Effect of Mirror Therapy and Task Oriented Training for Persons With Paretic Upper Extremity
|Stroke Cerebrovascular Accident||Behavioral: mirror therapy and repetitive task training|
|Study Design:||Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Effect of Mirror Therapy and Repetitive Task Training on Upper Extremity Function for Persons With Subacute Stroke|
- Change in Patient Specific Functional Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 2 months ]Patient Specific Functional Scale is a measure that involves self-rating of self-selected functional tasks
- Change in Fugl Myer Motor Assessment [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 2 months ]Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment is a clinical performance test of motor ability of the upper extremity
- Change in Motor Activity Log [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 2 months ]The Motor Activity Log is a self-reported measure that captures the amount of arm and hand use and perception of movement quality of the impaired upper limb
|Study Start Date:||October 2014|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2015|
|Primary Completion Date:||April 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: intervention arm
participants received 4 weeks of mirror therapy and repetitive task training
Behavioral: mirror therapy and repetitive task training
Other Name: task oriented training
This case series was designed to to determine the effect of a mirror therapy and repetitive task training program on the weak arm and hand functioning due to the consequences of stroke. Mirror therapy is a type of therapy mirror reflection of the stronger arm and hand helps to promote reorganization of neurons. Studies have shown that mirror therapy is an effective adjunct to regular exercise and task-oriented therapy.
To qualify for this study, participants must meet the following criteria: 1) age 21 years or more; 2) first-time stroke with onset of at least 3 months; 3) slight movement of the weaker arm or /and hand; 3) stable physical and mental health; and 4) mentally capable and competent to make health care-related decisions and carry out a home program.
Participants were required to come to Quinnipiac University - North Haven campus to undergo mirror therapy training, in 45-60 minute sessions, twice a week for one month. They were also required to complete pre-testing before and post-testing after the mirror therapy program. In addition, they were required to carry-out a home program that includes the use of a mirror box and self-selected tasks. The home program required them to exercise and practice the use of their more affected arm and hand for at least 1-2 hours a day.
Participation was strictly voluntary. Participants were informed of the minimal risks involved as well as their options to continue or withdraw from the study upon initial consent. The study did not yield physical or mental harm to the participants.