We're building a better ClinicalTrials.gov. Check it out and tell us what you think!
Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

A Pilot Study of RNS60 in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02525471
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 17, 2015
Results First Posted : March 3, 2021
Last Update Posted : May 28, 2021
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Sabrina Paganoni, M.D., Massachusetts General Hospital

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and tolerability of RNS60 in patients with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Investigators will also measure the impact of RNS60 on several markers of neuro-inflammation, measured by blood biomarkers and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
ALS Drug: RNS60 Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal, neurodegenerative disease for which there is no cure. A substantial body of evidence implicates the neuroimmune system in ALS pathophysiology. Of relevance to this study, microglia activation in the brain has been found to correlate positively with faster rate of disease progression. In addition, studies of blood cells in people with ALS have shown an increased activation of two of the major inflammatory cell types in the body, monocytes and T cells. Among T cells, regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been recently proposed to play a role in ALS progression.

RNS60 is an electrokinetically altered aqueous fluid. Chemically, RNS60 is composed of saline and oxygen. The electrokinetic processing of RNS60 in Revalesio's patented Revalesio Pump (RP) produces charge-stabilized nanostructures (CSNs) that exhibit electrical fields. RNS60 is available for intravenous administration and inhalation. RNS60 has been extensively tested in preclinical toxicological studies and has shown very little to no side effects. In addition, RNS60 was well tolerated in three phase I human safety studies, one after intravenous administration and two after inhalation.

Preclinical in vitro and in vivo studies in multiple disease models have demonstrated that RNS60 has broad anti-inflammatory effects. These effects include reduction of microglia activation, increase of the Tregs subpopulation of lymphocytes, and neuroprotection in several disease models.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : October 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : June 21, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : October 18, 2017


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: RNS60

Following screening visit to determine eligibility, enrolled subjects will undergo the baseline visit within 6 weeks where the first intravenous (IV) infusion of study medication, RNS60, will be administered. Study medication for inhalation use will be dispensed at this time, and again at weeks 7 and 15. Subjects will continue once a week follow ups to receive RNS60 by IV infusion, continuing inhalation use the remaining 6 days per week, for 23 weeks total. Additionally, eligible subjects will undergo PET imaging at baseline and again between weeks 18 and 23.

In addition, upon nearing completion of the core study, subjects will be given the option to continue to receive drug for approximately an additional 24 weeks, for a total of approximately 48 weeks on study drug, following the optional extension phase schedule of activities.

Drug: RNS60

RNS60 will be administered in two ways: by intravenous (IV) infusion one day a week (infusion dose: 375ml, infused over a 40-min period) and by inhalation (the remaining 6 days a week, 4 ml/day) for 23 weeks.

In addition, subjects will be given the option to continue to receive drug for approximately an additional 24 weeks, for a total of approximately 48 weeks on study drug. Study drug will be given by intravenous (IV) infusion one day a week (infusion dose: 375ml, infused over a 40-min period) and by inhalation (the remaining 6 days a week, 4 ml/day) during the extension phase.

Other Names:
  • Electrokinetically Processed Fluid
  • saline and oxygen




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety as Measured by the Number of Participants Experiencing Adverse Events [ Time Frame: 28 weeks ]
    Safety will be assessed by the occurrence of adverse events over the course of 24 weeks of treatment plus the 4 week off-drug follow-up period (total of 28 weeks). Per the protocol, the first treatment was administered at Baseline (Day 0) and the 24th treatment was administered at Week 23 (Day 161), and a safety phone call performed at Week 28 (Day 196).

  2. Tolerability to Complete the Entire 24 Week Study on Study Drug [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
    Tolerability will be defined as the ability of subjects to complete the entire 24-week study on study drug. Per the protocol, the first treatment was administered on Day 0 (Baseline) and the 24th treatment was administered at Week 23.

  3. Blood Biomarkers of Inflammation. [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    Selected biomarkers of inflammation were measured at Baseline and Week 23 on a sub-set of subjects. Biomarkers included IL-17 plasma levels and FOXP3 mRNA expression in whole blood, a marker of Treg function. Per the protocol, the first treatment was administered on Day 0 (Baseline) and the 24th treatment was administered on Day 161 (Week 23).

  4. Change From Baseline in Standardized Uptake Value (SUV) Normalized to Whole Brain Mean (SUVR) at Approximately 60-90 Minutes Post Injection [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    Glial activation was estimated in a subset of participants by magnetic resonance positron emission tomography (MR-PET) using the [11C]-PBR28 ligand. The subset excludes individuals homozygous for the T/T allele of the Ala147Thr TSPO polymorphism (rs6971) associated with low affinity for [11C]-PBR28. Glial activation was quantified as a mean standardized uptake value (SUV) using PET images acquired 60 to 90 minutes post-injection of approximately 430 MBq [11C]-PBR28. FreeSurfer v6.0 (https://surfer.nmr.mgh.harvard.edu) was employed to circumscribe a region of interest (ROI) defined anatomically as the precentral gyrus and the anterior portion of the paracentral lobule, bilaterally. SUV of the ROI was normalized to the SUV of the whole brain and expressed as a SUV ratio (SUVR) to control for inter-individual variability in the global [11C]-PBR28 PET signal. Per the protocol, the first treatment was administered on Day 0 (Baseline) and the 24th treatment was administered on Day 161 (

  5. Clinical Outcome: Change in Pulmonary Function From Baseline to Week 23, Measured by Slow Vital Capacity (SVC) [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    The vital capacity (VC) (percent of predicted normal) was determined using the slow VC method. Vital Capacity is the maximum amount of air a person can expel from the lungs after a maximum inhalation. A subject's VC depends on their age, sex and height. The value is recorded as the Week 23 minus the Baseline of percent of predicted normal.Per the protocol, the first treatment was administered on Day 0 (Baseline) and the 24th treatment was administered on Day 161 (Week 23).

  6. Clinical Outcome: Change in Strength From Baseline to Week 23, Measured by Accurate Test of Limb Isometric Strength (ATLIS) [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    Accurate Test of Limb Isometric Strength (ATLIS) is a non-invasive device that allows measurements of isometric strength in 12 muscle groups of the arms and legs using a standard protocol (elbow and knee flexion and extension, grip, and dorsiflexion). Results are presented as Week 23 minus Baseline of percentages of predicted normal strength based on age, gender, height, and weight using normative data. Per the protocol, the first treatment was administered on Day 0 (Baseline) and the 24th treatment was administered on Day 161 (Week 23).

  7. Clinical Outcome: Change in Functional Status Between Baseline and Week 23, Measured by Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R) [ Time Frame: 24 Weeks ]
    The ALSFRS-R is a quickly administered (5 minute) ordinal rating scale used to determine a subject's assessment of their capability and independence in 12 functional activities. There are 12 questions, graded by the subject 0-4 (4 is normal). Score of 0 (worst) to 48 (best). Reflects change from Baseline to Week 23 in speech and swallowing, fine motor skills, large motor skills, and breathing. Per the protocol, the first treatment was administered on Day 0 (Baseline) and the 24th treatment was administered on Day 161 (Week 23).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) volunteers must be diagnosed as having possible, probable, probable-laboratory supported, or definite ALS, either sporadic or familial according to modified El Escorial criteria.
  • Age 18-80, able to provide informed consent, and comply with study procedures.
  • Participants must not have taken riluzole for at least 30 days, or be on a stable dose of riluzole for at least 30 days, prior to screening (riluzole-naïve participants are permitted in the study).
  • Women must not be able to become pregnant (e.g. post menopausal, surgically sterile, or using adequate birth control) for the duration of the study and 3 months after study completion.
  • Males should practice contraception for the duration of the study and 3 months after completion.
  • Ability to safely lie flat for 90 min for Positron Emission Tomography (PET) procedures in the opinion of the study physician.
  • High or mixed affinity to bind translocator (TSPO) protein (Ala/Ala or Ala/Thr)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Abnormal liver function defined as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and/or alanine transaminase (ALT) > 3 times the upper limit of the normal.
  • Renal insufficiency as defined by a serum creatinine > 1.5 times the upper limit of normal.
  • The presence of unstable psychiatric disease, cognitive impairment, or dementia that would impair ability of the participant to provide informed consent, according to PI judgment.
  • Clinically significant unstable medical condition (other than ALS) that would pose a risk to the participant if they were to participate in the study.
  • History of HIV, clinically significant chronic hepatitis, or other active infection.
  • Females must not be lactating or pregnant.
  • Active participation in another ALS clinical trial within 30 days of the Screening Visit
  • Exposure to immunomodulatory medications within 30 days of the Screening Visit.
  • Any contraindication to undergo MRI studies such as

    • History of a cardiac pacemaker or pacemaker wires
    • Metallic particles in the body
    • Vascular clips in the head
    • Prosthetic heart valves
    • Claustrophobia
  • Radiation exposure that exceeds the site's current guidelines
  • Current use of tobacco products including cigarettes, cigars, snuff and chewing tobacco, or nicotine replacement products such as gum or patch

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02525471


Locations
Layout table for location information
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sabrina Paganoni, M.D.
Investigators
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Sabrina Paganoni, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
Principal Investigator: Nazem Atassi, MD Massachusetts General Hospital
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Sabrina Paganoni, M.D., Massachusetts General Hospital:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Sabrina Paganoni, M.D., Principal Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02525471    
Other Study ID Numbers: RNS60-01
First Posted: August 17, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: March 3, 2021
Last Update Posted: May 28, 2021
Last Verified: May 2021
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
RNS60
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Pharmaceutical Solutions