ER (10% ≤ ER < 50%) and/or a relapse while on the first 2 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy or disease progression (PD) within the first 6 months of first-line endocrine therapy for ABC
    • Other tumor characteristics of aggressiveness that make the patient potentially candidate to chemotherapy, according to the guidelines of the Italian Association of Medical Oncology [AIOM guidelines 2017], such as: elevated Ki67 (preferably documented, if available, on a metastatic biopsy), low expression of hormone receptors (e.g. progesterone receptor <20%), extended visceral involvement or visceral involvement at risk for organ failure, uncontrolled symptoms; these patients are eligible if chemotherapy is considered a suitable option by the treating physician.
  • Postmenopausal women, or premenopausal women undergoing treatment with LHRH analog, or men (either receiving treatment with LHRH analog or not).
  • Measurable disease according to RECIST 1.1 criteria, or not measurable but evaluable disease.
  • Any prior adjuvant chemotherapy or endocrine therapy
  • No prior chemotherapy for advanced disease.
  • Up to one prior line of endocrine therapy for ABC.
  • Age ≥ 18 years.
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG-PS) ≤2 (see Appendix A).
  • Adequate organ (renal, hepatic, bone marrow, cardiac) functions.
  • Female participants of child bearing potential and male participants whose partner is of child bearing potential must be willing to use effective contraception during the study period and for 4 months thereafter. Effective contraception methods include: total abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual lifestyle of the subject); tubal ligation; male sterilization; combination of the placement of an intrauterine device or intrauterine system and barrier methods of contraception with spermicidal suppository.
  • Participant is willing and able to give informed consent for participation in the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any prior chemotherapy or CDK4/6 inhibitor for advanced breast cancer
  • More than 1 prior line of endocrine therapy for ABC.
  • Patients who have not recovered from adverse events due to prior therapies to grade ≤1 (excluding alopecia).
  • Active central nervous system metastases.
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to the drugs used in the study.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Prior history of non‐breast malignancy (except for adequately controlled basal cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in situ of the cervix, in situ carcinoma of the bladder), unless treated with curative intent and disease free for at least 3 years.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03227328


Contacts
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Contact: Oriana Nanni +390543739266 oriana.nanni@irst.emr.it

Locations
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Sponsors and Collaborators
Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori
Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco
Investigators
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Study Director: Andrea Rocca Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori, Via Maroncelli 40, 47014 Meldola, ITALY

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Responsible Party: Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03227328    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRST174.19
2016-004107-31 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: July 24, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 4, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la cura dei Tumori:
HR-positive Breast Cancer
metastatic breast cancer
First line treatment
endocrine therapy
chemotherapy
randomized phase III trial
aromatase inhibitor
HR-negative Breast Cancer
CDK4/6 inhibitor
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases