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Self-management of Blood Pressure Medication for Hypertensive Veterans

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03224624
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : July 21, 2017
Last Update Posted : January 20, 2022
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development

Brief Summary:

Hypertension is the most common medical problem among US Veterans. Treatment is available and effective, but control rates remain under 75%. While blood pressure control has traditionally been achieved through sequential visits and medication changes initiated by providers during office-based care, self-monitoring and self-management of blood pressure medication is an important strategy that would empower Veterans to achieve better control of blood pressure. The health impacts of better systems for treatment of hypertension are significant, including decreased rates of cardiovascular and kidney disease.

This two-site clinical trial will randomize 400 Veterans to either usual blood pressure care or a self-management strategy in which patient-driven self-management of blood pressure medications will be taught and used over the course of 1 year.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hypertension Other: self-management protocol for hypertension care Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

Project background: Recent literature from the UK (TASMIN2 and TASMIN-SR trials) have suggested that patient-driven self-management of blood pressure medications can be effective in achieving hypertension control, but questions remain as to how to apply these findings to a US population. The VA Healthcare System is an ideal system in which to test and customize this strategy for blood pressure treatment.

Project question:

Is patient-initiated self-management of blood pressure medication using a pre-specified, generalizable dose escalation scheme clinically effective, safe, and acceptable to patients and clinicians, compared to usual care in controlling blood pressure in hypertensive Veterans? Project methods: The investigators propose a 12-month randomized, controlled, non-blinded, single-center study of patient-initiated self-management of blood pressure medication vs. usual care with planned post study cohort follow-up via medical records. Participants in the intervention arm will be provided with home blood pressure monitoring tools and a self-management algorithm for changing their blood pressure medications as needed. Participants in the usual care arm will receive home monitoring tools and typical hypertension care from the primary care provider. The primary blood pressure outcome measure for the study will be between-group change in in-clinic blood pressure. Acceptability, safety, patient-centered outcomes and adherence will be key secondary outcomes

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 123 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: Participants will be randomized to either usual care or self-management of blood pressure using a stepped approach which participants can trigger using their home blood pressure measures.
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Masking Description: The outcome (in clinic blood pressure) will be assessed without knowledge of which group participants were assigned.
Primary Purpose: Health Services Research
Official Title: Self-management of Blood Pressure Medication for Hypertensive Veterans
Actual Study Start Date : February 21, 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2022
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Medicines

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: self-management
Participants will be taught to monitor blood pressure and make limited adjustments to their medications
Other: self-management protocol for hypertension care
participants in this arm will be taught to monitor and record their blood pressure. On a regular basis they will evaluate their blood pressure record and follow an algorithm to decide whether to adjust their medication.

No Intervention: usual care
Participants will be enrolled in the study and undergo a baseline, 6 month, and 1 year visit but their hypertension care will be per usual care.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. in-clinic blood pressure change [ Time Frame: 1 year (end of intervention) ]
    Blood pressure as measured in clinic at start and end of study

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure change [ Time Frame: 1 year (start to end of intervention) ]
    Home (24 hour) ambulatory blood pressure change measured from start to end of study

Other Outcome Measures:
  1. Incidence of Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events [Safety] [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Comparison of study-related adverse events in intervention vs. usual care arm. Events considered to be study-related include ER or urgent care visits for low or high blood pressure; hospitalizations related to low or high blood pressure; clinical events (hypertensive urgency, heart attack, stroke, syncope, death) related to high or low blood pressure.

  2. Intervention acceptability (patient-reported) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    acceptability of the intervention as measured by patient-reported scale of acceptability.

  3. Self-efficacy (patient-reported) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    Patients will report their hypertension-specific self-efficacy on a scale that will be repeated at start and end of study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Eligible participants are those with who have a clinical diagnosis of hypertension
  • Who are not currently at their in-clinic goal blood pressure (>130 or > 90 at minimum)
  • Are able to provide independent informed consent and expected to be in the area for at least 12 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Criteria for exclusion will include: active prescriptions for > 2 antihypertensive agents
  • Known allergies to 2 or more antihypertensive agents
  • Currently not primarily in charge of his/her own medication administration, e.g.:

    • those living in institutions or with dementia or other limitations making self medication care not possible
  • Life expectancy of less than 12 months
  • Blood pressure at screening visit > 180 mm Hg systolic or > 110 diastolic, or < 120 systolic
  • Screening cognitive function (Montreal Assessment of Cognitive Function, MoCA) 48 score less than 25
  • eGFR < 25 ml/min /1.73m2 or end-stage renal disease (ESRD)
  • Inability to use a standard home blood pressure cuff
  • Known secondary cause of hypertension that causes concern regarding safety of the protocol, in the opinion of the site investigator
  • Cardiovascular event or hospitalization for unstable angina within last 3 months
  • Symptomatic heart failure within the past 6 months or left ventricular ejection fraction < 35%
  • Pregnancy or planned pregnancy, or of child-bearing age not using birth control
  • Current participation in another clinical trial
  • Or major factors judged to be likely to significantly limit comprehension of or adherence to interventions including:

    • dementia
    • psychiatric disease
    • substance abuse

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03224624

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United States, California
VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA
San Diego, California, United States, 92161
San Francisco VA Medical Center, San Francisco, CA
San Francisco, California, United States, 94121
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
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Principal Investigator: Dena Evette Rifkin, MD MS VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA
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Responsible Party: VA Office of Research and Development
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03224624    
Other Study ID Numbers: IIR 15-369
First Posted: July 21, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 20, 2022
Last Verified: January 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: de-identified data may be shared at end of study

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Product Manufactured in and Exported from the U.S.: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases