Provision of TCRγδ T Cells and Memory T Cells Plus Selected Use of Blinatumomab in Naïve T-cell Depleted Haploidentical Donor Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Hematologic Malignancies Relapsed or Refractory Despite Prior Transplantation
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02790515|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 6, 2016
Last Update Posted : January 27, 2021
This study seeks to examine treatment therapy that will reduced regimen-related toxicity and relapse while promoting rapid immune reconstitution with limited serious graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) and also improve disease-free survival and quality of life. The investigators propose to evaluate the safety and efficacy of selective naive T-cell depleted (by TCRɑβ and CD45RA depletion, respectively) haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) following reduced intensity conditioning regimen that avoids radiation in patients with hematologic malignancies that have relapsed or are refractory following prior allogeneic transplantation.
- To estimate engraftment by day +30 post-transplant in patients who receive TCRɑβ-depleted and CD45RA-depleted haploidentical donor progenitor cell transplantation following reduced intensity conditioning regimen without radiation.
- Assess the safety and feasibility of the addition of Blinatumomab in the early post-engraftment period in patients with CD19+ malignancy.
- Estimate the incidence of malignant relapse, event-free survival, and overall survival at one-year post-transplantation.
- Estimate incidence and severity of acute and chronic (GVHD).
- Estimate the rate of transplant related mortality (TRM) in the first 100 days after transplantation.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) Myeloid Sarcoma Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia (JMML) Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL)||Drug: Anti-thymocyte globulin (rabbit) Drug: Blinatumomab Drug: Cyclophosphamide Drug: Fludarabine Drug: G-CSF Drug: Melphalan Drug: Mesna Drug: Rituximab Drug: Tacrolimus Drug: Thiotepa Biological: HPC,A Infusion Device: CliniMACS Drug: Sirolimus||Phase 2|
Blood progenitor cells will be obtained from a partially matched adult family member (donor). After processing and filtration using the CliniMACS device, cells will be infused into participants meeting eligibility criteria.
Prior to transplant, participants will receive a conditioning treatment of rabbit ATG, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, thiotepa, melphalan, and rituximab. Mesna will be given to help prevent side effects of cyclophosphamide. Tacrolimus will be given to help reduce the risk of GVHD. G-CSF will be given after transplant to help the donor progenitor cells make white blood cells faster so that the immune system is better able to fight infection.
Blood progenitor cells will be given in two infusions on Day 0 and Day +1. Progenitor cells then move through the blood stream to the bone marrow space where they should begin to grow. Participant blood will be monitored for 100 days to assure that the progenitor cells begin to grow. If the growth is low, additional progenitor cells may be given.
Blood tests will be monitored for up to one year to observe how well the donor cells grow and their effect on the infection-fighting system.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||52 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Provision of TCRγδ T Cells and Memory T Cells Plus Selected Use of Blinatumomab in Naïve T-cell Depleted Haploidentical Donor Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Hematologic Malignancies Relapsed or Refractory Despite Prior Transplantation|
|Actual Study Start Date :||June 14, 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||July 2022|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||July 2023|
Participants receive a conditioning regimen of antithymocyte globulin (rabbit), cyclophosphamide, mesna, fludarabine, thiotepa, tacrolimus (first 5 participants enrolled), sirolimus (used beginning with 6th enrolled participant), melphalan, rituximab. This is followed by HPC,A infusion (transplant), then by G-CSF and blinatumomab.
Cells for infusion are prepared using the CliniMACS System.
Drug: Anti-thymocyte globulin (rabbit)
Given intravenous (IV) prior to transplant on Days -14, -13, -12.
Given by continuous IV infusion at least 2 weeks post-engraftment. Blinatumomab will be given only to patients with CD19+ malignancies.
Other Name: Blincyto
Given by IV infusion prior to transplant on Day -9.
Other Name: Cytoxan
Given IV prior to transplant on Days -8, -7, -6, -5, and -4.
Other Name: Fludara
Given IV or subcutaneous (SQ) following transplant on Days 6 and 7.
Given IV prior to transplant on Days -2 and -1.
Given IV prior to cyclophosphamide administration and at approximately 3, 6, and 9 hours after cyclophosphamide infusion.
Other Name: Mesnex
Given IV prior to transplant on Day -1.
Other Name: Rituxan™
Given oral (PO) or IV beginning prior to transplant on Day -2. The dose will begin to taper at approximately day +60 after transplant in the absence of GVHD. Tacrolimus was used for the first 5 participants enrolled on study. Subsequent participants receive sirolimus.
Given IV prior to transplant on Day -3.
Biological: HPC,A Infusion
Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell, Apheresis (HPC,A) infusion of TCRɑβ+ depleted cells on day of transplant (Day 0) and HPC,A infusion of CD45RA+ depleted cells on Day +1 following transplant.
Other Name: Transplant
The mechanism of action of the CliniMACS Cell Selection System is based on magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS). The CliniMACS device is a powerful tool for the isolation of many cell types from heterogeneous cell mixtures, (e.g. apheresis products). These can then be separated in a magnetic field using an immunomagnetic label specific for the cell type of interest, such as CD3+ human T cells.
Other Name: Cell Selection System
Given orally (PO) starting Day 0. The dose will be tapered off over two weeks starting on Day +42 in the absence of GVHD.
- The number of patients engrafted by day +30 post-transplant [ Time Frame: 30 days post-transplant ]ANC engraftment is defined as the first of 3 consecutive tests performed on different days of an ANC ≥ 500/mm^3 with evidence of donor cell engraftment.
- The number of patients experiencing Blinatumomab permanent discontinuation due to toxicity [ Time Frame: 3 months post-transplant ]If the drug is held for more than 2 weeks due to toxicity, it will be permanently discontinued.
- The estimate of cumulative incidence of relapse [ Time Frame: One year post-transplant ]
The estimate of cumulative incidence of relapse will be estimated using Kalbfleisch-Prentice method. Death is the competing risk event. The Kaplan-Meier estimates of overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) along with their standard errors will be calculated.
OS is defined as time from transplantation to death or last follow-up, whichever comes first. EFS is defined as time from transplantation to events including relapse, graft failure, death due to any cause and last follow-up whichever comes first. The participants surviving at the time of analysis without events will be censored.
- The cumulative incidence of acute and chronic Graft-Versus-Host Disease (GVHD) [ Time Frame: One year post transplant ]
The cumulative incidence of acute and chronic GVHD will be estimated using Kalbfleisch-Prentice method. Death is the competing risk event. GVHD will be reported separately for participants receiving tacrolimus and those receiving sirolimus.
The severity of acute GVHD and chronic GVHD will be described.
- The cumulative incidence of transplant related mortality [ Time Frame: 100 days post transplant ]The cumulative incidence of transplant related mortality will be estimated using Kalbfleisch-Prentice method. Deaths before day 100 because of other reasons are the competing risk events.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02790515
|Contact: Brandon Triplett, MDemail@example.com|
|United States, Tennessee|
|St. Jude Children's Research Hospital||Recruiting|
|Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105|
|Contact: Brandon Triplett, MD 866-278-5833 firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Principal Investigator: Brandon Triplett, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Brandon Triplett, MD||St. Jude Children's Research Hospital|