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A Phase III Efficacy and Safety Study of Intravenous Retosiban Versus Placebo for Women in Spontaneous Preterm Labor (NEWBORN-1)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02377466
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Asset terminated by PIB)
First Posted : March 3, 2015
Results First Posted : July 19, 2018
Last Update Posted : August 17, 2018
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
PPD
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline

Brief Summary:
The study's primary objective is to demonstrate the superiority of retosiban to prolong pregnancy and improve neonatal outcomes compared with placebo. It is a Phase III, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, multicenter study and will be conducted in approximately 900 females, aged 12 to 45 years, with an uncomplicated, singleton pregnancy and intact membranes in preterm labor between 24^0/7 and 33^6/7 weeks of gestation. Eligible maternal subjects will be randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either retosiban IV infusion or placebo IV infusion over 48 hours. If not previously administered, antenatal corticosteroid treatment should be administered as either (1) two 12-mg doses of betamethasone given intramuscularly 24 hours apart or (2) four 6-mg doses of betamethasone administered intramuscularly every 12 hours. A single rescue course of antenatal corticosteroids is permitted if the antecedent treatment was at least 7 days prior to study enrolment. Investigators have discretion to use a standardized regimen of magnesium sulphate, as well as intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for perinatal group B streptococcal infection. Prior to randomization, each subject will be stratified by progesterone treatment and gestational age. The progesterone strata will consist of subjects on established progesterone therapy or subjects not on established progesterone therapy at Screening. The study will comprise 6 phases: Screening, Inpatient Randomized Treatment, Post Infusion Assessment, Delivery, Maternal Post-Delivery Assessment, and Neonatal Medical Review. The duration of any subject's (maternal or neonatal) participation in the study will be variable and dependent on gestational ages (GA) at study entry and the date of delivery.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obstetric Labour, Premature Drug: Retosiban IV infusion Drug: Placebo IV infusion Phase 3

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 25 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized, Double-blind, Multicenter, Phase III Study Comparing the Efficacy and Safety of Retosiban Versus Placebo for Women in Spontaneous Preterm Labor
Actual Study Start Date : February 29, 2016
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 24, 2017
Actual Study Completion Date : July 24, 2017

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Retosiban
Retosiban treatment will be administered as a 6 mg IV loading dose over 5 minutes followed by a 6 milligram per hour (mg/hour) continuous infusion over 48 hours. For subjects with an inadequate response after the first hour of treatment, another 6 mg loading dose will be administered and infusion rate will be increased to 12 mg/hour for the remainder of the 48 hour treatment period. The retosiban dosing regimen will require adjustment in subjects treated concomitantly with drugs that are strong Cytochrome 3A4 inhibitors or inducers.
Drug: Retosiban IV infusion
Retosiban for IV administration will be supplied as solution for infusion, consisting of a clear colorless solution of retosiban at a concentration of 15 milligram per milliliter (mg/mL).

Placebo Comparator: Placebo
The placebo control will be a normal saline (0.9% sodium chloride [NaCl]) infusion matched for the loading dose and continuous infusion rates, including a dose increase in subjects with an inadequate response after the first hour of treatment.
Drug: Placebo IV infusion
0.9% NaCl matched for the retosiban loading dose and continuous infusion rates




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Delivery or Treatment Failure, Whichever Occurs First [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks ]
    Time to delivery or treatment failure is the number of days from the first dose of study treatment until delivery or treatment failure whichever occurs first. Treatment failure is defined as the administration of any putative tocolytic medication for treatment of preterm labor or as prophylaxis of preterm labor. Maternal intent-to-treat (ITT) Population comprised of all mothers randomly assigned to treatment who have been exposed to study treatment irrespective of their compliance to the planned course of treatment. The mean number of days to delivery or treatment failure along with standard deviation has been presented. Statistical analysis was not performed due to early termination of the study and resultant small sample size.

  2. Number of Neonates With Any Diagnosis From the Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality Composite Component [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after the estimated date of delivery (EDD) of 40 0/7 weeks ]
    The neonatal composite endpoint was determined from review of medical records and included the following components: fetal or neonatal death, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotizing enterocolitis or isolated perforation, sepsis based on positive blood culture with clinical features of sepsis, meningitis based on positive results for cerebrospinal fluid culture performed as part of infection workup, retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), white matter injury and cerebellar hemorrhage. Neonates with any of the composite component has been presented. Statistical analysis was not performed due to early termination of study and resultant small sample size. Neonatal ITT Population comprised of all neonates whose mothers were the randomized participants who have been exposed to study treatment, that is, mothers from the ITT Population.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Delivery [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks ]
    The time to delivery was calculated as the days between the delivery and start time of the study treatment infusion using the formula: Time to delivery (days) = (date and time of delivery minus date and time of start of infusion) divided by (24 multiplied by 60). The mean number of days to delivery along with standard deviation has been presented.

  2. Number of Participants With Births Prior to 37 0/7 Weeks Gestation [ Time Frame: Up to 13 weeks ]
    Gestational age at birth (weeks) is defined as the gestational age when the baby is born. Participants were considered to have delivered prior to 37 0/7 weeks, that is preterm, if the gestational age at birth is less than 37 0/7 weeks. The number of participants who delivered prior to 37 0/7 weeks gestation has been presented.

  3. Number of Participants With Births at Term [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks ]
    Participants were considered to have delivered at term if the gestational age was >=37 0/7. The number of participants who delivered at term, that is, 37 0/7 to 41 6/7 weeks gestation has been presented.

  4. Length of Neonatal Hospital Stay [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days post EDD of 40 0/7 weeks gestation ]
    The length of stay was collected from medical records and was calculated as the days between the delivery date and time and discharge date and time.

  5. Number of Participants With Births Prior to 35 0/7 Weeks Gestation [ Time Frame: Up to 11 weeks ]
    The number of participants who delivered prior to 35 0/7 weeks gestation has been presented.

  6. Number of Participants With Births Prior to 32 0/7 Weeks Gestation [ Time Frame: Up to 8 weeks ]
    The number of participants who delivered prior to 32 0/7 weeks gestation has been presented. Only those maternal participants who were randomized prior to 32 0/7 week's gestation and delivered were included.

  7. Number of Participants With Births Prior to 28 0/7 Weeks Gestation [ Time Frame: Up to 4 weeks ]
    The number of participants who delivered prior to 28 0/7 weeks gestation has been presented. Only those maternal participants who were randomized prior to 28 0/7 week's gestation and delivered were included.

  8. Number of Participants With Births <=7 Days From the First Study Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 7 days ]
    The number of participants who delivered in less than or equal to 7 days from first dose of study treatment has been presented.

  9. Number of Participants With Births at <=48 Hours From the First Study Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 48 hours ]
    The number of participants who delivered in less than or equal to 48 hours from first dose of study treatment has been presented.

  10. Number of Participants With Births at <=24 Hours From the First Study Treatment [ Time Frame: Up to 24 hours ]
    The number of participants who delivered in less than or equal to 24 hours from first dose of study treatment has been presented.

  11. Number of Neonates With Any of the Co-primary Composite Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality, Excluding RDS [ Time Frame: Up to 28 weeks after EDD (40 weeks gestation) ]
    The neonatal composite endpoint was determined from review of medical records and included the following components: fetal or neonatal death, RDS, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotizing enterocolitis or isolated perforation, sepsis based on positive blood culture with clinical features of sepsis, meningitis based on positive results for cerebrospinal fluid culture performed as part of infection workup, retinopathy of prematurity, IVH, white matter injury and cerebellar hemorrhage. The number of neonates with any co-primary composite neonatal morbidity and mortality component, excluding RDS has been presented.

  12. Number of Neonates With Each Individual Component of the Composite Neonatal Morbidity and Mortality [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after the EDD of 40 0/7 weeks ]
    The neonatal composite endpoint was determined from review of medical records and included the following components: fetal or neonatal death, RDS, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotizing enterocolitis or isolated perforation, sepsis based on positive blood culture with clinical features of sepsis, meningitis based on positive results for cerebrospinal fluid culture performed as part of infection workup, retinopathy of prematurity, IVH, white matter injury and cerebellar hemorrhage. The number of neonates with each individual component of the composite component has been presented.

  13. Number of Neonatal Participants With Admission to a Particular Hospital Unit [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days post EDD (40 0/7 weeks gestation) ]
    Neonatal healthcare resource utilization was collected from review of medical records. The number of neonatal participants who were admitted to a particular hospital unit that is, level III (or higher) intensive neonatal care (NICU), Intensive care unit (ICU), general ward, Level I - Basic Neonatal care, Well born nursery (SCBU) and Level II-Special Care Newborn nursery high dependency (NHDU) has been summarized. Neonatal Safety Population consisted of neonates whose mothers received study treatment.

  14. Length of Stay in Specialized Care Unit [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days post EDD (40 0/7 weeks gestation) ]
    Neonatal healthcare resource utilization was collected from review of medical records. The length of stay in a specialized care unit (NICU or ICU) has been presented for neonatal participants with admission to ICU or NICU.

  15. Number of Newborn Participants With Hospital Readmission [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days of EDD (40 0/7 weeks gestation) ]
    Newborn hospital readmission following hospitalization for birth was collected from the newborn's medical records. The number of newborn participants who had readmission to hospital is presented.

  16. Length of Stay Following Readmission to Hospital [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after EDD (40 0/7 weeks gestation) ]
    Newborn hospital readmission following hospitalization for birth was collected from the newborn's medical records. Length of stay in hospital following readmission is presented for neonates.

  17. Number of Participants With Ambulatory Surgery [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days post EDD (40 0/7 weeks gestation) ]
    Information regarding participants who had ambulatory surgery was collected from the newborn medical records. The number of neonatal participants with ambulatory surgery is presented.

  18. Time to Treatment Failure [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks ]
    Treatment failure is defined as the administration of any putative tocolytic medication for treatment of preterm labor or as prophylaxis of preterm labor. Time to treatment failure is the number of days from the first dose of study treatment until treatment failure. The mean number of days to delivery or treatment failure along with standard deviation has been presented. Only those maternal participants with treatment failure were included in the analysis. NA indicates standard deviation could not be calculated as only one participant was analyzed.

  19. Number of Participants Who Received Any Putative Tocolytic [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks ]
    A putative tocolytic medication was the medication administered for active preterm labor or as prevention of preterm labor and included calcium channel blockers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or beta agonists, or magnesium sulfate doses that exceeded prespecified IV loading doses, infusion rates, or total duration of administration.

  20. Number of Participants With Subsequent Preterm Labor [ Time Frame: Up to 11 weeks ]
    The participants who had not delivered after 48 hours post-infusion were contacted to determine if they had delivered or experienced any subsequent episodes of preterm labor. A subsequent episode of preterm labor was only recorded if the participant reported it to the Principal Investigator during one of the telephone follow-up calls but did not then go on to immediately deliver. However, if labor started and led to immediate delivery, then the only data collected would be the pre-specified delivery data and thus would not be counted as a subsequent episode of preterm labor. The number of participants who had a subsequent episode of preterm labor after administration of the study treatment has been presented. Maternal Safety Population comprised of all maternal participants randomly assigned to treatment who have been exposed to study treatment.

  21. Number of Maternal Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) and Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks after delivery ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. An SAE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that, at any dose: results in death; is life threatening; requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; results in disability/incapacity; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; important medical events that mey require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes described before; is associated with liver injury and impaired liver function. Maternal Safety Population comprised of all mothers randomly assigned to treatment who have been exposed to study treatment. The number of maternal participants who experienced at least one AE and one SAE has been presented.

  22. Change From Baseline in Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) and Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 9 days ]
    SBP and DBP were measured with participants in a semirecumbent or seated position. SBP and DBP were measured during inpatient randomized treatment phase (15 to 30 minutes, 4 to 8 hours, and 20 to 24 hours after the start of the infusion, at the end of the infusion) and at the post-infusion assessment. Baseline is the last available assessment prior to first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  23. Change From Baseline in Heart Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 9 days ]
    Heart rate was measured with the participants in a semirecumbent or seated position. Heart rate was measured during inpatient randomized treatment phase (15 to 30 minutes, 4 to 8 hours, and 20 to 24 hours after the start of the infusion, at the end of the infusion) and at the post-infusion assessment. Baseline is the last available assessment prior to first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  24. Change From Baseline in Temperature [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Temperature was measured with the participants in a semirecumbent or seated position. Temperature was measured during inpatient randomized treatment phase (15 to 30 minutes, 4 to 8 hours, and 20 to 24 hours after the start of the infusion, at the end of the infusion) and at the post-infusion assessment. Baseline is the last available assessment prior to first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  25. Change From Baseline in Respiratory Rate [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Respiratory rate was measured with the participants in a semirecumbent or seated position. Respiratory rate was measured during inpatient randomized treatment phase (15 to 30 minutes, 4 to 8 hours, and 20 to 24 hours after the start of the infusion, at the end of the infusion) and at the post-infusion assessment. Baseline is the last available assessment prior to first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  26. Change From Baseline in Hematocrit Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of change in hematocrit levels from Baseline. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  27. Change From Baseline in Hemoglobin and Erythrocyte Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of change in hemoglobin levels and MCHC from Baseline. Baseline is defined as the last available assessment prior to the first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  28. Change From Baseline in Basophils, Eosinophils, Lymphocytes, Monocytes, Neutrophils, Platelets and Leukocytes Count [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of change in basophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, neutrophils, platelets and leukocytes count. Baseline is defined as the last available assessment prior to the first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  29. Change From Baseline in Erythrocyte Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV) and Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of change in MCV and MPV from Baseline. Baseline is defined as the last available assessment prior to the first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  30. Change From Baseline in Erythrocyte Level [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of change in erythrocyte level from Baseline. Baseline is defined as the last available assessment prior to the first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  31. Change From Baseline in Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT), Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), Gamma Glutamyl Transferase (GGT) and Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of change in ALP, ALT, AST, GGT and LDH from Baseline. Baseline is defined as the last available assessment prior to the first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  32. Change From Baseline in Albumin and Protein Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of change in albumin and protein levels from Baseline. Baseline is defined as the last available assessment prior to the first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  33. Change From Baseline in Anion Gap, Calcium, Chloride, Carbon Dioxide, Glucose, Potassium, Magnesium, Phosphate and Sodium Level [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of change from Baseline in levels of anion gap, calcium, chloride, carbon dioxide, glucose, potassium, magnesium, phosphate, and sodium. Baseline is defined as the last available assessment prior to the first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  34. Change From Baseline in Direct Bilirubin, Bilirubin, Indirect Bilirubin, Creatinine and Urate Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline and up to 1 week ]
    Blood samples were collected for the evaluation of change from Baseline in levels of direct bilirubin, bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, creatinine and urate. Baseline is defined as the last available assessment prior to the first dose of study treatment. Change from Baseline is the post-dose visit value minus Baseline. Only those participants with data available at the specified data points were analyzed (represented by n=X in category title).

  35. Number of Participants Who Discontinued Study Treatment Due to Clinical and Laboratory Toxicities [ Time Frame: Up to 48 hours post-infusion ]
    Number of maternal participants who discontinued study treatment due to clinical and laboratory toxicities is presented.

  36. Number of Maternal Participants With a Score of 12 or Higher on the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks post delivery ]
    The effect of preterm birth on maternal health status was assessed using the EPDS. The EPDS is a 10-item self-reported assessment of depression, validated for administration during both the antenatal and the post-natal periods. Items are rated on a 4-point variable Likert scale, ranging from 0 to 3. The total score was calculated by adding individual scores for each item and ranged from 0 to 30. A score of less than 8 indicates depression not likely; score of 9 to 11 indicates possible depression and a score of more than 12 indicates an increased probability of depression. Maternal participants were required to complete the EPDS at the maternal follow-up assessment 6 weeks post-delivery.

  37. Number of Maternal Participants With AEs of Special Interest (AESI). [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks post-delivery ]
    Maternal AESI included: maternal death; chorioamnionitis and its complications (clinical chorioamnionitis, preterm premature rupture of membranes, endomyometritis, wound infection, pelvic abscess, bacteremia, septic shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and adult RDS); placental abruption; postpartum hemorrhage - postpartum hemorrhage and/or retained placenta and pulmonary edema. The number of participants with at least one AESI has been presented.

  38. Number of Maternal Participants With Disease Related AEs (DRE) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks post-delivery ]
    Maternal DREs included: signs and symptoms of labor discomfort (example, cramping, backache, muscle aches, nausea); subsequent episodes of preterm labor and hospitalization for delivery. The number of participants with at least one DRE has been presented.

  39. Number of Fetal Participants With AEs and SAEs Prior to Delivery [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks post-infusion ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. An SAE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that, at any dose: results in death; is life threatening; requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; results in disability/incapacity; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; important medical events that may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes described before; is associated with liver injury and impaired liver function. Fetal AEs and SAEs included the adverse events that were experienced by the fetus prior to delivery. The number of fetal participants who experienced at least one AE and one SAE has been presented.

  40. Number of Participants With Fetal Acidosis [ Time Frame: Up to 16 weeks ]
    The number of participants with fetal acidosis is presented.

  41. Number of Participants With Fetal AESI [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks ]
    Fetal AESI included: intrauterine fetal demise; category II or III fetal heart rate tracing; and fetal inflammatory response syndrome characterized by cord blood interleukin-6 >11 picogram per milliliter (pg/mL), funisitis, or chorionic vasculitis. The number of participants who experienced at least one AESI has been presented.

  42. Neonatal APGAR Scores [ Time Frame: Up to 5 minutes after birth ]
    APGAR is a quick test to assess the health of new born children. The test is performed at 1 and 5 minutes after birth. APGAR scale is determined by evaluating the new born on five categories (appearance, pulse, grimace, activity and respiration) on a scale from zero to two, then summing up the five values obtained. APGAR score ranges from 0 to 10 where a score of 7 and above is normal. The mean and standard deviation of APGAR scores at one minute and at five minutes of birth has been presented.

  43. Weight of Neonates [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks ]
    The weight of neonates was obtained from the neonate birth record. The mean weight of neonates and standard deviation has been presented.

  44. Head Circumference of Neonates [ Time Frame: Up to 17 weeks ]
    The head circumference was determined from the neonate birth record.

  45. Number of Neonatal Participants With AEs and SAEs [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after the EDD of 40 weeks gestation ]
    An AE is any untoward medical occurrence in a clinical investigation participant, temporally associated with the use of a medicinal product, whether or not considered related to the medicinal product. An SAE is defined as any untoward medical occurrence that, at any dose: results in death; is life threatening; requires hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; results in disability/incapacity; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; important medical events that may require medical or surgical intervention to prevent one of the other outcomes described before; is associated with liver injury and impaired liver function. The number of participants who experienced at least one AE and one SAE has been presented. Neonatal Safety Population consisted of neonates whose mothers received randomized treatment.

  46. Number of Neonatal Participants With AESI [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after EDD of 40 weeks gestation ]
    Neonatal AESI included: Neonatal death; Asphyxia; Infections (early onset neonatal sepsis, septic shock, pneumonia, meningitis); RDS; Hypotension; IVH/periventricular leukomalacia; Bronchopulmonary dysplasia; Neonatal acidosis; Hyperbilirubinemia; Necrotizing enterocolitis; and Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. The number of neonatal participants who experienced at least one AESI has been presented.

  47. Number of Neonatal Participants With DRE [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after EDD of 40 weeks gestation ]
    The disease related neonatal events occurring in Infants born prior to 37 completed weeks included: apnea (severe), respiratory failure due to fatigue, hypoxia, or air leak from alveolar injury, patent ductus arteriosus, bradycardia, ventriculomegaly, cerebellar hemorrhage, hydrocephalus other than congenital, gastroesophageal reflux, aspiration pneumonia, anemia, retinopathy of prematurity (all stages), hearing disorder, temperature instability and hypoglycemia. The number of participants with at least one DRE has been presented.

  48. Maternal Length of Stay in Hospital [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days post EDD (40 0/7 weeks gestation) ]
    Details on maternal health care resource use (both for hospitalizations related to preterm labor not resulting in a delivery and hospitalizations related to preterm labor/normal labor resulting in a delivery) associated with an episode of preterm labor, preterm delivery and normal term delivery (>= 37 weeks gestation) were collected from review of medical records. Length of hospital stay associated with hospital admission for preterm labor and normal term labor/term delivery is presented. One participant in the retosiban arm did not have hospitalization data; hence, was excluded from the analysis at delivery. Only participants with data available at the specified time points were analyzed (indicated by n=X) in category titles. NA indicates standard deviation could not be calculated as only one participant was analyzed.

  49. Number of Participants With Hospital Admissions Related to Preterm Labor and Preterm Delivery [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days after EDD (40 0/7 weeks of gestation) ]
    Maternal healthcare resource utilization associated with an episode of preterm labor and preterm delivery were collected from the review of medical records. One participant in the retosiban arm did not have hospitalization data; hence, was excluded from the analysis at delivery. The number of participants who had hospital admission for preterm labor and preterm delivery has been presented. Only those participants with data available at the specified time points were analyzed (indicated by n=X in category titles).

  50. Number of Participants Admitted to Particular Hospital Unit [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days post EDD (40 0/7 weeks gestation) ]
    Maternal healthcare resource utilization associated with an episode of preterm labor, preterm delivery and normal term delivery were collected from the review of medical records. The number of participants who were admitted to a particular hospital unit has been presented.

  51. Number of Participants With Different Modes of Transportation to Hospital [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days post EDD (40 0/7 weeks gestation) ]
    The means by which the maternal participants were transported to the hospital i.e. ground ambulance/emergency vehicle (gr. amb/emer. veh), air ambulance, family member or other means were obtained from the review of medical records. The number of maternal participants with the corresponding mode of transportation is presented for preterm labor visit and delivery visit. Only those participants with data available at specified time points were analyzed (indicated by n=X in category titles).

  52. Retosiban Clearance [ Time Frame: Day 1 (2 to 4 hours, 10 to 14 hours) and Day 2 (22 to 26 hours, and 48 to 54 hours) post-infusion ]
    Maternal blood samples were collected at the indicated time points for pharmacokinetic analysis. Data is a combined data set. Data is presented for 10 participants from retosiban arm of study 200719 (NCT02377466) and 43 participants from retosiban arm of study 200721 (NCT02292771).

  53. Volume of Distribution of Retosiban [ Time Frame: Day 1 (2 to 4 hours, 10 to 14 hours) and Day 2 (22 to 26 hours, and 48 to 54 hours) post-infusion ]
    Maternal blood samples were collected at the indicated time points for pharmacokinetic analysis. Data is a combined data set. Data is presented for 10 participants from retosiban arm of study 200719 (NCT02377466) and 43 participants from retosiban arm of study 200721 (NCT02292771).



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 45 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Signed and dated written informed consent is required prior to a subject's participation in the study and the performance of any protocol specific procedures. Adolescents aged 12 to 17 years must provide written agreement to participate in the study in accordance with applicable regulatory and country or state requirements. Subjects will also be asked to sign a release for medical records at the time of consenting to allow access to both the maternal and neonatal records including information about delivery and infant care as well as information collected prior to the consent having been signed.
  • Females aged 12 to 45 years, with an uncomplicated, singleton pregnancy and intact membranes in preterm.
  • Gestational age between 24 and 33 weeks as determined by (1) known fertilization date, either in vitro fertilization or intrauterine insemination, (2) last menstrual period confirmed by the earliest ultrasound prior to 24 weeks gestation, or (3) the earliest ultrasound alone prior to 24 weeks gestation, whichever is the most accurate method available for each subject. In situations where prenatal ultrasound records are not available at the time the subject presents, the investigator will make every effort to obtain these records (either via computer records, directly from the subject's primary care obstetrician, or via telephone). However, in cases in which these records are not readily available (e.g., off hours, holiday), it is within the investigator's discretion to use GA based on a verbal history from the subject with the intent of getting confirmation from the medical records as soon as possible.
  • Females must be diagnosed with preterm labor according to both of the following criteria: a) Regular uterine contractions at a rate of >=4 contractions of at least 30 seconds' duration during a 30-minute interval confirmed by tocodynamometry and at least 1 of the following, b) Cervical dilation >=2 centimeter (cm) and <=4 cm by digital cervical examination or c) If <2 cm dilation by digital cervical examination, a cervical change consisting of an increase of at least 25% effacement or 1-cm dilation.
  • Current or past tocolytic treatment as follows: a) Subjects in whom tocolytic treatment has not been initiated prior to consent are eligible for the study, b) Transferred or referred subjects for whom parenteral magnesium sulfate treatment has been started before Screening are eligible provided they meet all eligibility criteria, c) Subjects receiving a prohibited tocolytic in this study are eligible only if the treatment is stopped before randomization and provided they meet all eligibility criteria, d) Subjects with a historical failure of a tocolytic treatment in a previous episode of preterm labor during the current pregnancy are eligible provided they meet all eligibility criteria.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Fever with a temperature >100.4 degree Fahrenheit (38 degree centigrade) for more than 1 hour or >=101 degree Fahrenheit (38.3 degree centigrade) in the 24 hours prior to the start of study treatment.
  • Women with maternal-fetal conditions that potentially necessitate the need for delivery, such as pre-eclampsia or fetal compromise.
  • A fetus with any diagnosis, condition, treatment, or other factor that in the opinion of the investigator has the potential to affect or confound assessments of efficacy or safety (for example: nonreassuring fetal status, intrauterine growth restriction, major congenital anomaly).
  • Preterm premature rupture of membranes.
  • Women with any confirmed or suspected contraindication to prolongation of pregnancy, such as placental abruption, chorioamnionitis, or placenta previa.
  • Evidence of polyhydramnios (AFI >25 cm) or oligohydramnios (AFI <5 cm).
  • Women with co-morbid medical or obstetric conditions that in the opinion of the investigator have the potential to complicate the pregnancy course and outcomes, such as uncontrolled hypertension or uncontrolled diabetes (if known, history of glycosylated hemoglobin >8% at any time during pregnancy), or compromise the safety of the subject, such as underlying cardiovascular disorder (specifically ischemic cardiac disease, congenital heart disease, pulmonary hypertension, valvular heart disease, arrhythmias, and cardiomyopathy).
  • Women with a history of substance abuse during the pregnancy or urine drug screen positive for cocaine, phencyclidine (PCP), methamphetamine, or amphetamine.
  • Women in whom the combination of history and screening test results is suggestive of abuse or dependency that may have the potential to complicate the pregnancy outcome.
  • Women with any diagnosis, condition, treatment, or other factor that, in the opinion of the investigator, has the potential to affect or confound assessments of efficacy or safety.
  • Current active liver or biliary disease (with the exception of Gilbert's syndrome or asymptomatic gallstones or otherwise stable chronic liver disease per investigator assessment).
  • History of sensitivity to any of the investigational products (IPs) or components thereof or a history of drug or other allergy that, in the opinion of the investigator or GlaxoSmithKline/ Pharmaceutical Product Development (GSK/PPD) medical monitor, contraindicates the subject's participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT02377466


  Show 50 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
PPD
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] September 8, 2017
Study Protocol  [PDF] January 5, 2017


Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02377466     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 200719
First Posted: March 3, 2015    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: July 19, 2018
Last Update Posted: August 17, 2018
Last Verified: June 2018

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Spontaneous Preterm Labor
GSK221149
Retosiban

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Obstetric Labor, Premature
Obstetric Labor Complications
Pregnancy Complications