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[11C]MK-6884 Positron Emission Tomography (PET) Tracer Validation Trial (MK-6884-001)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02621606
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 3, 2015
Results First Posted : February 28, 2019
Last Update Posted : May 4, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this open-label, 3-part study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of [11C]MK-6884 as a positron emission tomography (PET) imaging agent for quantifying muscarinic 4 (M4) positive allosteric modulator (PAM) receptor density in brain regions of interest. The study will enroll healthy participants (Parts 1 and 2) and participants with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) (Part 3). The primary efficacy hypothesis is that the average intra-subject test-retest (T-RT) variability of tracer uptake in brain regions of interest is ≤20%.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Alzheimer's Disease Drug: [11C]MK-6884 Phase 1

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 20 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Other
Official Title: A Three-Part Trial to Qualify [11C]MK-6884 Positron Emission Tomography for Use as a Biomarker for Regional M4 PAM Receptor Density Quantification in the Human Brain
Actual Study Start Date : January 8, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 28, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : December 28, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Part 1, Healthy Participants
Healthy participants receive a single intravenous (IV) dose of ~370 megabecquerel (MBq) [11C]MK-6884 in Part 1 of the study.
Drug: [11C]MK-6884
IV bolus dose of ~370 MBq [11C]MK-6884

Experimental: Part 2, Healthy Elderly Participants
Healthy elderly participants receive two separate IV doses of ~370 MBq [11C]MK-6884 in Part 2 of the study. Administration of the two doses is separated by at least 3 hours.
Drug: [11C]MK-6884
IV bolus dose of ~370 MBq [11C]MK-6884

Experimental: Part 3, Participants with AD
Participants with AD receive a single IV dose of ~370 MBq [11C]MK-6884 in Part 3 of the study.
Drug: [11C]MK-6884
IV bolus dose of ~370 MBq [11C]MK-6884




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants Experiencing an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to 15 days ]
    The number of participants experiencing an adverse event (AE) was assessed. An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended medical occurrence, sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a pharmaceutical product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the pharmaceutical product or protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening of a preexisting condition, temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, is also an AE.

  2. Number of Participants Discontinuing the Study Due to an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to 15 days ]
    The number of participants discontinuing the study due to an AE was assessed. An AE is defined as any unfavorable and unintended medical occurrence, sign, symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a pharmaceutical product or protocol-specified procedure, whether or not considered related to the pharmaceutical product or protocol-specified procedure. Any worsening of a preexisting condition, temporally associated with the use of the Sponsor's product, is also an AE.

  3. [Part 1] Mean Effective Dose of [11C]MK-6884 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 hours post-dose ]
    Mean effective dose (ED) of [11C]MK-6884 was calculated as a measure of risk associated with exposure of the whole body (WB) to low levels of ionizing radiation. Following [11C]MK-6884 injection, WB positron emission tomography (PET) scans were collected to visually identify organs absorbing [11C]MK-6884 in significant amounts. Around identified organs, three-dimensional (3D) volumes were drawn to estimate the percentage of injected activity absorbed. These data were converted into time-activity curves (TACs) and retention of radioactivity in these regions was entered into a human biodistribution model to determine ED of [11C]MK-6884. ED is expressed in units millisieverts (mSv) / MBq.

  4. [Part 1] Mean Organ Effective Dose of [11C]MK-6884 [ Time Frame: Up to 2 hours post dose ]
    Mean organ ED of [11C]MK-6884 was calculated as a measure of risk associated with exposure of individual organs to low levels of ionizing radiation. Following [11C]MK-6884 injection, WB PET scans were collected to visually identify organs absorbing [11C]MK-6884 in significant amounts. Around identified organs, 3D volumes were drawn to estimate the percentage of injected activity absorbed. These data were converted into TACs and retention of radioactivity in these regions was used to calculate organ-specific ED of [11C]MK-6884. For sex organs (testes/ovaries), organ EDs were derived for participants of the respective sex. However, organ ED for the uterus was estimable in all participants as the male radiologic phantom was sufficiently hermaphroditic.

  5. [Part 2] Mean Non-displaceable Binding Potential (BPND) of [11C]MK-6884 in Brain Regions of Interest (ROI) [ Time Frame: Up to 90 minutes post dose ]
    Mean BPND of [11C]MK-6884 in each brain ROI was assessed. BPND is the ratio at equilibrium of specifically bound [11C]MK-6884 to that of non-displaceable [11C]MK-6884 in tissue. At time "0", a single IV bolus of [11]MK-6884 is administered and PET scanning initiated, yielding brain regional TACs. These TACs are then used to determine peak standard uptake value (SUV) and area under the curve (AUC) in order to quantify brain regional [11C]MK-6884 uptake. The target region BPND is estimated using the cerebellum as the reference region with the transient equilibrium tissue ratio (TE-TR) method. Higher values indicate increased specific [11C]MK-6884 binding in the brain ROI.

  6. [Part 2] Intra-subject Test-Retest (T-RT) Variability of Non-displaceable Binding Potential (BPND) of [11C]MK-6884 in Brain Regions of Interest (ROI) [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours post dose ]

    Intra-subject T-RT variability in BPND of [11C]MK-6884 in each brain ROI was assessed. For each healthy elderly participant receiving 2 doses of [11C]MK-6884 in study Part 2, the BPND calculated during the first dose (BPND-1) was compared to the BPND calculated during the second dose (BPND-2) to determine the percent T-RT variability of the BPND of [11C]MK-6884 for each brain ROI.

    Percent T-RT variability = [absolute value (BPND-1 - BPND-2) / (average BPND)] * 100. A percent T-RT variability = 0, indicates no variability between BPND-1 and BPND-2.


  7. [Part 3] Mean Regional Non-displaceable Binding Potential (BPND) of [11C]MK-6884 in Brain Regions of Interest [ Time Frame: Up to 90 minutes post dose ]
    Mean BPND of [11C]MK-6884 in each brain ROI was assessed. BPND is the ratio at equilibrium of specifically bound [11C]MK-6884 to that of non-displaceable [11C]MK-6884 in tissue. At time "0", a single IV bolus of [11]MK-6884 is administered and PET scanning initiated, yielding brain regional TACs. These TACs are then used to determine SUV and AUC in order to quantify brain regional [11C]MK-6884 uptake. The target region BPND is estimated using the cerebellum as the reference region with the TE-TR method. Higher values indicate increased specific [11C]MK-6884 binding in the brain ROI.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 85 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Part 1, 2 and 3:

  • Male, or non-pregnant and non-breast feeding female of 18 to 55 years of age (Part 1) or 55 to 85 years of age (Parts 2 and 3); in addition:

    • Male participant who is sexually active with females of childbearing potential must be willing to use a condom from the first dose of study drug until 3 months post the last dose of study drug
    • Female participant with reproductive potential must have serum β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) test result consistent with non-pregnant state at screening and agree to use two acceptable methods of birth control beginning at screening visit, during study and until 2 weeks after the last dose of study drug
    • Female participant of non-childbearing potential must be post-menopausal female (participant has been without menses for at least 1 year and has a follicle stimulating hormone [FSH] level in the postmenopausal range at screening), or surgically sterile female (status post hysterectomy, oophorectomy, or tubal ligation)
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) ≤35 kg/m^2, with height ≤195 cm and weight ≤136 kg
  • In good health (Part 1) or generally healthy (Parts 2 and 3) based on medical history, physical examination, vital sign measurements and electrocardiogram (ECG)
  • Nonsmoker and/or has not used nicotine or nicotine-containing products for at least approximately 3 months

Part 2 Only:

  • Willing to allow placement of an arterial catheter in the radial artery
  • Mini Mental Status Examination (MMSE) score ≥27
  • No history of subjective memory or other cognitive complaints
  • No objective evidence of memory or cognitive impairment

Part 3 Only:

  • Moderate to severe AD as defined by:

    • MMSE score ≤20
    • Meets National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Diseases and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association (NINCDS-ADRDA) criteria for probable AD
    • Meets Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V) criteria for AD
    • Rosen-Modified Hachinski score ≤4
    • Screening magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan consistent with a diagnosis of AD
  • Clear history of cognitive and functional decline over ≥1 year
  • On a stable dose of one of protocol-defined acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AChEIs) (i.e., donepezil and rivastigmine) for symptomatic treatment of AD. Dose must be stable for at least the last 4 weeks before screening
  • Has a reliable trial partner/caregiver who is able to accompany the participant to all clinic visits, if needed, and able to provide information to study investigator/staff via telephone contact

Exclusion Criteria:

Part 1, 2, and 3:

  • Mentally or legally incapacitated, has significant emotional problems at the time of screening visit or expected during the conduct of the trial or has a history of clinically significant psychiatric disorder of the last 5 years, except (for Part 3 only) for psychiatric disorders associated with AD
  • History of clinically significant endocrine, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, hematological, hepatic, immunological, renal, respiratory, genitourinary or major neurological abnormalities or diseases, unless (for Part 2 and 3 only) adequately controlled through a stable medication regimen
  • History of cancer
  • History of significant multiple and/or severe allergies or has had an anaphylactic reaction or significant intolerability to prescription or non-prescription drugs or food. For Part 2, this includes any known allergy to lidocaine which may be used as an anesthetic for the placement of the arterial catheter
  • Has positive test result for hepatitis B surface antigen, hepatitis C antibodies or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Has had major surgery or donated or lost 1 unit of blood (approximately 500 mL) within 4 weeks prior to screening
  • Has participated in another investigational trial within 4 weeks of screening
  • Corrected QT (QTc) interval ≥470 msec (for males) or ≥480 msec (for females)
  • Is unable to refrain from or anticipates the use of any medication, including prescription and non-prescription drugs or herbal remedies, beginning approximately 2 weeks prior to administration of the initial dose of study drug and throughout the study.
  • Consumes >3 servings of alcohol a day
  • Consumes >6 caffeine servings a day
  • Is currently a regular or recreational user of cannabis, any illicit drugs or has a history of drug (including alcohol) abuse within approximately 3 months
  • Has participated in a PET research study or other study involving administration of a radioactive substance or ionizing radiation within 12 months prior to screening or has undergone an extensive radiological examination within this period
  • Suffers from claustrophobia or an inability to tolerate confinement in small places and would be unable to undergo MRI or PET scanning

Part 2 Only:

- Has been administered an AChEI within the prior 3 months or will require administration of an AChEI during study

Part 3 Only:

  • Has been administered galantamine within the prior 7 days or will require administration of galantamine during study
  • History within 2 years prior to screening, or current evidence of any neurological or neurodegenerative disorder other than AD that is associated with transient or sustained alterations in cognition
  • History within 2 years prior to screening, or current evidence of a psychotic disorder or a major depressive disorder

Part 2 and 3 Only:

- Has or is suspected to have implanted or embedded metal objects, or fragments in the head or body that would present a risk during the MRI scanning procedure


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02621606


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Publications of Results:
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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02621606    
Other Study ID Numbers: 6884-001
MK-6884-001 ( Other Identifier: Merck Protocol Number )
2015-001631-20 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: December 3, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 28, 2019
Last Update Posted: May 4, 2022
Last Verified: April 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: https://www.merck.com/clinical-trials/pdf/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Alzheimer Disease
Dementia
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Tauopathies
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders