Tandem High Dose Chemotherapy With 131I-MIBG Treatment in High Risk Neuroblastoma
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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of tandem HDCT/ASCT including high-dose 131I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) treatment. In the present study, a single arm trial of tandem HDCT/ASCT will be carried out.
Although the outcome of high-risk neuroblastoma has improved after the introduction of HDCT/ASCT, the outcome was still unsatisfactory with 30-40% of survival. We previously reported the results of a single arm prospective trial (SMC NB-2004 study) using tandem HDCT/auto-SCT for high-risk neuroblastoma. In the NB-2004 trial, total body irradiation (TBI) was incorporated in second transplantation. Survival rates were very encouraging; however, short- and long-term toxicities associated with tandem HDCT/auto-SCT, particularly TBI, were also very significant. For this reason, we designed a new prospective trial (SMC NB-2009 study), in which only TBI in the second HDCT/auto-SCT of NB-2004 study was substituted with high-dose 131I-MIBG treatment in order to reduce short- and long-term toxicities without jeopardizing survival rate.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
up to 21 Years (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Patients with high-risk neuroblastoma
Patients with progressive disease before high-dose chemotherapy
Patients whose parents want to stop or change the planned treatment
Patients with organ toxicities of NCI grade >2 before high-dose chemotherapy