Pembrolizumab for the Treatment of Recurrent High Grade Neuroendocrine Carcinoma (Pembro NEC)
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03190213|
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Update on clinical development: after discussions with the drug manufacturer, the PI has decided to discontinue the trial.)
First Posted : June 16, 2017
Results First Posted : January 27, 2020
Last Update Posted : June 22, 2021
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Neuroendocrine Tumors||Drug: Pembrolizumab Injection||Phase 2|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||6 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Intervention Model Description:||This is an open label, non-randomized phase 2 study|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Pembrolizumab for the Treatment of Recurrent High Grade Neuroendocrine Carcinoma|
|Actual Study Start Date :||December 4, 2017|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||December 13, 2018|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||March 11, 2019|
|Experimental: Pembrolizumab, all patients||
Drug: Pembrolizumab Injection
Pembrolizumab at a dose of 200 mg will be administered as an IV infusion over 30 minutes every 3 weeks until disease recurrence or discontinuation due to unacceptable toxicity for a maximum of 2 years. We anticipate on average patients will remain on treatment for approximately 24 weeks.
- Overall Response Rate [ Time Frame: planned for up to two years from baseline; actual time was up to 230 days (average of 70.5 days) ]Overall response was measured using Immune Related Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (irRECIST). At baseline, lesions found on CT or MRI imaging are cataloged as "target" or "non-target" lesions, and the longest dimensions of target lesions (or shortest dimension of target lymph nodes) are summed. irRECIST defines Complete Response (irCR) as a complete disappearance of all lesions after baseline. Partial Response (irPR) is defined as a 30% or more decrease in the target lesion measurements. Overall response rate is defined the percentage of participants with a best response of irCR + irPR.
- Clinical Benefit Rate [ Time Frame: planned for up to two years from baseline; actual time was up to 230 days (average of 70.5 days) ]Clinical benefit was measured using irRECIST. At baseline, lesions found on CT or MRI imaging are cataloged as "target" or "non-target" lesions, and the longest dimensions of target lesions (or shortest dimension of target lymph nodes) are summed. irRECIST defines irCR as a complete disappearance of all lesions after baseline. irPR is defined as a 30% or more decrease in the target lesion measurements. Progressive Disease (irPD) is a defined as a 20% or more increase in target lesion measurements. Stable Disease (irSD) is neither a sufficient shrinkage to qualify as irPR or irCR nor an increase that would qualify as irPD. Clinical Benefit Rate is defined as the percentage of participants with a best response of irCR + irPR + irSD.
- Median Progression Free Survival [ Time Frame: planned for up to four years from baseline; actual time was up to 230 days (average of 70.5 days) ]Progression free survival (PFS) is the length of time during and after treatment that a participant lives and the disease does not get worse. PFS was measured as the time from first dose of pembrolizumab until disease progression by irRECIST criteria (>= 20% increase in target lesion measurements), and is reported as the median number of days patients survived without disease progression as calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method.
- Median Overall Survival [ Time Frame: planned for up to four years from baseline; actual time was up to 230 days (average of 70.5 days) ]Overall survival (OS) is the length of time from the start of treatment that a participant lives. OS was measured as the time from first dose of pembrolizumab until the death of the participant or the end of follow-up (whichever was first), and is reported as the median number of days patients survived as calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. This study was intended to follow participants up to four years after the initiation of study treatment, but the study and the follow-up period were terminated prematurely. The maximum follow up was 360 days.
- Number of Patients With Adverse Events Reported [ Time Frame: planned for up to two years of treatment plus 90 days; actual time was up to 338 days (average of 170 days) ]Adverse Events were reported using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4. Each adverse event reported is assigned a severity grade from 1 to 5, where 1 is mild, 2 is moderate, 3 is severe, 4 is life threatening, and 5 indicates the event resulted in death. The number of patients experiencing any Grade 1-2 event and the number of patients experiencing any Grade 3 event are reported. There were no Grade 4 or Grade 5 events reported on this study. AEs were reported during study treatment and up to 90 days after last dose of treatment.
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Histologically confirmed, metastatic or unresectable neuroendocrine carcinoma of non-pulmonary origin, high grade as indicated by Ki-67 >20% and/or > 20 mitoses/10 hpf. Patients must have existing Ki-67 results from archival tissue or available tissue for Ki-67 testing. If no archival tissue is available the subject must agree to a fresh biopsy for testing to qualify for the study.
- Patients must have progressed during or after first-line treatment for metastatic or unresectable disease with either a platinum-based regimen (e.g. carboplatin + etoposide (VP-16), cisplatin + VP-16, FOLFOX) OR temozolomide-based regimen. Patients must have failed at least one line of therapy but no maximum number of therapies is exclusionary (i.e. second-line therapy and beyond).
- Have measurable disease based on Immune-Related Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (irRECIST).
- Be greater than or equal to 18 years of age on day of signing informed consent.
- Have a performance status of 0 or 1 on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Scale.
- Demonstrate adequate organ function as defined in the protocol, all screening labs should be performed within 14 days of treatment initiation.
- Subjects with a history of known central nervous system (CNS) metastases must have documentation of stable or improved brain imaging for at least 2 weeks after completion of definitive treatment. Definitive treatment may include surgical resection, whole brain irradiation, and/or stereotactic radiation therapy.
- Female subject of childbearing potential should have a negative urine or serum pregnancy within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study medication. If the urine test is positive or cannot be confirmed as negative, a serum pregnancy test will be required.
- Female subjects of childbearing potential should be willing to use 2 methods of birth control or be surgically sterile, or abstain from heterosexual activity for the course of the study through 120 days after the last dose of study medication Subjects of childbearing potential are those who have not been surgically sterilized or have not been free from menses for > 1 year.
- Male subjects should agree to use an adequate method of contraception starting with the first dose of study therapy through 120 days after the last dose of study therapy.
- Must have recovered from adverse effects of any prior surgery, radiotherapy or other antineoplastic therapy.
- Last dose of any antineoplastic therapy greater than or equal to 2 weeks (including chemotherapy, small molecule inhibitors, radiation, and/or other investigational anticancer agents). Patients receiving hormone manipulation (e.g. selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs), aromatase inhibitors, luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH} agonist, etc.) for reasons other than treatment of metastatic breast cancer may continue this treatment at the discretion of the investigator.
- Able to provide informed consent and willing to sign an approved consent form that conforms to federal and institutional guidelines.
- Is currently participating and receiving study therapy or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study therapy or used an investigational device within 2 weeks of the first dose of treatment.
- Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or receiving steroid therapy of any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to first dose of trial treatment. Subjects who receive daily steroid replacement therapy serve as an exception to this rule. Daily prednisone at doses of 5 to 7.5 mg (or hydrocortisone equivalent doses) is an example of replacement therapy.
- Has a known history of active Bacillus Tuberculosis (TB).
- Hypersensitivity to pembrolizumab or any of its excipients.
- Has had a prior anti-cancer monoclonal antibody (mAb) within 4 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
- Has had prior chemotherapy, targeted small molecule therapy, or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to study Day 1 or who has not recovered (i.e., less than or equal to Grade 1 or at baseline) from adverse events due to a previously administered agent. Note: Subjects with less than or equal to Grade 2 neuropathy are an exception to this criterion and may qualify for the study. Note: If subject received major surgery, they must have recovered adequately from the toxicity and/or complications from the intervention prior to starting therapy. Patients receiving hormone manipulation (e.g. tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitors, LHRH agonist, etc.) for reasons other than treatment of metastatic breast cancer may continue this treatment at the discretion of the investigator.
- Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include basal cell carcinoma of the skin or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin that has undergone potentially curative therapy or in situ cervical cancer. Patients on long-term adjuvant therapy with no evidence of disease are not excluded if felt appropriate by investigator.
- Has known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Subjects with previously treated brain metastases may participate provided they are stable (without evidence of progression by imaging for at least 2 weeks prior to the first dose of trial treatment and any neurologic symptoms have returned to baseline), have no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases, and are not using steroids for at least 7 days prior to trial treatment. This exception does not include carcinomatous meningitis which is excluded regardless of clinical stability.
- Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years (i.e. with use of disease modifying agents, Replacement therapy (e.g. thyroxine, insulin, or physiologic corticosteroid replacement therapy for adrenal or pituitary insufficiency, etc.) is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
- Has known history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis.
- Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy.
- Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the trial, interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the trial, or is not in the best interest of the subject to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.
- Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.
- Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the trial, starting with the pre-screening or screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of trial treatment.
- Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed death (PD) -1, anti-PD-L1, or anti-PD-L2 agent.
- Has a known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) (HIV 1/2 antibodies).
- Has known active Hepatitis B (e.g., HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (e.g., hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA [qualitative] is detected).
- Has received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study therapy. Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed; however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g., Flu-Mist®) are live attenuated vaccines, and are not allowed.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03190213
|United States, Utah|
|Huntsman Cancer Institute|
|Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112|
Documents provided by University of Utah:
|Responsible Party:||University of Utah|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||June 16, 2017 Key Record Dates|
|Results First Posted:||January 27, 2020|
|Last Update Posted:||June 22, 2021|
|Last Verified:||June 2021|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product:||Yes|
|Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product:||No|
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Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
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Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action