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Autologous Dendritic Cell Vaccine for Treatment of Patients With Chronic HCV-Infection

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03119025
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 18, 2017
Results First Posted : May 10, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 10, 2019
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alexander A Ostanin, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences

Brief Summary:

Clearance of HCV infection requires early and multi-specific HLA class I restricted CD8+ T cell and class II restricted CD4+ T cell responses to both structural (Core) and non-structural HCV proteins (NS3, NS4A, NS5A, NS5B). Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that link innate and adaptive immune responses, and play a major role in priming, initiating, and sustaining strong anti-HCV T cell immune responses.

The general objective of this study is to evaluate safety, feasibility and clinical efficacy of therapeutic vaccination in genotype 1 HCV patients using autologous DCs pulsed with recombinant HCV-antigens (Core and NS3). Expected effects: DC vaccination induces Core/NS3-specific immune response and reduces viral load in patients with chronic HCV-infection.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatitis C, Chronic Liver Diseases Hepatitis Virus Diseases Biological: Autologous DC-vaccines Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has chronically infected an estimated 170 million people worldwide. People infected with HCV are at risk for developing chronic liver diseases, such as liver cirrhosis and primary hepatocellular carcinoma. It has been estimated that HCV accounts for 27% of cirrhosis and 25% of hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide. Therapy for chronically HCV-infected patients has involved a pegylated interferon-alpha and ribavirin (pegIFN/RBV) and is still the only FDA-approved therapeutic combination. However, this therapy is expensive, non-specific, toxic, and only effective in about 50% of genotype-1 HCV patients.

An early immune response, represented by the activation of NK cells, the development of vigorous anti-HCV CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses, and the appearance of HCV-specific antibodies, is mounted by the host during acute HCV infection and leads to clearance of the virus. However, in the vast majority (≈85%) of infected individuals HCV causes a persistent infection. The mechanisms of HCV persistence remain elusive and are largely related to inefficient clearance of the virus by the host immune system.

Although HCV genome is very variable with hundreds of serotypes and six genotypes, several structural (Core) and nonstructural proteins (NS3, NS4A, NS5A, NS5B) are highly conserved among genotypes and subtypes. It is apparent that clearance of hepatitis C infection requires early and multi-specific HLA class I restricted CD8+ T cell and class II restricted CD4+ T cell responses to both structural and non-structural HCV proteins.

DCs are professional antigen-presenting cells that link innate and adaptive immune responses. DCs play a major role in priming, initiating, and sustaining strong T cell responses against pathogen-derived antigens. Therefore DC-based therapy represents a promising immunotherapeutic approach in terms of their propensity to establish anti-HCV adaptive immune responses.

This trial is a prospective, non-blinded, interventional study to determine safety, feasibility and clinical efficacy of therapeutic vaccination in genotype 1 HCV patients using autologous DCs pulsed with recombinant HCV-antigens (Core and NS3). Our previous work has shown that the short-term loading of DCs with recombinant HCV proteins Core (1-120) and NS3 (1192-1457) have no any marked inhibitory effect on maturation and functions of DCs.

In experimental group thirty patients with chronic hepatitis C (genotype 1) will be vaccinated via intracutaneous injection of monocyte-derived DCs, generated in the presence of IFN-α/GM-CSF and pulsed with recombinant HCV Core (1-120) and NS3 (1192-1457) proteins. The vaccination protocol will includes initiating (one injection per week, no 4) and maintaining (one injection per month, no 6) courses with subsequent 6-month of follow up.

The safety will be determined by the evaluation of the number of participants with the adverse events. Liver safety will be assessed by blood analysis and Ultrasound. Patients will be monitored in a 2 months (after completing of initiating course), 7 months (after completing of maintaining course) and 13 months (in a 6 months post-vaccination follow-up).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 10 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Safety/Efficacy of Vaccination With Autologous Dendritic Cells Pulsed With Recombinant HCV-Antigens (Core and NS3) for Treatment of Patients With Chronic HCV-Infection
Actual Study Start Date : May 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Hepatitis C

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Autologous DC-vaccines
Thirty patients with chronic hepatitis C (genotype 1) will receive the initiating and maintaining courses of autologous of autologous monocyte-derived dendritic cells, generated in the presence of IFN-α/GM-CSF and pulsed with recombinant HCV Core (1-120) and NS3 (1192-1457) proteins.
Biological: Autologous DC-vaccines

Patients will be vaccinated via intracutaneous injection of autologous DCs (5×106) combined with adjuvant subcutaneous injection of recombinant hIL-2 (250 000 IU).

Initiating course: one vaccination per week, during 1 month. Maintaining course: one vaccination per month, during 6 month. Patients will be monitored in a 2 months (after completing of initiating course), 7 months (after completing of maintaining course) and 13 months (in a 6 months post-vaccination follow-up).





Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Severe Adverse Reactions and/or With Abnormal Clinical Laboratory Values That Are Related to Treatment [ Time Frame: From enrollment and up to 13 months ]
    Frequency of severe adverse reactions will be evaluated from enrollment and up to 13 months. Liver safety by blood analysis (ALT, AST, GGT, Total and conjugated bilirubin, platelets, ESR, etc) and Ultrasound will be assessed from enrollment and up to 13 months (= baseline, 2, 7 and 13 months after 1-st vaccination).


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Virological Response According to HCV RNA Viral Load [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2, 7 and 13 months after 1-st vaccination ]
    Virological response in patients receiving DC-vaccinations is defined as change from baseline in HCV RNA viral load by at least 1 log at 2, 7 and 13 month after 1-st vaccination. Plasma level of HCV RNA will be measured by Real-Time Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR)

  2. Number of Participants Who Have Developed or Increased Anti-Viral Immune Response According to T-cell Proliferation [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2, 7, and 13 months after 1-st vaccination ]
    Change from baseline in T-cell proliferative response to HCV Core and NS3 proteins at 2, 7 and 13 month after 1-st vaccination. T-cell proliferation will be evaluated using radiometry based on 3H-thymidine incorporation

  3. Number of Participants Who Have Developed or Increased Anti-Viral Immune Response According to IFN-γ Production [ Time Frame: Baseline, 2, 7 and 13 months after 1-st vaccination ]
    Change from baseline in T-cell IFN-γ-producing response to HCV Core and NS3 proteins at 2, 7 and 13 month after 1-st vaccination. Production of IFN-γ will be measured by ELISA kit



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age 18 to 65 Years (Adult)
  • Chronic hepatitis C (genotype 1b)
  • HCV-positive patients
  • Plasma HCV RNA level ≥ 10 000 IU/ml
  • Liver fibrosis (METAVIR Score 0-III)
  • Patients must be able to tolerate all study procedures
  • Patients must be willing to voluntarily give written Informed Consent to participate in the study before any procedures are performed
  • Patients must be willing to be available for all baseline, treatment and follow-up examinations required by protocol

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Co-infection with hepatitis B, A, D, E, cytomegalovirus or Epstein-Barr virus
  • Liver cirrhosis (METAVIR Score IV)
  • The high degree of hepatitis activity (ALT and/or AST ≥ 10 ULN)
  • Received any vaccine within a month prior to study entry
  • A history of diabetes
  • Psychiatric disorders
  • Renal dysfunctions
  • Hemodynamic or respiratory instability
  • HIV or uncontrolled bacterial, fungal, or viral infections
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Pregnancy
  • Malignancy
  • Participation in other clinical trials

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT03119025


Locations
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Russian Federation
Institute of Fundamental and Clinical Immunology
Novosibirsk, Russian Federation, 630099
Sponsors and Collaborators
Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
Investigators
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Study Chair: Elena R Chernykh, MD, PhD Institute of Fundamental and Clinical Immunology
Principal Investigator: Alexander A Ostanin, MD, PhD Institute of Fundamental and Clinical Immunology
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Alexander A Ostanin, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences:
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 10, 2015
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] April 10, 2015
Informed Consent Form  [PDF] April 10, 2015

Study Data/Documents: Clinical Study Report  This link exits the ClinicalTrials.gov site
Chernykh E., Leplina O., Oleynik E., Tikhonova M., Tyrinova T., Starostina N., Ostanin A. Immunotherapy with interferon-α-induced dendritic cells for chronic HCV infection (the results of pilot clinical trial) // Immunologic Research.- 2017

Publications:
Oleynik EA, Leplina OY, Tyrinova TV, Tikhonova MA, Pyrinova GB, Ostanin AA, Starostina NM, Chernykh ER. The influence of recombinant HCV proteins Core and NS3 on maturation and functions of dendritic cells generated in vitro with interferon-alpha. Immunology 37 (5): 239-245, 2016. (in Russian) DOI: 10.18821/0206-4952-2016-37-5-239-245

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Responsible Party: Alexander A Ostanin, Head of Clinical Department, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03119025    
Other Study ID Numbers: IFCI-04/10/2015
First Posted: April 18, 2017    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: May 10, 2019
Last Update Posted: May 10, 2019
Last Verified: February 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Undecided

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: No
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Alexander A Ostanin, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences:
Dendritic Cells
DC-based Vaccines
Chronic HCV Infection
Antigen-Specific T cell response
Recombinant HCV-Core antigen
Recombinant HCV-NS3 antigen
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Infection
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C, Chronic
Virus Diseases
Hepatitis
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Flaviviridae Infections
Hepatitis, Chronic