A Personal Cancer Vaccine (NEO-PV-01) w/ Nivolumab for Patients With Melanoma, Lung Cancer or Bladder Cancer
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02897765|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : September 13, 2016
Last Update Posted : February 25, 2021
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|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Urinary Bladder Cancer Bladder Tumors Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder Malignant Melanoma Melanoma Skin Cancer Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung Lung Cancer||Biological: NEO-PV-01 Biological: Nivolumab Other: Adjuvant||Phase 1|
This clinical trial will enroll patients with metastatic or advanced melanoma, lung, or bladder cancer. The three agents being used in this study are:
- A new, investigational, personal cancer vaccine called "NEO-PV-01"
- Poly-ICLC (Hiltonol), an investigational adjuvant that is used to help stimulate the immune system
- A cancer drug called nivolumab (OPDIVO®)
These agents are considered immunotherapy and work by stimulating the immune system to fight cancer. NEO-PV-01 is a truly personal vaccine therapy in that it is custom designed and manufactured to include targets for the immune system that are present uniquely on an individual's cancer. Poly-ICLC is an adjuvant that helps stimulate the immune system and make the vaccine, NEO-PV-01 more effective. Nivolumab helps T-cells, a certain type of immune cell, that recognize these targets to reach and attack the tumor. Nivolumab is in clinical development for treatment of bladder cancer and is approved by the FDA (the U.S. Food and Drug Administration) for the treatment of some lung, skin, kidney, and blood cancers.
The purpose of this study is to find out if treatment with NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant in combination with nivolumab is safe and effective for patients with melanoma, lung, or bladder cancer. The study also will see if NEO-PV-01 vaccine + adjuvant with nivolumab can improve responses compared to available therapies such as nivolumab monotherapy The side effects of NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant and nivolumab will be monitored and additional research tests will be done to assess the immune response against each individual's cancer.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||34 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||An Open-label, Phase IB Study of NEO-PV-01 + Adjuvant With Nivolumab in Patients With Melanoma, Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma or Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Bladder|
|Actual Study Start Date :||October 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||February 2019|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||May 2020|
Experimental: Drug: NEO-PV-01 + Nivolumab + Adjuvant
Nivolumab at a dose of 240 mg administered by intravenous (IV) infusion over 30 minutes every two weeks. At Week 12, all patients, regardless of their disease status, will receive NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant administered subcutaneously (one vial of pooled peptides per injection site) in up to four distinct sites (each extremity or flanks) while continuing therapy with nivolumab.
Personal cancer vaccine
Other Name: Personal cancer vaccine
monoclonal antibody against PD1
Other Name: Opdivo
- Rate of adverse events including SAEs and AEs leading to treatment discontinuation [ Time Frame: Baseline through 100 days after last dose of nivolumab ]Rate of adverse events including SAEs and AEs leading to treatment discontinuation
- Rate of adverse events including SAEs and AEs leading to changes in safety laboratory evaluations [ Time Frame: Baseline through 100 days after last dose of nivolumab ]Rate of adverse events including SAEs and AEs leading to changes in safety laboratory evaluations
- Rate of adverse events including SAEs and AEs leading to physical examination findings [ Time Frame: Baseline through 100 days after last dose of nivolumab ]Rate of adverse events including SAEs and AEs leading to physical examination findings
- Rate of adverse events including SAEs and AEs leading to vital signs findings [ Time Frame: Baseline through 100 days after last dose of nivolumab ]Rate of adverse events including SAEs and AEs leading to vital signs findings
- Rate of adverse events including SAEs and AEs leading to changes in ECOG status [ Time Frame: Baseline through 100 days after last dose of nivolumab ]Rate of adverse events including SAEs and AEs leading to changes in ECOG status
- Objective response rate (ORR) [ Time Frame: Baseline through 104 weeks ]Objective response rate (ORR), defined as the proportion of patients who achieve complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) based on Response Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1.
- Duration of response (DOR) [ Time Frame: Baseline through 104 weeks ]Duration of response (DOR), defined as the date of the first documentation of a confirmed response to the date of the first documented PD.
- Clinical benefit rate (CBR) [ Time Frame: Baseline through 104 weeks ]Clinical benefit rate (CBR), defined as the proportion of patients who achieve CR, PR, or stable disease (SD) based on RECIST v1.1
- Response conversion rate (RCR) [ Time Frame: Baseline through 104 weeks ]Response conversion rate (RCR) of NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant with nivolumab at Week 24 defined as the proportion of patients who improve in RECIST v1.1 category from Week 12 to Week 24 (e.g., PD to SD/PR/CR, SD to PR/CR, PR to CR).
- Progression-free survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Baseline through 104 weeks ]Progression-free survival (PFS), defined as the time from the date of first dosing to the date of first documented PD or death.
- Overall survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Baseline through 104 weeks ]Overall survival (OS), defined from the date of enrollment and death from any cause.
- Immune Responses [ Time Frame: Day 1 of nivolumab through 104 weeks ]Antigen-specificity in peripheral CD8+ and CD4+ T cell responses and tumor biopsies following treatment with NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant and nivolumab
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult)|
|Sexes Eligible for Study:||All|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
- Willing and able to give written informed consent.
- Have histologically confirmed unresectable or metastatic melanoma having received no more than one prior systemic therapy for the metastatic disease (eg. ipilumamab and/or BRAF inhibitor); unresectable or metastatic smoking-associated NSCLC having received no more than one prior systemic therapy for the metastatic disease (eg standard of care chemotherapy, as appropriate); unresectable or metastatic transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder, urethra, ureter or renal pelvis having received no more than one prior systemic therapy for the metastatic disease.
- Have at least one site of disease measurable disease by RECIST v1.1 that has not been treated with local therapy within 6 months of study treatment. This can be the site for initial or repeat biopsies as long as it will remain measurable following biopsy.
- At least one site of disease must be accessible to provide repeat biopsies for tumor tissue for sequence and immunological analysis.
- Have ECOG PS of 0 or 1 with an anticipated life expectancy of > 6 months.
- Age ≥ 18 years.
- Recovered from all toxicities associated with prior treatment to acceptable baseline status (for laboratory toxicity see below limits for inclusion) or National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE), version 4.03, Grade of 0 or 1, except for toxicities not considered a safety risk (e.g., alopecia or vitiligo).
- Screening laboratory values must meet the following criteria and should be obtained within 30 days (45 if biopsy is repeated) prior to study treatment:
- White blood cell (WBC) count ≥ 3 × 10e3/µL
- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 × 10e3/µL
- Absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) ≥ 1 × 10e3/µL
- Platelet count ≥ 100 × 10e3/µL
- Hemoglobin > 9 g/dL
- Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) or creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥ 40 mL/min/1.73 m
- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 × ULN
- Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × ULN (except in patients with Gilbert Syndrome who can have total bilirubin < 3.0 mg/dL).
- Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 7 days prior to the start of nivolumab.
- Female participants, who are not free from menses for >2 years, post hysterectomy / oophorectomy, or surgically sterilized, must be willing to use either 2 adequate barrier methods or a barrier method plus a hormonal method of contraception to prevent pregnancy or to abstain from sexual activity throughout the study, from screening through 5 months after the last dose of study treatment (including nivolumab single agent). Approved contraceptive methods include, for example: intrauterine device, diaphragm with spermicide, cervical cap with spermicide, male condom with spermicide, or female condom with spermicide. Spermicides alone are not an acceptable method of contraception.
- Men who are sexually active with women of child bearing potential must agree to use a condom from screening through 7 months after the last dose of study treatment (including nivolumab single agent).
- For NSCLC, patients must have a minimum of a 10 pack-year smoking history.
- Received therapy with any immunotherapeutic agents including, but not limited to, any anti-PD1 or anti-PDL1 antibody therapy, with these exceptions: Melanoma patients having received and progressed on anti-CTLA4 (cyctotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4) may participate in the trial; Bladder cancer patients having received intra-vesical BCG may participate in the trial.
- Received systemic anti-cancer therapy within 30 days of Week 0, Day 11 of study treatment.
- Have untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastases. Patients are eligible for study participation if CNS metastases are adequately treated and patients are neurologically returned to baseline (except for residual signs or symptoms related to the CNS treatment) for at least 60 days prior to consent. In addition, patients must either be off corticosteroids, or on a stable or decreasing dose of 10 mg daily prednisone (or equivalent) for at least 60 days prior to consent.
- Received non-oncology vaccine therapy for prevention of infectious diseases during the 4-week period prior to first dose of nivolumab therapy. Patients may not receive any non-oncology vaccine therapy during the period of NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant or nivolumab administration and until at least 8 weeks after the last dose of the booster vaccine. Annual influenza vaccines are allowed during screening and pre-treatment but not during nivolumab or NEO-PV-01 + adjuvant dosing.
- Received radiation therapy within 4 weeks prior to Week 0, Day 1 of study treatment. Patients may not receive or have received any radiation therapy at the biopsy sites.
- Have an active or history of autoimmune disease (known or suspected). Exceptions are permitted for vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition requiring only hormone replacement, psoriasis not on systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger.
- Have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications within 15 days prior to the first dose of study treatment (nivolumab). Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses (≤ 10 mg daily prednisone equivalents) are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease.
- Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, active chronic hepatitis B or C, or life-threatening illnesses unrelated to cancer.
- Have an uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring treatment, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, or cardiac arrhythmia.
- Have any underlying medical condition, psychiatric condition, or social situation that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would compromise study administration as per protocol or compromise the assessment of AEs.
- Have a planned major surgery.
- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because nivolumab, personalized neoantigen peptides, and Poly-ICLC are agents with unknown risks to the developing fetus.
- Nursing women are excluded from this study because there is an unknown but potential risk of adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with nivolumab, personalized neoantigen peptides, and Poly-ICLC.
- Have a history of an invasive metastatic disease, except for the following circumstances: individuals with a history of invasive metastatic disease are eligible if they have been disease-free for at least 2 years and are deemed by the Investigator to be at low risk for recurrence of that metastatic disease; individuals with the following cancers are eligible if diagnosed and treated: carcinoma in situ of the breast, oral cavity or cervix, localized prostate cancer, basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin.
- Mucosal melanoma and uvueal melanoma.
- Patients with NSCLC and known anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) translocations or epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations who have not received prior treatment with ALK or EGFR inhibitor.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02897765
|United States, California|
|City of Hope|
|Duarte, California, United States, 91010|
|UCLA Medical Center|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095|
|University of California San Francisco|
|San Francisco, California, United States, 94143|
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Dana Farber Cancer Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|United States, Missouri|
|Washington University in St. Louis|
|Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63130|
|United States, New York|
|Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai|
|New York, New York, United States, 10029|
|Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center|
|New York, New York, United States, 10065|
|United States, Texas|
|MD Anderson Cancer Center|
|Houston, Texas, United States, 77030|
|Study Director:||Mark DeMario, MD||BioNTech US Inc.|
|Responsible Party:||BioNTech US Inc.|
|Other Study ID Numbers:||
|First Posted:||September 13, 2016 Key Record Dates|
|Last Update Posted:||February 25, 2021|
|Last Verified:||February 2021|
|Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:|
|Plan to Share IPD:||No|
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Nevi and Melanomas
Female Urogenital Diseases
Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications
Urinary Bladder Diseases
Male Urogenital Diseases