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Ferumoxytol-Enhanced MRI in Imaging Lymph Nodes in Patients With Stage IIB-IIIC Esophageal Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02857218
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Inadequate enrollment)
First Posted : August 5, 2016
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Oregon Health and Science University
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alexander Guimaraes, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:
This pilot clinical trial studies how well ferumoxytol-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) works in imaging lymph nodes in patients with stage IIB-IIIC esophageal cancer. Ferumoxytol is a form of very small iron particles that are taken up by cells in normal lymph nodes and may work better in imaging patients with esophageal cancer when paired with MRI.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Stage IIB Esophageal Cancer AJCC v7 Stage III Esophageal Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IIIA Esophageal Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IIIB Esophageal Cancer AJCC v7 Stage IIIC Esophageal Cancer AJCC v7 Drug: Ferumoxytol Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Early Phase 1

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:

I. To determine feasibility of administering ferumoxytol and obtaining ferumoxytol enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) images in patients with resectable locally advanced esophageal cancer before starting neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy and again before esophagectomy.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To collect detailed information about the location of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO)-MRI detected lymph nodes prior to neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy and again prior to esophagectomy.

II. To determine the sensitivity and specificity of ferumoxytol enhanced MR imaging in the assessment of pathologic lymph node involvement based on pathological findings at the time of esophagectomy.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive ferumoxytol intravenously (IV) over 15 minutes and then undergo ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI after 24-36 hours and before surgery at week 12.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4-6 weeks.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
Official Title: A Pilot Study Using a Novel Imaging of Lymph Nodes in Patients With Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer Using Ferumoxytol Enhanced MRI
Actual Study Start Date : April 27, 2018
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 19, 2021
Actual Study Completion Date : August 19, 2021

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Ferumoxytol

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Diagnostic (ferumoxytol, MRI)
Patients receive ferumoxytol IV over 15 minutes and then undergo ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) after 24-36 hours and before surgery at week 12.
Drug: Ferumoxytol
Undergo ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI
Other Names:
  • Feraheme
  • Ferumoxytol Non-Stoichiometric Magnetite

Procedure: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Undergo ferumoxytol-enhanced MRI
Other Names:
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging Scan
  • Medical Imaging, Magnetic Resonance / Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
  • MRI
  • MRI Scan
  • NMR Imaging
  • NMRI
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Practical feasibility [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks ]
    Will be assessed by successful accrual objectively, as a percentage of all subjects enrolled. Accrual success will be measured in binary fashion; successful accrual is considered a patient that enrolls and completes the entire trial. All other eligible patients will be considered an accrual failure. Practical feasibility will be considered a success if greater than 50%.

  2. Technical feasibility of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) - magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the chest [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks ]
    Will be evaluated in a descriptive manner. Image quality, readability (i.e. the ability for diagnostic radiologist to make an appropriate diagnostic conclusion, completion of ferumoxytol infusion, data acquisition, and completion of MR protocol.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Accuracy of USPIO - MRI [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks ]
    Accuracy, which is defined as the percentage of all patients or lymph nodes in which MRI with ferumoxytol correctly predicted the presence or absence of metastatic tumor, will be calculated.

  2. Reason for accrual failure [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks ]
    Descriptive statistical analysis of accrual failure will be conducted, counting the number of subjects who fail to complete the entire trial and the reasons for failure.

  3. Report location and enhancement patterns on USPIO - MRI [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks ]
  4. Sensitivity and specificity of MRI imaging for all lymph nodes [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks ]
    Sensitivities and specificities of ferumoxytol enhanced MRI prior to neoadjuvant chemoRT will be calculated using pathology finding as the gold standard. Each lymph node will be treated as an independent observation. The sensitivity and specificity will be compared with those from positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) findings using McNemar's test. Sensitivities and specificities of ferumoxytol enhanced MRI before surgery will also be calculated as a reference.

  5. Sensitivity and specificity of PET/CT imaging [ Time Frame: Up to 18 weeks ]
    Sensitivities and specificities of ferumoxytol enhanced MRI prior to neoadjuvant chemoRT will be calculated using pathology finding as the gold standard. Each lymph node will be treated as an independent observation. The sensitivity and specificity will be compared with those from PET/CT findings using McNemar's test. Sensitivities and specificities of ferumoxytol enhanced MRI before surgery will also be calculated as a reference.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathologically confirmed, locally advanced, malignancy of the esophagus; the cancer may involve the stomach up to 5 cm; based on multi-disciplinary tumor board discussion, patients are candidates for tri-modality treatment
  • Stage T1-4aN1-2, by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) 7th edition, based on the following minimum workup:

    • Computed tomography (CT) chest/abdomen with contrast
    • Positron emission tomography (PET)/CT of the whole-body or skull base to mid-thigh
    • Patients must have regional adenopathy and have undergone endoscopic biopsy with endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-proven peri-esophageal nodal involvement
  • Subjects must have had no prior therapy for cancer of the esophagus
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status =< 2 (Karnofsky >= 60%)
  • White blood cell count >= 3.0 K/cu mm
  • Absolute neutrophil count >= 1.5 K/cu mm
  • Platelets >= 100 K/cu mm
  • Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dl (The use of transfusion or other invention to achieve Hemoglobin [Hgb] >= 8.0 g/dl is acceptable)
  • Total bilirubin =< 1.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST)(serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =< 2.5 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Creatinine within normal institutional limits OR creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for subjects with creatinine levels above institutional normal
  • Serum ferritin < 2.0 X institutional upper limit of normal
  • Woman of childbearing potential, a negative serum or urine pregnancy test
  • Willingness to use adequate contraception for 12 months after completion of all therapy
  • Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Subjects with cervical or Siewert 3 esophageal carcinoma, that are recommended by the multi-disciplinary tumor board to have treatment other than tri-modality chemo-radiation therapy (RT) followed by esophagectomy
  • Subjects with AJCC 7th edition stage TxN0, T4b, and M1 disease
  • Prior systemic chemotherapy for esophageal cancer; prior chemotherapy for another malignancy is allowable as long as it has been > 2 years since completion of therapy for previous malignancy
  • History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to ferumoxytol or other agents used in the study
  • Prior chest radiation or radiation for esophageal cancer
  • History of other malignancy in the past 2 years except non-melanomatous skin cancer, breast ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and low-risk prostate adenocarcinoma
  • Medical contraindications to esophagectomy
  • Uncontrolled concurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Pregnant women are excluded from this study because chemoradiotherapy has the potential for teratogenic or abortifacient effects; because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to the use of ferumoxytol as a contrast agent in the mother, breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother receives ferumoxytol while nursing; men who are sexually active and not willing/able to use medically acceptable forms of contraception are also excluded from this study
  • Subjects with multiple drug allergies and/or subjects who have had an allergic reaction to any intravenous iron replacement product or a known history of hypersensitivity to ferumoxytol
  • Subjects with evidence of iron overload
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with ferumoxytol
  • Patients with renal insufficiency; glomerular filtration rate (GFR) < 60
  • Adult patients who require monitored anesthesia for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanning
  • Subjects who have a contraindication for MRI: metal in their bodies (a cardiac pacemaker or other incompatible device), are severely agitated, or have an allergy to gadolinium (Gd) contrast material
  • Subjects with known hepatic insufficiency or cirrhosis

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02857218


Sponsors and Collaborators
OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
Oregon Health and Science University
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Alexander Guimaraes OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
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Responsible Party: Alexander Guimaraes, Associate Professor, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02857218    
Other Study ID Numbers: IRB00012071
NCI-2016-01093 ( Registry Identifier: CTRP (Clinical Trial Reporting Program) )
IRB00012071 ( Other Identifier: OHSU Knight Cancer Institute )
First Posted: August 5, 2016    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 16, 2021
Last Verified: September 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Esophageal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Esophageal Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Ferrosoferric Oxide
Hematinics
Parenteral Nutrition Solutions
Pharmaceutical Solutions