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Atezolizumab as Induction Therapy in Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (PRINCEPS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02994576
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : December 16, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 3, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris

Brief Summary:

Based on the efficacy of immunotherapies in advanced disease with a reasonable safety profile/tolerability we could hypothetisize that, immunotherapy should work best in the situation of minimal residual disease, Two clinical trials are ongoing to test the role of immunotherapeutic agents in the adjuvant setting: PEARLS trial, a randomized phase III trial with anti-PD1 monoclonal antibody pembrolizumab (MK-3475 or pembrolizumab) versus placebo for patients with early stage NSCLC after resection and completion of standard adjuvant therapy, and the second randomized phase III trial (NCT02273375) will evaluate the efficacy of an anti-PD-L1 (MEDI 4736) for a maximum of 12 months versus placebo as adjuvant therapy in completed resected stage IB-IIIA NSCLC and completed standard ACT.

The role of immunotherapeutic approaches for NSCLC in the neoadjuvant setting is currently unknown. However, based on the survival efficacy of immunotherapeutic strategies in advanced NSCLC where the tumor has not been removed which could produce higher immunogenicity and based on the efficacy of neoadjuvant treatments in NSCLC, we propose to test the safety and efficacy of atezolizumab as neoadjuvant therapy in subjects diagnosed with stage I, II, or IIIA (non N2) NSCLC and who are deemed suitable for surgical resection.

Clinical staging of NSCLC is based on computed tomography (CT) of the chest and upper abdomen, brain CT or magnetic resonance imaging and 18F-FDG PETscan to rule out metastatic disease and assess the potential for curative-intent resection. Adjuvant chemotherapy will be performed according the standard clinical guidelines.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Nonsmall Cell Lung Cancer Drug: Atezolizumab Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Single-arm Phase 2 Study of Atezolizumab as Induction Therapy in Stage IB-IIIA Non N2 Resectable and Untreated Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
Actual Study Start Date : December 20, 2016
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2022

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Stage IB(≥ 2 cm)-IIIA non N2, resectable and untreated NSCLC Drug: Atezolizumab
Atezolizumab, 1200 mg administered I.V. once

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The rate of patients without major toxicities or morbidities [ Time Frame: During the period defined as the start of treatment and 1 month after the surgery (2-month tolerance rate) ]

    Major toxicities or morbidities: it will include

    a) treatment toxicity leading to a delay of at least 15 days of the surgery, b) grade ≥ 3 toxicity occurring within 2 months after atezolizumab infusion, c) major postoperative morbidity and d) any death related to the experimental treatment and occurring in the period from the day of injection of atezolizumab to the 30 postoperative days. Patients that did not have surgery because of early progression will be considered as having major toxicities or morbidities.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Histologically documented NSCLC
  • Clinical Stage IA (≥ 2 cm)-IIIA non N2 NSCLC eligible for surgical resection
  • Initial work-up including petscan and MRI for staging
  • Measurable disease, as defined by RECIST v1.1.
  • Apt to surgical resection by a lobectomy or bilobectomy procedure
  • ECOG performance status of 0 or 1 (appendix 3)
  • Adequate hematologic and organ function, defined by the following laboratory results obtained within 14 days prior to registration:

    • White blood cell (WBC) counts > 2.5 x 109/L
    • Absolut neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L (without granulocyte colony-stimulating factor support within 2 weeks prior to Day 1)
    • Platelet count ≥100 x 109/L
    • Hemoglobin ≥ 9.0 g/dL. Patients may be transfused to meet this criterion.
    • AST, ALT, and alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 X the upper limit of normal (ULN),
    • Serum bilirubin ≤ 1.5 X ULN. Patients with known Gilbert disease who have serum bilirubin level ≤ 3 X ULN may be enrolled.
    • International Normalized Ratio (INR) and activated Partial Thromboplastin Time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 X ULN -This applies only to patients who are not receiving therapeutic anticoagulation; patients receiving therapeutic anticoagulation should be on a stable dose.
    • Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min on the basis of the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD)
    • Serum albumin ≥2.5 g/dL
    • Calcemia ≤ 2.65 mmol/L or Ca ≤10 mg/dL
  • Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 14 days before the registration and must be willing to use two methods of contraception, one of them being a barrier method, or to abstain from sexual activity during the study and for 5 months after last study drug administration. Sexually active males and their female partners must agree to use two methods of accepted and effective contraception (hormonal or barrier methods, abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of the study.
  • Information delivered to the patient and informed consent form signed by the patient
  • Ability to comply with the protocol procedures
  • Patient affiliated to a social security system or beneficiary of the same

Exclusion Criteria:

Patients who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from study entry:

  • History of prior malignancy, except for cured non-melanoma skin cancer, cured in situ cervical carcinoma for at least five years before registration.
  • Prior therapy for lung cancer
  • Pregnant and breast feeding women
  • History of severe allergic, anaphylactic, or other hypersensitivity reactions to chimeric or humanized antibodies or fusion proteins
  • Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell products or any component of the atezolizumab product
  • History of autoimmune disease, including but not limited to myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, vascular thrombosis associated with antiphospholipid syndrome, Wegener's granulomatosis, Sjögren's syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, multiple sclerosis, Type I diabetes mellitus, vasculitis, or glomerulonephritis (see Appendix 5 for a more comprehensive list of autoimmune diseases). Patients with a history of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism on a stable dose of thyroid replacement hormone may be eligible for this study.
  • History of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, organizing pneumonia (e.g., bronchiolitis obliterans), drug-induced pneumonitis, idiopathic pneumonitis, or evidence of active pneumonitis on screening chest CT scan
  • History of HIV infection
  • Patients with active hepatitis B (chronic or acute) or hepatitis C Patients with past/resolved HBV infection (defined as the presence of anti-hepatitis B core antibody, IgG anti-HBs + and absence of HbsAg) are eligible. HBV DNA should be obtainedin these patients prior to Day 1.

Patients positive for HCV antibody are eligible only if PCR is negative for HCV RNA.

  • Active tuberculosis
  • Severe infections within 4 weeks prior to registration, including but not limited to hospitalization for complications of infection, bacteremia, or severe pneumonia
  • Signs or symptoms of infection within 2 weeks prior to registration
  • Significant cardiovascular disease, such as New York Heart Association cardiac disease (Class II or greater), myocardial infarction within the previous 3 months, unstable arrhythmias, or unstable angina
  • Patients with known coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure not meeting the above criteria, or left ventricular ejection fraction <50% must be on a stable medical regimen that is optimized in the opinion of the treating physician, in consultation with a cardiologist if appropriate.
  • Major surgical procedure other than for diagnosis within 28 days prior to registration or anticipation of need for a major surgical procedure during the course of the study
  • Prior allogeneic stem cell or solid organ transplant
  • History of any hematological disease not considered in complete remission for at least five years before registration.
  • Administration of a live, attenuated vaccine within 4 weeks before registration or anticipation that such a live attenuated vaccine will be required during the study or for 5 months after study drug administration. Influenza vaccination should be given during influenza season only (approximately October to March).

Patients must not receive live, attenuated influenza vaccine (e.g., FluMistâ) within 4 weeks prior to registration or at any time during the study.

  • Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or render the patient at high risk from treatment complications
  • Prior treatment with CD137 agonists or immune checkpoint blockade therapies, including anti-CTLA4, anti-PD-1, and anti-PD-L1 therapeutic antibodies
  • Treatment with systemic immunostimulatory agents (including but not limited to interferons, interleukin-2) within 6 weeks or five half-lives of the drug, whichever is shorter, prior registration
  • Treatment with systemic immunosuppressive medications (including but not limited to prednisone, cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, thalidomide, and anti-tumor necrosis factor [anti-TNF] agents) within 2 weeks prior to registration
  • Patients who have received acute, low-dose, systemic immunosuppressant medications (e.g., a one-time dose of dexamethasone for nausea) may be enrolled in the study after discussion with and approval by the coordinating investigator. The use of inhaled corticosteroids and mineralocorticoids (e.g., fludrocortisone) is allowed.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02994576

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Contact: Benjamin BESSE, MD, PhD 0142114322 ext +33
Contact: Aurélien PARPALEIX, MD 0142113943 ext +33

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Gustave Roussy Recruiting
Villejuif, Val De Marne, France, 94805
Contact: Geraldine MARTINEAU, MD    014225607 ext +33   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris
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Responsible Party: Gustave Roussy, Cancer Campus, Grand Paris Identifier: NCT02994576    
Other Study ID Numbers: 2016-000270-38
2016/2362 ( Other Identifier: CSET number )
First Posted: December 16, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 3, 2019
Last Verified: January 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Antineoplastic Agents