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Efficacy and Safety of Inhaled Nitric Oxide (NO) in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Patients

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02498535
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : July 15, 2015
Last Update Posted : August 22, 2019
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation
Mallinckrodt
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novoteris, LLC

Brief Summary:
Prospective, randomized, placebo controlled, phase II clinical study of subjects crossing over from an approved inhaled antibiotic to inhaled nitric oxide as compared to a placebo control arm.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cystic Fibrosis Drug: Nitric Oxide 160 ppm Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a multi-center, randomized, placebo controlled, phase II clinical study comparing an investigational drug to a placebo control. Screening data will be reviewed to determine subject eligibility. All subjects including screen failure subjects will be recorded on screening logs at their respective sites. Upon successful completion of all screening procedures, a subject will be considered eligible for enrollment. The subject will be enrolled and randomized in as close a time proximity to the first treatment application as is possible in order to minimize the possibility of dropout while enrolled but before undergoing treatment. With a 1:1 investigational treatment to placebo control, subjects will be randomized to one of the two arms. Subjects in the investigational treatment arm will be administered doses of NO (0.5% NO in 99.5% nitrogen) diluted in room air by inhalation four times daily (30-minute inhalations at least 3 hours apart) for 7.5 days on Days 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, and 10 (three treatments on Days 1 and 10). Subjects in the placebo arm will breathe 100% nitrogen diluted in room air in the same proportion as the investigational arm. Subjects will remain in the clinic for 30 minutes after completing the last treatment of each day. All subjects will be asked to return to the clinic for additional evaluations on Days 15 and 36.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 60 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Prospective, Randomized, Placebo Controlled Trial of the Efficacy and Safety of Inhaled Nitric Oxide (NO) in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) Patients
Actual Study Start Date : February 22, 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date : December 31, 2019
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 31, 2019

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Cystic Fibrosis

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Nitric oxide gas at 160 ppm
Nitric oxide gas at 160 ppm inhaled four times daily for 30 min delivered with air as the carrier via nasal inhalation for a total of 7.5 days. Total dose of 2400 ppm hours.
Drug: Nitric Oxide 160 ppm
Nitric Oxide 160 ppm

Placebo Comparator: Breathing 20.3% oxygen
Breathing 20.3% oxygen inhaled four times daily for 30 min delivered with air as the carrier via nasal inhalation for a total of 7.5 days.. 100% nitrogen will be injected into the breathing circuit (instead of 99.5% nitrogen and 0.5% NO).
Drug: Nitric Oxide 160 ppm
Nitric Oxide 160 ppm




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Change in FEV1 % predicted from baseline to Day 15 [ Time Frame: 15 Days ]
    The primary efficacy variable for this study is absolute change from baseline FEV1% predicted to Day 15. For each subject, the change will be calculated as the FEV1% value minus the baseline FEV1%, i.e., a positive change in FEV1% values will indicate an increase in FEV1% after treatment. The primary endpoint for this trial is the comparison of the mean absolute change from baseline in FEV1% between treatment groups.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean absolute change in FEV1% from baseline to Day 15 in the NO group (within group test). [ Time Frame: 15 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Mean absolute change in FEV1% from baseline to Day 15 in the NO group (within group test).

  2. Mean change in prevalent recovered organisms' sputum CFU g (log 10) from baseline to Days 10, 15 and 36 [ Time Frame: 36 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Mean change in prevalent recovered organisms' sputum CFU g (log 10) from baseline to Days 10, 15 and 36

  3. Mean change in distance walked in the six-minute walk test from baseline to Days 15 and 36. [ Time Frame: 36 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Mean change in distance walked in the six-minute walk test from baseline to Days 15 and 36.

  4. Mean absolute change in FEV1 % predicted from baseline to Days 10 and 36. [ Time Frame: 36 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Mean absolute change in FEV1 % predicted from baseline to Days 10 and 36.

  5. Mean change in FEV1 % predicted (relative) from baseline to Days 10, 15, and 36. [ Time Frame: 36 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Mean change in FEV1 % predicted (relative) from baseline to Days 10, 15, and 36.

  6. Mean change in FVC from baseline to Days 10, 15 and 36 [ Time Frame: 36 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Mean change in FVC from baseline to Days 10, 15 and 36

  7. Mean change in FEF25-75 from baseline to Days 10, 15 and 36 [ Time Frame: 36 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Mean change in FEF25-75 from baseline to Days 10, 15 and 36

  8. Mean change in CFQ-R scores for each domain from baseline to Days 15 and 36 [ Time Frame: 36 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Mean change in CFQ-R scores for each domain from baseline to Days 15 and 36

  9. Counts of CFRSD-CRISS symptom scores for each symptom from evening prior to Day 1 to each day of the study (Days 1-35) [ Time Frame: 35 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Counts of CFRSD-CRISS symptom scores for each symptom from evening prior to Day 1 to each day of the study (Days 1-35)

  10. Number of subjects with a relative improvement between baseline and Day 10 in FEV1 % predicted of ≥7.5% [ Time Frame: 10 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Number of subjects with a relative improvement between baseline and Day 10 in FEV1 % predicted of ≥7.5%

  11. Number of subjects with an absolute improvement in CFQ-R survey scores ≥5 between baseline and Days 15 and 36 [ Time Frame: 36 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Number of subjects with an absolute improvement in CFQ-R survey scores ≥5 between baseline and Days 15 and 36

  12. Number of subjects with a positive response in the 6 minute walk test at Days 15 and 36 [ Time Frame: 36 days ]
    Clinical Measurement of Number of subjects with a positive response in the 6 minute walk test at Days 15 and 36



Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Confirmed diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis based on the following criteria:

    • positive sweat chloride 60 mEq/liter (by pilocarpine iontophoresis); and/or
    • a genotype with two identifiable mutations consistent with CF
  2. Presence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus or Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in the screening sputum culture.
  3. Chronic microbial lung colonization (≥6 months) with presence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus or Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in at least two (2) sputum cultures in the past year (the screening culture can count as one of the two positive cultures).
  4. Ongoing chronic inhaled antibiotic therapy for at least 3 months prior to (screening or baseline).

    • For subjects on cycled therapy, at least 2 cycles of drug need to have been completed prior to baseline.

  5. Willing to be off of inhaled antibiotic therapy from Day 1 to Day 15
  6. Male or female subjects ≥18 years
  7. FEV1 <85% and >35% at screening and baseline
  8. SaO2 >90% on room air at screening and baseline
  9. Clinically stable with no significant changes in health status within 14 days prior to Baseline
  10. Written Informed Consent and HIPAA authorization
  11. Non-smoker for at least 6 months prior to screening and agrees not to smoke during the study
  12. Chest x-ray within the last six (6) months. If none, a chest x-ray is required before randomization.
  13. Willing and able to comply with the treatment schedule and procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Initiation of any new chronic therapy (e.g., ibuprofen, Pulmozyme®, hypertonic saline, azithromycin, TOBI®, Cayston®) within 4 weeks prior to screening.
  2. Use of antibiotics [oral, intravenous (iv), and/or inhaled] for acute respiratory symptoms within 2 weeks prior to baseline.
  3. Significant hemoptysis within 30 days prior to screening (≥5 mL of blood in one coughing episode or >30 mL of blood in a 24 hour period)
  4. History of colonization with nontuberculosis mycobacterium in sputum culture. The investigator can be guided by the following suggested criteria for a subject to be considered free of colonization:

    • Two respiratory tract cultures negative for NTM in the last year, with no subsequent positive cultures; and
    • these 2 respiratory cultures must be separated by at least 3 months; and
    • one of these two cultures has to have been obtained within the last 6 months
  5. Cardiac (left heart) insufficiency (defined as LVEF <35%) at screening
  6. Use of a nitric oxide donor agent such as nitroglycerin or drugs known to increase methemoglobin such as lidocaine, prilocaine, benzocaine or dapsone at screening
  7. Any of the following abnormal lab values at Screening:

    • Hemoglobin < 10 g/dl
    • Methemoglobn >3%
    • Platelet count <100,000/mm3
    • Prothrombin time international ratio (INR) > 1.5
    • Abnormal liver function defined as any two of the following:
    • ALT >3 x ULN
    • AST >3 x ULN
    • ALP > 3 x ULN
    • GGT > 3 x ULN
    • Abnormal liver function defined as:
    • ALT >5 x ULN
    • AST >5 x ULN
    • Abnormal renal function defined as:
    • Calculated Creatinine Clearance < 50 mL (as calculated by Cockcroft/Gault)
  8. For women of child bearing potential:

    • positive pregnancy test at screening or
    • lactating or
    • unwilling to practice a medically acceptable form of contraception from screening to Day 36 (acceptable forms of contraception: abstinence, hormonal birth control, intrauterine device, or barrier method plus a spermicidal agent)
  9. Use of an investigational drug within 30 days prior to screening
  10. Intravenous or oral steroids in the 14 days prior to screening
  11. Current use of inhaled steroids >500 micrograms twice daily of Fluticasone or equivalent in the 30 days prior to screening
  12. Use of supplemental oxygen (daytime or nocturnal) in the 7 days prior to screening
  13. Any condition that the Investigator believes would interfere with the intent of this study or would make participation not in the best interest of the subject

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02498535


Contacts
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Contact: Alex Stenzler 714-705-4576 Alex.Stenzler@12thmantec.com

Locations
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United States, California
* Entire USA* The sponsor will provide air transportation and housing to patients that are not located in the area of clinical trial sites. All trial sites can treat adults. Recruiting
Garden Grove, California, United States, 92841
Contact: Alex Stenzer    714-705-4576    alex.stenzler@12thmantec.com   
Children's Hospital of Los Angeles (Adults can be treated here) (Site No. 500) Recruiting
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027
Contact: Thomas Keens, M.D.    323-361-2287    tkeens@chla.usc.edu   
United States, Ohio
Nationwide Children's Hospital (Adults can be treated here) (Site No. 600) Recruiting
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43205
Contact: Karen McCoy, M.D.    614-722-4766    karen.mccoy@nationwidechildrens.org   
United States, South Carolina
Medical University of South Carolina (Site No. 200) Recruiting
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 29403
Contact: Patrick Flume, M.D.    843-792-9200    flumepa@musc.edu   
United States, Washington
University of Washington Medical Center (Site No. 100) Recruiting
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98195
Contact: Moira Aitken, M.D.    206-598-8446    moira@u.washington.edu   
United States, Wisconsin
Medical College of Wisconsin (Site No. 400) Recruiting
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States, 53226
Contact: Julie Biller, M.D.    414-955-7040    jbiller@mcw.edu   
Canada, B.C.
University of British Columbia, St. Paul's Hospital (Site No. 300) Recruiting
Vancouver, B.C., Canada, V6Z 1Y6
Contact: Bradley Quon, M.D.    604-806-8346 ext x68395    bradley.quon@hli.ubc.ca   
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novoteris, LLC
Cystic Fibrosis Foundation
Mallinckrodt

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Responsible Party: Novoteris, LLC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02498535     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NO-CF-02E
First Posted: July 15, 2015    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 22, 2019
Last Verified: August 2019
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Cystic Fibrosis
Fibrosis
Pathologic Processes
Pancreatic Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
Nitric Oxide
Bronchodilator Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Respiratory System Agents
Free Radical Scavengers
Antioxidants
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Endothelium-Dependent Relaxing Factors
Vasodilator Agents
Gasotransmitters
Protective Agents