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PURPOSE: A Social Media Intervention for Parent Support

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT02629068
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (No participants were enrolled in the pilot phase of the study due to lack of interest from parents. Completion dates reflect the end of funding for the study.)
First Posted : December 11, 2015
Last Update Posted : April 22, 2019
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Marya Schulte, University of California, Los Angeles

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to develop and test a social media-based (Facebook) intervention that provides support and skills to parents with adolescent children in treatment for substance abuse. The Facebook intervention, PURPOSE, will be 8 weeks long and led by other parents (peer leaders). Peer leaders will go through 2 2-3-hour training sessions and be assessed at the end to confirm their understanding of study protocol and procedures. The study PI will lead 2 short (2-weeks) trial tests of various segments of the intervention to test out content and procedures. Then, a pilot trial with 80 parents, 40 randomized to PURPOSE and 40 randomized to treatment as usual (TAU), will be done to test how useful PURPOSE can be in promoting parents' engagement in their child's treatment and recovery while reducing their own distress and feelings of shame/stigma. Parents will do a phone interview at the start of PURPOSE and again at the end of the 8 weeks.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Substance Use Disorders Parenting Behavioral: PURPOSE Not Applicable

Detailed Description:

This study will take advantage of established peer training techniques to train parents of adolescents who are more experienced to help other parents better engage in services for their adolescent child. This pilot study marks the beginning of our long-term program of research focused on adapting intervention tools for delivery via e-technology platforms as a means for optimizing treatment effectiveness for youth. Thus, the proposed study will contribute to the scientific literature on the role of parental support in adolescent recovery as well as respond to NIDA's call for increased understanding of the feasibility and utility of social media as an option expanding the traditional treatment and face-to-face self-help groups. The proposed study has the following aims:

Aim 1: To develop PURPOSE, a social-media based intervention that provides information and coping tools for parents/guardians of adolescent children with a SUD. The theoretically grounded intervention will be peer-led, and will be developed and refined with feedback from experts, providers, parents, and adolescents.

Aim 2: To determine the feasibility and acceptability of PURPOSE that uses online peer-led intervention delivery. Trial testing will be conducted to iteratively refine content and procedures in order to optimize the engagement and usefulness of the intervention for parents.

Aim 3: To conduct a pilot control trial to provide preliminary data on this intervention so as to determine if social media-based parent support group involvement positively impacts parent outcomes (reduced stigma and distress, improved parent monitoring, and increased engagement in adolescent treatment) and adolescent outcomes (treatment retention and abstinence).

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Parents United With Responsive Parents for Online Support and Education PURPOSE: A Social Media Intervention for Parent Support
Actual Study Start Date : October 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2018

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: PURPOSE
Parents in the PURPOSE group will join a "secret" Facebook group for 2 months. Groups will be lead by 2 peer leaders and include 20 parent participants.
Behavioral: PURPOSE

The first week of the intervention will focus on welcoming everyone to the facebook group and laying down the ground rules for participation. Each additional week of the intervention will focus on a specific topic to promote discussion and learning of each particular skill; however, questions and discussions on other relevant topics are always welcome and encouraged.

Week 1: Welcome Week Week 2: SUD Basics Week 3: Problem of Stigma Week 4: Communication Skills Week 5: Parental Monitoring Week 6: Stress Management Week 7: Family and Valued Directions Week 8: Putting It All Together

No Intervention: Treatment as Usual (TAU)
Treatment as Usual parents will be contacted after 8 weeks to complete follow-up interview. Will not receive PURPOSE intervention.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Adolescent Treatment History and Parental Engagement Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Parental report of child's treatment status, including enrollment date, primary reason for seeking treatment, and type of facility. All parents will also report on number of informal parent/family support groups (e.g., AlAnon) and formal treatment sessions they have attended (baseline and follow-up).

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Perceived Stigma of Addiction Scale [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    The PSAS is an 8-item self-report questionnaire designed to assess perceptions of the prevalence of stigmatizing beliefs towards individuals with substance use diagnoses and treatment histories (baseline and follow-up)

  2. Parental Monitoring Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Relationship and disclosure constructs will be used from Stattin and Kerr's (2000) questionnaire of parental monitoring (baseline and follow-up)

  3. Satisfaction and Usability Questionnaire [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    Participants will report overall satisfaction and degree to which information provided was deemed applicable and helpful. Likert-scale reports of satisfaction as well as responses to open-ended questions will be collected (PURPOSE intervention parents only and follow-up only).

  4. K-10 Scale of Psychological Distress [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ]
    The U.S. National Health Survey K-10 is a 10-item screening scale used to assess the degree of non-specific psychological distress over the past 30 days (baseline and follow-up)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   21 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Be the parent/guardian of an adolescent (under age 18) currently receiving out-patient treatment for SUD
  • Have an active Facebook and email account
  • Be able to read and write English

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any medical and/or psychiatric conditions which would require immediate or ongoing treatment that would make study participation difficult or harmful
  • Already participating in an online support group for parents of teens in treatment

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT02629068

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United States, California
UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90025
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Los Angeles
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
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Principal Investigator: Marya Schulte, Ph.D. University of California, Los Angeles

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Responsible Party: Marya Schulte, Clinical Psychologist, University of California, Los Angeles Identifier: NCT02629068     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: R21DA039459 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
R21DA039459 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: December 11, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: April 22, 2019
Last Verified: April 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Marya Schulte, University of California, Los Angeles:
Social Support
Social Media

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders