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Pharmacodynamic Open-Label Trial With VXA-A1.1 Oral H1 Vaccine in Healthy Adults

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03121339
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 20, 2017
Last Update Posted : May 30, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Vaxart

Brief Summary:
This is a phase 1 open-label pharmacodynamics study in healthy adults. The purpose of the study is to determine if the tablet formulation size of VXA-A1.1, an adjuvanted adenoviral based influenza vaccine, has an impact on delivery location. The secondary objective is to evaluate delivery with fasting versus fed status.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Seasonal Influenza Preventative Vaccine Pharmacodynamics Biological: VXA-A1.1 H1 Tablet Vaccine (small) Biological: VXA-A1.1 H1 Tablet Vaccine (large) Phase 1

Detailed Description:
This is a pharmacodynamics study in healthy adult males. The purpose of the study is to determine if the tablet formulation size of VXA-A1.1, an adjuvanted adenoviral based influenza vaccine, impacts the location and time of initial and complete disintegration of the drug product. The secondary objective is to evaluate delivery with fasting versus fed status.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 8 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Intervention Model Description: open-label with two tablet sizes labeled with different radioisotopes
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Phase 1, Open-Label, Randomized, 2×2 Crossover Study of Pharmacodynamics Comparing the Impact of Tablet Size and Fasting Status With an Oral Human Influenza A/California/04/2009 (H1N1) HA Adenoviral-Vector Based Vaccine and dsRNA Adjuvant
Actual Study Start Date : March 31, 2017
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 5, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : April 3, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Flu Flu Shot

Arm Intervention/treatment
Active Comparator: Treatment A - Fasting Condition
Radio-labeled VXA-A1.1 H1 Tablet Vaccine (small) and VXA-A1.1 H1 Tablet Vaccine (large) will be administered to fasted subjects.
Biological: VXA-A1.1 H1 Tablet Vaccine (small)
Tableted oral H1 vaccine (~140 mg tablet)

Biological: VXA-A1.1 H1 Tablet Vaccine (large)
Tableted oral H1 vaccine (~275 mg tablet)

Active Comparator: Treatment B - Fed Condition
Radio-labeled VXA-A1.1 H1 Tablet Vaccine (small) and VXA-A1.1 H1 Tablet Vaccine (large) will be administered to subjects with a small snack.
Biological: VXA-A1.1 H1 Tablet Vaccine (small)
Tableted oral H1 vaccine (~140 mg tablet)

Biological: VXA-A1.1 H1 Tablet Vaccine (large)
Tableted oral H1 vaccine (~275 mg tablet)




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. PD: Location of disintegration [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Site of initial and complete disintegration of the study DP

  2. PD: Time to disintegration [ Time Frame: 7 days ]
    Time of initial and complete disintegration of the study DP



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 49 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male volunteers aged 18 - 49 years, inclusive
  • Willing and able to give written informed consent/HIPAA authorization form
  • In good health (no clinically significant health concerns), as determined by medical history, physical examination, 12-lead ECG, vital signs and laboratory tests at screening
  • Liver function tests (alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate amino transferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), direct bilirubin (DB) and total bilirubin (TB) are within the normal range. [N.B., an elevated TB in the absence of an elevated direct bilirubin (benign unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia, known as Gilbert's Syndrome) will not be exclusionary]
  • Body weight ≥ 50 kg and a Body mass index between 17 and 35 at screening
  • Willingness to abstain from caffeine or xanthine containing foods or beverages, alcohol, tobacco or nicotine-containing products and strenuous exercise from 72 hours prior to screening and each dosing until discharge post each Dosing Day.
  • Dietary habits that fall within the range of normal, as determined by the Investigator. Examples of abnormal diets are liquid diets, protein only diets, high fat diets, or low carbohydrate diets.
  • Verbal confirmation from subject that his bowel movements are regular.
  • Comprehension of the study requirements (in English) with ability and willingness to complete all assessments and comply with scheduled visits and contacts.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Administration of any vaccine within 4 weeks preceding DP administration or during the study through the active period (Day 36), or any licensed or investigational adjuvanted vaccine within 12 months preceding DP administration, or planned use of any licensed or investigational adjuvanted vaccine during the study through the 12-month safety follow- up period
  • Use of any investigational drug or device the greater of: within 4 weeks preceding DP administration, or planned use of the above stated during the study through the study active period (Day 36) OR within 5 half-lives of an investigational drug product
  • Use of concomitant medications that may interfere with normal gastrointestinal tract function, including but not limited to those listed below:

    1. Proton pump inhibitors
    2. H2 blockers
    3. GI motility stimulants (e.g. metoclopramide)
    4. Anti-nausea/anti-emetics
    5. Opiate class pain relievers
    6. Anti-diarrheals
    7. Laxatives
  • Presence of significant uncontrolled medical or psychiatric illness (acute or chronic) including institution of new medical/surgical treatment or significant dose alteration for uncontrolled symptoms or drug toxicity within 3 months of screening
  • Any one of the following ECG findings within 30 days prior to administration:

    1. QTc F (interval duration > 450 msec (male),
    2. QRS interval greater than 120 msec,
    3. PR interval greater than 220 msec,
    4. Clinically significant ST-T wave changes or pathologic Q waves
  • Positive serology for HIV-1 or HIV-2, or HBsAg or HCV antibodies
  • Cancer, or treatment for cancer, within past 3 years (excluding basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and cervical cancer in situ)
  • Radiation exposure from clinical trials, including that from the present study, and from diagnostic X-rays, but excluding background radiation, exceeding a target organ (colon) dose of 50 mSv (5 rems) from a single dose within the last 30 days or a cumulative dose of 150 mSv (15 rems) in the last 12 months. No subject whose occupation requires monitoring for radiation exposure may be enrolled in the study.
  • Presence of household members who are neonates, pregnant women, or hematopoietic stem cell transplant or solid organ transplant recipients or who are immunocompromised including those who are HIV positive.
  • History of drug, alcohol or chemical abuse within 1 year prior to administration
  • Acute disease within 72 hours prior to administration defined as the presence of a moderate or severe illness with or without fever (as determined by the Investigator through medical history and physical examination) or any acute respiratory or gastrointestinal illness even with mild symptoms occurring within 7 days of administration
  • Presence of a fever ≥ 38ºC measured orally at baseline
  • Positive urine drug screen for drugs of abuse at screening
  • Positive breath or urine alcohol test at screening
  • Consistent/habitual smoking (> 10 cigarettes/day) within 6 months prior to administration
  • History or presence of acute/chronic diarrhea or constipation
  • History of serious reactions to any vaccination such as anaphylaxis, respiratory problems, Guillain-Barre syndrome, hives or abdominal pain
  • History of a hypersensitivity or allergic reaction to any component of the investigational DP, including but not limited to fish gelatin
  • History of irritable bowel disease or inflammatory digestive or gastrointestinal condition that could affect the distribution / safety evaluation of an orally administered DP targeting the mucosa of the small intestine. Such conditions may include but are not limited to:

    1. Esophageal Motility Disorder
    2. Malignancy
    3. Malabsorption
    4. Pancreaticobiliary disorders
    5. Irritable bowel syndrome
    6. Celiac Disease
    7. Inflammatory Bowel Disease
    8. Surgical Resection with the exception of appendectomy or a minor resection that is deemed acceptable by investigator and sponsor
    9. GERD
    10. Hiatal Hernia
    11. Peptic Ulcer (History of cholecystectomy is not exclusionary)
  • Any condition that resulted in the absence or removal of the spleen
  • History of any form of angioedema
  • Male subject who is unwilling to use an acceptable method of contraception, as listed below, for the duration of the study and continuing for 90 days after the subject's last study DP dose. Acceptable methods of contraception include the following: (1) complete abstinence from intercourse beginning with the first dose of study DP and continuing for 90 days after the final study DP dose, (2) male subject sterilization (vasectomy), (3) sterilization of or non-childbearing potential female partner (bilateral tubal ligation/salpingectomy, hysterectomy, post-menopausal), (4) use of hormonal contraception by female partner (implantable, patch, oral, injectable), (5) use of an intrauterine device (IUD) or intrauterine system by female partner, (6) barrier methods (condom by male or an occlusive cap [diaphragm or cervical/vault caps] by female partner) with concomitant spermicidal foam/gel/film/cream/suppository use, (7) any other birth control method with published data showing a failure rate that is < 1% per year. Male subjects should not donate sperm for the duration of the study and for 90 days after the last DP dose. Male subjects who are not sexually active but become active, must comply with the contraceptive requirements above.
  • Any condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, might interfere with ability to assess the primary study objectives

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03121339


Locations
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United States, Kentucky
Scintipharma, Inc.
Lexington, Kentucky, United States, 40504
Sponsors and Collaborators
Vaxart
Investigators
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Study Director: David Liebowitz, MD, PhD Vaxart, Inc.
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Responsible Party: Vaxart
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03121339    
Other Study ID Numbers: VXA02-RLT-01
First Posted: April 20, 2017    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 30, 2018
Last Verified: May 2018
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Influenza, Human
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Vaccines
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs