Epidemiology of Diarrheal Diseases in Pediatric Oncology Patients
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02464098|
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : June 8, 2015
Last Update Posted : October 4, 2018
Diarrhea is a common problem in the pediatric population. Children with cancer are especially at increased risk for gastrointestinal infection-related morbidity and mortality due to their ongoing immunosuppression. However, the epidemiology of diarrheal illnesses in immunocompromised children is poorly understood. In the past, many or most cases of gastroenteritis have gone undiagnosed, largely due to a lack of sensitive diagnostic tests and a presumption that a large proportion of cases are due to treatment, rather than infections. The availability of new diagnostic tests that detect many gastrointestinal pathogens simultaneously offers the first opportunity to gain a comprehensive picture of the causes of infectious diarrhea in children with cancer.
Researchers at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital want to learn about the epidemiology of diarrheal diseases in pediatric oncology patients utilizing broadly multiplexed, automated PCR.
|Condition or disease|
This study plans to enroll participants in two groups:
GROUP 1: Participants with hematologic malignancies or solid tumors.
- Participants who agree to take part in this research study will have stool samples collected at diagnosis (baseline sample) and each month thereafter for 12 months from the time of enrollment. Stool samples will be screened for different types of microbes that may be present. For participants who develop diarrhea during these 12 months, three additional stool samples will be collected on Day 0, Day 7 and Day 14; two blood samples and mid-turbinate nasal swab will be collected as well on Day 0 and Day 7 of the first observed diarrheal episode to screen for additional microbes that may be the cause of the diarrhea.
GROUP 2: Participants who are hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients.
- Participants who agree to take part in this research study will have stool samples collected within one week prior to conditional chemotherapy (baseline sample) and weekly thereafter for a total of 16 weeks (pre- and early post-engraftment periods), followed by monthly for 8 months. Stool samples will be screened for different types of microbes that may be present. For participants who develop diarrhea, three additional stool samples will be collected on Day 0, Day 7 and Day 14; two blood samples and mid-turbinate nasal swab will be collected as well on Day 0 and Day 7 of the first observed diarrheal episode to screen for additional microbes that may be the cause of the diarrhea. For GROUP 2 participants, two diarrheal episodes will be studied per patient: the first diarrheal episode during the pre-engraftment period, and the first diarrheal episode during the post-engraftment period.
Participants with a change in cancer treatment plan enrolled on study: Group 1 participants who experience a change in their cancer treatment plan necessitating an allogeneic stem cell transplant will be taken off study for group 1 and offered the opportunity to consent to group 2 Participants who chooses to then enroll on group 2 will complete the 12-month study requirements as defined in the protocol for group 2 participants.
General health information from participant medical records and other health-related information about symptoms will also be obtained at the time of collection of the samples.
- To assess the prevalence of microbial pathogens in the stool of pediatric oncology patients with diarrheal illness.
- To describe the clinical course, symptomatology, morbidity and mortality associated with diarrheal diseases in pediatric oncology patients at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.
- Evaluate the performance of the multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the diagnosis of infectious diarrhea in comparison to the standard of care methods.
|Study Type :||Observational|
|Estimated Enrollment :||200 participants|
|Official Title:||Epidemiology of Diarrheal Diseases in Pediatric Oncology Patients|
|Actual Study Start Date :||November 19, 2015|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||December 31, 2021|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||December 31, 2021|
Participants with diagnosis of hematological malignancy or solid tumor.
Participants undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
- Frequency by pathogen type of infectious pathogens [ Time Frame: at 12 months ]Descriptive statistics of infectious pathogens identified in diarrheal stools from PCR testing will be summarized.
- Proportion by pathogen type of infectious pathogens [ Time Frame: at 12 months ]Descriptive statistics of infectious pathogens identified in diarrheal stools from PCR testing will be summarized.
- Frequency of symptoms [ Time Frame: at 12 months ]Descriptive statistics of symptoms, clinical course, morbidity and mortality in patients with diarrhea will be summarized.
- Proportion of symptoms [ Time Frame: at 12 months ]Descriptive statistics of symptoms, clinical course, morbidity and mortality in patients with diarrhea will be summarized.
- Number of infectious pathogens identified by multiplex PCR assay versus standard tests [ Time Frame: at 12 months ]Infectious pathogens of diarrheal stools identified by the multiplex PCR assay will be compared descriptively against those identified by standard testing, and McNemar's test will be applied.
Biospecimen Retention: Samples With DNA
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02464098
|Contact: Randall T. Hayden, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|United States, Tennessee|
|St. Jude Children's Research Hospital||Recruiting|
|Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105|
|Contact: Randall T. Hayden, MD 866-278-5833 email@example.com|
|Principal Investigator: Randall T. Hayden, MD|
|Principal Investigator:||Randall T. Hayden, MD||St. Jude Children's Research Hospital|