Examining the Role of Expressive Writing (EW) to Improve Resilience
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02510898|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 29, 2015
Last Update Posted : March 12, 2019
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a 6-week writing to heal seminar/workshop/class, Transform Your Life: Write to Heal, raises resilience scores as measured by the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale for people who have recently experienced an emotional or physical trauma.
Eligible subjects will be adults who self-identify as having had a recent emotional upheaval or physical health challenge. Potential subjects will be recruited through the use of flyers, advertisements, and emails to the Duke Integrative Medicine email list. Subjects will complete pen and paper measures at baseline and immediately post-treatment, including: the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale, The 20-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, the 22-item Rumination Response Scale, and a baseline questionnaire.
The investigators aim to target a sample of 30 completers by enrolling 37 participants. The risks of participation in this study are minimal, and include temporary sadness after the initial writing experience.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Resilience||Behavioral: 6-week Writing to Heal course||Not Applicable|
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||39 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Examining the Role of Expressive Writing (EW) to Improve Resilience Among Those Experiencing an Emotional Upheaval or a Physical Health Challenge|
|Study Start Date :||January 2016|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||March 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||April 2016|
Experimental: Intervention Arm
All subjects enrolled in the study will receive the intervention. This is a one-arm study.
Behavioral: 6-week Writing to Heal course
During this 6-week class, a writing-to-heal instructor will coach participants through a simple progression of writing exercises. Participation requires neither any prior writing experience nor any aspiration to become a writer. In fact, the practices cultivate participants' natural abilities to express the ideas that define who they are and how they experience their lives.
Weekly sessions build on previous sessions to provide a progression of experiences for participants to develop their natural styles of writing-to-heal. The instructor will guide participants through a variety of modes of writing that enhance health in different ways.
- Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
- 10-Item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
- 20-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
- 22-item Rumination Response Scale (RRS) [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02510898
|United States, North Carolina|
|Duke Integrative Medicine|
|Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705|
|Principal Investigator:||Adam Perlman, MD||Duke University|