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Prospective Translational Study Investigating Molecular Predictors of Resistance and Response to Regorafenib Monotherapy (PROSPECT-R)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
See Contacts and Locations
Verified January 2017 by Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bayer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT03010722
First received: January 6, 2015
Last updated: January 4, 2017
Last verified: January 2017
  Purpose
This is a single centre prospective biological translational research study involving the collection of tumour tissue, blood samples and clinical data from patients being treated with regorafenib for metastatic Colorectal Cancer (mCRC) at the Royal Marsden Hospital. Patients will be eligible for the study if they have a histological diagnosis of CRC, are refractory to standard available therapies with palliative intent for mCRC, have received prior treatment with at least one anti-VEGF antibody and chemotherapy drugs including fluorouracil (5FU) or capecitabine, oxaliplatin and irinotecan, and patients have RAS mutant tumours.

Condition Intervention Phase
Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Drug: Regorafenib Phase 2

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Prospective Translational Study Investigating Molecular Predictors of Resistance and Response to Regorafenib Monotherapy in RAS Mutant Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • disease control rate (DCR), measured in months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    DCR will be defined as complete response (CR)/partial response (PR)/ stable disease (SD) using RECIST v1.1. Chi2 or Fisher's exact tests will be employed to explore whether there is an association between low or high mutations and DCR. Logistic regression will be employed to produce odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • progression free survival (PFS), measured in months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    PFS will be measured from start of treatment to date of progression or death from any cause.Logistic regression will be employed to produce odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The PFS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and survival curves will be generated for each group. The log-rank test will be used to compare the survival curves and a Cox proportional hazards model will be fitted to obtain hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs. The proportional hazards assumption will be tested with the use of Schoenfeld residuals

  • overall survival (OS), measured in months [ Time Frame: 12 months ]
    OS will be defined as time from start of treatment to death of any cause. Logistic regression will be employed to produce odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). The OS will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and survival curves will be generated for each group. The log-rank test will be used to compare the survival curves and a Cox proportional hazards model will be fitted to obtain hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs. The proportional hazards assumption will be tested with the use of Schoenfeld residuals

  • Median values of volume transfer constant (Ktrans) and enhancing fraction (EF) and their product KEF (product of summarised median values of Ktrans x EF/100) will be compared at baseline and on day 15 [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Dynamic contrast enhance magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) will be performed pre-treatment and at day 15. KEF changes of more than 70% between the two time points will be considered significant and patients will be thus stratified in two groups, i.e. A) drop in KEF of >70% and B) less than 70% drop in KEF.


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Tissue and plasma samples will be retained for a maximum period of 20 years, according to UK regulatory approval policy and study protocol.

Estimated Enrollment: 49
Study Start Date: January 2015
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Regorafenib

160 mg orally (po) od for 3 weeks of every 4-week cycle

All patients will be required to have pre-treatment dynamic contrast enhance computed tomography (DECT) scan pre-treatment and at 8 weeks. Suitable patients will also be required to have dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DEC-MRI) and diffusion weighted (DW)-MRI, pre-treatment and at 2 weeks. All patients will also be required to have an Ultrasound (USS) or CT-guided biopsy of suitable metastatic lesion.

Drug: Regorafenib
Patients meeting all of the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria will receive regorafenib 160 mg orally (po) od for 3 weeks of every 4-week cycle. Each cycle will comprise 3 weeks of treatment followed by 1 week without treatment, hereafter described as "3 weeks on/1 week off". Each 160-mg dose will include four regorafenib 40-mg tablets.
Other Name: Stivarga

Detailed Description:
This is an exploratory translational research study to obtain research biopsies of RAS mutant metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) tumour tissue prior to commencement of regorafenib multi-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (MKI) treatment targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), tumour microenvironment and oncogenic driver alterations, and again at development of resistance. Candidate markers of resistance will be identified in tissue biopsies through genetic and other molecular analysis and parallel collection of serial blood specimens will facilitate the identification of resistance markers and the tracking of resistance evolution in circulating nucleic acids. Early dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) along with diffusion weighted (DW)-MRI imaging at the beginning, and on day 15+/-7 post treatment will be performed. Additionally, dual contrast enhanced CT (DECT) will be performed according to routine clinical evaluation time points before drug administration and at 8 weeks after drug administration. Disease will be monitored with serial CT scans of the chest abdomen and pelvis (CT-CAP) every eight weeks, until progression. The aim of the study is to identify novel predictive biomarkers of resistance and response to this targeted therapy in mCRC previously treated with oxaliplatin, fluoropyrimidines and irinotecan, using genetic, epigenetic, transcriptomics, proteomic and live tissue culture methods. These molecular analyses will be performed on metastatic tumour tissue samples taken firstly before commencement of regorafenib, and secondly on progression of disease, and thirdly from archival primary or metastatic tumour tissue. There is an additional biopsy at 8 weeks in patients with response or stable disease, as determined by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (RECIST) 1.1 criteria.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients will be selected from the clinics and multi-disciplinary meetings, so long that they meet all the inclusion criteria and no exclusion criteria.
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Patients with RAS mutant (MT) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) who have been at least once treated with available therapies including fluoropyrimidine-based chemotherapy, oxaliplatin, irinotecan and an anti-angiogenic agent, except for patients who have not been treated with oxaliplatin due to previous documented peripheral neuropathy in an adjuvant setting or in those patients where disease has progressed within a short time from receiving adjuvant treatment (<12 months).
  2. Eligible to receive regorafenib within the context of PROSPECT-R trial at the Royal Marsden Hospital

Exclusion criteria:

A patient who meets any of the exclusion criteria will NOT be eligible for randomization.

A patient must NOT

  1. have had prior treatment with regorafenib or any other VEGF-targeting kinase inhibitor
  2. have had previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from colorectal cancer within 5 years prior to randomization EXCEPT for curatively treated cervical cancer in situ, non-melanoma skin cancer and superficial bladder tumors [Ta (Noninvasive tumor), Tis (Carcinoma in situ) and T1 (Tumor invades lamina propria)].
  3. Patients that are participating in another clinical trial involving an investigational medicinal product, unless it is more than 14 days after they have ceased the investigational medicinal product
  4. Patients that are participating in another research study involving tumour tissue biopsies planned to take place during the time that the patient is participating in this study
  5. Have had a major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to initiation of study treatment
  6. If female and of childbearing potential, be engaged in breast feeding
  7. Be unable to swallow oral tablets (crushing of study treatment tablets is not allowed)
  8. Arterial or venous thrombotic or embolic events such as cerebrovascular accident (including transient ischemic attacks), deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within 6 month before the start of study medication (except for adequately treated catheter-related venous thrombosis occurring more than one month before the start of study medication)
  9. Interstitial lung disease with ongoing signs and symptoms at the time of informed consent.
  10. Ongoing infection > Grade 2 NCI Common Toxicity Criterial for Adverse Effects (CTCAE).
  11. Uncontrolled hypertension (Systolic blood pressure > 140 mmHg or diastolic pressure > 90 mmHg) despite optimal medical management
  12. Have congestive heart failure classified as New York Heart Association Class 2 or higher
  13. Have had unstable angina (angina symptoms at rest) or new-onset angina < 3 months prior to screening
  14. Have had a myocardial infarction < 6 months prior to initiation of study treatment
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03010722

Contacts
Contact: Claire Saffery 02086613637 claire.saffery@rmh.nhs.uk
Contact: Khurum Dr Khan 02086426011 ext 1123 khurum.khan@rmh.nhs.uk

Locations
United Kingdom
The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust London and Surrey Recruiting
Carshalton, Surrey, United Kingdom, SM2 5PT
Contact: Claire Saffery    02086613637    claire.saffery@rmh.nhs.uk   
Contact: Dr Khurum Khan    02086426011 ext 1123    khurum.khan@rmh.nhs.uk   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
Bayer
  More Information

Responsible Party: Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03010722     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 4164
Study First Received: January 6, 2015
Last Updated: January 4, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 18, 2017