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A Study to Assess Safety, Tolerability, and Immunogenicity of Three Heterologus 2-dose Regimens of the Candidate Prophylactic Vaccines for Ebola in Healthy Adults

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02416453
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 15, 2015
Results First Posted : February 8, 2021
Last Update Posted : February 8, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
University of Oxford
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of 3 vaccination schedules of Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo administered intramuscularly (IM) as 2-dose heterologous regimens.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Ebola Viral Disease Biological: MVA-BN-Filo Biological: Ad26.ZEBOV Biological: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a randomized, observer-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter, Phase 2 study evaluating the safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of 2-dose heterologous regimens using Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo administered to healthy adults participants in Europe. The study involves a screening period of up to 12 weeks, a vaccination period in which participants will be vaccinated with Ad26.ZEBOV (dose 1) followed by vaccination with MVA-BN-Filo (dose 2) 28, 56 or 84 days later, and a post-vaccination phase until 6 months post dose 2 visit (Days 209, 237 or 265). After unblinding, only participants who received Ad26.ZEBOV and/or MVA-BN-Filo will continue the study until the Day 365 visit (or until the start of the roll-over study or for an additional 12 months [whichever comes first] for participants in France who agree to continue the long-term follow-up after Day 365) to assess long-term safety and immunogenicity. Participants will enroll into 3 cohorts: that is, Cohort 1 (Participants will receive Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo in an open-label fashion), Cohort 2 (Participants will be randomized to receive the 2-dose heterologous vaccine regimen with either Ad26.ZEBOV followed by MVA-BN-Filo, or placebo in a 14:1 ratio) and Cohort 3 (Participants will be randomized to receive the 2-dose heterologous vaccine regimen with either Ad26.ZEBOV followed by MVA-BN-Filo, or placebo in a 10:3 ratio). In Cohorts 2 and 3, core immunogenicity assessments (humoral and cellular assays) will be performed. In Cohort 2, additional immunogenicity assessments will be done. In Cohort 1, plasma blast response kinetics will be evaluated. Safety will be monitored during the study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 423 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Observer-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Phase 2 Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Immunogenicity of Three Prime-Boost Regimens of the Candidate Prophylactic Vaccines for Ebola Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo in Healthy Adults in Europe
Actual Study Start Date : June 15, 2015
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 19, 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : January 19, 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Ebola

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Group 1
Participants will receive intramuscular (IM) injection of Ad26.ZEBOV/Placebo on Day 1 followed by IM injection of MVA-BN-Filo/Placebo on Day 29.
Biological: MVA-BN-Filo
One 0.5 mL intramuscular (IM) injection of 1E8 Infectious Unit [Inf. U.] on Day 29, 57, or 85.

Biological: Ad26.ZEBOV
One 0.5 mL IM injection of 5E10 viral particles (vp) on Day 1.

Biological: Placebo
One 0.5 mL IM injection of 0.9% saline on Day 1 and Day 29, 57, or 85.

Experimental: Group 2
Participants will receive IM injection of Ad26.ZEBOV/Placebo on Day 1 followed by IM injection of MVA-BN-Filo/Placebo on Day 57.
Biological: MVA-BN-Filo
One 0.5 mL intramuscular (IM) injection of 1E8 Infectious Unit [Inf. U.] on Day 29, 57, or 85.

Biological: Ad26.ZEBOV
One 0.5 mL IM injection of 5E10 viral particles (vp) on Day 1.

Biological: Placebo
One 0.5 mL IM injection of 0.9% saline on Day 1 and Day 29, 57, or 85.

Experimental: Group 3
Participants will receive IM injection of Ad26.ZEBOV/Placebo on Day 1 followed by IM injection of MVA-BN-Filo/Placebo on Day 85.
Biological: MVA-BN-Filo
One 0.5 mL intramuscular (IM) injection of 1E8 Infectious Unit [Inf. U.] on Day 29, 57, or 85.

Biological: Ad26.ZEBOV
One 0.5 mL IM injection of 5E10 viral particles (vp) on Day 1.

Biological: Placebo
One 0.5 mL IM injection of 0.9% saline on Day 1 and Day 29, 57, or 85.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Unsolicited Adverse Events (Groups 1, 2 and 3) [ Time Frame: Up to 42-day post dose 2 visit (Day 1 to Day 127) ]
    An adverse event (AE) is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study subject administered a medicinal product, it does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product, whether or not related to that medicinal product. Unsolicited adverse events were events which were reported by the participant voluntarily or obtained by means of interviewing the participant in a nondirected manner at study visits.

  2. Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (Groups 1, 2 and 3) [ Time Frame: Up to Day 365 ]
    A serious adverse event (SAE) is an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly.

  3. Number of Participants With Immediate Reportable Events (Groups 1, 2 and 3) [ Time Frame: Up to Day 365 ]
    The following neuroinflammatory disorders were considered immediate reportable events and which had to be reported to the sponsor within 24 hours of becoming aware of the event. Neuroinflammatory disorders included: cranial nerve disorders including paralyses/paresis (example: bell's palsy), optic neuritis, multiple sclerosis, transverse myelitis, guillain-barre syndrome including miller fisher syndrome, bickerstaff's encephalitis and other variants, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, including site-specific variants (example: non-infectious encephalitis, encephalomyelitis, myelitis, myeloradiculomyelitis), myasthenia gravis and lambert-eaton myasthenic syndrome, immune-mediated peripheral neuropathies and plexopathies, including chronic inflammatory, demyelinating polyneuropathy, multifocal motor neuropathy, and polyneuropathies associated with monoclonal gammopathy, narcolepsy, isolated paresthesia of more than 7 days duration.

  4. Number of Participants With Solicited Local Adverse Events (Groups 1, 2 and 3) [ Time Frame: 7 days post-dose 1 (Day 8) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant administered a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product. Solicited local AEs were pre-defined local (at the injection site) AEs for which participants were specifically questioned and which were noted by participants in their diary for 7 days post first vaccination. Solicited local AEs were: injection site pain/tenderness, erythema, induration/swelling, itching at the vaccination site.

  5. Number of Participants With Solicited Local Adverse Events (Groups 1, 2 and 3) [ Time Frame: 7 days post-dose 2 (Up to Day 92) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant administered a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product. Solicited local AEs were pre-defined local (at the injection site) AEs for which participants were specifically questioned and which were noted by participants in their diary for 7 days post first vaccination. Solicited local AEs were: injection site pain/tenderness, erythema, induration/swelling, itching at the vaccination site.

  6. Number of Participants With Solicited Systemic Adverse Events (Groups 1, 2 and 3) [ Time Frame: 7 days post-dose 1 (Day 8) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant administered a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product. Participants were instructed on how to note signs and symptoms in the diary on a daily basis for 7 days post-vaccination (Day of vaccination and the subsequent 7 days) for solicited systemic AEs. Solicited systemic events included fever, headache, fatigue/malaise, myalgia, nausea/vomiting, arthralgia and chills.

  7. Number of Participants With Solicited Systemic Adverse Events (Groups 1, 2 and 3) [ Time Frame: 7 days post-dose 2 (Up to Day 92) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant administered a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product. Participants were instructed on how to note signs and symptoms in the diary on a daily basis for 7 days post-vaccination (Day of vaccination and the subsequent 7 days) for solicited systemic AEs. Solicited systemic events included fever, headache, fatigue/malaise, myalgia, nausea/vomiting, arthralgia and chills.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of Participants With Unsolicited Adverse Events (Group 4) [ Time Frame: Up to 28-day post dose 1 (Day 29) ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study subject administered a medicinal product, it does not necessarily have a causal relationship with the treatment. An AE can therefore be any unfavorable and unintended sign (including an abnormal finding), symptom, or disease temporally associated with the use of a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product, whether or not related to that medicinal product. Unsolicited adverse events were events which were reported by the participant voluntarily or obtained by means of interviewing the participant in a nondirected manner at study visits.

  2. Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (Group 4) [ Time Frame: Up to Day 180 ]
    A SAE was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly.

  3. Number of Participants With Immediate Reportable Events (Group 4) [ Time Frame: Up to Day 180 ]
    The following neuroinflammatory disorders were considered immediate reportable events which had to be reported to the sponsor within 24 hours of becoming aware of the event. Neuroinflammatory disorders included: cranial nerve disorders including paralyses/paresis (example: bell's palsy), optic neuritis, multiple sclerosis, transverse myelitis, guillain-barre syndrome including miller fisher syndrome, bickerstaff's encephalitis and other variants, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, including site-specific variants (example: non-infectious encephalitis, encephalomyelitis, myelitis, myeloradiculomyelitis), myasthenia gravis and lambert-eaton myasthenic syndrome, immune-mediated peripheral neuropathies and plexopathies, including chronic inflammatory, demyelinating polyneuropathy, multifocal motor neuropathy, and polyneuropathies associated with monoclonal gammopathy, narcolepsy, isolated paresthesia of more than 7 days duration.

  4. Number of Participants With Solicited Local Adverse Events (Group 4) [ Time Frame: 7 days after each vaccination (Up to Day 8) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant administered a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product. Solicited local AEs were pre-defined local (at the injection site) AEs for which participants were specifically questioned and which were noted by participants in their diary for 7 days post first vaccination. Solicited local AEs were: injection site pain/tenderness, erythema, induration/swelling, itching at the vaccination site.

  5. Number of Participants With Solicited Systemic Adverse Events (Group 4) [ Time Frame: 7 days after each vaccination (Up to Day 8) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical study participant administered a medicinal (investigational or non-investigational) product. Participants were instructed on how to note signs and symptoms in the diary on a daily basis for 7 days post-vaccination (Day of vaccination and the subsequent 7 days) for solicited systemic AEs. Solicited systemic events included fever, headache, fatigue/malaise, myalgia, nausea/vomiting, arthralgia and chills.

  6. Geometric Mean Concentrations (GMCs) of Binding Antibody Levels Against Ebola Virus Glycoprotein (EBOV GP) Measured Using Filovirus Animal Non-Clinical Group (FANG) Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) (Groups 1, 2 and 3) [ Time Frame: At 21-days post dose 2 (Day 50 for Group 1; Day 78 for Group 2; and Day 106 for Group 3) ]
    GMCs of antibodies binding to EBOV GP using FANG ELISA were reported and were measured in ELISA unit per milliliter (EU/mL). Serum samples were collected for analysis of binding antibodies against EBOV GP using FANG ELISA to determine humoral responses following vaccination. For ELISA binding antibody responses, values below the lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) (36.11 ELISA units/mL). The outcome measure was planned to be reported at 21-day post dose 2. Therefore, the results are reported for Group 1, 2 and 3 only.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Must be healthy in the Investigator's clinical judgment on the basis of medical history, physical examination, electrocardiogram (ECG) and vital signs performed at Screening
  • Must be healthy on the basis of clinical laboratory tests performed at Screening. If the results of the laboratory screening tests are outside the normal reference ranges, the participant may be included only if the Investigator judges the abnormalities or deviations from normal to be not clinically significant or to be appropriate and reasonable for the population under study
  • Before randomization, a woman must be either of childbearing potential and practicing (or intending to practice) a highly effective method of birth control consistent with local regulations regarding the use of birth control methods for participants participating in clinical studies, beginning at least 28 days prior to vaccination OR not of childbearing potential: postmenopausal (greater than [>] 45 years of age with amenorrhea for at least 2 years or lesser than or equal to [<=] 45 years of age with amenorrhea for at least 6 months, and a serum follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) level >40 international unit per milliliter [IU/L]); permanently sterilized (for example, bilateral tubal occlusion [which includes tubal ligation procedures as consistent with local regulations], hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy, bilateral oophorectomy); or otherwise be incapable of pregnancy
  • Woman of childbearing potential must have a negative serum (beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [beta-hCG]) at Screening and a negative urine beta-hCG pregnancy test immediately prior to each study vaccine administration
  • Man who is sexually active with a woman of childbearing potential and has not had a vasectomy performed more than 1 year prior to screening must be willing to use condoms for sexual intercourse beginning prior to enrollment

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Having received any candidate Ebola vaccine
  • Diagnosed with Ebola virus disease, or prior exposure to Ebola virus, including travel to West Africa less than 1 month prior to screening. West Africa includes but is not limited to the countries of Guinea, Liberia, Mali, and Sierra Leone
  • Having received any experimental candidate adenovirus serotype 26 (vector: Ad26) or Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA-) based vaccine in the past
  • Known allergy or history of anaphylaxis or other serious adverse reactions to vaccines or vaccine products (including any of the constituents of the study vaccines including known allergy to egg, egg products and aminoglycosides
  • Presence of acute illness or temperature greater than or equal to 38.0 C on Day 1

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02416453


Locations
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France
Creteil, France
Marseille, France
Paris, France
Pierre Benite, France
Rennes, France
Saint Etienne, France
Strasbourg, France
Tours, France
United Kingdom
London, United Kingdom
Oxford, United Kingdom
Southampton, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.
Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
University of Oxford
Investigators
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Study Director: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V. Clinical Trial Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.
Study Director: Inserm Clinical Trials Institut National de la Santé Et de la Recherche Médicale, France
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] May 30, 2018
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 20, 2017

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02416453    
Other Study ID Numbers: CR107227
VAC52150EBL2001 ( Other Identifier: Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V. )
2015-000596-27 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: April 15, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: February 8, 2021
Last Update Posted: February 8, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Keywords provided by Janssen Vaccines & Prevention B.V.:
Healthy
Ebola viruses
Ebola Viral Disease (EVD)
Filoviruses
Monovalent vaccine
Human adenovirus serotype 26 (Ad26) encoding the Ebola virus Mayinga variant glycoprotein (Ad26.ZEBOV)
Modified Vaccinia Virus Ankara - Bavarian Nordic Filo-vector (MVA-BN Filo)
Safety
Immunogenicity
Inserm and University of Oxford
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola
Virus Diseases
Hemorrhagic Fevers, Viral
RNA Virus Infections
Infections
Filoviridae Infections
Mononegavirales Infections