Utilizing Advance Care Planning Videos to Empower Perioperative Cancer Patients and Families (ACPvideo)
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02489799|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 3, 2015
Results First Posted : August 29, 2017
Last Update Posted : August 29, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Cancer||Behavioral: Advance care planning video Behavioral: Control video||Not Applicable|
Many cancer patients pursue aggressive surgery in the hope of cancer cure or life prolongation. However, in doing so, patients and families may avoid advance care planning; they do not discuss specific goals and wishes should disease progress despite surgery. Moreover, a subset of patients become critically ill following surgery, and family members must make life-and-death decisions without knowing patient wishes. Preoperative advance care planning—facilitating patient and family discussions concerning perioperative goals, hopes, and fears—could empower patients and families to better choose which therapies and procedures they want outside of the initial surgery and for the months following surgery. Advance care planning aids exist, but none were developed for or evaluated in a surgical patient population. Furthermore, video-based advance care planning tools are an innovative way to better empower patients and families. Previous research shows that, with the aid of an advance care planning video, patients and families are more knowledgeable about treatment options and more comfortable with making decisions. Moreover, when better educated, these patients and families frequently choose less aggressive therapies.
However, video-based advance care planning tools have not been developed or tested in a surgical patient population. The investigators have developed and now will evaluate a video-based advance care planning aid for cancer patients and families pursing aggressive surgical cancer treatment. The investigators hypothesize that, in patients and family members, the video-based decision aid will facilitate better preoperative discussions about advance care planning between the patient and surgeon and decrease anxiety and depression after surgery.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||92 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||Single (Outcomes Assessor)|
|Primary Purpose:||Supportive Care|
|Official Title:||Utilizing Advance Care Planning Videos to Empower Perioperative Cancer Patients and Families|
|Actual Study Start Date :||July 2015|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||November 2016|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||February 2017|
Active Comparator: Intervention
Advance care planning video
Behavioral: Advance care planning video
This is a video involving interviews with patients, a family member, two surgeons, an anesthesiologist, and an ICU nurse; these interviewees describe the typical events during a hospitalization for a major surgery and encourage the viewer to do some planning before surgery - the planning includes: (i) naming a person to make decisions for the participant, (ii) having a conversation with that person about goals and values, and (iii) continuing that conversation with the participant's surgeon.
Placebo Comparator: Control
Control video - no advance care planning content
Behavioral: Control video
This is a video showing the history of The Johns Hopkins Hospital and emphasizing that The Johns Hopkins Hospital is a great place to receive medical care.
- Measured ACP Content in the Presurgical Consent Visit [ Time Frame: Approximately one week after study enrollment. ]The RIAS scoring system using an audio-recording of a conversation to evaluate conversation content.
- Measured Patient Centeredness in the Presurgical Consent Visit [ Time Frame: Approximately one week after study enrollment. ]The RIAS scoring system using an audio-recording of a conversation to evaluate the nature of the conversation between surgeon and patient. The patient-centeredness summary score is a ratio of statements that reflect the psychosocial and socio-emotional elements of exchange about the lived illness experience of patients relative to statements that reflect a more biomedical and disease focused perspective. This score reflects the encounter as a whole, rather than an individual's dialogue. A value greater than one indicates a more patient-centered encounter; whereas, a value less than one indicates a more biomedical encounter.
- Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scores Across Study Arms Throughout the Study Period [ Time Frame: Enrollment, one week after enrollment, one week after surgery, one month after surgery ]This validated metric consists of two sub scales: one for symptoms of anxiety, and the other for symptoms of depression. Each subscale, consisting of seven questions, results in a score ranging from 0, indicating no distress, to 21, indicating maximum distress; a score higher than 7 indicates clinically meaningful anxiety or depression. Overall HADS scores, encompassing both subscales, results in a total score of 0 (no mood symptoms ) to 42 (maximal mood symptoms).
- Iowa Goals of Care Across Study Arms Throughout the Study Period [ Time Frame: Enrollment, one week after enrollment, one week after surgery, one month after surgery ]This metric enables respondents to verify why they are seeking medical care. The most selected goal at all visits was "Cure my medical condition." We have reported the number of participants in each group who selected this goal at each time point.
- Helpfulness of the Video Across Study Arms [ Time Frame: One week after enrollment ]This Likert scale evaluates respondent beliefs about the helpfulness of the video.
- Comfort With the Video Across Study Arms [ Time Frame: One week after enrollment ]This Likert scale evaluates respondent beliefs about their comfort in viewing the video.
- Recommendation of the Video to Others Across Study Arms [ Time Frame: One week after enrollment ]This Likert scale evaluates respondent beliefs about whether they would recommend the video to others.
- Patient and Provider Satisfaction Scores Across Study Arms [ Time Frame: One week after enrollment ]The satisfaction score, as the sum of the scores of six questions (all in Likert scale), ranges from 6 to 30, with a higher score indicating higher level of satisfaction.
- Prevalence of Participants Who Acknowledge Having Named a Surrogate Decision Maker Across Study Arms Throughout the Study Period [ Time Frame: Enrollment, one month after surgery ]This tracks which participants report having named a surrogate decision maker
- Prevalence of Participants Who Acknowledge Having a Conversation With Their Surrogate Decision Maker Regarding Advance Care Planning Across Study Arms Throughout the Study Period [ Time Frame: Enrollment, one month after surgery ]This tracks which participants report having had an advance care planning-related conversation with their surrogate decision maker.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02489799
|United States, Maryland|
|The Johns Hopkins Hospital|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287|
|Principal Investigator:||Rebecca A Aslakson, MD PhD||Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins|