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Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) vs Standard Therapy in Participants With Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) or Mismatch Repair Deficient (dMMR) Stage IV Colorectal Carcinoma (MK-3475-177/KEYNOTE-177)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02563002
Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting
First Posted : September 29, 2015
Results First Posted : March 16, 2022
Last Update Posted : March 16, 2022
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC

Brief Summary:
In this study, participants with stage IV Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) or Mismatch Repair Deficient (dMMR) colorectal carcinoma (CRC) will be randomly assigned to receive either pembrolizumab or the Investigator's choice of 1 of 6 standard of care (SOC) chemotherapy regimens for the treatment of advanced colorectal carcinoma. The primary study hypothesis is that pembrolizumab will prolong progression-free survival (PFS) or overall survival (OS) compared to current SOC chemotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Colorectal Carcinoma Drug: mFOLFOX6 Drug: FOLFIRI Biological: pembrolizumab Biological: bevacizumab Biological: cetuximab Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 307 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) vs. Chemotherapy in Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) or Mismatch Repair Deficient (dMMR) Stage IV Colorectal Carcinoma (KEYNOTE-177)
Actual Study Start Date : November 30, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : February 19, 2021
Estimated Study Completion Date : February 20, 2023

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Pembrolizumab
Participants receive pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenously (IV) on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle (Q3W) for up to 35 treatments (approximately 2 years). Participants that have stopped the initial course of pembrolizumab and have stable disease but progress after discontinuation can initiate a second course of pembrolizumab for up to 17 cycles (approximately 1 year additional).
Biological: pembrolizumab
MK-3475 SCH 900475 KEYTRUDA®
Other Name: IV infusion

Active Comparator: Standard of Care (SOC)
Participants receive 1 of 6 possible standard chemotherapy regimens: mFOLFOX6, or mFOLFOX6+bevacizumab 5 mg/kg IV on Day 1 of each 2-week cycle, or mFOLFOX6+cetuximab 400 mg/m^2 IV over 2 hours then 250 mg/m^2 over 1 hour weekly in each 2-week cycle, or FOLFIRI, or FOLFIRI+bevacizumab 5 mg/kg IV on Day 1 of each 2-week cycle, or FOLFIRI+cetuximab 400 mg/m^2 IV over 2 hours then 250 mg/m^2 over 1 hour weekly in each 2-week cycle. Participants with documented disease progression following chemotherapy can crossover to receive pembrolizumab for up to 35 cycles (approximately 2 years). Participants that have stopped pembrolizumab and have stable disease but progress after discontinuation can initiate a second course of pembrolizumab for up to 17 cycles (approximately 1 year additional).
Drug: mFOLFOX6
Regimen consists of oxaliplatin 85 mg/m^2 IV on Day 1, leucovorin 400 mg/m^2 or levoleucovorin 200 mg/m^2 IV on Day 1, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 400 mg/m^2 IV bolus on Day 1 and then 1200 mg/m^2/day IV over 2 days for total dose of 2400 mg/m^2 in each 2-week cycle

Drug: FOLFIRI
Regimen consists of irinotecan 180 mg/m^2 IV on Day 1, leucovorin 400 mg/m^2 or levoleucovorin 200 mg/m^2 IV on Day 1, 5-FU 400 mg/m^2 IV bolus on Day 1 and then 1200 mg/m^2/day IV over 2 days for total dose of 2400 mg/m^2 in each 2-week cycle

Biological: pembrolizumab
MK-3475 SCH 900475 KEYTRUDA®
Other Name: IV infusion

Biological: bevacizumab
Other Name: IV infusion

Biological: cetuximab
Other Name: IV infusion




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-Free Survival (PFS) Per RECIST1.1 As Assessed by Central Imaging Vendor [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 59 months ]
    PFS was defined as the time from randomization to the first documented disease progression (PD) per RECIST 1.1 based on blinded central imaging vendor review or death due to any cause, whichever occurs first. Per RECIST 1.1, PD was defined as ≥20% increase in the sum of diameters of target lesions. In addition to the relative increase of 20%, the sum had to demonstrate an absolute increase of ≥5 mm. The appearance of one or more new lesions was also considered PD. Hazards ratio (HR) and associated 95% confidence intervals (CIs) from a Cox proportional hazard model with Efron's method of tie handling and with a single treatment covariate was presented for the first course study treatment per protocol.

  2. Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 59 months ]
    OS was defined as the time from randomization to death due to any cause. Participants without documented death at the time of analysis were censored at the date of last known contact. HR and associated 95% CIs from a Cox proportional hazard model with Efron's method of tie handling and with a single treatment covariate was presented for the first course study treatment per protocol.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Response Rate (ORR) Per RECIST1.1 as Assessed by Central Imaging Vendor [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 59 months ]
    ORR was defined as the percentage of the participants who experienced a Complete Response (CR; disappearance of all target lesions) or a Partial Response (PR; at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of target lesions) and was assessed using RECIST 1.1 as assessed by the central imaging vendor. The percentage of participants who experienced a CR or PR was presented for the first course of study treatment per protocol.

  2. Number of Participants Who Experienced an Adverse Event (AE) [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 59 months ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant or clinical investigation participant administered a study treatment and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE could be any unfavourable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a study treatment, whether or not considered related to the study treatment. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change infrequency and/or intensity) of a preexisting condition that was temporally associated with the use of study treatment, was also an AE. The number of participants who experienced at least one AE was presented for the first course study treatment per protocol.

  3. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Study Treatment Due to an AE [ Time Frame: Up to approximately 59 months ]
    An AE was defined as any untoward medical occurrence in a participant or clinical investigation participant administered a study treatment and which does not necessarily have to have a causal relationship with this treatment. An AE could be any unfavourable and unintended sign (including an abnormal laboratory finding, for example), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a study treatment, whether or not considered related to the study treatment. Any worsening (i.e., any clinically significant adverse change infrequency and/or intensity) of a preexisting condition that was temporally associated with the use of study treatment, was also an AE. The number of participants who discontinued study treatment due to an AE was presented for the first course study treatment per protocol.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Locally confirmed dMMR or MSI-H stage IV colorectal carcinoma
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1 within 10 days prior to study start
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months
  • Measurable disease
  • Female participants of childbearing potential must be willing to use adequate contraception for the course of the study starting with the first dose of study medication through 180 days after the last dose of standard of care (SOC) therapy or 120 days after the last pembrolizumab dose
  • Male participants must agree to use adequate contraception for the course of the study starting with the first dose of study medication through 180 days after the last dose of SOC therapy or 120 days after the last pembrolizumab dose
  • Adequate organ function

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Has received prior systemic therapy for Stage IV colorectal cancer. May have received prior adjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal cancer as long as it was completed at least 6 months prior to randomization on this study
  • Currently participating and receiving treatment in another study, or participated in a study of an investigational agent and received treatment, or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of randomization
  • Active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in past 2 years
  • Diagnosis of immunodeficiency or receiving systemic steroid therapy or any other form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to randomization on this study
  • Radiation therapy within 4 weeks prior to randomization on this study and not recovered to baseline from adverse events due to radiation therapy
  • Known active central nervous system (CNS) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis
  • Major surgical procedure, open biopsy or significant traumatic injury within 28 days prior to randomization on this study
  • Has received prior therapy with an immune checkpoint inhibitor (e.g., anti-programmed cell death [PD]-1, anti-PD ligand 1 [L1], anti-PD-L2 agent, or anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 [CTLA-4] agent, etc.)
  • Another malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment with the exception of non-melanomatous skin cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy and in situ cervical carcinoma
  • Received a live vaccine within 30 days of planned start of study medication
  • Known history of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Hepatitis B or C
  • Known history of, or any evidence of interstitial lung disease or active, non-infectious pneumonitis
  • Known history of active tuberculosis (Bacillus tuberculosis [TB])
  • Active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the study
  • Pregnant, breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study, starting with the screening visit through 180 days after the last dose of SOC or 120 days after the last dose of pembrolizumab

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02563002


Sponsors and Collaborators
Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
Investigators
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Study Director: Medical Director Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Additional Information:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):

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Responsible Party: Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02563002    
Other Study ID Numbers: 3475-177
2015-002024-89 ( EudraCT Number )
163238 ( Registry Identifier: JAPIC-CTI )
MK-3475-177 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
KEYNOTE-177 ( Other Identifier: Merck )
First Posted: September 29, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 16, 2022
Last Update Posted: March 16, 2022
Last Verified: February 2022
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Plan Description: http://engagezone.msd.com/doc/ProcedureAccessClinicalTrialData.pdf
URL: http://engagezone.msd.com/ds_documentation.php

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Merck Sharp & Dohme LLC:
Programmed Cell Death Receptor 1 (PD-1)
Programmed Cell Death Receptor Ligand 1 (PD-L1, PDL1)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Carcinoma
Colorectal Neoplasms
Microsatellite Instability
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Genomic Instability
Pathologic Processes
Bevacizumab
Pembrolizumab
Cetuximab
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors