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Effect of Mirror Therapy and Task Oriented Training for Persons With Paretic Upper Extremity

This study has been completed.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: September 28, 2016
Last Update Posted: September 28, 2016
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Quinnipiac University
The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of a combined mirror therapy and task oriented/repetitive task training on upper extremity function of persons with hemiplegia due to cerebrovascular accident or stroke.

Condition Intervention
Stroke Cerebrovascular Accident Behavioral: mirror therapy and repetitive task training

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Mirror Therapy and Repetitive Task Training on Upper Extremity Function for Persons With Subacute Stroke

Further study details as provided by Quinnipiac University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Patient Specific Functional Scale [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 2 months ]
    Patient Specific Functional Scale is a measure that involves self-rating of self-selected functional tasks

  • Change in Fugl Myer Motor Assessment [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 2 months ]
    Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment is a clinical performance test of motor ability of the upper extremity

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Motor Activity Log [ Time Frame: Change from baseline at 2 months ]
    The Motor Activity Log is a self-reported measure that captures the amount of arm and hand use and perception of movement quality of the impaired upper limb

Enrollment: 4
Study Start Date: October 2014
Study Completion Date: April 2015
Primary Completion Date: April 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: intervention arm
participants received 4 weeks of mirror therapy and repetitive task training
Behavioral: mirror therapy and repetitive task training
Other Name: task oriented training

Detailed Description:

This case series was designed to to determine the effect of a mirror therapy and repetitive task training program on the weak arm and hand functioning due to the consequences of stroke. Mirror therapy is a type of therapy mirror reflection of the stronger arm and hand helps to promote reorganization of neurons. Studies have shown that mirror therapy is an effective adjunct to regular exercise and task-oriented therapy.

To qualify for this study, participants must meet the following criteria: 1) age 21 years or more; 2) first-time stroke with onset of at least 3 months; 3) slight movement of the weaker arm or /and hand; 3) stable physical and mental health; and 4) mentally capable and competent to make health care-related decisions and carry out a home program.

Participants were required to come to Quinnipiac University - North Haven campus to undergo mirror therapy training, in 45-60 minute sessions, twice a week for one month. They were also required to complete pre-testing before and post-testing after the mirror therapy program. In addition, they were required to carry-out a home program that includes the use of a mirror box and self-selected tasks. The home program required them to exercise and practice the use of their more affected arm and hand for at least 1-2 hours a day.

Participation was strictly voluntary. Participants were informed of the minimal risks involved as well as their options to continue or withdraw from the study upon initial consent. The study did not yield physical or mental harm to the participants.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • able to give consent, complete home program
  • minimal arm and hand use with the paretic limb
  • onset of stroke of at least 3 months

Exclusion Criteria:

  • >1 stroke episode
  • significant cognitive and visual perceptual deficit
  • lack of social support
  Contacts and Locations
No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Responsible Party: Quinnipiac University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02917343     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2614
First Submitted: September 26, 2016
First Posted: September 28, 2016
Last Update Posted: September 28, 2016
Last Verified: September 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases