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A Study to Investigate the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Repeat Doses of Inhaled GSK2269557 in Adults With Persistent, Uncontrolled Asthma

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02567708
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 5, 2015
Results First Posted : August 1, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 1, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:

This study is a multi-centre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled (with rescue medication), two period crossover study in subjects with persistent uncontrolled asthma, currently not treated with an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) or long acting beta 2 agonist (LABA). This study is the first administration of GSK2269557 to asthmatic subjects, and the aims of the study are to investigate the efficacy, safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of four weeks of treatment with orally inhaled GSK2269557 1000 microgram (mcg) in subjects with persistent uncontrolled asthma. In a sub-study, biological mediators will be measured from induced sputum and blood.

Approximately 50 subjects will be randomised into the study (including approximately 16 subjects in the sputum sub-study). Each subject will complete two treatment periods: subjects will be randomised to receive GSK2269557 1000 mcg in one treatment period, and matching placebo in the other treatment period. Each treatment will be administered once daily for 28 days (+/- 2 days) via the DISKUS™ dry powder inhaler (DPI).

The study will consist of a Screening Visit; a Run-in Period (approximately 2 weeks in duration); two 28-day Treatment Periods (each with 4 clinic visits); a 4-week Washout Period (between the Treatment Periods); and a Follow-up Visit. The total duration of the study for each subject will be approximately 16 weeks. DISKUS is a registered trademark of the GlaxoSmithKline group of companies.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Drug: GSK2269557 DPI Drug: Placebo DPI Phase 2

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 50 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multi-centre, Randomised, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Crossover Study to Investigate the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of Repeat Doses of Inhaled GSK2269557 in Adults With Persistent, Uncontrolled Asthma
Study Start Date : October 1, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 21, 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : September 28, 2016

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Asthma

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GSK2269557 and Placebo
Each subject will complete two treatment periods: GSK2269557 1000 mcg in one treatment period, and matching placebo in the other treatment period. Each treatment will be administered once daily for 28 days (+/- 2 days) via the DISKUS DPI. The treatment periods will be separated by a washout of at least 4 weeks.
Drug: GSK2269557 DPI
GSK2269557 will be supplied as a lactose blend in a DISKUS DPI with a unit dose strength of 500 mcg. 2 inhalations will be taken every morning before breakfast.

Drug: Placebo DPI
Placebo will be lactose in a DISKUS DPI. 2 inhalations will be taken every morning before breakfast.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change From Baseline in Trough Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1) at Day 28 in Intent-To-Treat (ITT) Population [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    FEV1 is a measure of lung function and is defined as the maximal amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled in one second. Trough FEV1 is the maximum volume of air that can be forced out in one second after taking a deep breath approximately 24 hours after the last administration of study drug. FEV1 was measured using a spirometer. Change from Baseline is calculated as post-Baseline value minus Baseline value where Baseline is defined as Day 1 (pre-dose).

  2. Change From Baseline in Trough Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV1) at Day 28 in Per Protocol (PP) Population [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    FEV1 is a measure of lung function and is defined as the maximal amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled in one second. Trough FEV1 is the maximum volume of air that can be forced out in one second after taking a deep breath approximately 24 hours after the last administration of study drug. FEV1 was measured using a spirometer. Change from Baseline is calculated as post-Baseline value minus Baseline value where Baseline is defined as Day 1 (pre-dose). The analysis was performed on the PP Population which comprised of all participants in the ITT Population not identified as major protocol violators.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Weighted Mean (0-4 Hours) FEV1 at Day 28 [ Time Frame: Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    The weighted mean FEV1 on Day 28 was calculated using data collected pre-dose and at 1 hour, 2 hours, 3 hours, and 4 hours post-dose. The weighted mean FEV1 was derived by calculating the average area under the curve using the trapezoidal rule, and then dividing by the relevant time interval.

  2. Change From Baseline in Trough FEV1 at Day 7 and Day 14 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 7 and Day 14 for each treatment period ]
    FEV1 is a measure of lung function and is defined as the maximal amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled in one second. The trough FEV1 is the maximum volume of air that can be forced out in one second after taking a deep breath approximately 24 hrs after the last administration of study drug. Change from Baseline values were calculated as post-Baseline values minus Baseline value where Baseline was defined as Day 1 (pre-dose). The number of participants with data available at the specified time points are represented by n=X in the category titles.

  3. Change From Baseline in Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) at Day 7, Day 14 and Day 28 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 7, Day 14 and Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    FVC is defined as the total amount of air exhaled during the FEV test. Data was collected pre-dose at Baseline (Day 1), Day 7, Day 14 and Day 28. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value where Baseline was defined as Day 1 (pre-dose). The number of participants with data available at the specified time points are represented by n=X in the category titles.

  4. Change From Baseline in FEV1/FVC at Day 7, Day 14 and Day 28 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 7, Day 14 and Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    FEV1 and FVC are measures of lung function. FEV1 is defined as the maximal amount of air that can be forcefully exhaled in one second. FVC is defined as the total amount of air exhaled during the FEV test. Change from Baseline in FEV1/FVC at Day 7, Day 14 and Day 28 was calculated as post-Baseline value minus Baseline value where Baseline was defined as Day 1 (pre-dose). The number of participants with data available at the specified time points are represented by n=X in the category titles.

  5. Change From Baseline in Asthma Control Test (ACT) Score at Day 28 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    The total ACT score is the sum of five-item questionnaires developed as a measurement of asthma control. Total score can range from five (worse control) to 25 (full control), with higher scores reflecting greater asthma control. Total ACT score at Day 1 (Baseline) and Day 28 in both Treatment Periods was used for this analysis. Change from Baseline in ACT was calculated as post-Baseline value minus Baseline value where Baseline was defined as Day 1 (pre-dose).

  6. Change From Baseline in Daily FEV1 Averaged Over the Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    Triplicate measurements of FEV1 were collected in an eDiary pre-dose before breakfast [ante meridiem (AM)], and approximately 12 hours later at evening [post-meridiem (PM)]. The average change from Baseline was calculated by summing the total value of the endpoint (i.e. change from Baseline) within the time period of interest and dividing by the number of days with non-missing data for that endpoint to obtain an average for each subject. The AM Baseline is the Day 1 AM value, the PM Baseline is the last PM reading prior to taking the first dose of blinded study medication within that Treatment Period. The number of participants with data available at the specified time points are represented by n=X in the category titles.

  7. Change From Baseline in Daily Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF) Averaged Over the Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    Triplicate measurements of PEF were collected in an eDiary pre-dose before breakfast (AM), and approximately 12 hours later at evening (PM). The average change from Baseline was calculated by summing the total value of the endpoint (i.e. change from Baseline) within the time period of interest and dividing by the number of days with non-missing data for that endpoint to obtain an average for each subject. The AM Baseline is the Day 1 AM value, the PM Baseline is the last PM reading prior to taking the first dose of blinded study medication within that Treatment Period. The number of participants with data available at the specified time points are represented by n=X in the category titles.

  8. Change From Baseline in Trough Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) at Day 7, Day 14 and Day 28 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Day 7, Day 14 and Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    Participants with asthma have high levels of NO in their exhaled breath. Evaluation of FeNO is a quantitative, noninvasive method of measuring airway inflammation to assess airway diseases including asthma. FeNO was measured in the clinic using a handheld electronic device. Change from Baseline for Day 7, Day 14 and Day 28 was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value where Baseline was defined as Day 1 (pre-dose). The number of participants with data available at the specified time points are represented by n=X in the category titles.

  9. Mean Number of Inhalations Per Day of Rescue Medication (Salbutamol) Over the Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Up to Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    Daily recordings of rescue medication use were collected in an eDiary by participants. The mean number of inhalations per day of rescue medication was calculated for each participant as number of inhalations over the time period of interest divided by number of days when rescue medication was taken over the time period of interest.

  10. Percentage of Rescue Free Days Over the Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Up to Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    Daily recordings of rescue medication use were collected in an eDiary by participants. Percentage of rescue free days was calculated as the number of rescue free days divided by length of treatment period.

  11. Number of Participants With On-treatment Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) and Non-serious Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: From the Start of IP up to Week 14 ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. The analysis was performed on Safety Population which comprised of all participants who were randomized into the study.

  12. Number of Participants With Abnormal Values of Clinical Chemistry Parameters [ Time Frame: From start of IP up to Week 14 ]
    Blood samples were collected from participants for evaluation of clinical chemistry parameters by Potential Clinical Importance Criteria. The clinical chemistry parameters included albumin, calcium, creatinine, glucose, potassium and sodium. Participants were counted in the category that their value changes to (low, normal or high), unless there is no change in their category. The number of participants with data available at the specified data points are represented by n=X in the category titles.

  13. Number of Participants With Abnormal Values of Hematology Parameters [ Time Frame: From start of IP up to Week 14 ]
    Blood samples were collected from participants for evaluation of hematology parameters by Potential Clinical Importance Criteria. The hematology parameters included hematocrit, hemoglobin, lymphocytes, total neutrophils, platelets and white blood cells (WBC). Participants were counted in the category that their value changes to (low, normal or high), unless there is no change in their category. The number of participants with data available at the specified data points are represented by n=X in the category titles.

  14. Number of Participants With Abnormal Vital Sign Values [ Time Frame: From start of IP up to Week 14 ]
    Number of participants with abnormal values of vital signs including systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and heart rate were evaluated. Vital signs outside the range of potential clinical importance are presented at the indicated timepoints: Day 7, Day 14, Day 28 and follow-up/Early withdrawal. The number of participants with data available at the specified data points are represented by n=X in the category titles.

  15. Number of Participants With Abnormal Electrocardiogram (ECG) Findings [ Time Frame: Up to Day 28 for each treatment period ]
    Single measurements of 12-lead ECGs were obtained after 5 minutes rest in a semi-supine position at Baseline (Day 1 pre dose) , Day 7, Day 28 pre-dose in each treatment period using an ECG machine that automatically calculates the heart rate and measures PR, QRS, QT, and corrected QT (QTc). ECG values were recorded as abnormal not clinically significant (NCS) and abnormal clinically significant (CS). The number of participants with data available at the specified data points are represented by n= X in the category titles.

  16. Plasma Concentration of GSK2269557 [ Time Frame: Pre dose at Day 7 and Day 14. At Day 28 pre dose, 5-10 minutes and 2.5-3.5 hours post dose ]
    Blood samples were collected from participants for pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis at Day 7, Day 14 and Day 28 pre dose. On Day 28 samples were also collected between 5-10 minutes post dose and between 2.5-3.5 hours post dose. The analysis was performed on PK Population which comprised of participants in the ITT Population for whom a PK sample was obtained and analyzed. The number of participants with data available at the specified data points are represented by n= X in the category titles.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Between 18 and 70 years of age inclusive, at the time of signing the informed consent.
  • Documented history of bronchial asthma, first diagnosed at least 6 months prior to the screening visit and currently being treated only with an intermittent short acting beta 2 agonist (SABA) or other non-corticosteroid controllers. Non corticosteroid controllers (e.g. leukotriene receptor antagonists [LTRAs]) must be discontinued from Screening until the end of Treatment Period 2.
  • Able to replace current SABA treatment with salbutamol metered dose inhaler (MDI) at Screening for use as needed for the duration of the study. Judged capable of withholding salbutamol for at least 4 hours prior to FEV1 assessments.
  • No use of an ICS or LABA for at least 12 weeks prior to first dose of study medication.
  • A best pre-bronchodilator FEV1 >=60 percent (%) of the predicted normal value at screening.
  • FEV1 increase by >=12% and >=200 milliliter (mL) over baseline value within 10-40 minutes of inhalation of 400 mcg salbutamol MDI (a spacer device may be used if required).
  • Positive skin prick test to common aero-allergen(s) at screening (not historical).
  • Sputum sub-study only: Able to produce >100 milligram (mg) of sputum at screening or during the run-in period.
  • Body weight >=45 kilogram (kg) and body mass index (BMI) within the range 18-32 kilogram per meter square (kg/m^2) (inclusive).
  • Male subject: Male subjects with female partners of child bearing potential must comply with the following contraception requirements from the first dose of study medication until completion of the follow-up visit.

    1. Vasectomy with documentation of azoospermia.
    2. Male condom plus partner use of one of the contraceptive options below:

Contraceptive subdermal implant with a <1% rate of failure per year, as stated in the product label; Intrauterine device or intrauterine system with a <1% rate of failure per year, as stated in the product label; Oral contraceptive, either combined or progestogen alone, injectable progestogen; Contraceptive vaginal ring; Percutaneous contraceptive patches.

  • Female subject: is eligible to participate if she is not pregnant (as confirmed by a negative urine human chorionic gonadotrophin [hCG] test), not lactating, and at least one of the following conditions applies:

    1. Non-reproductive potential defined as pre-menopausal females with one of the following: Documented tubal ligation Documented hysteroscopic tubal occlusion procedure with follow-up confirmation of bilateral tubal occlusion Hysterectomy Documented bilateral oophorectomy; Postmenopausal defined as 12 months of spontaneous amenorrhea (in questionable cases a blood sample with simultaneous follicle stimulating hormone [FSH] and estradiol levels consistent with menopause [refer to laboratory reference ranges for confirmatory levels]). Females on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and whose menopausal status is in doubt will be required to use one of the highly effective contraception methods if they wish to continue their HRT during the study. Otherwise, they must discontinue HRT to allow confirmation of post-menopausal status prior to study enrolment.
    2. Reproductive potential and agrees to follow one of the options listed below in the GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) modified list of highly effective methods for avoiding pregnancy in females of reproductive potential (FRP) requirements from 30 days prior to the first dose of study medication and until completion of the follow-up visit.

Contraceptive subdermal implant that meets the effectiveness criteria including a <1% rate of failure per year, as stated in the product label; Intrauterine device or intrauterine system that meets the effectiveness criteria including a <1% rate of failure per year, as stated in the product label; Oral contraceptive, either combined or progestogen alone; Injectable progestogen; Contraceptive vaginal ring; Percutaneous contraceptive patches; Male partner sterilization with documentation of azoospermia prior to the female subject's entry into the study, and this male is the sole partner for that subject; Male condom combined with a vaginal spermicide (foam, gel, film, cream, or suppository).

This list does not apply to FRP with same sex partners, when this is their preferred and usual lifestyle or for subjects who are and will continue to be abstinent from penile-vaginal intercourse on a long term and persistent basis. These allowed methods of contraception are only effective when used consistently, correctly and in accordance with the product label. The investigator is responsible for ensuring that subjects understand how to properly use these methods of contraception.

  • Capable of giving signed informed consent as described in the protocol which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form and the protocol. The informed consent must be signed prior to any study related procedure, including change in asthma medication.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of life-threatening asthma, defined as an asthma episode that required intubation and/or was associated with hypercapnoea, respiratory arrest and/or hypoxic seizures.
  • Any severe asthma exacerbation, defined as deterioration of asthma requiring the use of systemic corticosteroids (oral, parenteral or depot) within 12 weeks of screening, or an inpatient hospitalisation or emergency department visit due to asthma that required systemic corticosteroids within 6 months of screening.
  • Respiratory Infection: culture-documented or suspected bacterial or viral infection of the upper or lower respiratory tract, sinus or middle ear that has not resolved within 4 weeks of screening and led to a change in asthma management or, in the opinion of the investigator, is expected to affect the subject's asthma status or the subject's ability to participate in the study.
  • Concurrent Respiratory Disease: current evidence of pneumonia, pneumothorax, atelectasis, pulmonary fibrotic disease, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, or other respiratory abnormalities other than asthma.
  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) >2x upper limit of normal (ULN) and bilirubin >1.5xULN (isolated bilirubin >1.5xULN is acceptable if bilirubin is fractionated and direct bilirubin <35%).
  • Current or chronic history of liver disease, or known hepatic or biliary abnormalities (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones).
  • QTc >450 millisecond (msec) or QTc >480 msec in subjects with bundle branch block.
  • Other laboratory abnormalities or concurrent diseases/clinical: clinically significant laboratory abnormality, uncontrolled condition or disease state that, in the opinion of the investigator (in consultation with the GSK Medical Monitor, if required), would put the safety of the subject at risk through study participation or would confound the interpretation of the efficacy results if the condition/disease exacerbated during the study.
  • Use of any of the prohibited medications listed in the protocol.
  • Current smokers or subjects with a history of smoking within 6 months of screening, or with a total pack year history of >5 pack years.
  • History of regular alcohol consumption within 6 months of the study defined as an average weekly intake of >21 units for males or >14 units for females. One unit is equivalent to 8 gram (g) of alcohol: a half-pint (approximately 240 mL) of beer, 1 glass (125 mL) of wine or 1 (25 mL) measure of spirits.
  • History of sensitivity to any of the study medications, or components thereof (including lactose) or a history of drug or other allergy (including a milk protein allergy) that, in the opinion of the investigator or Medical Monitor, contraindicates their participation.
  • Sputum sub-study only: History of sensitivity to the induced sputum procedure.
  • Presence of hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), positive hepatitis C antibody test result at screening or within 3 months prior to first dose of study medication.
  • Where participation in the study would result in donation of blood or blood products in excess of 500 mL within 56 days.
  • The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an investigational product within the following time period prior to the first dose of study medication in the current study: 30 days, 5 half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer).
  • Exposure to more than 4 investigational medicinal products within 12 months prior to the first dose of study medication.
  • Affiliation with investigator site: subject is an investigator; sub-investigator; study co-ordinator; employee of a participating investigator or study site; or, an immediate family member of the aforementioned, that is involved in this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02567708


Locations
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Germany
GSK Investigational Site
Muenchen, Bayern, Germany, 80539
GSK Investigational Site
Ruedersdorf, Brandenburg, Germany, 15562
GSK Investigational Site
Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany, 60389
GSK Investigational Site
Frankfurt, Hessen, Germany, 60596
GSK Investigational Site
Homburg, Saarland, Germany, 66421
GSK Investigational Site
Leipzig, Sachsen, Germany, 04275
GSK Investigational Site
Leipzig, Sachsen, Germany, 04357
GSK Investigational Site
Luebeck, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany, 23552
GSK Investigational Site
Berlin, Germany, 10119
GSK Investigational Site
Berlin, Germany, 10717
GSK Investigational Site
Berlin, Germany, 10787
GSK Investigational Site
Magdeburg, Germany, 39120
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
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Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02567708     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201543
First Posted: October 5, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: August 1, 2018
Last Update Posted: August 1, 2018
Last Verified: February 2018
Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
GSK2269557
Asthma
Pharmacokinetics
Safety
Adults
DISKUS Dry Powder Inhaler
Efficacy
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases